Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail

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''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail|Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail|Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]]''  
  
[[Image:Charleston Ft. Charlotte Trail.png|border|right|300px]]The '''Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail''' connected the [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] colonail town of Charleston with the British military's colonial Fort Charlotte on the Savannah River in what is now McCormick County, South Carolina. Charleston was the largest European settlement, the capital, on the [[King's Highway|King's Highway]], and the start of several other trails. Fort Charlotte was built 1765-1767 to help protect European settlers near Long Canes from Creek Indian raids. Fort Charlotte was near the place where the Middle Creek Trading Path crossed the Savannah River into South Carolina. Several other trails also radiated out from this fort. The Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail was opened to European settlers about 1765. It began in [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] and ended in [[McCormick County, South Carolina]]. The length of the path was about 105 miles (169 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref>  
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[[Image:Charleston Ft. Charlotte Trail.png|border|right|300px]]The '''Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail''' connected the [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] colonail town of Charleston with the British military's colonial Fort Charlotte on the Savannah River in what is now McCormick County, South Carolina. Charleston was the largest European settlement, the capital, on the [[King's Highway|King's Highway]], and the start of several other trails. Fort Charlotte was built 1765-1767 to help protect European settlers near Long Canes from Creek Indian raids. Fort Charlotte was near the place where the Middle Creek Trading Path crossed the Savannah River into South Carolina. Several other trails also radiated out from this fort. The Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail was opened to European settlers about 1765. It began in [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] and ended in [[McCormick County, South Carolina]]. The length of the trail was about 105 miles (169 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref>  
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===

Revision as of 17:39, 24 March 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail

The Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail connected the South Carolina colonail town of Charleston with the British military's colonial Fort Charlotte on the Savannah River in what is now McCormick County, South Carolina. Charleston was the largest European settlement, the capital, on the King's Highway, and the start of several other trails. Fort Charlotte was built 1765-1767 to help protect European settlers near Long Canes from Creek Indian raids. Fort Charlotte was near the place where the Middle Creek Trading Path crossed the Savannah River into South Carolina. Several other trails also radiated out from this fort. The Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail was opened to European settlers about 1765. It began in Charleston County, South Carolina and ended in McCormick County, South Carolina. The length of the trail was about 105 miles (169 km).[1]

Contents

Historical Background

Camden was settled in 1732 by a few English colonists from Charleston. It was the first inland town in South Carolina. It was built on the "fall line" of the Wateree River. The Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail probably followed older Indian trails. A number of Quakers were the next to settle along the river.

As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.

Route

The first European colonists settled in counties along this path (north to south) as follows:[2]

Connecting trails. The Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston included:

The migration routes connecting in Fort Charlotte included:

Modern parallels. The modern roads that roughly match the old Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail start in Charleston. Follow I-26 north to the Orangeburg. Take State 601 north to Camden.

Settlers and Records

Most of the early colonists along the path and in Camden were Englishmen from Charleston. Later settlers included Quakers, and eventually immigrants from the Ulster part of Ireland.

No complete list of settlers who used the Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail is known to exist. However, local and county histories along the road may reveal first pioneer settlers who were candidates to have travelled the Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail from the Charleston area. Later pioneers also may have used other connecting trails such as the Occaneechi Path, King's Highway, Fall Line Road, and Great Valley Road.

For partial lists of early settlers who probably used the Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail, see:

in Kershaw County:

in Sumter County:

in Calhoun County:

in Orangeburg County:

in Dorchester County:

External Links

Sources

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  2. South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).