Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Land RecordsEdit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(user link)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
'''Syllabus for class taught by [[User:HealeyJE|Joan Healey]] from FamilySearch at [[FamilySearch Presentations at NGS 2010|NGS Conference 2010]]'''
+
'''Syllabus for class taught by [[User:HealeyJE|Joan Healey]] from FamilySearch at [[FamilySearch Presentations at NGS 2010|NGS Conference 2010]]'''  
  
 
The purpose of this class is to familiarize the participants with the records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands. The participant should then be able to identify the types of available records; the specific value and challenges they represent; the location and availability of these documents; and what online access, if any, may be elicited.  
 
The purpose of this class is to familiarize the participants with the records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands. The participant should then be able to identify the types of available records; the specific value and challenges they represent; the location and availability of these documents; and what online access, if any, may be elicited.  
Line 11: Line 11:
 
The Bureau was a federal government agency created to aid distressed refugees and former slaves of the American Civil War. The war liberated nearly 4 million slaves.  
 
The Bureau was a federal government agency created to aid distressed refugees and former slaves of the American Civil War. The war liberated nearly 4 million slaves.  
  
'''Aid involved: '''  
+
'''Aid involved:'''
  
 
*'''Education:''' established 4,300 schools  
 
*'''Education:''' established 4,300 schools  
Line 19: Line 19:
 
== ORGANIZATION OF “FREEDMEN’S BUREAU”  ==
 
== ORGANIZATION OF “FREEDMEN’S BUREAU”  ==
  
'''Washington Headquarters '''  
+
'''Washington Headquarters'''
  
 
Commissioner, Superintendent of Education, Adjutant General’s Office- aided United States Colored Troops with claims and bounty '''State Officials'''  
 
Commissioner, Superintendent of Education, Adjutant General’s Office- aided United States Colored Troops with claims and bounty '''State Officials'''  
Line 25: Line 25:
 
Assistant Commissioner, Superintendent of Education  
 
Assistant Commissioner, Superintendent of Education  
  
'''Field Offices''''''-Local'''  
+
Field Offices'''-Local'''  
  
 
Most people came in contact with the Bureau at the local level.  
 
Most people came in contact with the Bureau at the local level.  
Line 36: Line 36:
 
*'''Border States''': Kentucky and Missouri and the District of Columbia, Delaware, Maryland, and West Virginia
 
*'''Border States''': Kentucky and Missouri and the District of Columbia, Delaware, Maryland, and West Virginia
  
== <br> “FREEDMEN’S BUREAU” RECORDS  ==
+
== <br>“FREEDMEN’S BUREAU” RECORDS  ==
  
 
The records of the Bureau contain administrative records, records concerning the goals to assist with education, employment, and health care. The records type and quality vary with each state and from field office to field office. The records contain data on names, residence, occupation and former owner  
 
The records of the Bureau contain administrative records, records concerning the goals to assist with education, employment, and health care. The records type and quality vary with each state and from field office to field office. The records contain data on names, residence, occupation and former owner  
Line 82: Line 82:
 
Miscellaneous  
 
Miscellaneous  
  
<br>  
+
<br>
  
 
== PREPARING TO USE THE “FREEDMEN’S BUREAU” RECORDS  ==
 
== PREPARING TO USE THE “FREEDMEN’S BUREAU” RECORDS  ==
Line 100: Line 100:
 
== CHALLENGES OF “FREEDMEN’S BUREAU” RECORDS  ==
 
== CHALLENGES OF “FREEDMEN’S BUREAU” RECORDS  ==
  
'''Challenges '''  
+
'''Challenges'''
  
 
*Surname changes  
 
*Surname changes  
Line 108: Line 108:
 
== RECORD AVAILABILITY AND ON LINE SOURCES  ==
 
== RECORD AVAILABILITY AND ON LINE SOURCES  ==
  
==== '''Original and filmed copies ''' ====
+
==== '''Original and filmed copies''' ====
  
 
National Archives and Branches:www.archives.gov./genealogy/heritage/africanamerican  
 
National Archives and Branches:www.archives.gov./genealogy/heritage/africanamerican  
  
==== '''Filmed copies ''' ====
+
==== '''Filmed copies''' ====
  
 
Family History Library and Centers  
 
Family History Library and Centers  
Line 139: Line 139:
 
Washington, Reginald. Black Family Research; Records of Post-Civil War Federal Agencies at the National Archives Reference Information Paper 108. National Archives and Records Administration Washington. D.C. Revised 2006. FHL 973 F27wr  
 
Washington, Reginald. Black Family Research; Records of Post-Civil War Federal Agencies at the National Archives Reference Information Paper 108. National Archives and Records Administration Washington. D.C. Revised 2006. FHL 973 F27wr  
  
Woodtor, Dee Parmer. Finding a Place Called Home A Guide to African-American Genealogy and Historical Identity, Random House, New York 1999. FHL 973 F2wd
+
Woodtor, Dee Parmer. Finding a Place Called Home A Guide to African-American Genealogy and Historical Identity, Random House, New York 1999. FHL 973 F2wd  
  
[[Category:FamilySearch Presentations at NGS 2010]]
+
[[Category:FamilySearch_Presentations_at_NGS_2010]]

Latest revision as of 22:25, 27 April 2010

Syllabus for class taught by Joan Healey from FamilySearch at NGS Conference 2010

The purpose of this class is to familiarize the participants with the records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands. The participant should then be able to identify the types of available records; the specific value and challenges they represent; the location and availability of these documents; and what online access, if any, may be elicited.

