California History

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''[[United States|United States]] > [[Portal:California|California]] > California History''  
 
''[[United States|United States]] > [[Portal:California|California]] > California History''  
==Brief History==
+
== Brief History ==
 +
 
 
The following important events in the history of [[Portal:California|California]] affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements.  
 
The following important events in the history of [[Portal:California|California]] affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements.  
 +
 
*'''1542-1812:''' Spain, Mexico, England, and Russia made various claims to California, but most settlements were Spanish.  
 
*'''1542-1812:''' Spain, Mexico, England, and Russia made various claims to California, but most settlements were Spanish.  
 
*'''1769:''' The first permanent settlement was made by the Spanish in the San Diego Bay area.  
 
*'''1769:''' The first permanent settlement was made by the Spanish in the San Diego Bay area.  
 +
*'''1776:''' First party of Spanish settlers reach site of present-day San Francisco.
 +
*'''1816-1826:''' First and earliest non-Spanish settlers to California were by sea. Jedediah Strong Smith arives by over-land travel.
 
*'''1821:''' Spain granted Mexico its independence. California was included with Mexico.  
 
*'''1821:''' Spain granted Mexico its independence. California was included with Mexico.  
*'''1841:''' Americans began traveling overland to California.  
+
*'''1841:''' The Bidwell-Bartleson party became the first American immigrant train to reach California by the overland route.
 +
*'''July 1846:''' Sam Brannan's colony of settlers arrive from Saco, York County, Maine. They settled New Hope, [[San_Joaquin_County,_California|San Joaquin]] County.
 
*'''1846:''' War broke out between the United States and Mexico. U.S. settlers in California set up a republic.  
 
*'''1846:''' War broke out between the United States and Mexico. U.S. settlers in California set up a republic.  
*'''1848:''' Mexico ceded California to the United States. Gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill.  
+
*'''1848:''' Mexico ceded California to the United States.  
 +
*'''24 January 1848:''' Gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill.  
 
*'''1849:''' The Gold Rush attracted over 100,000 people to California.  
 
*'''1849:''' The Gold Rush attracted over 100,000 people to California.  
*'''1850:''' ( September 9,) California became the 31st state  
+
*'''9 September 1850:''' California became the 31st state  
 
*'''1851-52: '''California Indian Wars  
 
*'''1851-52: '''California Indian Wars  
*'''1860-1861:''' (23 April-24 October) Pony Express  
+
*'''23 April 1860 - 24 October 1861:''' Pony Express  
 
*'''1869:''' Completion of the transcontinental railroad gave California a direct connection with the East. Great numbers of Chinese were imported to work on this railroad.  
 
*'''1869:''' Completion of the transcontinental railroad gave California a direct connection with the East. Great numbers of Chinese were imported to work on this railroad.  
*'''1872: '''The Modoc War on border between Oregon and California, between the U.S. and the Modoc tribe led by Chief Kintpuash (Captain Jack), the tribe had ceded their land in 1864, they were sent to the Klamath reservation, in 1870 they returned to their old land.  1873 the remaining tribal members sent to Oklahoma.  
+
*'''1872:''' The Modoc War on border between Oregon and California, between the U.S. and the Modoc tribe led by Chief Kintpuash (Captain Jack), the tribe had ceded their land in 1864, they were sent to the Klamath reservation, in 1870 they returned to their old land.  
*'''1884-1885:''' A railroad rate war (1884) and a California real estate boom (1885) caused a new wave of overland immigration.
+
*'''1873:''' the remaining Modoc tribal members sent to Oklahoma.  
 +
*'''1884-1885:''' A railroad rate war (1884) and a California real estate boom (1885) caused a new wave of overland immigration.  
 
*'''1898:''' Over 300,000 men were involved in the [http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/ Spanish-American War] which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.  
 
*'''1898:''' Over 300,000 men were involved in the [http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/ Spanish-American War] which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.  
*'''1917–1918:'''More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I World War I] over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.
+
*'''1917–1918:'''More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I World War I] over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.  
*'''1930's:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression The Great Depression] closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.
+
*'''1930's:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression The Great Depression] closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.  
*'''1940–1945:''' Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940 Selective Service]. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during [http://www.worldwar-2.net/ World War II].
+
*'''1940–1945:''' Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940 Selective Service]. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during [http://www.worldwar-2.net/ World War II].  
*'''1950–1953:''' Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.korean-war.com/ Korean War].
+
*'''1950–1953:''' Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.korean-war.com/ Korean War].  
*'''1950's–1960's''' The building of [http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/ interstate highways] made it easier for people to move long distances.
+
*'''1950's–1960's''' The building of [http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/ interstate highways] made it easier for people to move long distances.  
 
*'''1964–1972:''' Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.vietnamwar.com/ Vietnam War].
 
*'''1964–1972:''' Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.vietnamwar.com/ Vietnam War].
  

Revision as of 07:22, 28 March 2009

United States > California > California History

Contents

Brief History

The following important events in the history of California affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements.

