Brockton, Massachusetts

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''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Massachusetts]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Plymouth County, Massachusetts|Plymouth]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''Brockton''' ''  
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''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Massachusetts]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Plymouth County, Massachusetts|Plymouth]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Brockton'''  
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This is a historical and genealogical guide to the town of North Bridgewater and later city of Brockton. You will find help with town histories, vital records, city directories, cemetery records and cemeteries, churches, town records, newspapers, maps, and libraries.
  
 
=== Brief History  ===
 
=== Brief History  ===
  
Brockton was originally part of old Bridgewater before 1821, and that being a plantation granted to Duxbury in 1645. Settlement in old Bridgewater started in 1650, but the North Parish (now Brockton) was not until 1700. These settlers were from the West Parish (now West Bridgewater). The parishes or precincts were made official in 1716, as the South and North Precinct (the latter being present-day West Bridgewater and Brockton). The North Parish (Brockton) was organized in 1739 and the first church in the area was established.  
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Brockton was originally part of old [[Bridgewater, Massachusetts|Bridgewater]] before 1821, and that being a plantation granted to [[Duxbury, Massachusetts|Duxbury]] in 1645. Settlement in old [[Bridgewater, Massachusetts|Bridgewater]] started in 1650, but the North Parish (now Brockton) was not until 1700. These settlers were from the West Parish (now [[West Bridgewater, Massachusetts|West Bridgewater]]). The parishes or precincts were made official in 1716, as the South and North Precinct (the latter being present-day [[West Bridgewater, Massachusetts|West Bridgewater]] and Brockton). The North Parish (Brockton) was organized in 1739 and the first church in the area was established.  
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== Historical Data  ==
  
== Historical Data<ref>William Francis Galvin, ''Historical Data Relating to Counties, Cities and Towns in Massachusetts'' (Boston, new ed., 1997), 26. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37416784 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|677425|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 H2h 1997}}</ref> ==
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The basic data is from the "Historical Data" publication series<ref>William Francis Galvin, ''Historical Data Relating to Counties, Cities and Towns in Massachusetts'' (Boston, new ed., 1997), 26. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37416784 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|677425|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 H2h 1997}}</ref> with additions from various sources.
 
<center>'''Associated names''' </center>  
 
<center>'''Associated names''' </center>  
 
Brockton was first known as North Bridgewater from 1821 to 1874. The Indians called this place Titicut or Nunketest.  
 
Brockton was first known as North Bridgewater from 1821 to 1874. The Indians called this place Titicut or Nunketest.  
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Village or section names include Belleview Park, Brockton Heights, Bumpus Corner, Bush, Campello [formerly Plain Village], Cary Hill, Centreville, Clifton Heights, Douglas Park, Ellis Park, Elmhurst, Factory Village [also Sprague’s Village], Happy Hollow, Highland Terrace, Hovenden Park, Intervale Park, Leyden Park, Marshall’s Corner, Menlo Park, Montello, Morse’s Corner, Oak Hill, Pleasant Park, Pleasantville, Prospect Hill, Prospect Park, Porter’s Pass, Rangeley Park, Ridge Hill, Salisbury Heights, Sawtelleville, Shaw’s Corner, Sunnyside, Sylvester Corner, Thomaston Park, Tower Hill, Walnut Bottom, West Shares [or North-West Bridgewater], Wheeler Park, Winchester Park, and Winter’s Corner.  
 
Village or section names include Belleview Park, Brockton Heights, Bumpus Corner, Bush, Campello [formerly Plain Village], Cary Hill, Centreville, Clifton Heights, Douglas Park, Ellis Park, Elmhurst, Factory Village [also Sprague’s Village], Happy Hollow, Highland Terrace, Hovenden Park, Intervale Park, Leyden Park, Marshall’s Corner, Menlo Park, Montello, Morse’s Corner, Oak Hill, Pleasant Park, Pleasantville, Prospect Hill, Prospect Park, Porter’s Pass, Rangeley Park, Ridge Hill, Salisbury Heights, Sawtelleville, Shaw’s Corner, Sunnyside, Sylvester Corner, Thomaston Park, Tower Hill, Walnut Bottom, West Shares [or North-West Bridgewater], Wheeler Park, Winchester Park, and Winter’s Corner.  
 
<center>'''Border changes''' </center>  
 
<center>'''Border changes''' </center>  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
 
|-
 
|-
 
! width="100" scope="col" | Dates  
 
! width="100" scope="col" | Dates  
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|-
 
|-
 
| 15 June 1821  
 
| 15 June 1821  
| North Bridgewater established from the northwestern part of old Bridgewater.
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| Bridgewater]] set off as new town of North Bridgewater. (It was created as a precinct in Bridgewater in 1738.)
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 26 Jan. 1825  
 
| 26 Jan. 1825  
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| Part of West Bridgewater annexed.
 
| Part of West Bridgewater annexed.
 
|}
 
|}
<div style="width:147%"><center>[[Brockton, Massachusetts|Top of Page]]</center><br>  
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<div style="width:147%"><center>[[Brockton, Massachusetts#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>  
 
