Canada, Census 1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{Record_Search_article_|CID=CID1583536 |title=Canadian Census 1891 Index|location=Canadian}}  
 
{{Record_Search_article_|CID=CID1583536 |title=Canadian Census 1891 Index|location=Canadian}}  
  
== Collection Time Period<br> ==
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== Collection Time Period<br> ==
  
 
The first national Canadian census was conducted in 1891.  
 
The first national Canadian census was conducted in 1891.  
  
== Record Description<br> ==
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== Record Description<br> ==
  
 
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and subdistricts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).  
 
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and subdistricts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).  
  
=== Record Content<br> ===
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=== Record Content<br> ===
  
 
Important genealogical information in the census includes:  
 
Important genealogical information in the census includes:  
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Canadian census records are the best source for quickly identifying a family group and their residence. Use the residence, birthplace, and age given in the census for each person to search other record types. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.  
 
Canadian census records are the best source for quickly identifying a family group and their residence. Use the residence, birthplace, and age given in the census for each person to search other record types. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.  
  
== Record History<br> ==
+
== Record History<br> ==
  
 
Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.  
 
Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.  
  
=== Why This Collection Was Created  ===
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=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
  
 
Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.  
 
Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.  
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The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or falsified.  
 
The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or falsified.  
  
== Related Web Sites ==
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== Related Websites ==
  
 
[http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-1891/index-e.html Library and Archives Canada]  
 
[http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-1891/index-e.html Library and Archives Canada]  
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==== Examples of Sourse Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
 
==== Examples of Sourse Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
  
"Canada Census, 1891." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://[https://www.familysearch.org/ www.familysearch.org]: accessed March 4, 2011), entry for Mary Rogers, age 26; citing Census Records, reference library and archives Canada film 30,953_148,093; National Archives of Canada, Ottowa, Ontario, Canada,
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"Canada Census, 1891." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://www.familysearch.org]: accessed March 4, 2011), entry for Mary Rogers, age 26; citing Census Records, reference library and archives Canada film 30,953_148,093; National Archives of Canada, Ottowa, Ontario, Canada  
  
 
== Sources of Information for This Collection:  ==
 
== Sources of Information for This Collection:  ==
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->"Canada census, 1891," &nbsp;index, &nbsp;FamilySearch; from ''Canada Department of Agriculture''. "Census of Canada, 1891," National Archives Of Canada, Ottowa, Ontario. FHL microfilm, 138 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. <!--bibdescend-->  
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<!--bibdescbegin-->"Canada census, 1891," &nbsp;index, &nbsp;FamilySearch; from ''Canada Department of Agriculture''. "Census of Canada, 1891," National Archives Of Canada, Ottowa, Ontario. FHL microfilm, 138 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. <!--bibdescend-->
  
 
The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
 
The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
  
 
[[Category:Canada_census]] [[Category:Canada|1891]]
 
[[Category:Canada_census]] [[Category:Canada|1891]]

Revision as of 19:18, 26 October 2011

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Canadian Census 1891 Index .

Contents

Collection Time Period

The first national Canadian census was conducted in 1891.

Record Description

Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and subdistricts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).

Record Content

Important genealogical information in the census includes:

  • Full name
  • Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
  • Sex
  • Relation to head of family
  • Born within the last 12 months
  • Country or province of birth
  • Religion
  • Occupation
  • Married or widowed
  • Town, village, township, or subdistrict of residence

How to Use the Records

Canadian census records are the best source for quickly identifying a family group and their residence. Use the residence, birthplace, and age given in the census for each person to search other record types. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.

Record History

Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.

Why the Record Was Created

Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.

Record Reliability

The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or falsified.

Related Websites

Library and Archives Canada

Related Wiki Articles

Contribution to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

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Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above.

Examples of Sourse Citations for a Record in This Collection

"Canada Census, 1891." index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed March 4, 2011), entry for Mary Rogers, age 26; citing Census Records, reference library and archives Canada film 30,953_148,093; National Archives of Canada, Ottowa, Ontario, Canada

Sources of Information for This Collection:

"Canada census, 1891,"  index,  FamilySearch; from Canada Department of Agriculture. "Census of Canada, 1891," National Archives Of Canada, Ottowa, Ontario. FHL microfilm, 138 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.