Canada Census Mortality Schedules (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Canada Census 1871 - French - Mortality .
The schedules consist of large preprinted forms filled in by the census enumerators. The forms are printed in French.
Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the first national Canadian census was conducted in 1871. Enumeration was by census district, except for Prince Edward Island, which was enumerated by lot number. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.
Mortality schedules are a national level file of death registers. Using the death information, you can search for obituaries, mortuary records, cemeteries, and probate records, all of which may provide additional genealogical information. Mortality schedules also list ages and birthplaces for a time period when births were not always reported. Use this information to look for other records that may provide information about the individual, parents, and siblings.
The official enumeration date for this census was April 2, 1871; however, the ages given in the census were to be the ages at their next birthday.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- Canada Department of Agriculture. Canada Mortality Census Schedules. Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.
Key genealogical facts found in the Mortality Schedules usually contain the following information:
- Name of Deceased
- Age of Deceased
- Born in the last 12 months
- Place of Birth
- Month of death
- Cause of death
- Marital status
- Profession or Occupation
How to Use the Record
Using the death information, you can search for obituaries, mortuary records, cemeteries, and probate records, all of which may provide additional genealogical information. Mortality schedules also list ages and birthplaces for a time period when births were not always reported. Use this information to look for other records that may provide information about the individual, parents, and siblings.
Known Issues with This Collection
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection
"Canada Census Mortality Schedules, 1871," database, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 03 April 2012), Mary Adams, age 57; death date Sept 1870; citing Archive Records, FHL microfilm 4396752; Ontario Archives, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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