British Military - What Do I Want to Know?Edit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m
m (add return to)
 
(37 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
=== What regiment did my ancestor serve in?  ===
 
=== What regiment did my ancestor serve in?  ===
  
==== Was my ancestor an officer? ====
+
[[What regiment did my ancestor serve in- Officers?|'''Was my ancestor an Officer?''' ]]<br>[[What regiment did my ancestor serve in- Soldiers?|'''Was my ancestor a Soldier?''']]''[[What regiment did my ancestor serve in- Soldiers?|<br>]]'''''[[What regiment did my ancestor serve in- Militia or Volunteer?|Did my ancestor serve in the Militia or was a volunteer?]]'''  
 
+
'''If my ancestor was an Officer, these are the types of records&nbsp;to explore.'''  
+
 
+
====== RECORDS FOR FINDING OFFICERS' REGIMENT NAME OR NUMBER<br> ======
+
 
+
#'''[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&region=UNITED_KINGDOM_IRELAND Census records 1841-1911]'''
+
#'''[http://freebmd.org.uk/cgi/search.pl Civil Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths]''' (for England &amp;&nbsp;Wales from 1837; for Scotland from 1855; for Ireland from 1864 with Protestant marriages from 1845)
+
#'''Homes Sources:'''&nbsp; especially medals &amp; awards, discharge papers, pension papers, journals, obituaries, old letters
+
#'''[http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Collection/Display?uri=C14273- Army Lists:]''' monthly, annual and the more recent quarterly or half-yearly lists - contain the name, rank, regiment, year of commission to any particular rank of officer.&nbsp; See W.O. 64, 65 &amp;&nbsp;66.
+
#'''Army Lists and Commission Registers:'''&nbsp; Charles Dalton compiled the commissions of officers from 1661 to 1714.
+
#'''Gentleman's Magazine &amp;&nbsp;Index, 1731-1850:'''&nbsp; Lists many officers' commissions; indexes are at the back of each volume (FHL&nbsp;Book 942 B2gm index).
+
#'''[http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Collection/Display?uri=C14251- Applications for Pensions for Widows and Children 1755-1908:]'''&nbsp; (Foreign Regiments included); W.O. 42, pieces 1-51.
+
#'''Militia Attestation Returns:'''&nbsp; whole military (attachments), 1806-1915; W.O. 96, pieces #1-1522.
+
#'''[https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F732111 Regimental Registers of births, baptisms, marriages, deaths and burials of soldiers and their families, 1761-1924:]'''&nbsp;(FHL&nbsp;has birth indexes ohnly)
+
#'''[https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F720239 Chaplain Returns of births, marriages, deaths and burials of soldiers and their families, 1796-1880:&nbsp;] '''FRC, London (FHL&nbsp;has indexes and records)
+
#[http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/records/C77305-returns-of-officers-services.-collection?iaid=C77305&parentiaid=C14234&currentpage=5&totalpages=16&parentgridpage=5&pagelink=1 '''Services of Officers on Full Pay:'''&nbsp;]&nbsp;1828 W.O. 25, pieces #749-779; alphabetical (FHL&nbsp;Book 942 M2sp)
+
#'''[http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/records/C77305-returns-of-officers-services.-collection?iaid=C77305&parentiaid=C14234&currentpage=2&totalpages=16&parentgridpage=2&next=True Services of Officers on Full &amp;&nbsp;Half Pay:]'''&nbsp; 1829, W.O. 25, pieces #780-807; alphabetical
+
#'''[http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/records/C77305-returns-of-officers-services.-collection?iaid=C77305&parentiaid=C14234&currentpage=4&totalpages=16&parentgridpage=4&pagelink=5 Returns of Retired Officers' Services on Half Pay:]''' 1847, W.O. 25, pieces #808-823; indexed (FHL&nbsp;Book 942 M23be)
+
#'''Registers, Various: Service Returns -- #1 Service Noncommissioned Officers:''' 1806 (June), W.O. 25, piece #871-1120; indexed.
+
#'''Registers, Various:&nbsp; Service Returns -- #3 Discharges (of Noncommissioned Officers):''' 1783-1810, W.O. 25, pieces #1121-1131; indexed.
+
#'''Muster Master Generals' Index of Casualties (officers'):''' 1797-1817; W.O. 25, pieces 1196-1358
+
#'''Regimental Registers of Pensioners:'''&nbsp; Royal Chelsea Hospital 1717-1857, W.O. 120.
+
 
