Canada, Census 1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
Line 50: Line 50:
 
[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Canada_Censuscanada wiki.familysearch.org/en/Canada_Censuscanada]
 
[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Canada_Censuscanada wiki.familysearch.org/en/Canada_Censuscanada]
  
[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Canada_Censuscanada ] [[Canada]]  
+
[[Canada]]
  
 
=== Contribution to This Article  ===
 
=== Contribution to This Article  ===

Revision as of 20:41, 6 January 2011

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Canadian Census 1891 Index .

Contents

Collection Time Period

The first national Canadian census was conducted in 1891.

Record Description

Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and subdistricts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).

Record Content

  • Important genealogical information in the census includes:
  • Full name
  • Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
  • Sex
  • Relation to head of family
  • Born within the last 12 months
  • Country or province of birth
  • Religion
  • Occupation
  • Married or widowed

Town, village, township, or subdistrict of residence


How to Use the Records

Canadian census records are the best source for quickly identifying a family group and their residence. Use the residence, birthplace, and age given in the census for each person to search other record types. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.


Record History

Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.

Why This Collection Was Created?

Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.

Record Reliability

The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or falsified.

Related Web Sites

This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.

Related Wiki Articles

wiki.familysearch.org/en/Canada_Censuscanada

Canada

Contribution to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We especially need language translations for both content and images. For specific needs, please look for callout boxes throughout the article or visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.


Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.

 

Sources of Information for This Collection:

"Canada census, 1891," database, FamilySearch; from Canada Department of Agriculture. "Census of Canada, 1891," National Archives Of Canada, Ottowa, Ontario. FHL microfilm, 138 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.


The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections

Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above. Examples of citations:

  • United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
  • Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023