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Brunswick County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Brunswick County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Brunswick County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1720
County Seat Lawrenceville
Courthouse
United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Brunswick County

Contents

County Courthouse

Brunswick County Courthouse, Lawrenceville, Va.
 Brunswick County Courthouse
216 North Main Street
Lawrenceville, VA 23868-0160
Beginning Dates for Brunswick County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1750 1853 1810 1732 1732

History

This county takes its name from the Duchy of Brunswick-Lunenburg in modern-day Germany

Brunswick County is said to have been named after the Duchy of Brunswick-Lunenburg in modern-day Germany. This is because the county was named, more directly, after the House of Brunswick, which had gained possession of the British throne in 1714. One of the titles of the Hanoverian kings of Britain was that of Duke of Brunswick-Lunenburg.

Parent County

1720--Brunswick County was created 2 November 1720 from Prince George County. Additional territory from Isle of Wight and Surry Counties was added in 1732.
County seat: Lawrenceville [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost census: 1890

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Brunswick County includes three incorporated towns:

  • Alberta
  • Brodnax
  • Lawrenceville

Neighboring Counties

Resources

African American


Freedmen's BureauLetters or Correspondence, 1865-18721

  • Heinegg, Paul. "Brunswick County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1815," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • Wynne, Frances Holloway. Register of Free Negroes and Also of Dower Slaves, Brunswick County, Virginia, 1803-1850. Fairfax, Virginia: Self-published, 1983.

Cemeteries

For a detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Brunswick County, Virginia Cemeteries.

A partial list of cemeteries in Brunswick County appears below. [2] A more comprehensive list appears in the website titled Cemeteries of Brunswick County, Virginia.

  • Archer Cemetery
  • Barnes Cemetery
  • Bennett Cemetery
  • Bishop Cemetery
  • Bragg Cemetery
  • Carroll Cemetery
  • Clark Cemetery
  • Clary Cemetery
  • Cordle Cemetery
  • Daniels Cemetery
  • Davis Cemetery
  • Dugger Cemetery
  • Edwards Cemetery
  • Elmore Cemetery
  • Emmanuel Cemetery
  • Evans Cemetery
  • Flinn Cemetery
  • Flournoy Cemetery
  • Hardy Cemetery
  • Johnson Cemetery
  • Johnson Cemetery
  • Jones Cemetery
  • Kirkland Cemetery
  • Laffoon Cemetery
  • Lawrenceville Cemetery
  • Lynch Cemetery
  • Macedonia Cemetery
  • New Hope Zion Cemetery
  • Oakwood Cemetery
  • Olive Branch Cemetery
  • Orgain Cemetery
  • Perkinson Cemetery
  • Phillips Cemetery
  • Pleasant Hill Cemetery
  • Powell Cemetery
  • Prospect Cemetery
  • Raney Cemetery
  • Rawlings Cemetery
  • Reid Cemetery
  • Ruffin Cemetery
  • Saint Mark's Cemetery
  • Saint Paul's Cemetery
  • Sculthorp Cemetery
  • Sign Rock Cemetery
  • Stainback Cemetery
  • Stewart Cemetery
  • Taylor Cemetery
  • Trinity Cemetery

Census


For tips on accessing Brunswick County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.


For tips on accessing Brunswick County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

1810

1830

  • Simmons, Don. Brunswick Co., Va. Census of 1830. Melber, Kentucky: Self-published, 1976.

1850

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 12,827
1800 16,339 27.4%
1810 15,411 −5.7%
1820 16,687 8.3%
1830 15,767 −5.5%
1840 14,346 −9.0%
1850 13,894 −3.2%
1860 14,809 6.6%
1870 13,427 −9.3%
1880 16,707 24.4%
1890 17,245 3.2%
1900 18,217 5.6%
1910 19,244 5.6%
1920 21,025 9.3%
1930 20,486 −2.6%
1940 19,575 −4.4%
1950 20,136 2.9%
1960 17,779 −11.7%
1970 16,172 −9.0%
1980 15,632 −3.3%
1990 15,987 2.3%
2000 18,419 15.2%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1890 Union Veterans

Church

Church of England

go to See also Meherrin Parish
go to See also St. Andrew's Parish

  • Hopkins, William Lindsay. Bath Parish Register (Births, Deaths, & Marriages), 1827-1897, of Dinwiddie County, Virginia and St. Andrews Parish Vestry Book, 1732-1797, of Brunswick County, Virginia. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Publishing Company, 1993.

