Charleston-Savannah Trail

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''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Charleston-Savannah Trail|Charleston-Savannah Trail]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Charleston-Savannah_Trail|Charleston-Savannah Trail]]''  
  
 
[[Image:Charleston Savannah Trail.png|border|right|380px]]The '''Charleston-Savannah Trail''' (also known as part of the [[King's Highway]]) connected the [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] colonial town of [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston]] with the colonial Georgia town of Savannah on the Savannah River in what is now [[Chatham County, Georgia|Chatham County]]. Charleston was the largest European settlement in South Carolina, its capital, on the [[King's Highway|King's Highway]], and the start of several other trails. Savannah was the earliest, the largest, and the original capital city of Georgia, established in 1733. Several other trails eventually radiated out from Savannah. The Charleston-Savannah Trail was probably opened to European settlers in the late 1730s. It began in [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] and ended in [[Chatham County, Georgia]]. The length of the trail was about 120 miles (193 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref>  
 
[[Image:Charleston Savannah Trail.png|border|right|380px]]The '''Charleston-Savannah Trail''' (also known as part of the [[King's Highway]]) connected the [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] colonial town of [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston]] with the colonial Georgia town of Savannah on the Savannah River in what is now [[Chatham County, Georgia|Chatham County]]. Charleston was the largest European settlement in South Carolina, its capital, on the [[King's Highway|King's Highway]], and the start of several other trails. Savannah was the earliest, the largest, and the original capital city of Georgia, established in 1733. Several other trails eventually radiated out from Savannah. The Charleston-Savannah Trail was probably opened to European settlers in the late 1730s. It began in [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] and ended in [[Chatham County, Georgia]]. The length of the trail was about 120 miles (193 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref>  
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=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
Charleston was founded in 1670 by English and African immigrants from the Caribbean island of [[Barbados]]. Savannah was established in 1733 by colonists directly from [[England]].<ref>Faye Dyess, "Passengers of Ship Ann" in ''rootsweb'' at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~treasures/ga/shipann.html (accessed 27 March 2011).</ref> Because of swamps, rivers, and forests there was probably a delay of a few years before a trail between the two colonies was constructed. The Charleston-Savannah trail served as an extension of the [[King's Highway]]. Later in 1856 a railroad was built between the towns which played a significant role in the [[Civil War]].  
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Charleston was founded in 1670 by English and African immigrants from the Caribbean island of [[Barbados]]. Savannah was established in 1733 by colonists directly from [[England]],<ref>Faye Dyess, "Passengers of Ship Ann" in ''rootsweb'' at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~treasures/ga/shipann.html (accessed 27 March 2011).</ref> and a few months later Sephardic [[Jewish Genealogy Research|Jews]].<ref name="Sava">Wikipedia contributors, "History of Savannah, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Savannah,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).</ref> Because of swamps, rivers, and forests there was probably a delay of a few years before a trail between the two colonies was constructed. The Charleston-Savannah trail served as an extension of the [[King's Highway]]. Later in 1856 a railroad was built between the towns which played a significant role in the [[Civil War]].  
  
As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.
+
As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.  
  
 
=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
  
The first European colonists settled in counties along this&nbsp;trail (north to south) as follows:<ref>South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).</ref>  
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The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:<ref>South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).</ref>  
  
 
:*[[Charleston County, South Carolina]] 1670 by English and African Barbadians  
 
:*[[Charleston County, South Carolina]] 1670 by English and African Barbadians  
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:*[[Chatham County, Georgia]] 1733 by English
 
:*[[Chatham County, Georgia]] 1733 by English
  
'''Connecting trails.''' The Charleston-Savannah Trail links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston, South Carolina included:  
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'''Connecting trails.''' The Charleston-Savannah Trail links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston, South Carolina included:<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.], and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast''. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1523234 WorldCat entry].</ref>
  
