California Military Records

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[[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]]>[[California|California]]  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[California|California]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[California_Military_Records|Military Records]]''
  
{{Adoption_CA_State_Genealogical_Alliance}}  
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{{Adoption_CA_State_Genealogical_Alliance}} __TOC__
  
The [[United States Military Records|United States Military Records Research Outline]] provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.
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Many military records are at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The [[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]] Wiki article provides more information on federal military records and search strategies. For California the following sources are especially helpful:  
 
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Many military records are at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The United States Research Outline provides more information on the federal records. For California the following sources are especially helpful:  
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=== Forts  ===
 
=== Forts  ===
  
Alcatraz -- 1850, became a military prison in 1907, federal prison 1934-19
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[[Image:800px-Golden Gate Bridge and Fort Point 2009b.jpg|thumb|right|310x220px|800px-Golden Gate Bridge and Fort Point 2009b.jpg]]
  
Fort Anderson -- 1862-1866  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcatraz_Island Alcatraz] -- 1850, became a military prison in 1907, federal prison 1934-19
 
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*[http://www.militarymuseum.org/FtAnderson.html Fort Anderson ]-- 1862-1866  
*Benicia Barracks -- Textual records of this fort, 1849-1908, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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*[http://www.militarymuseum.org/Benicia.html Benicia Barracks] (Benicia Arsenal) -- Textual records of this fort, 1849-1908, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
*Fort Bidwell -- Textual records of this fort, 1864-1893, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Bidwell,_California Fort Bidwell ]-- Textual records of this fort, 1864-1893, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
*Fort Bragg 1857 -- Textual records of this fort, 1859-1864, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Bragg,_California Fort Bragg ]1857 -- Textual records of this fort, 1859-1864, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
*Fort Churchill  
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*[http://www.onlinenevada.org/fort_churchill Fort Churchill]
*Fort Crook -- 1857 -1869  
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*[http://www.militarymuseum.org/CpCrook.html Fort Crook ]-- 1857 -1869  
 
*Fort Gaston -- Textual records of this fort, 1864-1892, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
 
*Fort Gaston -- Textual records of this fort, 1864-1892, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
*Fort Guijarros -- 1795-1838  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Guijarros Fort Guijarros ]-- 1795-1838  
*Fort Humboldt 1853 -- Textual records of this fort, 1855-1857, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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*[http://www.militarymuseum.org/FtHumboldt.html Fort Humboldt ]1853 -- Textual records of this fort, 1855-1857, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
*Fort Independence -- 1862-1877  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Independence_(California) Fort Independence ]-- 1862-1877  
*Fort Jones 1852-1858  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Jones,_California Fort Jones ]1852-1858  
*Fort Klamath -- in Oregon  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Klamath Fort Klamath ]-- in Oregon  
*Camp Lincoln -- Textual records of this post, 1857-1870, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_Lincoln_(California) Camp Lincoln ]-- Textual records of this post, 1857-1870, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
*Fort McDowell -- Textual records of this fort, 1865-1890, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  The  [http://www.angelisland.org/mcd02.html Fort McDowell Website] describes the activity and history of Fort McDowell during the Spanish American War and subsequent years. Gives numbers of individuals processed during the different time periods, however it does not appear to give the names of those individuals.  
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*[http://www.militarymuseum.org/CpReynolds.html Fort McDowell ]-- Textual records of this fort, 1865-1890, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  The  [http://www.angelisland.org/mcd02.html Fort McDowell Website] describes the activity and history of Fort McDowell during the Spanish American War and subsequent years. Gives numbers of individuals processed during the different time periods, however it does not appear to give the names of those individuals.  
*Fort Miller -- 1851-1864  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Miller,_California Fort Miller ]-- 1851-1864  
*Fort Moore -- was located in what is now downtown Los Angeles. It was built by the First Iowa Volunteers (Mormon Battalion) in 1847 and was abandoned as a U.S. military installation in 1849.  See ''Church News'' for week ending July 19, 2008.  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Moore Fort Moore ]-- was located in what is now downtown Los Angeles. It was built by the First Iowa Volunteers (Mormon Battalion) in 1847 and was abandoned as a U.S. military installation in 1849.  See ''Church News'' for week ending July 19, 2008.  
*Fort Reading --1852 -1870  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Point,_San_Francisco Fort Point ]-- Fort Point is located at the southern side of the Golden Gate at the entrance to San Francisco Bay. This fort was completed just before the American Civil War, to defend San Francisco Bay against hostile warships.
*San Diego Barracks -- Textual records of this fort, 1862-1903, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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*[http://www.militarymuseum.org/FtReading.html Fort Reading ]--1852 -1870  
*Presidio of San Francisco -- Textual records of this post, 1856-1919, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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*[http://www.militarymuseum.org/SDBks.html San Diego Barracks ]-- Textual records of this fort, 1862-1903, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
*Sutter's Fort or Fort Sacramento -- 1841-1847  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presidio_of_San_Francisco Presidio of San Francisco ]-- Textual records of this post, 1856-1919, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
*Fort Tejon -- 1854-1864  
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*[http://www.militarymuseum.org/Sutter.html Sutter's Fort or Fort Sacramento ]-- 1841-1847  
*Fort Winfield Scott -- 1854-1914  
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*[http://www.forttejon.org/historycw.html Fort Tejon ]-- 1854-1864  
*Camp Wright, Round Valley -- Textual records of this fort, 1861-1882, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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*[http://www.militarymuseum.org/FtScott.html Fort Winfield Scott ]-- 1854-1914  
*Fort Yuma -- Textual records of this fort, 1858-1882, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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*[http://www.militarymuseum.org/FtWright.html Camp Wright, Round Valley ]-- Textual records of this fort, 1861-1882, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Yuma Fort Yuma ]-- Textual records of this fort, 1858-1882, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
  
