Bureau County, Illinois GenealogyEdit This Page

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Coordinates: 41.41°0′N 89.53°0′W / 41.41°N 89.53°W / 41.41; -89.53

Bureau County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Bureau County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: February 28, 1837
County Seat Princeton
Bureau County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Illinois State Archives
Address County Courthouse
700 S. Main Street
Princeton, Illinois 61356
(815) 875-2014
Bureau County Website

United States Gotoarrow.png IllinoisGotoarrow.png Bureau County


Bureau County Organization

Bureau County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1878 1837 1878 1840 1817 1837

Historical Facts

Bureau County is named for Pierre Bureau (Belleau or de Beuro) who established a trading post on the Illinois River.

Parent County

  • 28 February 1837: -- Bureau County was created from Putnam County. [1]

Boundary Changes

Records and Resources



Gotoarrow.png Find A Grave, list of cemeteries. Additional information can be found at local level (city, township, etc.)



Historical populations
Census Pop.
IL Counties 1900-1990
For tips on accessing census records online, see Illinois Census.


1840 Pensioners

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. FHL 973 X2pc 1840; FHL 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Bureau County on page 186.]

Church Records

Court Records

  • 1872-1952 Court Records IRAD-NIU; search for Bureau County Records. (Learn more about IRAD.)


Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.



  • The Biographical Record of Bureau, Marshall and Putnam Counties, Illinois. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Pub. Co., 1896. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Harrington, George B. Past and Present of Bureau County, Illinois. Chicago: Pioneer Pub. Co., 1906. Digital version at Ancestry ($); Another Ancestry ($) version; Internet Archive.

Land and Property

  • 1800s-Present - Use the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Land Patent Index to obtain original federal land transfer records including homestead, military warrants, and cash entry patents. These records help a research establish location and lead to National Archives' records which may include genealogical information. Earlier land transfer records are housed at the National Archives.
  • 1816-1900 Deed Index IRAD-NIU; search for Bureau County Records. (Learn more about IRAD.)


Military Records

Civil War

Civil War service men from Bureau County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Bureau County.

- 33rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company E.
- 52nd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company B.
- 57th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies B, F, H and K.
- 64th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (Yates’ Sharpshooters), Company B.
- 66th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company C.
- 88th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company D.
- 93rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies B, C, E, H, I and K.


  • 1837-1923 Naturalization Papers IRAD-NIU; search for Bureau County Records. (Learn more about IRAD.)

Newspapers and Obituaries

A good collection of obituaries and death notices can be found at Genealogy Trails.


Probate Records

  • 1837-1900, 1906-1955 Probate Records IRAD-NIU; search for Bureau County Records. (Learn more about IRAD.)


County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Bureau County are kept, see the Bureau County Courthouse page

Family History Centers

Illinois Regional Archives Depositories (IRAD)

Public Libraries

Social Groups Online



Vital Records




Voter Registration


Places / Localities

To see a list of places in Bureau County, click on [Show], above. The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.


  1. WorldCat 50140092, FHL Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002)


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