 
:*the Atlantic Ocean 1670  
 
:*the Atlantic Ocean 1670  
:*[[King's Highway]] about 1704
 
 
:*[[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]] about 1716  
 
:*[[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]] about 1716  
 
:*[[Camden-Charleston Path|Camden-Charleston Path]] 1732  
 
:*[[Camden-Charleston Path|Camden-Charleston Path]] 1732  
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:*[[King's Highway]] built 1732-1735 in SC<ref>"South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1740" in ''The Royal Colony of South Carolina'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1740.html (accessed 22 April 2011).</ref>
 
:*[[Charleston-Savannah_Trail|Charleston-Savannah Trail]] late 1730s  
 
:*[[Charleston-Savannah_Trail|Charleston-Savannah Trail]] late 1730s  
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:*[[Secondary Coast Road]] late 1730s or early 1740s
 
:*[[Old South Carolina State Road]] 1747  
 
:*[[Old South Carolina State Road]] 1747  
 
:*[[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]] about 1765  
 
:*[[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]] about 1765  
:*[[Secondary Coast Road]]
 
  
 
The migration routes connecting in Savannah, Georgia included:  
 
The migration routes connecting in Savannah, Georgia included:  
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:*Savannah River pre-historic  
 
:*Savannah River pre-historic  
 
:*[[Charleston-Savannah_Trail|Charleston-Savannah Trail]] late 1730s  
 
:*[[Charleston-Savannah_Trail|Charleston-Savannah Trail]] late 1730s  
:*[[Augusta-Savannah Trail]] 1739<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed March 27, 2011). </ref>  
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:*[[Augusta-Savannah Trail]] 1739<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011). </ref>  
 
:*[[Savannah-St. Augustine Trail]] 1740s
 
:*[[Savannah-St. Augustine Trail]] 1740s
  
'''Modern parallels.''' The modern roads that roughly match the old Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail start in Charleston. Follow I-26 north to the Orangeburg. Then take the Neeses Highway west to Springfield. Then take Highway 4 west to Aiken. Then follow Highway 19 northwest until it becomes Highway 25. Continue northwest along Highway 25 to where it meets Highway 378 in northern Edgefield County. Turn west onto Highway 378 to reach McCormick. Then go northwest on Highway 28 until Highway 81 forks off to the west. Follow Highway 81 winding westerly to Mt. Carmel. From Mt. Carmel take the Fort Charlotte Road 6.5 miles (10.4 km) southwest to Strom Thurmond Lake. The Old Fort Charlotte site lies under that lake.
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'''Modern parallels.''' The modern roads that roughly match the old Charleston-Savannah Trail start in Charleston. Drive west on US-17 South to I-95. Merge onto I-95 South/Jasper Highway to just past Hardeeville. Take Exit 5 onto US-17 South to Savannah.  
  
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
  
The first colonists in what became the Fort Charlotte area arrived before the Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail existed. They would have arrived by way of the Savannah River, the [[Middle Creek Trading Path]], the [[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]], the [[Augusta and Cherokee Trail]] on the Georgia side of the river, or even the [[Occaneechi Path]] and its overlapping [[Fall Line Road]], and [[Great Valley Road]]. Only after Fort Charlotte was started in 1765 would travelers have been able to use what became the Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail. Even then, they may have used the older Fort Moore-Charleston Trail most of the way to [[Aiken County, South Carolina|Aiken County]] before splitting off toward Fort Charlotte.  
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The first colonists in each county along what became the Charleston-Savannah Trail arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Charleston-Savannah Trail and even the King's Highway.  
  
Ulster-Irish, French Huguenots, and Germans were among the earliest, pre-Fort Charlotte pioneer settlers.  
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No complete list of settlers who used the '''Charleston-Savannah Trail''' is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Charleston-Savannah Trail from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.  
  