== Town Histories  ==
 
== Town Histories  ==
  
[[Image:MA Plymouth Co Brockton map.png|right|400px|File:MA_Plymouth_Co_Brockton_map.png]]Works written on the town include:  
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Works written on the town include:{{MAPlyBroMap}}
  
 
*Moses Carey, ''A Genealogy of the Families who have settled in the North Parish of Bridgewater, to which is added an historical sketch of North Bridgewater'' (Boston, 1824), 48 pp.<br>There is a transcription online at [http://plymouthcolony.net/brockton/cary/contents.html PlymouthColony] and digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/genealogyoffamil00cary Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=CcsUAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/183095403 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|232605|item|disp=FHL book 974.482/B1 D2}}.<br>  
 
*Moses Carey, ''A Genealogy of the Families who have settled in the North Parish of Bridgewater, to which is added an historical sketch of North Bridgewater'' (Boston, 1824), 48 pp.<br>There is a transcription online at [http://plymouthcolony.net/brockton/cary/contents.html PlymouthColony] and digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/genealogyoffamil00cary Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=CcsUAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/183095403 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|232605|item|disp=FHL book 974.482/B1 D2}}.<br>  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brockton,_Massachusetts Brockton Wikipedia page].
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brockton,_Massachusetts Brockton Wikipedia page].
<center>[[Brockton, Massachusetts|Top of Page]]</center>  
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<center>[[Brockton, Massachusetts#top|Top of Page]]</center>  
 
== Vital Records  ==
 
== Vital Records  ==
  
 
The town's vital records are available in many locations:  
 
The town's vital records are available in many locations:  
 
<center>'''Original records''' </center>  
 
<center>'''Original records''' </center>  
*[http://www.brockton.ma.us/government/departments/Clerk.aspx Brockton City Clerk's Office]<br>45 School St.<br>Brockton MA 02301<br>Phone 508-580-7114<br>  
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*[http://www.brockton.ma.us/government/departments/Clerk.aspx '''Brockton City Clerk's Office''']<br>45 School St.<br>Brockton MA 02301<br>Phone 508-580-7114<br>  
 
*Microfiche of the originals created by Archive Publishing covering town records that included vital records and a few other town records, 1795-1849, on 7 fiche. Soon to be part of [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2495 ''Massachusetts, Town Vital Collections, 1620–1988''] at [http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry] ($); Index<br>  
 
*Microfiche of the originals created by Archive Publishing covering town records that included vital records and a few other town records, 1795-1849, on 7 fiche. Soon to be part of [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2495 ''Massachusetts, Town Vital Collections, 1620–1988''] at [http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry] ($); Index<br>  
*Official state copy of vital records started in 1841. See the guide to the state for more information here.<br>
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*Official state copy of vital records starting in 1841:<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/ '''Massachusetts Archives''']<br>220 Morrissey Blvd.<br>Boston MA 02125<br>Phone 617-727-2816<br>Email [mailto:archives@sec.state.ma.us archives@sec.state.ma.us]<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/archrs/hrsidx.htm Hours and Directions]<br> See the [[Massachusetts Vital Records|online guide]] for more information.<br>
 
<center>'''Published records''' </center>  
 
<center>'''Published records''' </center>  
*''Vital Records of Brockton Massachusetts to the year 1850'' (Boston, 1911).<br>This volume was microfilmed by the Family History Library, {{FHL|231254|item|disp=FHL film 873755 Item 2}} and in digital version at [http://archive.org/details/vitalrecordsofbr00broc Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=L88UAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1853376 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|231254|item|disp=FHL book 974.482/B1 V2v}}.<br>
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*''Vital Records of Brockton Massachusetts to the year 1850'' (Boston, 1911).<br>This volume was microfilmed by the Family History Library, {{FHL|231254|item|disp=FHL film 873755 Item 2}}. Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/vitalrecordsofbr00broc Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=L88UAAAAYAAJ Google Books], and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10018 Ancestry] ($). In a database at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=344&Da=190&Co=191&Rg=218&Ci=Brockton American Ancestors] ($).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1853376 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|231254|item|disp=FHL book 974.482/B1 V2v}}.<br>
  
 
::This includes, in part, church records from the Fourth Church of Christ of Bridgewater [now the First Congregational Church of Brockton] (C.R.1), New Jerusalem Church (C.R.2), Methodist Episcopal Church of North West Bridgewater [now the Pearl Street Methodist Episcopal Church of Brockton] (C.R.3), South Congregational Church of Campello (C.R.4), and Second Methodist Episcopal Church of Brockton (C.R.5). Deaths are included from the Main Street Cem. (G.R.1), Summer Street Cem. (G.R.2), Leach Cem. (G.R.3), West Street Cem. (G.R.4), Coweeset Cem. (G.R.5), North End or Ashland Cem. (G.R.6), Union Cem. (G.R.7), Melrose Cem. (G.R.8), Thayer Cem. (G.R.9), Old Cem. (G.R.10), and private cem. on Ames St. (G.R.11).<br>
 
