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Camden-Charleston Path
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''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South Carolina|South Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Camden-Charleston_Path|Camden-Charleston Path]]''
  
''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Camden-Charleston_Path|Camden-Charleston Path]]''
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[[Image:Camden Charleston Path.png|border|right|300px]]The '''Camden-Charleston Path''' connected the [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] pioneer towns of Camden and Charleston. Charleston was the largest European settlement, the capital, on the [[King's Highway|King's Highway]], and the start of several other trails. Camden was at a crossroad on the southwest portion of the [[Occaneechi Path|Occaneechi Path]]. The southwest part of the [[Fall Line Road|Fall Line Road]] overlapped the Occaneechi Path from Camden to Augusta, Georgia. Part of the [[Great Valley Road|south fork of the Great Valley Road]] also overlapped the Occaneechi Path from Salisbury, North Carolina to Augusta, Georgia. The Camden-Charleston Path was opened to European settlers about 1732.<ref>Based on the 1732 Camden settlement date and the fact that the settlers were from Charleston as cited in South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).</ref> It began in [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] and ended in [[Kershaw County, South Carolina]]. The length of the path was about 150 miles (240 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref>
 
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[[Image:Catawba and Northern Trail.png|border|right|380px]]The '''Camden-Charleston Path''' connected the two important South Carolina towns of Camden and Charleston. Charleston was the largest European settlement, the capital, and on the King's Highway. Camden was on the Occaneechi Path (and overlapping Fall Line Road) and connected with the Great Valley Road (South Fork). The Camden-Charleston Path began in [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] and ended in [[Kershaw County, North Carolina]]. The length of that journey was about 150 miles (240 km).  
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=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
Originally an Indian path, this trail connected North Carolina's European Yadkin River settlements with the Waxhaws settlements and the Lower Cherokee towns mostly in South Carolina. These eventually provided as much as 1/4th of the European settlers in what became Tennessee.  
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Camden was settled in 1732 by a few English colonists from Charleston. It was the first inland town in South Carolina. It was built on the "fall line" of the Wateree River. The Camden-Charleston Path probably followed older Indian trails. A number of Quakers were the next to settle along the river.  
  
The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail as follows:<ref>North Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/NC/Counties/nc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 1 February 2011).</ref><ref>South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 1 February 2011).</ref>
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As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.  
 
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*[[Wilkes County, North Carolina|Wilkes NC]] 1750s
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*[[Alexander County, North Carolina|Alexander NC]] 1750s
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*[[Catawba County, North Carolina|Catawba NC]] 1740s
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*[[Lincoln County, North Carolina|Lincoln NC]] 1740s
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*[[Gaston County, North Carolina|Gaston NC]] 1740s
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*[[York County, South Carolina|York SC]] 1750
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=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
  
'''Counties on the Catawba and Northern Trail''' (south to north)<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref>  
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The first European colonists settled in counties along this path (north to south) as follows:<ref>South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).</ref>  
  
*'''''South Carolina:&nbsp;''''' [[York County, South Carolina|York]]  
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:*[[Kershaw County, South Carolina|Kershaw]] 1732 by English from Charleston
*'''''North Carolina:&nbsp;''''' [[Gaston County, North Carolina|Gaston]], [[Lincoln County, North Carolina|Lincoln]], [[Catawba County, North Carolina|Catawba]], [[Alexander County, North Carolina|Alexander]], [[Wilkes County, North Carolina|Wilkes]]
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:*[[Sumter County, South Carolina|Sumter]] 1740s by English, and French Huguenots
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:*[[Calhoun County, South Carolina|Calhoun]] 1730s by Scots-Irish, Germans, and French Huguenots
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:*[[Orangeburg County, South Carolina|Orangeburg]] 1730s by Reformed Swiss, German Lutherans, and French Huguenots
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:*[[Dorchester County, South Carolina|Dorchester]] 1696 by New Englanders from Massachusetts
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:*[[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston]] 1670 by English and African Barbadians
  
'''Connecting trails.''' The Catawba and Northern Trail forks off north from the [[Lower Cherokee Traders' Path]] in [[York County, South Carolina]]. The Catawba and Northern Trail heads due north to the Yadkin River settlements (North Carolina) where it joins the [[New River and Southern Trail]] in [[Wilkes County, North Carolina|Wilkes County]]. The [[Upper Road]] and the south fork of the [[Great Valley Road]] both run trhough Charlotte, not far from the south end of the Catawba and Northern Trail.  
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'''Connecting trails.''' The Camden-Charleston Path links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston include:<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.], and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast''. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1523234 WorldCat entry].</ref>
  
'''Modern parallels.''' The modern roads that most closely match the old Catawba and Northern Trail are North Carolina State Highway 16 from Wilkesboro south to the Gaston County north border. From there a road parallel to the west side of the Catawba River such as NC State Highway 273 to South Carolina, and South Carolina State Road 274 south to Rock Hill would approximate the old route.  
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:*the Atlantic Ocean 1670
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:*[[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]] about 1716
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:*[[Camden-Charleston_Path|Camden-Charleston Path]] 1732
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:*[[King's Highway]] built 1732-1735 in SC<ref>"South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1740" in ''The Royal Colony of South Carolina'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1740.html (accessed 22 April 2011).</ref>
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:*[[Charleston-Savannah Trail]] late 1730s
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:*[[Secondary Coast Road]] late 1730s or early 1740s
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:*[[Old South Carolina State Road]] 1747
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:*[[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]] about 1765
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The migration routes connecting in Camden include:
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:*[[Occaneechi Path]] pre-historic
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:*[[Camden-Charleston_Path|Camden-Charleston Path]] 1732
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:*[[Fall Line Road]] about 1735
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:*[[Great Valley Road|Great Valley Road (south fork)]] 1740s
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'''Modern parallels.''' The modern roads that roughly match the old Camden-Charleston Path start in Charleston. Follow I-26 north to the Orangeburg. Take State 601 north to Camden.  
  
