Charleston-Savannah Trail

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''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[South_Carolina|South Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path|Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Roads]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Charleston-Savannah_Trail|Charleston-Savannah Trail]]''  
  
[[Image:Charleston Savannah Trail.png|border|right|380px]]The '''Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path''' (also known as part of the [[King's Highway]]) connected the [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] colonial town of [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston]] with the colonial Georgia town of Savannah on the Savannah River in what is now [[Chatham County, Georgia|Chatham County]]. Charleston was the largest European settlement in South Carolina, its capital, on the [[King's Highway|King's Highway]], and the start of several other trails. Savannah was the earliest, the largest, and the original capital city of Georgia, established in 1733. Several other trails eventually radiated out from Savannah. The Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path was probably opened to European settlers in the late 1730s. It began in [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] and ended in [[Chatham County, Georgia]]. The length of the trail was about 120 miles (193 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref>  
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[[Image:Charleston Savannah Trail.png|border|right|380px]]The '''Charleston-Savannah Trail''' (also known as part of the [[King's Highway]]) connected the [[South Carolina|South Carolina]] colonial town of [[Charleston County, South Carolina|Charleston]] with the colonial Georgia town of Savannah on the Savannah River in what is now [[Chatham County, Georgia|Chatham County]]. Charleston was the largest European settlement in South Carolina, its capital, on the [[King's Highway|King's Highway]], and the start of several other trails. Savannah was the earliest, the largest, and the original capital city of Georgia, established in 1733. Several other trails eventually radiated out from Savannah. The Charleston-Savannah Trail was probably opened to European settlers in the late 1730s. It began in [[Charleston County, South Carolina]] and ended in [[Chatham County, Georgia]]. The length of the trail was about 120 miles (193 km).<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.]</ref>  
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
Charleston was founded in 1670 by English and African immigrants from the Caribbean island of [[Barbados]]. Savannah was established in 1733 by colonists directly from [[England]],<ref>Faye Dyess, "Passengers of Ship Ann" in ''rootsweb'' at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~treasures/ga/shipann.html (accessed 27 March 2011).</ref> and a few months later Sephardic [[Jewish Genealogy Research|Jews]].<ref name="Sava">Wikipedia contributors, "History of Savannah, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Savannah,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).</ref> Because of swamps, rivers, and forests there was probably a delay of a few years before a trail between the two colonies was constructed. The Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path served as an extension of the [[King's Highway]]. Later in 1856 a railroad was built between the towns which played a significant role in the [[Civil War]].  
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Charleston was founded in 1670 by English and African immigrants from the Caribbean island of [[Barbados]]. Savannah was established in 1733 by colonists directly from [[England]],<ref>Faye Dyess, "Passengers of Ship Ann" in ''rootsweb'' at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~treasures/ga/shipann.html (accessed 27 March 2011).</ref> and a few months later Sephardic [[Jewish Genealogy Research|Jews]].<ref name="Sava">Wikipedia contributors, "History of Savannah, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Savannah,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).</ref> Because of swamps, rivers, and forests there was probably a delay of a few years before a trail between the two colonies was constructed. The Charleston-Savannah trail served as an extension of the [[King's Highway]]. Later in 1856 a railroad was built between the towns which played a significant role in the [[Civil War]].  
  
 
As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.  
 
As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.  
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:*[[Chatham County, Georgia]] 1733 by English
 
:*[[Chatham County, Georgia]] 1733 by English
  
'''Connecting trails.''' The Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston, South Carolina included:  
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'''Connecting trails.''' The Charleston-Savannah Trail links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston, South Carolina included:<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.], and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast''. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1523234 WorldCat entry].</ref>
  
 
:*the Atlantic Ocean 1670  
 
:*the Atlantic Ocean 1670  
:*[[King's Highway]] about 1704
 
 
:*[[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]] about 1716  
 
:*[[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]] about 1716  
 
:*[[Camden-Charleston Path|Camden-Charleston Path]] 1732  
 
:*[[Camden-Charleston Path|Camden-Charleston Path]] 1732  
:*[[Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path|Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path]] late 1730s  
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:*[[King's Highway]] built 1732-1735 in SC<ref>"South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1740" in ''The Royal Colony of South Carolina'' at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1740.html (accessed 22 April 2011).</ref>
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:*[[Charleston-Savannah_Trail|Charleston-Savannah Trail]] late 1730s
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:*[[Secondary Coast Road]] late 1730s or early 1740s
 
:*[[Old South Carolina State Road]] 1747  
 
:*[[Old South Carolina State Road]] 1747  
 
:*[[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]] about 1765  
 
:*[[Charleston-Ft. Charlotte Trail]] about 1765  
:*[[Secondary Coast Road]]
 
  
 
The migration routes connecting in Savannah, Georgia included:  
 
The migration routes connecting in Savannah, Georgia included:  
  
 
:*Savannah River pre-historic  
 
:*Savannah River pre-historic  
:*[[Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path|Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path]] late 1730s  
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:*[[Charleston-Savannah_Trail|Charleston-Savannah Trail]] late 1730s  
:*[[Augusta-Savannah Trail]] 1739<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011). </ref>
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:*[[Augusta-Savannah Trail]] 1739<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011). </ref>  
 
:*[[Savannah-St. Augustine Trail]] 1740s
 
:*[[Savannah-St. Augustine Trail]] 1740s
  
'''Modern parallels.''' The modern roads that roughly match the old Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path start in Charleston. Drive west on US-17 South to I-95. Merge onto I-95 South/Jasper Highway to just past Hardeeville. Take Exit 5 onto US-17 South to Savannah.  
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'''Modern parallels.''' The modern roads that roughly match the old Charleston-Savannah Trail start in Charleston. Drive west on US-17 South to I-95. Merge onto I-95 South/Jasper Highway to just past Hardeeville. Take Exit 5 onto US-17 South to Savannah.  
  