::This includes, in part, church records from the Fourth Church of Christ of Bridgewater [now the First Congregational Church of Brockton] (C.R.1), New Jerusalem Church (C.R.2), Methodist Episcopal Church of North West Bridgewater [now the Pearl Street Methodist Episcopal Church of Brockton] (C.R.3), South Congregational Church of Campello (C.R.4), and Second Methodist Episcopal Church of Brockton (C.R.5). Deaths are included from the Main Street Cem. (G.R.1), Summer Street Cem. (G.R.2), Leach Cem. (G.R.3), West Street Cem. (G.R.4), Coweeset Cem. (G.R.5), North End or Ashland Cem. (G.R.6), Union Cem. (G.R.7), Melrose Cem. (G.R.8), Thayer Cem. (G.R.9), Old Cem. (G.R.10), and private cem. on Ames St. (G.R.11).<br>
<center>[[Brockton, Massachusetts|Top of Page]]</center>  
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<center>[[Brockton, Massachusetts#top|Top of Page]]</center>
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== City Directories  ==
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Brockton was published in 1869/70, 1872/3, 1874-1880, 1882, 1884-1885/6, 1887/8, 1889-1890, 1892, 1894/5, 1896/7, 1898-1919, 1921-1922, 1924-1927, 1929-1933, 1935-1958, 1961, 1963, 1967.
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The Library of Congress (Washington, D.C.) has one of the largest collections of city directories in the country. They are likely to own most of the years listed above. Their collection is in microfiche, microfilm, and books, but there is no online inventory of their holdings except for microfilm. See their guide [http://www.loc.gov/rr/genealogy/bib_guid/telephonnoncurr.html online].
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Other holdings:
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2469 Ancestry] ($) has 1869, 1874, 1876, 1878, 1880, 1882, 1884-1885, 1887, 1890, 1892, 1894, 1896, 1898-1903, 1905-1910, 1913, 1915-1919, 1921-1922, 1924, 1926-1927, 1929-1931.
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*[http://www.bpl.org/ Boston Public Library] has 1874-1877, 1880, 1900, 1902-1958, 1961, 1969.
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*[https://familysearch.org/ Family History Library (Salt Lake City)] has 1874-1880, 1882, 1884-1885, 1887, 1889-1890, 1892, 1894, 1896, 1898-1919, 1921-1922, 1924-1927, 1929-1933, 1935 on {{FHL|721719|item|disp=FHL various film records}}.
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*[http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#223%7C fold3] ($) has none.
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*[http://www.mass.gov/anf/research-and-tech/oversight-agencies/lib/ Massachusetts State Library] has 1869/70,1872/3, 1874-1880, 1882, 1884, 1885/6, 1887, 1889-1890, 1892, 1894/5, 1896/7, 1898-1918, 1921, 1924/5, 1931.
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*[http://library.nehgs.org/search~S0?/dbrockton+mass/dbrockton+mass/1%2C9%2C30%2CB/exact&FF=dbrockton+mass+directories&1%2C4%2C/indexsort=- New England Historic Genealogical Society (Boston)] ($) has 1878/9, 1882, 1884, 1887/8, 1890, 1892, 1894/5, 1896, 1898-1903, 1905-1910, 1913-1919, 1921, 1924/5, 1926, 1929-1933, 1935-1937, 1939, 1941-1945, 1947, 1949, 1951, 1955, 1958, 1961, 1963, 1967.
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<center>[[Brockton, Massachusetts#top|Top of Page]]</center>  
 
== Cemeteries  ==
 
== Cemeteries  ==
  
 
The following is a list of cemeteries in present-day Brockton. For more details regarding these cemeteries, see the state guide under cemeteries for books on the subject. For the locations of these cemeteries, see [http://plymouthcolony.net/brockton/cemeteries.html PlymouthColony.net].<br>  
 
The following is a list of cemeteries in present-day Brockton. For more details regarding these cemeteries, see the state guide under cemeteries for books on the subject. For the locations of these cemeteries, see [http://plymouthcolony.net/brockton/cemeteries.html PlymouthColony.net].<br>  
  