=== References  ===
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=== War of 1812 ===
  
''Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890''. by Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press publishing Co., Missoula, Montana C. 2003 [[/en/index.php?title=Special:BookSources&isbn=0878424687|ISBN 0-87842-468-7]]  
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Gibson, Nancy Brigham ''California State Society lineage book&nbsp;: National Society, United States Daughters of 1812'' ( Culiman, Alabama:&nbsp; Gregath, c 1991) pages 271 [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F705760 FHL&nbsp;Book 979.4 D2]<br>
  
=== Indian Wars ===
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=== Mexican War (1846-1848) ===
  
*''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During Indian Wars and Disturbances, 1815-1858'' (Family History Library&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=98003&disp=Index+to+compiled+service+records+of+vol%20%20&columns=*,0,0 films 882753-94]).  
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The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided.<br>
*''Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army, 1798-1914'' (beginning on Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=43696&disp=Registers+of+enlistments+in+the+United+S++ film 350307]).
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*''Old War Index to Pension Files, 1815-1926'' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=98862&disp=Old+war+index+to+pension+files%2C+1815%2%20%20&columns=*,0,0 films 821603-09]).
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*''Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926''. (NARA T317). {{FHL|0537000|item|disp=FHL films 0537000–13}} Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:
*''Pension Index Files, Indian Wars, 1892-1926'' (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=98739&disp=Pension+index+files%2C+Indian+wars%2C+18%20%20&columns=*,0,0 films 821610-21]).
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:*{{RecordSearch|1979390|United States, Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Mexican War Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
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*Robarts, William Hugh. ''Mexican War Veterans&nbsp;: A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848…'' Washington, D.C.&nbsp;: Brentano’s, 1887. {{FHL|1854496|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2rwh}} Digital version available at [http://archive.org/details/mexicanwarvetera00roba Internet Archive].
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Click on these links to learn more about the [[Mexican War, 1846 to 1848|Mexican War]] and about [[US Mexican War Pension Records|Mexican War pension records]].  
  
 
=== Civil War (1861-1865)  ===
 
=== Civil War (1861-1865)  ===
  
*The Family History Library has an index to compiled military service records of Union Army volunteers from California ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=313585&disp=Index+to+compiled+service+records+of+vol%20%20&columns=*,0,0 films 881609-15]). The compiled military service records and the pension records have not been microfilmed and are only available at the National Archives. The Family History Library has the pension index on microfilm.
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[[Image:{{Fort Point CA}}]]  
*An exhaustive list of the Civil War volunteers is found in Richard H. Orton, ''Records of California Men in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1867'' (Sacramento, California: State Office, 1890; Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=123883&disp=Records+of+California+men+in+the+war+of+++ book 979.4 M2a; film 1000133 item 4; fiche 6051180]). An index to this list is J. Carlyle Parker, ''A Personal Name Index to Orton's "Records of California Men in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1867"'' (Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research Company, 1978; FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=251108&disp=A+personal+name+index+to+Orton%27s+%22Re%20%20&columns=*,0,0 979.4 M2a Index]).
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*'''Civil War Pension Index Cards''' - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1471019 FamilySearch Record Search]. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.
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See [[California in the Civil War|California in the Civil War]] for information about California Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the California regiments involved in the Civil War.
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The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.
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The [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.
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=== Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)  ===
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*''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During Indian Wars and Disturbances, 1815-1858'' (Family History Library&nbsp;{{FHL|98003|title-id|disp=films 882753-94}}).  
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*''Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army, 1798-1914'' (beginning on Family History Library {{FHL|43696|title-id|disp=film 350307}}).
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*''Old War Index to Pension Files, 1815-1926'' (Family History Library {{FHL|98862|title-id|disp=films 821603-09}}).
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*''Pension Index Files, Indian Wars, 1892-1926'' (Family History Library {{FHL|98739|title-id|disp=films 821610-21}}).
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=== Spanish-American War (1898)<br>  ===
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The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.
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'''Indexes'''
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*{{RecordSearch|1919699|United States, General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934}} (NARA T288). (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. The index covers veterans of the Civil War, '''Spanish‑American War,''' Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. ([[United States, General Index to Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
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*{{RecordSearch|1919583|United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
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The California State Archives has military records from the California Adjutant General's office dating from 1849 to 1945. These include records of California volunteers in the Spanish-American War. ({{FHL|981554|disp=FHL film 981554-55}})
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Click on the link to learn more about the [[Spanish-American War, 1898|Spanish American War]].  
  