No complete list of settlers who used the '''Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail''' is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal&nbsp;pioneer settlers who arrived after 1765 and who were candidates to have travelled the Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail from the Charleston area.
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For partial lists of early settlers who '''''may&nbsp;''''' have used the Charleston-Savannah Trail, see histories like:
  
For partial lists of early settlers who '''''may'''''&nbsp; have used the Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail, see histories like:
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'''''in Charleston County, SC:'''''  
  
'''''in McCormick County:'''''
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*Thomas Petigru Lesesne, ''History of Charleston County, South Carolina: Narrative and Biographical'' (Charleston, South Carolina&nbsp;: A.H. Cawston, c1931) ({{FHL|53420|item|disp=FHL Book 975.7915 D3L}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3586631 WorldCat entry].
  
*Bobby F. Edmonds, ''The Huguenots of New Bordeaux'' (McCormick, SC: Cedar Hill, 2005) (({{FHL|1317791|item|disp=FHL Book 975.736 F2e}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/63189507 WorldCat entry].
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'''''in Colleton County, SC:'''''
*Bobby F. Edmonds, ''The Making of McCormick County [South Carolina]'' (McCormick, SC: Cedar Hill, 1999) ({{FHL|834738|item|disp=FHL Book 975.736 H2e}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/42047218 WorldCat entry].
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*[Willie Mae Wood], ''Old Families of McCormick County, South Carolina and Dorn families of Edgefield, Greenwood and McCormick counties'' ([S.l.&nbsp;: s.n.], 1982) ({{FHL|634329|item|disp=FHL Book 975.736 D2w; Film 2056008 Item 2-3}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/21493707 WorldCat entry].
+
  
'''''in Edgefield County:'''''
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*"Colleton County, South Carolina Early History" in ''Colleton County SCGenWeb'' at http://www.oldplaces.org/colleton/colhistory.html (accessed 27 March 2011).
 +
*Evelyn McDaniel Frazier Bryan, ''Colleton County, S.C.: a History of the First 160 Years, 1670-1830'' (Jacksonville, Florida&nbsp;: Florentine Press, 1993) ({{FHL|697866|item|disp=FHL Book 975.795 H2b}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/29658563 WorldCat entry].
  
*John A. Chapman, ''History of Edgefield County from the earliest settlements to 1897&nbsp;: biographical and anecdotical, with sketches of the Seminole War, nullification, secession, reconstruction, churches and literature, wtih rolls of all the companies from Edgefield in the war of secession, war with Mexico and with the Seminole Indians'' (Newberry, S.C.: E. H. Aull, 1897) ({{FHL|223810|item|disp=FHL Film 162293}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1724974 WorldCat entry].
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'''''in Beaufort County, SC:'''''
  
'''''in Aiken County:'''''
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*Lawrence S. Rowland, Alexander Moore, and George C. Rogers, Jr., ''The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina'' (Columbia, South Carolina&nbsp;: University of S.C., c1996) ({{FHL|776999|item|disp=FHL Book 975.799 H2r}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/490011675 WorldCat entry].
  
*Gasper Loren Toole, ''Ninety Years in Aiken County: Memoirs of Aiken County and Its People'' (Charleston?, S.C.: s.n., 1959) ({{FHL|66488|item|disp=FHL Book 975.775 H2t; Film 1425280 Item 3}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3363918 WorldCat entry].
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'''''in Jasper County, SC:'''''
  
'''''in Orangeburg County:'''''
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*
  
*"The First Families of Orangeburgh District, South Carolina" in ''Orangeburgh German-Swiss Genealogy Society'' at http://www.ogsgs.org/ffam/ff-intro.htm (accessed 23 March 2011).
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'''''in Chatham County, GA:'''''
  
'''''in Dorchester County:'''''
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*Mary Granger, ed., ''Savannah River Plantations'' (Spartanburg, South Carolina&nbsp;: Reprint Co., 1972) ({{FHL|175915|item|disp=FHL Book 975.8724 H2w}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/402235 WorldCat entry].
 