+
====== MOST VALUABLE BRITISH ARMY RECORDS FOR OFFICERS&nbsp;  ======
+
 
+
Several War Office (W.O.) class record exist for officers and their families which do not have indexes or are not alphabetically arranged and thus are not mentioned in the above section.&nbsp; This list provides quick identification of records which have an extensive coverage for much of the British Army as a whole but which lack an index or alphabetical arrangement.&nbsp; Listed below by title and W.O. class numbers, these&nbsp;are only a few of the more significant record collections within the War Office class records which can be consulted for research.&nbsp; These records provide information about army personnel and their families.&nbsp;
+
 
+
Be sure to do a Place-names search in the Catalog at [http://www.familysearch.org/ www.familysearch.org] for the country of settlement, as many compiled books exist pertaining to British military personnel, i.e. "New Zealand - Military".&nbsp; Unless otherwise indicated, the records listed below by title and W.O. number are located at The National Archives in England.&nbsp;
+
 
+
#'''Regimental Registers of [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/armed-forces/births births and baptisms,]&nbsp;[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/armed-forces/marriages marriages] [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/armed-forces/deaths and burials,] '''1760-1924
+
#'''Chaplains' Returns of [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/armed-forces/births births,]&nbsp;[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/armed-forces/marriages marriages] [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/armed-forces/deaths and burials:]'''[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/armed-forces/deaths]1796-1880
+
#'''Monthly Returns (Station Returns):''' W.O. 17, 1759-1865
+
#'''Royal Chelsea Hospital Pension Returns:'''&nbsp; W.O. 22, 1842-1883
+
#'''Royal Chelsea Hospital, Chelsea Registers, etc.:'''&nbsp; W.O. 23, 1702-1933
+
#'''Royal Chelsea Hospital, Chelsea Registers, etc.:'''&nbsp; W.O. 25, 1660-1878 (FHL&nbsp;has some)
+
#'''Establishments for Half-pay:&nbsp; '''W.O. 24, 1686-1829
+
#'''Ireland Commission &amp;&nbsp;Succession Books:'''&nbsp; W.O. 35, 1775-1831
+
#'''[http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Collection/Display?uri=C14251- Certificates of Births, Baptisms, Marriages, Deaths &amp;&nbsp;Burials, Wills, &amp; other personal papers:]'''&nbsp; W.O. 42, 1755-1908 (FHL&nbsp;has some)
+
#'''Quarter Books:'''&nbsp; W.O. 54, 1594-1883
+
#'''[http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Collection/Display?uri=C14284 Records of Officers' Service (whole military):]'''&nbsp; W.O. 76, 1790s to 1800s (FHL&nbsp;has many)
+
#'''Royal Military College, Sandhurst''':&nbsp; W.O. 99 (records at Sandhurst Military College, Berkshire)
+
#'''[http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Collection/Display?uri=C14308- Campaign Medal Rolls:]'''&nbsp; W.O. 100, 1793-1912
+
#'''[http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Collection/Display?uri=C14310- Medals &amp;&nbsp;Awards; Long Service &amp;&nbsp;Good conduct:]'''&nbsp; W.O. 102, 1831-1902
+
#'''Miscellanea Submission Papers:'''&nbsp; 1803-1914
+
#'''South African War Papers:'''&nbsp; Returns of Officers, NCO's &amp;&nbsp;soldiers, W.O. 108, 1899-1902
+
#[http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Collection/Display?uri=C14325- '''Royal Chelsea Hospital Admission Books - Outpensioners (for long service):'''&nbsp;] W.O. 117, 1823-1913
+
#'''[http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Collection/Display?uri=C14324- Royal Chelsea Hospital Admission Books - Outpensioners (Disability) Records:]'''&nbsp; W.O. 116, 1715-1913
+
#'''[https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F319852 Royal Hospital, Kilmainham Out-Pensions Records - Admission Books (&amp;&nbsp;some Discharge Books):]'''&nbsp; W.O. 118, 1704-1862
+
#'''Royal Hospital Kilmainham Discharge Documents of Pensioners - Out-Pensions Records:'''&nbsp; W.O. 119, 1783-1822
+
#'''Royal Hospital Chelsea Regimental Registers of Admissions - Out-Pensions (includes Militias):'''&nbsp; W.O. 120, 1715-1857
+
#'''Royal Chelsea Hospital Out-Pensions - Discharge Documents of Pensioners:'''&nbsp; W.O. 121, 1782-1813
+
#'''Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst - Register of Cadets:'''&nbsp; W.O. 151, 1806-1946
+
#'''Royal Hospital Chelsea - Prize Records:'''&nbsp; W.O. 164, 1720-1899
+
#'''Pay Master General Army Establishment Retired Pay &amp;&nbsp;General Officers' Pay &amp;&nbsp;Allowance:'''&nbsp; PMG 3, 1813-1920
+
#'''Pay Master General Army Establishment Retired Pay &amp;&nbsp;General Officers' Pay &amp;&nbsp;Allowance:'''&nbsp; PMG&nbsp;4, 1737-1921
+
#'''Pay Master General - Commissariat Half Pay:'''&nbsp; PMG 5, 1834-1855
+
#'''Pay Master General - Army Establishment; Ordnance, Half Pay, Pensions, etc.:'''&nbsp; PMG&nbsp;12, 1836-1875
+
#'''Pay Master General - Army Establishment; Miscellaneous Books:''' PMG 14, 1756-1772; 1797-1861
+
 