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
  
The first colonists in each county along what became the Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path and even the King's Highway.  
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The first colonists in each county along what became the Charleston-Savannah Trail arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Charleston-Savannah Trail and even the King's Highway.  
  
No complete list of settlers who used the '''Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path''' is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.  
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No complete list of settlers who used the '''Charleston-Savannah Trail''' is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Charleston-Savannah Trail from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.  
  
For partial lists of early settlers who '''''may&nbsp;''''' have used the Fort Charlotte and Cherokee Old Path, see histories like:  
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For partial lists of early settlers who '''''may&nbsp;''''' have used the Charleston-Savannah Trail, see histories like:  
  
 
'''''in Charleston County, SC:'''''  
 
'''''in Charleston County, SC:'''''  
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{{reflist}} {{Georgia|Georgia}}{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
{{reflist}} {{Georgia|Georgia}}{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
<div></div>
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<div></div>  
 
[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Colleton_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Beaufort_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Jasper_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Georgia]] [[Category:Chatham_County,_Georgia]]
 
[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:South_Carolina]] [[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Colleton_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Beaufort_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Jasper_County,_South_Carolina]] [[Category:Georgia]] [[Category:Chatham_County,_Georgia]]

Revision as of 18:29, 23 April 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Charleston-Savannah Trail

Charleston Savannah Trail.png
The Charleston-Savannah Trail (also known as part of the King's Highway) connected the South Carolina colonial town of Charleston with the colonial Georgia town of Savannah on the Savannah River in what is now Chatham County. Charleston was the largest European settlement in South Carolina, its capital, on the King's Highway, and the start of several other trails. Savannah was the earliest, the largest, and the original capital city of Georgia, established in 1733. Several other trails eventually radiated out from Savannah. The Charleston-Savannah Trail was probably opened to European settlers in the late 1730s. It began in Charleston County, South Carolina and ended in Chatham County, Georgia. The length of the trail was about 120 miles (193 km).[1]

Contents

Historical Background

Charleston was founded in 1670 by English and African immigrants from the Caribbean island of Barbados. Savannah was established in 1733 by colonists directly from England,[2] and a few months later Sephardic Jews.[3] Because of swamps, rivers, and forests there was probably a delay of a few years before a trail between the two colonies was constructed. The Charleston-Savannah trail served as an extension of the King's Highway. Later in 1856 a railroad was built between the towns which played a significant role in the Civil War.

As roads developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.

Route

The first European colonists settled in counties along this trail (north to south) as follows:[4]

Connecting trails. The Charleston-Savannah Trail links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston, South Carolina included:[5]

The migration routes connecting in Savannah, Georgia included:

Modern parallels. The modern roads that roughly match the old Charleston-Savannah Trail start in Charleston. Drive west on US-17 South to I-95. Merge onto I-95 South/Jasper Highway to just past Hardeeville. Take Exit 5 onto US-17 South to Savannah.

Settlers and Records

The first colonists in each county along what became the Charleston-Savannah Trail arrived before the trail existed, usually by way of the Atlantic Ocean. Nevertheless, some of the new arrivals and settlers after the late 1730s may have used the Charleston-Savannah Trail and even the King's Highway.

No complete list of settlers who used the Charleston-Savannah Trail is known to exist. Nevertheless, local and county histories along that trail may reveal pioneer settlers who arrived after the late 1730s and who were candidates to have traveled the Charleston-Savannah Trail from the Charleston, or the Savannah areas.

For partial lists of early settlers who may  have used the Charleston-Savannah Trail, see histories like:

in Charleston County, SC:

  • Thomas Petigru Lesesne, History of Charleston County, South Carolina: Narrative and Biographical (Charleston, South Carolina : A.H. Cawston, c1931) (FHL Book 975.7915 D3L) WorldCat entry.

in Colleton County, SC:

in Beaufort County, SC:

  • Lawrence S. Rowland, Alexander Moore, and George C. Rogers, Jr., The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina (Columbia, South Carolina : University of S.C., c1996) (FHL Book 975.799 H2r) WorldCat entry.

in Jasper County, SC:

in Chatham County, GA:

External Links

Sources

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  2. Faye Dyess, "Passengers of Ship Ann" in rootsweb at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~treasures/ga/shipann.html (accessed 27 March 2011).
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Savannah, Georgia," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Savannah,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).
  4. South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  6. "South Carolina Counties and Parishes - 1740" in The Royal Colony of South Carolina at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_counties_parishes_1740.html (accessed 22 April 2011).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Augusta, Georgia," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Augusta,_Georgia (accessed 27 March 2011).