#Ames Street Cemetery, 1778. (A, B)  
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:#Ames Street Cemetery, 1778. (A, B)  
#Ashland / North End / East Ashland Cemetery, 1681. (A, B)  
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:#Ashland / North End / East Ashland Cemetery, 1681. (A, B)  
#Calvary Cemetery, 1890.  
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:#Calvary Cemetery, 1890.  
#Coweeset Cemetery, 1792. (A, B, C)  
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:#Coweeset Cemetery, 1792. (A, B, C)  
#First Parish / Main Street Cemetery, 1731. (A)  
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:#First Parish / Main Street Cemetery, 1731. (A)  
#Leach Cemetery, 1768. (A, online [http://files.usgwarchives.org/ma/plymouth/towns/brockton/cemeteries/ceme001a.txt Transcription])  
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:#Leach Cemetery, 1768. (A, online [http://files.usgwarchives.net/ma/plymouth/towns/brockton/cemeteries/ceme001a.txt Transcription])  
#Melrose Cemetery, 1761. (A, B, C)  
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:#Melrose Cemetery, 1761. (A, B, C)  
#Mulberry Street Cemetery, 1820. (A, B, C) [All exhumed and moved to Ashland and Melrose cems.]  
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:#Mulberry Street Cemetery, 1820. (A, B, C) [All exhumed and moved to Ashland and Melrose cems.]  
#Pleasant Street / Thayer Cemetery, 1814. (A, B, C)  
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:#Pleasant Street / Thayer Cemetery, 1814. (A, B, C)  
#Plymouth Rock Jewish Cemeteries, 1906. (B) [Inc. Agudas Achim, Cehvra Telium, Temple Beth Emunah, Temple Israel cems.]  
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:#Plymouth Rock Jewish Cemeteries, 1906. (B) [Inc. Agudas Achim, Cehvra Telium, Temple Beth Emunah, Temple Israel cems.]  
#St. Patrick’s Cemetery, 1857.  
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:#St. Patrick’s Cemetery, 1857.  
#Snell / West Street / Old Cemetery, 1747. (A, B, C)  
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:#Snell / West Street / Old Cemetery, 1747. (A, B, C)  
#Thompson / Summer Street Cemetery, 1796. (A, B)  
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:#Thompson / Summer Street Cemetery, 1796. (A, B)  
#Union Cemetery, 1790. (A, B)
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:#Union Cemetery, 1790. (A, B)
  
 
Abstracts of the cemeteries above are marked and keyed to:<br> (A). ''Vital Records of Brockton, Massachusetts, to the year 1850'' (Boston, 1911) [see links above under Vital Records].<br> (B). New England Historic Genealogical Society, Manuscripts Dept., Boston, Mass.<br> (C). Charles M. Thatcher, Old Cemeteries of Southeastern Massachusetts (Middleborough, Mass., 1995). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/33438396 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|741281|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 V3}}.<br>  
 
Abstracts of the cemeteries above are marked and keyed to:<br> (A). ''Vital Records of Brockton, Massachusetts, to the year 1850'' (Boston, 1911) [see links above under Vital Records].<br> (B). New England Historic Genealogical Society, Manuscripts Dept., Boston, Mass.<br> (C). Charles M. Thatcher, Old Cemeteries of Southeastern Massachusetts (Middleborough, Mass., 1995). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/33438396 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|741281|item|disp=FHL book 974.4 V3}}.<br>  
<center>[[Brockton, Massachusetts|Top of Page]]</center><br>  
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<center>[[Brockton, Massachusetts#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>  
 
== Churches  ==
 
== Churches  ==
  
 
The following is a list of churches established in town in order of organization date (if known) and condition of records in the 1889 survey if listed. [Note: No churches organized after 1889 in this list.]  
 
The following is a list of churches established in town in order of organization date (if known) and condition of records in the 1889 survey if listed. [Note: No churches organized after 1889 in this list.]  
  
#First Parish Church (initially call the Fourth Church of Christ in Bridgewater), 1740, records published (see above).  
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:#First Parish Church (initially call the Fourth Church of Christ in Bridgewater), 1740, records published (see above).  
#Second Congregational Church, 1825-1831, location of records unknown.<br>  
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:#Second Congregational Church, 1825-1831, location of records unknown.<br>  
#First [later West] Methodist Episcopal Church, West Shares or Northwest Bridgewater, 1831, records good.<br>  
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:#First [later West] Methodist Episcopal Church, West Shares or Northwest Bridgewater, 1831, records good.<br>  
#New Jerusalem Church, 1832, records good.<br>  
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:#New Jerusalem Church, 1832, records good.<br>  
#South Congregational Church at Campello, 1837, records good.<br>  
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:#South Congregational Church at Campello, 1837, records good.<br>  
#Society of Friends, 1838, not in 1889 inventory.<br>  
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:#Society of Friends, 1838, not in 1889 inventory.<br>  
#Second [later Central] Methodist Episcopal Church, Centreville, 1842, records start in 1851, good.<br>  
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:#Second [later Central] Methodist Episcopal Church, Centreville, 1842, records start in 1851, good.<br>  
#First Baptist Church, 1850-1855, location of records unknown.<br>  
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:#First Baptist Church, 1850-1855, location of records unknown.<br>  
#Porter Evangelical Church, Centreville, 1850, records good.<br>  
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:#Porter Evangelical Church, Centreville, 1850, records good.<br>  
#St. Patrick’s Catholic Church, Centreville, 1856, older records to 1925/1950 at [http://www.bostoncatholic.org/Archives.aspx Archdiocese of Boston Archives].<br>  
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:#St. Patrick’s Catholic Church, Centreville, 1856, older records to 1925/1950 at [http://www.bostoncatholic.org/Archives.aspx Archdiocese of Boston Archives].<br>  
#First Universalist Church [also Church of the Disciples], 1857-1875, records with Unitarian Church in 1889.<br>  
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:#First Universalist Church [also Church of the Disciples], 1857-1875, records with Unitarian Church in 1889.<br>  
#Swedish Evangelical Lutheran Church, 1867, records good.<br>  
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:#Swedish Evangelical Lutheran Church, 1867, records good.<br>  
#St. Paul’s Protestant Episcopal Church, 1875, records good.<br>  
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:#St. Paul’s Protestant Episcopal Church, 1875, records good.<br>  
#Baptist Church, Brockton, 1876, records good.<br>  
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:#Baptist Church, Brockton, 1876, records good.<br>  
#Methodist Episcopal Church, Campello, 1879, records good.<br>  
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:#Methodist Episcopal Church, Campello, 1879, records good.<br>  
#Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, 1880, records good.<br>  
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:#Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, 1880, records good.<br>  
#Swedish Evangelical Independent Church, 1881, records good.<br>  
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:#Swedish Evangelical Independent Church, 1881, records good.<br>  
#Unity Church [Unitarian], 1881, records good.<br>  
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:#Unity Church [Unitarian], 1881, records good.<br>  
#Swedish Baptist Church, Campello, 1883, records good.<br>  
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:#Swedish Baptist Church, Campello, 1883, records good.<br>  
#Free Baptist Church, 1884, records good.<br>  
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:#Free Baptist Church, 1884, records good.<br>  
#Universalist Church, 1884, records good.<br>
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:#Universalist Church, 1884, records good.<br>
  
