Cape Girardeau County, Missouri GenealogyEdit This Page

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United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png Cape Girardeau County


County Courthouse

Cape Girardeau County; 1 Barton Sq; Jackson, MO 63755; Ph. 573.243.3547 Details: (Present size of county since 5 Mar 1849; Courhtouse burned in 1870) (Co Clk has b & d rec 1883-1893 & land rec 1821-1859; Co Redr has m rec; Clk Cir Ct has div & ct rec; Pro Judge has pro rec; Riversize Regional Lib has all rec on microfilm)


Cape Girardeau County predates the state of Missouri which was admitted to the union in 1821. Cape Girardeau was one of the five original districts of the Louisiana Territory from 1805-1812 and one of the five original counties of the Missouri Territory from 1812 to 1821.

Parent County

1812--Cape Girardeau County was created 1 October 1812 as an original county.
County seat: Jackson [1]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Cape Girardeau County boundary changes at N2Genealogy.

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




For tips on accessing Cape Girardeau County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.




Local Histories



Civil War

Civil War service men from Cape Girardeau County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Cape Girardeau County.

- 2nd Regiment, Illinois Light Artillery, Battery F.
Civil War Battle

The following Civil War Battle was fought in Cape Girardeau County

Map showing Civil War battles in Missouri




Vital Records


Societies and Libraries 

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 9 August 2012)


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