Court

  • Courts [court records], Brunswick County, Virginia USGenWeb Archives
  • Pawlett, Nathaniel Mason. Brunswick County Road Orders, 1732-1746. Charlottesville, Virginia: Virginia Transportation Research Council, 1988.

DNA

DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Brunswick County, Virginia residents. Attempts have not been made to verify the lineages of those tested.

  • [Fletcher] Descendant of James Fletcher, b. c1680s, resident of Prince George County, Virginia, d. 1733 Brunswick County, Virginia. Y-DNA 37 Marker Test, FTDNA. Genetic signature available online (labelled William Fletcher of Accomac County, Virginia/James Fletcher of Brunswick County, Virginia), courtesy: The Fletcher DNA Project.
  • [Harrison] Descendant of Benjamin Harrison, b. c1720, d. 1790 Brunswick County, Virginia. Y-DNA 67 Marker Test, FTDNA (labelled H-18, Lineage 2). Genetic signature available online, courtesy: The Harrison DNA Project, World Families Network.
  • [Harrison] Descendant of John Harrison, b. 1760 of Brunswick County, Virginia, d. 1822. Y-DNA 67 Marker Test, FTDNA (labelled H-101, Lineage 2). Genetic signature available online, courtesy: The Harrison DNA Project, World Families Network.

Genealogy

More than 150 genealogies have been published about Brunswick County families. To view a list, visit Brunswick County, Virginia Genealogy.

General

Immigration

Land

Deeds

  • Brunswick County, Virginia Deeds. Miami Beach, Florida: T.L.C. Genealogy, 1991.
  • "Brunswick County, Virginia, Deeds, Wills, Etc., No. 1, 1732-1740," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1957):73-79; Vol. 1, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1957):124-131; Vol. 1, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1957):163-168; Vol. 2, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1958):33-37; Vol. 2, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1958):87-90; Vol. 2, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1958):124-127; Vol. 2, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1958):172-176; Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1959):27-33; Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1959):65-70; Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1959):103-112; Vol. 3, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1959):153-161. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Land Records, Brunswick County, Virginia USGenWeb Archives

Grants and Patents

Local Histories

  • "Brunswick County and Fort Christiana," William and Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 4 (transcribed; USGenWeb Archives)
  • Neale, Gay, Henry L. Mitchell, Brunswick County, Virginia, 1720-1975. Brunswick County Bicentennial Committee, 1975. Google Books page (without preview).

Maps

Migration

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1975):248-254. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Brunswick County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on p. 254]
  • Elliott, Katherine B. Emigration to Other States from Southside Virginia. 2 vols. South Hill, Virginia: K.B. Elliott, 1966. Vol. 1 of original edition available at FHL; 1983 reprints (both volumes) available at FHL; 1990-1992 reprints (both volumes) also available at FHL. [Includes individuals who migrated out of Brunswick County to other parts of the country.]

Bell published records of Brunswick County residents who migrated to South Carolina:

  • Bell, Mary McCampbell. "Some Migrations from Virginia to South Carolina," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 11, No. 2 (Spring 1983):97-102; Vol. 12, No. 2 (Spring 1984):94-99. FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 11-12

Military

French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Brunswick County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Brunswick County, see p. 68-69.]
  • Bracey, Mrs. Carstairs. "Soldiers From Brunswick County, Virginia, in the French and Indian War," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 23, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1979):193-194.
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Brunswick County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Brunswick County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Brunswick County supplied soldiers for the:

- 15th Virginia Regiment (6th Company)[3]

Additional resources:

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Brunswick County on page 129.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812
  • Douthat, James L. Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. FHL Collection 975.5 M2djL. [Includes Brunswick County.]
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Brunswick County, p. 64.]
Civil War

Brunswick County men served in regiments (and companies) from their home county as well as neighboring counties. Because Confederate units often reorganized, this list might not be complete.

Additional information for the following regiments can be at FHL book 975.5575 H2n, pp. 158-174, and FHL book 975.5575 M2p.


- 4th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
-5th Battalion, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
-12th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 20th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 21st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 46th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 53rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 56th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 59th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
-66th Regiment, Virginia Infantry Militia (Confederate)
- 96th Regiment, Virginia Infantry Militia (Confederate) was part of the 15th Brigade along with the precedingly mentioned 66th Regiment, Virginia Infantry Militia (Confederate) as mentioned in FHL book 975.5 M2vr v. 29 titled A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations 1861-1865, page 241


Civil War Sources


Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865


Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865

Pritchett, W.M. Civil War Soldiers from Brunswick County, Virginia. Baltimore: Gateway Press, 2000.