 
Several of the above churches merged and are listed beyond in their present name:  
 
Several of the above churches merged and are listed beyond in their present name:  
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*[http://www.brocktonucc.org/ Christ Congregational Church, UCC] (First Parish, South, Porter, and Waldo Congregational Churches merged in 1980).<br>  
 
*[http://www.brocktonucc.org/ Christ Congregational Church, UCC] (First Parish, South, Porter, and Waldo Congregational Churches merged in 1980).<br>  
 
*[http://www.uubrockton.org/ Universalist Unitarian Church of Brockton] (First Universalist Church of Brockton and Unity Church merged in 1952).
 
*[http://www.uubrockton.org/ Universalist Unitarian Church of Brockton] (First Universalist Church of Brockton and Unity Church merged in 1952).
<center>[[Brockton, Massachusetts|Top of Page]]</center><br>  
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<center>[[Brockton, Massachusetts#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>  
 
== Newspapers  ==
 
== Newspapers  ==
  
#''Bridgewater Patriot and Old Colony Gazette'', 1835-uuuu.  
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:#''Bridgewater Patriot and Old Colony Gazette'', 1835-uuuu.  
#''Old Colony Reporter'', 1850-1851.  
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:#''Old Colony Reporter'', 1850-1851.  
#''North Bridgewater Gazette'', 1851-1874.  
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:#''North Bridgewater Gazette'', 1851-1874.  
#''Brockton Weekly Gazette'', 1874-1891.  
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:#''Brockton Weekly Gazette'', 1874-1891.  
#''The Laborer'', 1884?-1887.  
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:#''The Laborer'', 1884?-1887.  
#''Brockton Weekly Enterprise'', 1887-1888.  
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:#''Brockton Weekly Enterprise'', 1887-1888.  
#''Brockton Gazette'', 1892-1893.  
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:#''Brockton Gazette'', 1892-1893.  
#''Brockton Weekly Gazette'', 1893-1894.  
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:#''Brockton Weekly Gazette'', 1893-1894.  
#''Brockton Times'', 1895-1934.  
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:#''Brockton Times'', 1895-1934.  
#''Brockton Daily Evening Enterprise'', 1906-1934.  
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:#''Brockton Daily Evening Enterprise'', 1906-1934.  
#''Brockton Daily Evening Enterprise and Brockton Times'', 1934-1978.  
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:#''Brockton Daily Evening Enterprise and Brockton Times'', 1934-1978.  
#''Brockton Enterprise'', 1979-1981.  
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:#''Brockton Enterprise'', 1979-1981.  
#''Enterprise'', 1982-present.
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:#''Enterprise'', 1982-present.
<center>[[Brockton, Massachusetts|Top of Page]]</center>  
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<center>[[Brockton,_Massachusetts|Top of Page]]</center>  
 
== Libraries and Historical Societies  ==
 
== Libraries and Historical Societies  ==
  
The following is list of research facilities in town:  
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The following is a list of research facilities in town:  
  
[http://www.brocktonpubliclibrary.org/resources/historical.html Brockton Public Library Historical Room]<br>304 Main St.<br>Brockton MA 02301<br>Phone 508-580-7890  
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[http://www.brocktonpubliclibrary.org/resources/historical.html '''Brockton Public Library Historical Room''']<br>304 Main St.<br>Brockton MA 02301<br>Phone 508-580-7890  
  
[http://www.brocktonhistoricalsociety.org/ Brockton Historical Society]<br>216 N. Pearl St.<br>Brockton MA 02301<br>Phone 508-583-1039  
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[http://www.brocktonhistoricalsociety.org/ '''Brockton Historical Society''']<br>216 N. Pearl St.<br>Brockton MA 02301<br>Phone 508-583-1039  
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
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{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
 
