Canada, Census 1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
 
{{FamilySearch_Collection
 
|CID=CID1583536
 
|CID=CID1583536
|title=Canada Census 1891
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|title=Canada Census, 1891
 
|location=Canada}}<br>  
 
|location=Canada}}<br>  
  
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Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.  
 
Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.  
  
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and subdistricts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).  
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Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with pre-printed rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and sub districts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).  
  
Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.  
+
Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.  
  
 
The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker.  
 
The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker.  
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
 
 
{{Collection citation | text= "Canada Census, 1891." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Department of Agriculture. Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario.}}
 
  
 
== Record Content  ==
 
== Record Content  ==
  
These census records may contain the following information:  
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'''Census records''' may contain the following information:  
  
 
*Full name  
 
*Full name  
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== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
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'''When searching:'''<br> As you are searching, it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor's given name and surname, and some identifying information such as place of residence and family relationships.
  
*Name of ancestor
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=== Search the Collection  ===
*Approximate place and year of residence
+
  
==== Search the Collection  ====
+
'''To search by index:'''<br> Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
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=== Using the Information  ===
 
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==== Using the Information  ====
+
  
 
When you have found the information that you are looking for, the following will help aid you in your research:  
 
When you have found the information that you are looking for, the following will help aid you in your research:  
  
*Use the birthplace and age given in the census for each person to search the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1520604 Canada, Births and Baptisms, 1661-1959] collection.  
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*Use the birthplace and age given in the census for each person to search the [[Canada Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]] collection.  
 
*If the census lists their religious affiliation, search the church records for the province that your ancestor is listed in.
 
*If the census lists their religious affiliation, search the church records for the province that your ancestor is listed in.
  
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
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As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
 +
 
 +
=== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ===
  
 
If you haven't found any information about your ancestor, please consider the following tips to help further your research:  
 
If you haven't found any information about your ancestor, please consider the following tips to help further your research:  
  
*Search available indexes before using the census records. As indexes may be incomplete or incorrect, if you have reason to believe your ancestor should have been in the census, search the census even if your ancestor is not in the index.
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These censuses list a large proportion of the population. Unfortunately, portions of some have been lost, and some geographical areas within the provinces were missed by the census takers.  
*These censuses list a large proportion of the population. Unfortunately, portions of some have been lost, and some geographical areas within the provinces were missed by the census takers.
+
  
==== General Information About These Records  ====
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=== General Information About These Records  ===
  
 
Canadian census records are the best source for quickly identifying a family group and their residence. Use the residence, birthplace, and age given in the census for each person to search other record types. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.  
 
Canadian census records are the best source for quickly identifying a family group and their residence. Use the residence, birthplace, and age given in the census for each person to search other record types. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.  
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{{FHL Search Tip
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|foreignone=
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|level1=Canada
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}}
  
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Canada Census 1891 Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
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{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Canada, Census 1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
*[http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-1891/index-e.html Library and Archives Canada]&nbsp;(You can find each records image if you use this site)
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*[[Canada History Links]]
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*[[Canada Historic Maps]]
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*[http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1891/Pages/about-census.aspx Library and Archives Canada] (You can find each record's image if you use this site)
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
 
*[[Canada Census]]  
 
*[[Canada Census]]  
*[[Canada]]
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*[[Canada Genealogy|Canada]]
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== How You Can Contribute ==
  
== Contribution to This Article  ==
+
{{Contributor invite}}
  
{{Contributor invite}}
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== Citations for this Collection  ==
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "Canada Census, 1891." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2015. Citing Department of Agriculture. Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario.}}<br><br>
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
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'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1583536
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|title=Canada Census, 1891
 +
}}
  
 
[[Category:Canada_census]] [[Category:Canada|1891]]
 
[[Category:Canada_census]] [[Category:Canada|1891]]

Latest revision as of 07:42, 23 May 2015

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Canada Census, 1891 .

Contents

Record Description

The official day of the 1891 census for Canada, was taken was April 6, 1891.

Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.

Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with pre-printed rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and sub districts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).

Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.

The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker.

Record Content

Census records may contain the following information:

  • Full name
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Approximate year of birth
  • Marital status
  • Religion
  • Town, village, township, or subdistrict of residence

How to Use the Records

When searching:
As you are searching, it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor's given name and surname, and some identifying information such as place of residence and family relationships.

Search the Collection

To search by index:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

Using the Information

When you have found the information that you are looking for, the following will help aid you in your research:

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

If you haven't found any information about your ancestor, please consider the following tips to help further your research:

These censuses list a large proportion of the population. Unfortunately, portions of some have been lost, and some geographical areas within the provinces were missed by the census takers.

General Information About These Records

Canadian census records are the best source for quickly identifying a family group and their residence. Use the residence, birthplace, and age given in the census for each person to search other record types. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.

Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png
Don't overlook FHL Place Canada items or FHL Keyword Canada items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see Canada Archives and Libraries.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We especially need language translations for both content and images. For specific needs, please look for callout boxes throughout the article or visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citations for this Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection Citation:

"Canada Census, 1891." Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2015. Citing Department of Agriculture. Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Canada Census, 1891.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 23 May 2015, at 07:42.
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