+
*Elizabeth Carpenter Piechocinski, ''Once upon an Island&nbsp;: the Barrier and Marsh Islands of Chatham County, Georgia'' (Savannah, Georgia&nbsp;: Oglethorep Press, c2003) ({{FHL|1162176|item|disp=FHL Book 975.8724 H2p}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/53394411 WorldCat entry].
*
+
  
 
=== External Links  ===
 
=== External Links  ===
  
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Charlotte_(South_Carolina) Fort Charlotte (South Carolina)] in Wikipedia
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*Wikipedia contributors, "Charleston, South Carolina," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charleston,_South_Carolina (accessed 27 March 2011).
*[http://www.discoversouthcarolina.com/products/26463.aspx Fort Charlotte historical marker] in Mt. Carmel at junction of SC Hwy 81 and Road 91.
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*Wikipedia contributors, "History of Savannah, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Savannah,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).
  
 
=== Sources  ===
 
=== Sources  ===
  
{{reflist}} {{South Carolina|South Carolina}}{{Georgia|Georgia}}  
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{{reflist}} {{Georgia|Georgia}}{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
<div></div>  
 
<div></div>  
[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:McCormick_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Edgefield_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Aiken_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Orangeburg_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Dorchester_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Georgia]] [[Category:Lincoln_County,_Georgia]] [[Category:Elbert_County,_Georgia]]
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[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Colleton_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Beaufort_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Jasper_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Georgia]] [[Category:Chatham_County,_Georgia]]

Revision as of 18:29, 23 April 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Charleston-Savannah Trail

Charleston Savannah Trail.png
The Charleston-Savannah Trail (also known as part of the King's Highway) connected the South Carolina colonial town of Charleston with the colonial Georgia town of Savannah on the Savannah River in what is now Chatham County. Charleston was the largest European settlement in South Carolina, its capital, on the King's Highway, and the start of several other trails. Savannah was the earliest, the largest, and the original capital city of Georgia, established in 1733. Several other trails eventually radiated out from Savannah. The Charleston-Savannah Trail was probably opened to European settlers in the late 1730s. It began in Charleston County, South Carolina and ended in Chatham County, Georgia. The length of the trail was about 120 miles (193 km).[1]

Contents

Historical Background

Charleston was founded in 1670 by English and African immigrants from the Caribbean island of Barbados. Savannah was established in 1733 by colonists directly from England,[2] and a few months later Sephardic Jews.[3] Because of swamps, rivers, and forests there was probably a delay of a few years before a trail between the two colonies was constructed. The Charleston-Savannah trail served as an extension of the King's Highway. Later in 1856 a railroad was built between the towns which played a significant role in the Civil War.

As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.

Route

The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:[4]

Connecting trails. The Charleston-Savannah Trail links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston, South Carolina included:[5]

The migration routes connecting in Savannah, Georgia included:

Modern parallels. The modern roads that roughly match the old Charleston-Savannah Trail start in Charleston. Drive west on US-17 South to I-95. Merge onto I-95 South/Jasper Highway to just past Hardeeville. Take Exit 5 onto US-17 South to Savannah.

Settlers and Records

The first colonists in each county along what became the Charleston-Savannah Trail arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Charleston-Savannah Trail and even the King's Highway.

No complete list of settlers who used the Charleston-Savannah Trail is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Charleston-Savannah Trail from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.

For partial lists of early settlers who may  have used the Charleston-Savannah Trail, see histories like:

in Charleston County, SC:

  • Thomas Petigru Lesesne, History of Charleston County, South Carolina: Narrative and Biographical (Charleston, South Carolina : A.H. Cawston, c1931) (FHL Book 975.7915 D3L) WorldCat entry.

in Colleton County, SC:

in Beaufort County, SC:

  • Lawrence S. Rowland, Alexander Moore, and George C. Rogers, Jr., The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina (Columbia, South Carolina : University of S.C., c1996) (FHL Book 975.799 H2r) WorldCat entry.

in Jasper County, SC:

in Chatham County, GA:

External Links

Sources

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  2. Faye Dyess, "Passengers of Ship Ann" in rootsweb at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~treasures/ga/shipann.html (accessed 27 March 2011).
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Savannah, Georgia," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Savannah,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).
  4. South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  6. "South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1740" in The Royal Colony of South Carolina at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1740.html (accessed 22 April 2011).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).