Naturalization

Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929
Newspapers

  • Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.
  • Obituaries, Brunswick County, Virginia USGenWeb Archives

Private Papers

Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007

Probate

A free index to Brunswick County, Virginia wills and administrations (1732-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia website.

SamPubCo has created a free online resource that serves as a good starting place to search for Colonial Brunswick County wills:

Other Brunswick County probate resources include:

  • "Brunswick County, Virginia, Deeds, Wills, Etc., No. 1, 1732-1740," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1957):73-79; Vol. 1, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1957):124-131; Vol. 1, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1957):163-168; Vol. 2, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1958):33-37; Vol. 2, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1958):87-90; Vol. 2, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1958):124-127; Vol. 2, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1958):172-176; Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1959):27-33; Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1959):65-70; Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1959):103-112; Vol. 3, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1959):153-161. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Brunswick County, Virginia Wills, 1739-1750. Miami Beach. Florida: T.L.C. Genealogy, 1991.
  • Cridlin, W.B., "Brunswick County, Virginia Wills, Etc. (continued)," Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 22. Digital copy in Google Books.
  • Hopkins, William Lindsay. Some Wills from the Burned Counties of Virginia and Other Wills Not Listed in Virginia Wills and Administrations 1632-1800. Richmond, Virginia: W.L. Hopkins, 1987. Available at FHL. [Includes Brunswick County.]
  • Wills, Brunswick County, Virginia USGenWeb Archives
  • Wills, 1739 to 1750  (Digital Images) Virginia Pioneers
  • Wills, 1751-1761 (Digital Images) Virginia Pioneers
  • Wills, 1764-1769 (Digital images) Virginia Pioneers
  • Wills, 1783-1785 (Digital Images) Virginia Pioneers
  • Index to Inventories, Accounts, Wills, Book No. 3, 1751 to 1769 Virginia Pioneers
  • Index to Wills and Indentures (Deeds) 1739-1750 Virginia Pioneers

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Brunswick County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1962):34-38. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Pritchett, John W. "Genealogical Research in Brunswick County," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 32, No. 3 (2006). Available at FHL.

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1748] "Brunswick County, Va., Poll List, 1748," William and Mary College Quarterly, 1st Series, Vol. 26 (1917):59-64. Available at FHL; reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at FHL; digital version at USGenWeb Archives or at JSTOR ($).
  • [1782] Fothergill, Augusta B. and John Mark Naugle. Virginia Tax Payers, 1782-87, Other Than Those Published by the United States Census Bureau. 1940; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1978. Available at FHL. [1782 personal property tax list of Brunswick County.]
  • [1782-1815] Heinegg, Paul. "Brunswick County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1815," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Brunswick County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1787] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1975):248-254. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Brunswick County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on p. 254]
  • [1788, 1798] Indexed images of the 1788 and 1798 Personal Property Tax Lists of Brunswick County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] "Brunswick County, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1967):35-38; Vol. 11, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1967):67-70; Vol. 11, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1967):116-120; Vol. 11, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1967):175-178. Available at FHL; digital version at USGenWeb Archives or at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Brunswick County is included in Vol. 2.]

Vital Records

Birth

Indexes to Brunswick County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Beth Fridley has published abstracts of Brunswick County births from 1853 through 1896 online at Ancestry:

  • Brunswick County, Virginia Births, 1853-62 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Brunswick County, Virginia Births, 1865-73 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Brunswick County, Virginia Births, 1874-79 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Brunswick County, Virginia Births, 1880-96 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
Marriage
  • Fothergill, Augusta B. Marriage Records of Brunswick County, Virginia, 1730 - 1852. [S.l.]: A.B. Fothergill, 1953. Available at FHL; digital version at World Vital Records ($); partial preview in Google Books.
  • Knorr, Catherine Lindsay. Marriage Bonds and Ministers' Returns of Brunswick County, Virginia, 1750-1810. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1953, 1982.
  • Ricks, Joel. Brunswick County, Virginia Marriage Bonds, 1750-1861. Salem, Massachusetts: Higginson Book Company, 1997.
  • Brunswick County Marriages 1750 to 1861 Virginia Pioneers
Deaths
  • Obituaries, Brunswick County, Virginia USGenWeb Archives
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Websites

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References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. USGS Map, Topozone.com
  3. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 72. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.

 

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