Charleston-Savannah Trail

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path)
(SC in breadcrumb)
Line 1: Line 1:
''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Fort_Charlotte_and_Cherokee_Old_Path|Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South_Carolina|South Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path|Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path]]''  
  
 
[[Image:Charleston Savannah Trail.png|border|right|380px]]The '''Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path''' (also known as part of the [[King's Highway]]) connected the [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] colonial town of [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston]] with the colonial Georgia town of Savannah on the Savannah River in what is now [[Chatham County, Georgia|Chatham County]]. Charleston was the largest European settlement in South Carolina, its capital, on the [[King's Highway|King's Highway]], and the start of several other trails. Savannah was the earliest, the largest, and the original capital city of Georgia, established in 1733. Several other trails eventually radiated out from Savannah. The Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path was probably opened to European settlers in the late 1730s. It began in [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] and ended in [[Chatham County, Georgia]]. The length of the trail was about 120 miles (193 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref>  
 
[[Image:Charleston Savannah Trail.png|border|right|380px]]The '''Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path''' (also known as part of the [[King's Highway]]) connected the [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] colonial town of [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston]] with the colonial Georgia town of Savannah on the Savannah River in what is now [[Chatham County, Georgia|Chatham County]]. Charleston was the largest European settlement in South Carolina, its capital, on the [[King's Highway|King's Highway]], and the start of several other trails. Savannah was the earliest, the largest, and the original capital city of Georgia, established in 1733. Several other trails eventually radiated out from Savannah. The Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path was probably opened to European settlers in the late 1730s. It began in [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] and ended in [[Chatham County, Georgia]]. The length of the trail was about 120 miles (193 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref>  
Line 25: Line 25:
 
:*[[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]] about 1716  
 
:*[[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]] about 1716  
 
:*[[Camden-Charleston Path|Camden-Charleston Path]] 1732  
 
:*[[Camden-Charleston Path|Camden-Charleston Path]] 1732  
:*[[Fort_Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path|Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path]] late 1730s  
+
:*[[Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path|Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path]] late 1730s  
 
:*[[Old South Carolina State Road]] 1747  
 
:*[[Old South Carolina State Road]] 1747  
 
:*[[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]] about 1765  
 
:*[[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]] about 1765  
Line 33: Line 33:
  
 
:*Savannah River pre-historic  
 
:*Savannah River pre-historic  
:*[[Fort_Charlotte_and_Cherokee_Old_Path|Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path]] late 1730s  
+
:*[[Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path|Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path]] late 1730s  
 
:*[[Augusta-Savannah Trail]] 1739<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011). </ref>
 
:*[[Augusta-Savannah Trail]] 1739<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011). </ref>
 
:*[[Savannah-St. Augustine Trail]] 1740s
 
:*[[Savannah-St. Augustine Trail]] 1740s

Revision as of 15:28, 5 April 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path

Charleston Savannah Trail.png
The Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path (also known as part of the King's Highway) connected the South Carolina colonial town of Charleston with the colonial Georgia town of Savannah on the Savannah River in what is now Chatham County. Charleston was the largest European settlement in South Carolina, its capital, on the King's Highway, and the start of several other trails. Savannah was the earliest, the largest, and the original capital city of Georgia, established in 1733. Several other trails eventually radiated out from Savannah. The Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path was probably opened to European settlers in the late 1730s. It began in Charleston County, South Carolina and ended in Chatham County, Georgia. The length of the trail was about 120 miles (193 km).[1]

Contents

Historical Background

Charleston was founded in 1670 by English and African immigrants from the Caribbean island of Barbados. Savannah was established in 1733 by colonists directly from England,[2] and a few months later Sephardic Jews.[3] Because of swamps, rivers, and forests there was probably a delay of a few years before a trail between the two colonies was constructed. The Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path served as an extension of the King's Highway. Later in 1856 a railroad was built between the towns which played a significant role in the Civil War.

As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.

Route

The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:[4]

Connecting trails. The Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston, South Carolina included:

The migration routes connecting in Savannah, Georgia included:

Modern parallels. The modern roads that roughly match the old Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path start in Charleston. Drive west on US-17 South to I-95. Merge onto I-95 South/Jasper Highway to just past Hardeeville. Take Exit 5 onto US-17 South to Savannah.

Settlers and Records

The first colonists in each county along what became the Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path and even the King's Highway.

No complete list of settlers who used the Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.

For partial lists of early settlers who may  have used the Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path, see histories like:

in Charleston County, SC:

  • Thomas Petigru Lesesne, History of Charleston County, South Carolina: Narrative and Biographical (Charleston, South Carolina : A.H. Cawston, c1931) (FHL Book 975.7915 D3L) WorldCat entry.

in Colleton County, SC:

in Beaufort County, SC:

  • Lawrence S. Rowland, Alexander Moore, and George C. Rogers, Jr., The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina (Columbia, South Carolina : University of S.C., c1996) (FHL Book 975.799 H2r) WorldCat entry.

in Jasper County, SC:

in Chatham County, GA:

External Links

Sources

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  2. Faye Dyess, "Passengers of Ship Ann" in rootsweb at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~treasures/ga/shipann.html (accessed 27 March 2011).
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Savannah, Georgia," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Savannah,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).
  4. South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).