<center>'''Adjacent towns: ''' '''''Plymouth Co:''''' [[Abington, Massachusetts|Abington]] | [[East Bridgewater, Massachusetts|East Bridgewater]] | [[West Bridgewater, Massachusetts|West Bridgewater]] | [[Whitman, Massachusetts|Whitman]]<br>'''''Bristol Co:''''' [[Easton, Massachusetts|Easton]] | '''''Norfolk Co:''''' [[Avon, Massachusetts|Avon]] | [[Holbrook, Massachusetts|Holbrook]] | [[Stoughton, Massachusetts|Stoughton]]</center> <br>{{Towns in Plymouth County in Massachusetts}} <!--Designed by Scott Andrew Bartley in conjunction with the Mass. Wiki Team on 8 May 2012--> </div>  
 
<center>'''Adjacent towns: ''' '''''Plymouth Co:''''' [[Abington, Massachusetts|Abington]] | [[East Bridgewater, Massachusetts|East Bridgewater]] | [[West Bridgewater, Massachusetts|West Bridgewater]] | [[Whitman, Massachusetts|Whitman]]<br>'''''Bristol Co:''''' [[Easton, Massachusetts|Easton]] | '''''Norfolk Co:''''' [[Avon, Massachusetts|Avon]] | [[Holbrook, Massachusetts|Holbrook]] | [[Stoughton, Massachusetts|Stoughton]]</center> <br>{{Towns in Plymouth County in Massachusetts}} <!--Designed by Scott Andrew Bartley in conjunction with the Mass. Wiki Team on 8 May 2012--> </div>  
[[Category:Plymouth_County,_Massachusetts]]
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[[Category:Plymouth_County,_Massachusetts]] [[Category:Towns_in_Massachusetts]]

Revision as of 06:28, 30 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png Massachusetts Gotoarrow.png Plymouth Gotoarrow.png Brockton

This is a historical and genealogical guide to the town of North Bridgewater and later city of Brockton. You will find help with town histories, vital records, city directories, cemetery records and cemeteries, churches, town records, newspapers, maps, and libraries.

Contents

Brief History

Brockton was originally part of old Bridgewater before 1821, and that being a plantation granted to Duxbury in 1645. Settlement in old Bridgewater started in 1650, but the North Parish (now Brockton) was not until 1700. These settlers were from the West Parish (now West Bridgewater). The parishes or precincts were made official in 1716, as the South and North Precinct (the latter being present-day West Bridgewater and Brockton). The North Parish (Brockton) was organized in 1739 and the first church in the area was established.

Historical Data

The basic data is from the "Historical Data" publication series[1] with additions from various sources.

Associated names

Brockton was first known as North Bridgewater from 1821 to 1874. The Indians called this place Titicut or Nunketest.

Village or section names include Belleview Park, Brockton Heights, Bumpus Corner, Bush, Campello [formerly Plain Village], Cary Hill, Centreville, Clifton Heights, Douglas Park, Ellis Park, Elmhurst, Factory Village [also Sprague’s Village], Happy Hollow, Highland Terrace, Hovenden Park, Intervale Park, Leyden Park, Marshall’s Corner, Menlo Park, Montello, Morse’s Corner, Oak Hill, Pleasant Park, Pleasantville, Prospect Hill, Prospect Park, Porter’s Pass, Rangeley Park, Ridge Hill, Salisbury Heights, Sawtelleville, Shaw’s Corner, Sunnyside, Sylvester Corner, Thomaston Park, Tower Hill, Walnut Bottom, West Shares [or North-West Bridgewater], Wheeler Park, Winchester Park, and Winter’s Corner.

Border changes
Dates Events
15 June 1821 Bridgewater]] set off as new town of North Bridgewater. (It was created as a precinct in Bridgewater in 1738.)
26 Jan. 1825 Border between North Bridgewater and West Bridgewater established.
5 May 1874 Town name changed to Brockton.
24 Apr. 1875 Part annexed to South Abington [now Whitman] and parts of East Bridgewater and South Abington annexed.
9 Apr. 1881 Brockton incorporated as a city.
1 Mar. 1894 Part of West Bridgewater annexed.
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Town Histories

Works written on the town include:
Barnstable CountyBristol CountyPlymouth CountyNorfolk CountySuffolk CountyFalmouthMashpeeSandwichBourneFairhavenAchushnetNew BedfordDartmouthWestportFall RiverFreetownBerkleyTauntonRaynhamEastonStoughtonAvonHolbrookCantonRandolphWeymouthCohassetBraintreeQuincyMiltonBostonHullHinghamScituateNorwellRocklandAbingtonBrocktonWest BridgewaterWhitmanHanoverMarshfieldDuxburyPembrokeHansonEast BridgewaterBridgewaterHalifaxPlymptonKingstonPlymouthCarverMiddleboroughLakevilleRochesterWarehamMarionMattapoisett
Town of Brockton, Plymouth County, Massachusetts.