 
=== World War I (1917-1918)  ===
 
=== World War I (1917-1918)  ===
  
World War I draft registration cards for men age 18 to 45 may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. For registration cards for California, see:
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World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.  
  
*United States. Selective Service System. California. ''World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. (Beginning on Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=746968&disp=California%2C+World+War+I+Selective+Serv%20%20&columns=*,0,0 film 1530652].)
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'''Awards'''  
  
To find an individual's draft card, it helps to know his name and residence at the time of registration. The cards are arranged alphabetically by county, within the county by draft board, and then alphabetically by surname within each draft board.  
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2244 California, World War I Soldier Citations, 1918-1921] (Ancestry) ($) - newspaper clippings announcing awards and citations.
  
Most counties had only one board; large cities had several. A map showing the boundaries of individual draft boards is available for most large cities. Finding an ancestor's street address in a city directory will help you in using the draft board map. There is an alphabetical list of cities that are on the map. For a copy of this map see:
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'''Casualties'''
  
*United States. Selective Service System. ''List of World War One Draft Board Maps''. Washington, D.C.: National Archives. (FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=641275&disp=List+of+World+War+One+draft+board+maps%20%20&columns=*,0,0 film 1498803].)
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2245 California, World War I Death Announcements, 1918-1921] (Ancestry) ($) - newspaper clippings reporting the deaths of California men and women.
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'''Draft Records'''
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*United States. Selective Service System. California. ''World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. (Beginning on Family History Library {{FHL|746968|title-id|disp=film 1530652}}) These cards have been digitized and are searchable online. See [[United States World War I Draft Records|WWI Draft Records]] for more information. Also available at:<br>
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:*{{RecordSearch|1968530|United States, World War One Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918}} (FamilySearch) - free
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[[United States World War I Draft Records|United States World War I Draft Records]] provides additional information.
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'''Service Records'''
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1701 California, WWI Soldier Service Cards and Photos, 1917-1918] (Ancestry) ($) - Service cards may include service number, name, address, birthdate, race, years in California, birthplace, father's name and birthplace, mother's maiden name and birthplace, wife's maiden name, date of marriage, children, nearest relative, branch of service, place and date of registration, and place assigned. The biography on the next image also asks for the the signature, date and address of the person writing the biography.
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:'''Note''' - <u>A brief biography of the individual is usually included on the next image.</u> Also, photos were not indexed and the collection only has photos for surnames beginning with BAL-BON. The complete photo collection is available in the collection below.
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1784 California, WWI Soldier Photographs, 1917-1918] (Ancestry) ($) - photos of WWI soldiers from California.
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=== World War II (1941-1945)  ===
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On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.
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*{{RecordSearch|1339071|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 (Image Browse)}} (FamilySearch) - free
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*{{RecordSearch|1861144|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942}} (images with partial index) (FamilySearch) - free
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:Also available at:<br>
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1002 Ancestry] ($)
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*[http://www.fold3.com/title_765/wwii_old_mans_draft_registration_cards Fold3] ($).
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[[World War II United States Military Records, 1941 to 1945|World War II United States Military Records]] provides additional information.
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=== Korean War (1950–1953) &nbsp;  ===
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The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the [[United States Korean War 1950 to 1953|Korean War ]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.  
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=== Vietnam War (1964–1972) ===
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The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the [[United States Vietnam War 1964 to 1972|Vietnam War]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.
  
