Canada Census 1901 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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Access the records: Canada Census, 1901 .


Record Description

The census day for Canada was March 31st, 1901.

A number was assigned to a district, a letter to a sub-district and a number to a subdivision of a sub-district. Some sub-districts also have a number, i.e. "a(1)" means sub-district "a1" and "a1" means sub-district "a", subdivision "1". There are some printed forms that have been taken English and French. The responses that the people gave to the enumerator were either in English or French.

The national government of Canada has taken censuses every ten years since 1871 and every five years since 1971. The 1871 census covers the four original provinces: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, and Ontario. The first coast-to-coast census was taken in 1881. Newfoundland was not part of Canada until 1949. For Newfoundland, few 19th-century censuses that list names have been found. They mostly contain statistical summaries.

These censuses list a large proportion of the population. Unfortunately, portions of some have been lost, and some geographical areas within the provinces were missed by the census takers.

The 1901 census also contains a buildings and lands schedule for each locality. This schedule gives a city street address or a farm land description—such as township and range, or township, concession, and lot number—for most families.

To see more information about the census, see Canada Census

Record Content

Census records may contain the following information:

  • Names of family members
  • Gender
  • Place of birth and approximate year of birth
  • Age
  • Marital status
  • Religion

How to Use the Record

To find your ancestor in the census, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Name of ancestor
  • Approximate year and place of residence

Search the Collection

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor's record, the following may help aid you in your research:

Tips to Keep in Mind

By comparing all the censuses that were taken during your ancestor's lifetime, you may find important additional information about your ancestor and family members.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

If you are unable to find any information, the following may help you in your research:

  • Guessing your ancestor’s birth year to narrow down the search.
  • Look at the last place where your ancestor was living in the previous census years.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"Canada Census, 1901." Index FamilySearch. : accessed 2013. Citing Department of Agriculture. Ottawa, Ontario: Public Archives.


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