  • 1542-1812: Spain, Mexico, England, and Russia made various claims to California, but most settlements were Spanish.
  • 1769: The first permanent settlement was made by the Spanish in the San Diego Bay area.
  • 1776: First party of Spanish settlers reach site of present-day San Francisco.
  • 1816-1826: First and earliest non-Spanish settlers to California were by sea. Jedediah Strong Smith arives by over-land travel.
  • 1821: Spain granted Mexico its independence. California was included with Mexico.
  • 1841: The Bidwell-Bartleson party became the first American immigrant train to reach California by the overland route.
  • July 1846: Sam Brannan's colony of settlers arrive from Saco, York County, Maine. They settled New Hope, San Joaquin County.
  • 1846: War broke out between the United States and Mexico. U.S. settlers in California set up a republic.
  • 1848: Mexico ceded California to the United States.
  • 24 January 1848: Gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill.
  • 1849: The Gold Rush attracted over 100,000 people to California.
  • 9 September 1850: California became the 31st state
  • 1851-52: California Indian Wars
  • 23 April 1860 - 24 October 1861: Pony Express
  • 1869: Completion of the transcontinental railroad gave California a direct connection with the East. Great numbers of Chinese were imported to work on this railroad.
  • 1872: The Modoc War on border between Oregon and California, between the U.S. and the Modoc tribe led by Chief Kintpuash (Captain Jack), the tribe had ceded their land in 1864, they were sent to the Klamath reservation, in 1870 they returned to their old land.
  • 1873: the remaining Modoc tribal members sent to Oklahoma.
  • 1884-1885: A railroad rate war (1884) and a California real estate boom (1885) caused a new wave of overland immigration.
  • 1898: Over 300,000 men were involved in the Spanish-American War which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.
  • 1917–1918:More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. World War I over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.
  • 1930's: The Great Depression closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.
  • 1940–1945: Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the Selective Service. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during World War II.
  • 1950–1953: Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the Korean War.
  • 1950's–1960's The building of interstate highways made it easier for people to move long distances.
  • 1964–1972: Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the Vietnam War.

Historical Content

Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:

  • Parents' names
  • Maiden names of women
  • Place of birth, death, or marriage
  • Occupation
  • Migration
  • Military service
  • Descendants

Local Histories

Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the Family History Library, public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies. Three useful guides are:

  • California Local History: A Bibliography and Union List of Library Holdings is a bibliography of local histories for California [1]
  • A Bibliography of American County Histories [2] [3]
  • United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress [4] [5]

State Histories Useful to Genealogists

Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. The Family History Library has numerous state and local histories by James M. Guinn and other authors. Sources for studying the history of California include:

The Family History Library has numerous state and local histories by James M. Guinn and other authors. Sources for studying the history of California include:

  • History of California. [6] There is an index in 979.4 B4b which covers 1542 to 1859.
  • A History of California: The Spanish Period [7]
  • California and Californians [8] Volumes 3 and 4 contain biographical material. All four volumes are online at Ancestry.com. ($)

United States History

The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:

  • The Almanac of American History, [9] [10] This provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  • Dictionary of American History, Revised ed [11] [12] This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. A snippet view is available at Google books.
  • Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium [13] [14] [15] This includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.


To find more books and articles about California's history use the Internet Google search for phases like "California history." Family History Library Catalog Surname Search lists many more histories under topics like:

CALIFORNIA- HISTORY
CALIFORNIA. [COUNTY] - HISTORY
CALIFORNIA, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY
CALIFORNIA, BIBLIOGRAPHY

Web Sites

Sources

  1. Margaret M. Rocq, California Local History: A Bibliography and Union List of Library Holdings, 2nd ed. (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1970; FHL book 979.4 H23r; supplement, 1961 to 1970, is 979.4 H23r Supp.; 1950 ed. is on film 1000136 item 3 is on film 1000136 item 3).
  2. Filby, P. William. A Bibliography of American County Histories. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985. (FHL book 973 H23bi)
  3. Worldcat
  4. Kaminkow, Marion J. United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. (FHL book 973 A3ka.)
  5. Worldcat
  6. Bancroft, Hubert H. ed. History of California. Six Volumes. San Francisco, California: A. L. Bancroft and Company, 1884-90. (Family History Library book 979.4 B4b Volumes 1-6; film 982473 items 1-2, Volumes 1-2; items 3-5, Volumes 4-6; film 1321070 item 4, Volume 3.)
  7. Chapman, Charles E. A History of California: The Spanish Period. New York, New York: Macmillan, 1921. (Family History Library fiche 6051216.)
  8. Hunt, Rockwell Dennis. California and Californians. Four Volumes. Chicago, Illinois: Lewis Publishing Company, 1932. (Family History Library book 979.4 H2h; film 1000092 items 1-4.)
  9. Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Almanac of American History. Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983. (FHL book 973 H2alm)
  10. Worldcat
  11. Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976. (FHL book 973 H2ad.)
  12. Worldcat
  13. Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium. Springfield, Mass.: G&C Merriam, 1971. (FHL book 973 H2v)
  14. Limited view at Google Books
  15. Worldcat
  16. Writings on American History By American Historical Association, Library of Congress, United States National Historical Publications Commission, Published by KTO Press, 1921 FHL book 973 H23w
  17. Worldcat