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
  
No lists of settlers who used the '''Catawba and Northern Trail''' are known to exist. However, local and county histories along the road may reveal that many of the first pioneer settlers arrived from places to the northeast along the route.  
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Most of the early colonists along the path and in Camden were Englishmen from Charleston. Later settlers included Quakers, and eventually immigrants from the Ulster part of Ireland.  
  
Most of the colonists in the the Yadkin River settlements and Waxhaws settlement were from the southeast corner of Pennsylvania. Many were from the Ulster part of Ireland. Other colonists may have reached the area from Maryland, or Virginia especially those areas near the [[Great Valley Road]] or [[Upper Road]].  
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No complete list of settlers who used the '''Camden-Charleston Path''' is known to exist. However, local and county histories along the road may reveal first pioneer settlers who were candidates to have travelled the Camden-Charleston Path from the Charleston area. Later pioneers also may have used other connecting trails such as the [[Occaneechi Path|Occaneechi Path]], [[King's Highway|King's Highway]], [[Fall Line Road|Fall Line Road]], and [[Great Valley Road|Great Valley Road]].  
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For partial lists of early settlers who probably used the Camden-Charleston Path, see:
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'''''in Kershaw County:'''''
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*"Early Settlement of the Area Now Kershaw County" in ''Kershaw County Historical Society Blog'' at http://kchistory.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html (accessed 22 March 2011).
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'''''in Sumter County:'''''
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*Anne King Gregorie, ''History of Sumter County, South Carolina'' (Sumter, S.C.: Library Board of Sumter County, 1954) ({{FHL|202073|item|disp=FHL Book 975.769 H2g}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1513426 WorldCat entry].
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*Cassie Nicholes, ''Historical Sketches of Sumter County'' (Sumter, S.C.: Sumter County Historical Commission, 1981) ({{FHL|1234110|item|disp=FHL Book 975.769 H2n}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1846430 WorldCat entry].
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'''''in Calhoun County:'''''
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*
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'''''in Orangeburg County:'''''
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*"The First Families of Orangeburgh District, South Carolina" in ''Orangeburgh German-Swiss Genealogy Society'' at http://www.ogsgs.org/ffam/ff-intro.htm (accessed 23 March 2011).
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'''''in Dorchester County:'''''
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*
  
 
=== Sources  ===
 
=== Sources  ===
{{reflist}} {{South Carolina|South Carolina}} <div></div>
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[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:South_Carolina]]
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{{reflist}} {{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
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<div></div>  
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[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:Kershaw_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Sumter_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Calhoun_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Orangeburg_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Dorchester_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]]

Latest revision as of 18:26, 23 April 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  Camden-Charleston Path

Camden Charleston Path.png
The Camden-Charleston Path connected the South Carolina pioneer towns of Camden and Charleston. Charleston was the largest European settlement, the capital, on the King's Highway, and the start of several other trails. Camden was at a crossroad on the southwest portion of the Occaneechi Path. The southwest part of the Fall Line Road overlapped the Occaneechi Path from Camden to Augusta, Georgia. Part of the south fork of the Great Valley Road also overlapped the Occaneechi Path from Salisbury, North Carolina to Augusta, Georgia. The Camden-Charleston Path was opened to European settlers about 1732.[1] It began in Charleston County, South Carolina and ended in Kershaw County, South Carolina. The length of the path was about 150 miles (240 km).[2]

Contents

Historical Background

Camden was settled in 1732 by a few English colonists from Charleston. It was the first inland town in South Carolina. It was built on the "fall line" of the Wateree River. The Camden-Charleston Path probably followed older Indian trails. A number of Quakers were the next to settle along the river.

As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.

Route

The first European colonists settled in counties along this path (north to south) as follows:[3]

  • Kershaw 1732 by English from Charleston
  • Sumter 1740s by English, and French Huguenots
  • Calhoun 1730s by Scots-Irish, Germans, and French Huguenots
  • Orangeburg 1730s by Reformed Swiss, German Lutherans, and French Huguenots
  • Dorchester 1696 by New Englanders from Massachusetts
  • Charleston 1670 by English and African Barbadians

Connecting trails. The Camden-Charleston Path links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston include:[4]

The migration routes connecting in Camden include:

Modern parallels. The modern roads that roughly match the old Camden-Charleston Path start in Charleston. Follow I-26 north to the Orangeburg. Take State 601 north to Camden.

Settlers and Records

Most of the early colonists along the path and in Camden were Englishmen from Charleston. Later settlers included Quakers, and eventually immigrants from the Ulster part of Ireland.

No complete list of settlers who used the Camden-Charleston Path is known to exist. However, local and county histories along the road may reveal first pioneer settlers who were candidates to have travelled the Camden-Charleston Path from the Charleston area. Later pioneers also may have used other connecting trails such as the Occaneechi Path, King's Highway, Fall Line Road, and Great Valley Road.

For partial lists of early settlers who probably used the Camden-Charleston Path, see:

in Kershaw County:

in Sumter County:

in Calhoun County:

in Orangeburg County:

in Dorchester County:

Sources

  1. Based on the 1732 Camden settlement date and the fact that the settlers were from Charleston as cited in South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  3. South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  5. "South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1740" in The Royal Colony of South Carolina at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1740.html (accessed 22 April 2011).

 

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