 
=== Additional Records  ===
 
=== Additional Records  ===
  
The California State Archives has military records from the California Adjutant General's office dating from 1849 to 1945. These include papers of the California Militia from 1850 to 1916, registers of California Volunteers in the Civil and Spanish-American Wars, records of California National Guard Units, and enlistment records from World War I and World War II. The Family History Library has microfilm copies of some of these records from 1858 to 1923 on 35 rolls. Records from World War I that include name, biographical, geographical, and newspaper card files are on the last 17 rolls of this set.  
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The California State Archives has military records from the California Adjutant General's office dating from 1849 to 1945. These include papers of the California Militia from 1850 to 1916, registers of California Volunteers in the Civil and Spanish-American Wars, records of California National Guard Units, and enlistment records from World War I and World War II. The Family History Library has microfilm copies of some of these records from 1858 to 1923 ({{FHL|981530|disp=FHL various film numbers}}) (35 rolls). Records from World War I that include name, biographical, geographical, and newspaper card files are on the last 17 rolls of this set.  
  
 
=== Web Sites  ===
 
=== Web Sites  ===
Line 76: Line 142:
 
*[http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com] ($)  
 
*[http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com] ($)  
 
*http://freepages.military.rootsweb.com/~xander/california-records.htm  
 
*http://freepages.military.rootsweb.com/~xander/california-records.htm  
*[http://www.archives.gov/ http://www.archives.gov/]
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*[http://www.archives.gov/ http://www.archives.gov/]  
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*[http://california-genealogy.com/California-Military-Records.cfm California Military Records] (California Genealogy)
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=California.ASP California Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2003.
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*''Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890''. by Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press publishing Co., Missoula, Montana C. 2003 ISBN 0-87842-468-7
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{{California|California}} {{State Military Records}}
  
 
[[Category:California|Military]]
 
[[Category:California|Military]]

Revision as of 18:20, 22 December 2012

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Contents


Many military records are at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The United States Military Records Wiki article provides more information on federal military records and search strategies. For California the following sources are especially helpful:

Forts

800px-Golden Gate Bridge and Fort Point 2009b.jpg

War of 1812

Gibson, Nancy Brigham California State Society lineage book : National Society, United States Daughters of 1812 ( Culiman, Alabama:  Gregath, c 1991) pages 271 FHL Book 979.4 D2

Mexican War (1846-1848)

The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided.

  • Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926. (NARA T317). FHL films 0537000–13 Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:
  • Robarts, William Hugh. Mexican War Veterans : A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848… Washington, D.C. : Brentano’s, 1887. FHL book 973 M2rwh Digital version available at Internet Archive.

Click on these links to learn more about the Mexican War and about Mexican War pension records.

Civil War (1861-1865)

Fort Point, San Francisco, California

See California in the Civil War for information about California Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the California regiments involved in the Civil War.

The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)

  • Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During Indian Wars and Disturbances, 1815-1858 (Family History Library films 882753-94).
  • Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army, 1798-1914 (beginning on Family History Library film 350307).
  • Old War Index to Pension Files, 1815-1926 (Family History Library films 821603-09).
  • Pension Index Files, Indian Wars, 1892-1926 (Family History Library films 821610-21).

Spanish-American War (1898)

The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.

Indexes

The California State Archives has military records from the California Adjutant General's office dating from 1849 to 1945. These include records of California volunteers in the Spanish-American War. (FHL film 981554-55)

Click on the link to learn more about the Spanish American War.

World War I (1917-1918)

World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.

Awards

Casualties

Draft Records

  • United States. Selective Service System. California. World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. (Beginning on Family History Library film 1530652) These cards have been digitized and are searchable online. See WWI Draft Records for more information. Also available at:

United States World War I Draft Records provides additional information.

Service Records

  • California, WWI Soldier Service Cards and Photos, 1917-1918 (Ancestry) ($) - Service cards may include service number, name, address, birthdate, race, years in California, birthplace, father's name and birthplace, mother's maiden name and birthplace, wife's maiden name, date of marriage, children, nearest relative, branch of service, place and date of registration, and place assigned. The biography on the next image also asks for the the signature, date and address of the person writing the biography.
Note - A brief biography of the individual is usually included on the next image. Also, photos were not indexed and the collection only has photos for surnames beginning with BAL-BON. The complete photo collection is available in the collection below.

World War II (1941-1945)

On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.

Also available at:

World War II United States Military Records provides additional information.

Korean War (1950–1953)  

The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the Korean War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Vietnam War (1964–1972)

The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the Vietnam War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Additional Records

The California State Archives has military records from the California Adjutant General's office dating from 1849 to 1945. These include papers of the California Militia from 1850 to 1916, registers of California Volunteers in the Civil and Spanish-American Wars, records of California National Guard Units, and enlistment records from World War I and World War II. The Family History Library has microfilm copies of some of these records from 1858 to 1923 (FHL various film numbers) (35 rolls). Records from World War I that include name, biographical, geographical, and newspaper card files are on the last 17 rolls of this set.

Web Sites

References

  • Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890. by Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press publishing Co., Missoula, Montana C. 2003 ISBN 0-87842-468-7