Cefn, Wrexham

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'''Cefn''' is a [[Communities in Wales|community]] in the [[County Borough of Wrexham]] in [[Portal:Wales|Wales]]. It is part of the ecclesiastical parish of [[Rhosymedre]]. The community is made up of the villages of '''Cefn Mawr''', '''Cefn Bychan''', '''Newbridge''', '''Acrefair''', '''Penybryn''' and '''Plas Madog'''.
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[[Wales]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]][[County Borough of Wrexham|Wrexham]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]Cefn  
  
== History ==
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'''Cefn''' is a [[Communities in Wales|community]] in the [[County Borough of Wrexham]] in [[Wales]]. It is part of the ecclesiastical parish of [[Rhosymedre, Wrexham|Rhosymedre]]. The community is made up of the villages of '''Cefn Mawr''', '''Cefn Bychan''', '''Newbridge''', '''Acrefair''', '''Penybryn''' and '''Plas Madog'''.  
Cefn Mawr was part of the ancient parish of [[Ruabon]] and the area was known as ''Cristionydd Cynrig'' (or ''Cristionydd Kenrick'' in English). In 1844, most of Cristionydd Cynrig, together with the neighbouring township of ''Coed Cristionydd'' became part of the new parish of [[Rhosymedre]].
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Cefn was formerly a heavily industrialised area, with large deposits of iron, coal and sandstone, and heavy industry dominated the landscape in the 18th and 19th centuries. Iron was worked at several blast furnaces and forges throughout the area and coal was dug at pits in Cefn, Plas Kynaston and Dolydd. Stone was cut at quarries above Cefn Mawr. Much of the mineral wealth of the area was exported by canal over the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct on the Shropshire Union Canal until the railway reached Ruabon in 1855.
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== History  ==
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Cefn was part of the ancient parish of [[Ruabon, Wrexham|Ruabon]] and the area was known as ''Cristionydd Cynrig'' (or ''Cristionydd Kenrick'' in English). In 1844, most of Cristionydd Cynrig, together with the neighbouring township of ''Coed Cristionydd'' became part of the new parish of [[Rhosymedre, Wrexham|Rhosymedre]].
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Cefn was formerly a heavily industrialised area, with large deposits of iron, coal and sandstone, and heavy industry dominated the landscape in the 18th and 19th centuries. Iron was worked at several blast furnaces and forges throughout the area and coal was dug at pits in Cefn, Plas Kynaston and Dolydd. Stone was cut at quarries above Cefn Mawr. Much of the mineral wealth of the area was exported by canal over the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct on the Shropshire Union Canal until the railway reached Ruabon in 1855.  
  
 
In 1867 Robert Ferdinand Graesser, an industrial chemist from Saxony, Germany established a chemical works at Plas Kynaston to extract paraffin oil and wax from the local shale. The company later expanded into the production of coal tar, carbolic acid and phenol. The site soon became the world's leading phenol producer. In 1919 the US chemical company Monsanto entered into a partnership with Graesser's chemical works to produce vanillin, salicylic acid, aspirin and later rubber.  
 
In 1867 Robert Ferdinand Graesser, an industrial chemist from Saxony, Germany established a chemical works at Plas Kynaston to extract paraffin oil and wax from the local shale. The company later expanded into the production of coal tar, carbolic acid and phenol. The site soon became the world's leading phenol producer. In 1919 the US chemical company Monsanto entered into a partnership with Graesser's chemical works to produce vanillin, salicylic acid, aspirin and later rubber.  
  