+
=== Was my ancestor a soldier? ===
+
 
+
<br>'''If ancestor was a Soldier, these are the types of records to explore.'''Check the index to Army Lists
+
 
+
<br>
+
  
 
=== Can I find life events or family relationships in military records?  ===
 
=== Can I find life events or family relationships in military records?  ===
  
Information found depends on the record. The following records may identifty a:
+
[[Most valuable British Army records for officers|Most valuable British Army records that may help me find life events or family relationships for my British Army '''officer '''ancestor&nbsp;]]
  
'''Birth date and/or place:'''
+
[[Most valuable British Army records for soldiers|Most valuable British Army records that may help me find life events or family relationships for my British Army '''soldier '''ancestor]]
 
+
*Muster Rolls
+
*Pension records  
+
*Description books
+
 
+
'''Death date and/or place:'''
+
 
+
*Casualty Returns
+
 
+
'''Name of a spouse:'''
+
 
+
*Regimental Registers
+
*Chaplain Returns
+
 
+
'''Names of a parent(s):'''
+
 
+
*Regimental Registers
+
*Chaplain Returns
+
 
+
'''Names of child(ren):'''  
+
 
+
*
+
  
 
=== Did my ancestor receive a pension?  ===
 
=== Did my ancestor receive a pension?  ===
Line 99: Line 13:
 
Search the WO 97 records to determine if ancestor received a pension. Search the following:  
 
Search the WO 97 records to determine if ancestor received a pension. Search the following:  
  
*[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/army-service-records/all British Army Service Records, 1760-1915]
+
*[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/army-service-records/all British Army Service Records, 1760-1915]  
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F315468 Regimental Registers of Pensioners 1717-1857:]; W.O. 120
 +
 
 +
<br> Return to [[Did My Ancestor Serve in the British Armed Forces?|Did My Ancestor Serve in the British Armed Forces?]]<br>
  
 
[[Category:United_Kingdom]]
 
[[Category:United_Kingdom]]

Latest revision as of 18:15, 12 December 2012

What regiment did my ancestor serve in?

Was my ancestor an Officer?
Was my ancestor a Soldier?
Did my ancestor serve in the Militia or was a volunteer?

Can I find life events or family relationships in military records?

Most valuable British Army records that may help me find life events or family relationships for my British Army officer ancestor 

Most valuable British Army records that may help me find life events or family relationships for my British Army soldier ancestor

Did my ancestor receive a pension?

Search the WO 97 records to determine if ancestor received a pension. Search the following:


Return to Did My Ancestor Serve in the British Armed Forces?


 

Need additional research help? Contact our research help specialists.

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 12 December 2012, at 18:15.
  • This page has been accessed 3,429 times.