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, was initially proposed by President Abraham Lincoln and subsequently established by an act of Congress March 3, 1865. The Bureau’s name is usually abbreviated simply to the “Freedmen’s Bureau.” The records of the Freedmen’s Bureau are often referred to as “emancipation transition records” and span the years 1865 to 1872.

The Freedmen’s Bureau records contain a wide range of information about the African American experience during slavery and freedom. They are a valuable source for the Black family historian and genealogist.

Contents

PURPOSE OF “FREEDMEN’S BUREAU”

The Bureau was a federal government agency created to aid distressed refugees and former slaves of the American Civil War. The war liberated nearly 4 million slaves.

Aid involved:

  • Education: established 4,300 schools
  • Health care: established 100 hospitals, issued food and clothing, and operated refugee camps
  • Employment: supervised labor contracts, worked with African Americans soldiers and sailors and their heirs to secure back pay, bounty payments and pensions

ORGANIZATION OF “FREEDMEN’S BUREAU”

Washington Headquarters

Commissioner, Superintendent of Education, Adjutant General’s Office- aided United States Colored Troops with claims and bounty State Officials

Assistant Commissioner, Superintendent of Education

Field Offices-Local

Most people came in contact with the Bureau at the local level.

Bureau Personnel included: Commissioner, subordinates, superintendents, agents, claims officers, provost marshals, disbursing officers, medical officers, clerks and others

Records are available for:

  • Confederate States: South Carolina, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia
  • Border States: Kentucky and Missouri and the District of Columbia, Delaware, Maryland, and West Virginia


“FREEDMEN’S BUREAU” RECORDS

The records of the Bureau contain administrative records, records concerning the goals to assist with education, employment, and health care. The records type and quality vary with each state and from field office to field office. The records contain data on names, residence, occupation and former owner

Census records- local

Labor Contracts and Registers

Apprenticeship

Indentures

Register of marriages

  • Minister reports

Register and application of persons receiving rations

Court records

  • Legal aid in court, affidavits, and trials
  • New state legislated repressive “black codes”

Land records

  • 40 acres and a mule”
  • Homestead
  • Southern Homestead Act 1866, register of property, property restoration (freedman and loyal whites)
  • Public land in states of: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana and Mississippi

Medical records

  • Register of patients, monthly reports of sick and wounded

Military records – U.S. Colored Troops (USCT)

  • Case files for claims for bounty, pension claims and register of contraband camps (fugitive slaves crossed Union lines to settle in contraband camps)

School records

Register and list of claimants

Registers of letters sent and received

Miscellaneous


PREPARING TO USE THE “FREEDMEN’S BUREAU” RECORDS

  • Gather information on your ancestor and their extended family.
  • Make a list of all family names and nick names (first and last) sometimes the records only give initials of first names.
  • Research recent family history first.
  • Find your ancestors and their extended family in the 1870 U.S. federal census.
  • Study family in community context. Extract and make copies of records including individuals with same surname in the area.
  • Search Federal and State records: Census, Military, Land and Property.
  • Start by searching internet sites for Freedmen’s Bureau records in the state where your family lived, learn if any records have been indexed and imaged.

Refer to the publication:

Everly, Elaine C. and Pacheli, Willna. Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Field Offices of the Bureau of Refugees, Freemen and Abandoned Lands: Record Group 105. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1973. FHL 973 F23ea or Fiche 60026338

CHALLENGES OF “FREEDMEN’S BUREAU” RECORDS

Challenges

  • Surname changes
  • All Records are not indexed or imaged in a searchable data base
  • Determine location of field offices

RECORD AVAILABILITY AND ON LINE SOURCES

Original and filmed copies

National Archives and Branches:www.archives.gov./genealogy/heritage/africanamerican

Filmed copies

Family History Library and Centers

  • Family History Library Catalog
  • Register/Notebook
  • www.Familysearch.org

Most site information is arranged by locality or by record type. Remember at this time (2010) the collection is incomplete (indexed and imaged) at any given site.

Online Sources

  • Freedmen’s Bureau Online, www.freedmensbureau.com African American history on line
  • www.afrigeneas.com is a site devoted to African American genealogy, to researching African Ancestry
  • www.ancestry.com Subscription site online Freedmen’s Bureau records, searchable by name
  • www.wiki.FamilySearch.org an online encyclopedia where you can find research information; with links to other FamilySearch products and services.
  • African American Historical and Genealogical Society – AAHGS www.aahgs.org
  • Virginia Center for Digital History: http://valley.vcdh.virginia.edu/fbureau/bureau topics.htm

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Everly, Elaine C. and Pacheli, Willna. Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Field Offices of the Bureau of Refugees, Freemen and Abandoned Lands: Record Group 105. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1973. FHL 973 F23ea or Fiche 60026338

National Archives Trust Fund Board. Black Studies; A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC FHL 973 A3bs 2007

Washington, Reginald. Black Family Research; Records of Post-Civil War Federal Agencies at the National Archives Reference Information Paper 108. National Archives and Records Administration Washington. D.C. Revised 2006. FHL 973 F27wr

Woodtor, Dee Parmer. Finding a Place Called Home A Guide to African-American Genealogy and Historical Identity, Random House, New York 1999. FHL 973 F2wd


 

Need additional research help? Contact our research help specialists.

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 27 April 2010, at 22:25.
  • This page has been accessed 849 times.