== See also ==
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== Administration ==
* [[Rhosymedre]]
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{| width="90%" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="3" border="1" align="center" class="wikitable"
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|-
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! width="45%" | Years
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! width="45%" | County
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|- valign="top"
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| before 31 March 1974
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| [[Denbighshire]]
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|- valign="top"
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| 1 April 1974 - 31 March 1996
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| [[County of Clwyd|Clwyd]]
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|- valign="top"
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| from 1 April 1996
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| [[County Borough of Wrexham|Wrexham]]
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|}
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== Civil Records  ==
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[http://www.clwydfhs.org.uk/publications/registers-books.htm Clwyd Family History Society] have published:
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*Trefynant Cemetery Burial Records Vol. 1
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*Trefynant Cemetery Burial Records Vol. 2
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*Trefynant Cemetery Monumental Inscriptions
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== Church Records ==
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== Nonconformist Church Records  ==
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The following records have been published:
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*Cefn Wesleyan Methodist Chapel - Baptisms 1815-1837: {{IGI|C101611}}
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[http://www.clwydfhs.org.uk/publications/registers-books.htm Clwyd Family History Society] have published:
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*Cefn Bychan Baptist Chapel Records
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*Cefn Mawr Baptist Chapel Records
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== Bibliography  ==
  
== Bibliography ==
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== External links ==
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== Web Sites ==
*[http://getamap.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/getamap/frames.htm?mapAction=gaz&gazName=g&gazString=SJ268419 Ordnance Survey map of Cefn]
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[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp;[[Portal:Denbighshire|Return to the Denbighshire Portal page]] <br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp;[[Portal:Wales|Return to the Wales Portal page]]
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*[http://getamap.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/getamap/frames.htm?mapAction=gaz&gazName=g&gazString=SJ268419 Ordnance Survey map of Cefn]  
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*[http://www.clwydfhs.org.uk/cofadeiladau/cefnmawr_wm.htm Cefn Mawr War Memorial] at Clwyd FHS
  
[[Category:Wales]] [[Category:Denbighshire]]
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[[Category:County_Borough_of_Wrexham]] [[Category:Parishes_of_Historic_Denbighshire]]

Revision as of 16:57, 17 August 2013

WalesGotoarrow.pngWrexhamGotoarrow.pngCefn

Cefn is a community in the County Borough of Wrexham in Wales. It is part of the ecclesiastical parish of Rhosymedre. The community is made up of the villages of Cefn Mawr, Cefn Bychan, Newbridge, Acrefair, Penybryn and Plas Madog.

Contents

History

Cefn was part of the ancient parish of Ruabon and the area was known as Cristionydd Cynrig (or Cristionydd Kenrick in English). In 1844, most of Cristionydd Cynrig, together with the neighbouring township of Coed Cristionydd became part of the new parish of Rhosymedre.

Cefn was formerly a heavily industrialised area, with large deposits of iron, coal and sandstone, and heavy industry dominated the landscape in the 18th and 19th centuries. Iron was worked at several blast furnaces and forges throughout the area and coal was dug at pits in Cefn, Plas Kynaston and Dolydd. Stone was cut at quarries above Cefn Mawr. Much of the mineral wealth of the area was exported by canal over the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct on the Shropshire Union Canal until the railway reached Ruabon in 1855.

In 1867 Robert Ferdinand Graesser, an industrial chemist from Saxony, Germany established a chemical works at Plas Kynaston to extract paraffin oil and wax from the local shale. The company later expanded into the production of coal tar, carbolic acid and phenol. The site soon became the world's leading phenol producer. In 1919 the US chemical company Monsanto entered into a partnership with Graesser's chemical works to produce vanillin, salicylic acid, aspirin and later rubber.

Administration

Years County
before 31 March 1974 Denbighshire
1 April 1974 - 31 March 1996 Clwyd
from 1 April 1996 Wrexham

Civil Records

Clwyd Family History Society have published:

  • Trefynant Cemetery Burial Records Vol. 1
  • Trefynant Cemetery Burial Records Vol. 2
  • Trefynant Cemetery Monumental Inscriptions

Church Records

Nonconformist Church Records

The following records have been published:

  • Cefn Wesleyan Methodist Chapel - Baptisms 1815-1837: C101611

Clwyd Family History Society have published:

  • Cefn Bychan Baptist Chapel Records
  • Cefn Mawr Baptist Chapel Records

Bibliography

 

Web Sites