  • Moses Carey, A Genealogy of the Families who have settled in the North Parish of Bridgewater, to which is added an historical sketch of North Bridgewater (Boston, 1824), 48 pp.
    There is a transcription online at PlymouthColony and digital versions at Internet Archive and Google Books.
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.482/B1 D2.
  • Bradford Kingman, “Marriages in the North Parish of Bridgewater (Now North Bridgewater), From January 1, 1742, to January, 1780” in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 19 [1865]: 200-204.
  • Bradford Kingman, ""History of North Bridgewater, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, from its first settlement to the present time, with family registers"" (Boston, 1866), xii, 696 pp.
    Digital versions at Internet Archive (v. 1 and v. 2), Google Books, and Ancestry ($).
    WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.482/B1 H2k (with digital link and microfilm FHL 1035738 Item 6).
The family sketches include (and not in strict alphabetical order in the book): Alden, Allen, Ames, Atherton, Bacon, Bartlett, Bassett, Battles, Baxendale, Baxter, Beal, Bennett, Billings, Bird, Blanchard, Borden, Bradford, Brett, Bryant, Bunker, Burke, Burns, Burrill, Carr, Cary, Chesman, Clapp, Cobb, Cole, Cooper, Copeland, Crafts, Crosby, Cowell, Crocker, Cross, Curtis, Cushman, Dailey, Dickerman, Dike, Drake, Dunbar, Dunham, Eames, Easton, Eaton, Eddy, Edson, Emery, Faunce, Faxon, Field, Fiske, Fitz, Ford, Freeman, French, Fuller, Fullerton, Gardner, Gifford, Glover, Goddard, Goldthwaite, Gorham, Graves, Gray, Green, Groves, Gurney, Hall, Hamilton, Hancock, Harden, Harlow, Harris, Hartwell, Hatch, Hathaway, Haven, Hayden, Hayward, Henry, Herrod, Hervey, Hobart, Holbrook, Hollis, Hollywood, Holmes, Howard, Humphrey, Hunt, Jackson, Jameson, Johnson, Jones, Joslyn, Keith, Kimball, Kingman, Knapp, Landers, Lathrop, Leach, Lemmar, Leonard, Lewis, Lilley, Lincoln, Littlefield, Loring, Lucas, Lyon, Manly, Marshall, Mason, May, McBride, McLaughlin, Merchant, Merritt, Morey, Morrison, Morse, Morton, Nash, Noyes, O’Neil, Orcutt, Orr, Packard, Paine, Perkins, Perry, Peterson, Pettingill, Phillips, Pope, Porter, Pratt, Proctor, Puffer, Reed, Remick, Reynolds, Rhodes, Richards, Richardson, Richmond, Ring, Ritchie, Robbins, Robinson, Ryder, Sanford, Sawyer, Severance, Sewall, Shaw, Shedd, Shepardson, Shiverick, Simmons, Skinner, Smith, Snell, Snow, Soule, Southworth, Spaulding, Spear, Sprague, Stevens, Stoddard, Stranger, Studley, Sturtevant, Sylvester, Tarbet, Thayer, Thompson, Tilden, Tilton, Tirrell, Torrey, Tower, Tribou, Trow, Tuck, Vincent, Wade, Waldo, Warren, Washburn, Waterman, Watkins, West, Wheeler, White, Whitman, Whitmarsh, Whitney, Whittemore, Whitten, Wilbor, Wild, Wilder, Williams, Willis, Wilson, Wood.
The second part is biographical sketches and does not duplicate the previous book’s genealogies.
See Elizabeth Hayward, comp., A Genealogist’s Index of Bradford Kingman’s “History of Brockton …” (West Hartford, Conn., 1957), 15 pp.
WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.482/B1 H2kb index.
These are the verbatim transcript of the Fourth Parish Church of Bridgewater that became the First Parish Church of North Bridgewater in 1821 when that part of town broken off to form a separate town and that town was renamed Brockton in 1874.
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Vital Records

The town's vital records are available in many locations:

Original records
Published records
This includes, in part, church records from the Fourth Church of Christ of Bridgewater [now the First Congregational Church of Brockton] (C.R.1), New Jerusalem Church (C.R.2), Methodist Episcopal Church of North West Bridgewater [now the Pearl Street Methodist Episcopal Church of Brockton] (C.R.3), South Congregational Church of Campello (C.R.4), and Second Methodist Episcopal Church of Brockton (C.R.5). Deaths are included from the Main Street Cem. (G.R.1), Summer Street Cem. (G.R.2), Leach Cem. (G.R.3), West Street Cem. (G.R.4), Coweeset Cem. (G.R.5), North End or Ashland Cem. (G.R.6), Union Cem. (G.R.7), Melrose Cem. (G.R.8), Thayer Cem. (G.R.9), Old Cem. (G.R.10), and private cem. on Ames St. (G.R.11).
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City Directories

Brockton was published in 1869/70, 1872/3, 1874-1880, 1882, 1884-1885/6, 1887/8, 1889-1890, 1892, 1894/5, 1896/7, 1898-1919, 1921-1922, 1924-1927, 1929-1933, 1935-1958, 1961, 1963, 1967.

