Canada, Census 1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1583536 |title=Canadian Census 1891 Index|location=Canadian}}<br>
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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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|CID=CID1583536
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|title=Canada Census 1891
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|location=Canada}}<br>  
  
== Collection Time Period ==
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== Title in the Language of the Record ==
  
The first national Canadian census was conducted in 1891.
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Canada, recensement
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
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This collection will include records for 1891.<br>
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 +
The census day for Canada was taken April 6, 1891.
  
 
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and subdistricts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).  
 
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and subdistricts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).  
  
=== Record Content  ===
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Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.
 +
 
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Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.
 +
 
 +
The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or falsified.
 +
 
 +
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
 +
 
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{{Collection citation
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| text = Canada Department of Agriculture. Canada Census, 1891. Public Archives of Canada, Ottowa, Ontario.}}
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== Record Content  ==
  
 
Important genealogical information in the census includes:  
 
Important genealogical information in the census includes:  
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== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
Canadian census records are the best source for quickly identifying a family group and their residence. Use the residence, birthplace, and age given in the census for each person to search other record types. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.
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To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
  
== Record History<br> ==
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*Name of ancestor
 +
*Place birth
  
Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.
+
===='''Searching the Collection''' ====
  
=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
+
To search this collection using the index:
  
Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.  
+
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
  
=== Record Reliability  ===
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==== '''Using the Information''' ====
  
The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or falsified.  
+
This collection can help you further your research in the following tactics:
 +
 
 +
*Use the age to calculate a birth year.
 +
*Record the names and birth years of the family members to help you find baptisms.
 +
 
 +
===='''General Information About These Records''' ====
 +
 
 +
Canadian census records are the best source for quickly identifying a family group and their residence. Use the residence, birthplace, and age given in the census for each person to search other record types. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.
 +
 
 +
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
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{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Canada Census 1891 Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
[http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-1891/index-e.html Library and Archives Canada]&nbsp;(You can find each records image if you use this site)  
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*[http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-1891/index-e.html Library and Archives Canada]&nbsp;(You can find each records image if you use this site)  
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
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*[[Canada]]
 
*[[Canada]]
  
=== Contribution to This Article  ===
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== Contribution to This Article  ==
  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].<br>
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
 
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==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record Found in This Collection  ====
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"Canada Census, 1891." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://www.familysearch.org]: accessed March 4, 2011), entry for Mary Rogers, age 26; citing Census Records, reference library and archives Canada film 30,953_148,093; National Archives of Canada, Ottowa, Ontario, Canada
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== Citation for This Collection  ==
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The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
+
 
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<!--bibdescbegin-->"Canada census, 1891," &nbsp;index, &nbsp;FamilySearch; from ''Canada Department of Agriculture''. "Census of Canada, 1891," National Archives Of Canada, Ottowa, Ontario. FHL microfilm, 138 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. <!--bibdescend-->
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Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|Help:How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
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[[Category:Canada_census]] [[Category:Canada|1891]]
 
[[Category:Canada_census]] [[Category:Canada|1891]]

Revision as of 21:41, 17 January 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Canada Census 1891 .

Contents

Title in the Language of the Record

Canada, recensement

Record Description

This collection will include records for 1891.

The census day for Canada was taken April 6, 1891.

Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and subdistricts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).

Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.

Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.

The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or falsified.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

Canada Department of Agriculture. Canada Census, 1891. Public Archives of Canada, Ottowa, Ontario.

Record Content

Important genealogical information in the census includes:

  • Full name
  • Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
  • Sex
  • Relation to head of family
  • Born within the last 12 months
  • Country or province of birth
  • Religion
  • Occupation
  • Married or widowed
  • Town, village, township, or subdistrict of residence

How to Use the Records

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Name of ancestor
  • Place birth

Searching the Collection

To search this collection using the index:

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Using the Information

This collection can help you further your research in the following tactics:

  • Use the age to calculate a birth year.
  • Record the names and birth years of the family members to help you find baptisms.

General Information About These Records

Canadian census records are the best source for quickly identifying a family group and their residence. Use the residence, birthplace, and age given in the census for each person to search other record types. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contribution to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.