The Library of Congress (Washington, D.C.) has one of the largest collections of city directories in the country. They are likely to own most of the years listed above. Their collection is in microfiche, microfilm, and books, but there is no online inventory of their holdings except for microfilm. See their guide online.

Other holdings:

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Cemeteries

The following is a list of cemeteries in present-day Brockton. For more details regarding these cemeteries, see the state guide under cemeteries for books on the subject. For the locations of these cemeteries, see PlymouthColony.net.

  1. Ames Street Cemetery, 1778. (A, B)
  2. Ashland / North End / East Ashland Cemetery, 1681. (A, B)
  3. Calvary Cemetery, 1890.
  4. Coweeset Cemetery, 1792. (A, B, C)
  5. First Parish / Main Street Cemetery, 1731. (A)
  6. Leach Cemetery, 1768. (A, online Transcription)
  7. Melrose Cemetery, 1761. (A, B, C)
  8. Mulberry Street Cemetery, 1820. (A, B, C) [All exhumed and moved to Ashland and Melrose cems.]
  9. Pleasant Street / Thayer Cemetery, 1814. (A, B, C)
  10. Plymouth Rock Jewish Cemeteries, 1906. (B) [Inc. Agudas Achim, Cehvra Telium, Temple Beth Emunah, Temple Israel cems.]
  11. St. Patrick’s Cemetery, 1857.
  12. Snell / West Street / Old Cemetery, 1747. (A, B, C)
  13. Thompson / Summer Street Cemetery, 1796. (A, B)
  14. Union Cemetery, 1790. (A, B)

Abstracts of the cemeteries above are marked and keyed to:
(A). Vital Records of Brockton, Massachusetts, to the year 1850 (Boston, 1911) [see links above under Vital Records].
(B). New England Historic Genealogical Society, Manuscripts Dept., Boston, Mass.
(C). Charles M. Thatcher, Old Cemeteries of Southeastern Massachusetts (Middleborough, Mass., 1995). WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 V3.

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Churches

The following is a list of churches established in town in order of organization date (if known) and condition of records in the 1889 survey if listed. [Note: No churches organized after 1889 in this list.]

  1. First Parish Church (initially call the Fourth Church of Christ in Bridgewater), 1740, records published (see above).
  2. Second Congregational Church, 1825-1831, location of records unknown.
  3. First [later West] Methodist Episcopal Church, West Shares or Northwest Bridgewater, 1831, records good.
  4. New Jerusalem Church, 1832, records good.
  5. South Congregational Church at Campello, 1837, records good.
  6. Society of Friends, 1838, not in 1889 inventory.
  7. Second [later Central] Methodist Episcopal Church, Centreville, 1842, records start in 1851, good.
  8. First Baptist Church, 1850-1855, location of records unknown.
  9. Porter Evangelical Church, Centreville, 1850, records good.
  10. St. Patrick’s Catholic Church, Centreville, 1856, older records to 1925/1950 at Archdiocese of Boston Archives.
  11. First Universalist Church [also Church of the Disciples], 1857-1875, records with Unitarian Church in 1889.
  12. Swedish Evangelical Lutheran Church, 1867, records good.
  13. St. Paul’s Protestant Episcopal Church, 1875, records good.
  14. Baptist Church, Brockton, 1876, records good.
  15. Methodist Episcopal Church, Campello, 1879, records good.
  16. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, 1880, records good.
  17. Swedish Evangelical Independent Church, 1881, records good.
  18. Unity Church [Unitarian], 1881, records good.
  19. Swedish Baptist Church, Campello, 1883, records good.
  20. Free Baptist Church, 1884, records good.
  21. Universalist Church, 1884, records good.

Several of the above churches merged and are listed beyond in their present name:

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Newspapers

  1. Bridgewater Patriot and Old Colony Gazette, 1835-uuuu.
  2. Old Colony Reporter, 1850-1851.
  3. North Bridgewater Gazette, 1851-1874.
  4. Brockton Weekly Gazette, 1874-1891.
  5. The Laborer, 1884?-1887.
  6. Brockton Weekly Enterprise, 1887-1888.
  7. Brockton Gazette, 1892-1893.
  8. Brockton Weekly Gazette, 1893-1894.
  9. Brockton Times, 1895-1934.
  10. Brockton Daily Evening Enterprise, 1906-1934.
  11. Brockton Daily Evening Enterprise and Brockton Times, 1934-1978.
  12. Brockton Enterprise, 1979-1981.
  13. Enterprise, 1982-present.
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Libraries and Historical Societies

The following is a list of research facilities in town:

Brockton Public Library Historical Room
304 Main St.
Brockton MA 02301
Phone 508-580-7890

Brockton Historical Society
216 N. Pearl St.
Brockton MA 02301
Phone 508-583-1039

References

  1. William Francis Galvin, Historical Data Relating to Counties, Cities and Towns in Massachusetts (Boston, new ed., 1997), 26. WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 974.4 H2h 1997
Adjacent towns: Plymouth Co: Abington | East Bridgewater | West Bridgewater | Whitman
Bristol Co: Easton | Norfolk Co: Avon | Holbrook | Stoughton