Charleston County, South Carolina

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''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''[[Charleston_County,_South_Carolina|Charleston County]]'''
 
 
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
| county = Charleston County
 
| county = Charleston County
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| founded year = 1769
 
| founded year = 1769
 
| seat wl = Charleston
 
| seat wl = Charleston
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''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[South Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Charleston County'''
  
 
== Quick Dates  ==
 
== Quick Dates  ==
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Charleston County's civil records start the following years:  
 
Charleston County's civil records start the following years:  
  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Charleston County, South Carolina#Birth|Birth]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Charleston County, South Carolina#Census|Census]]'''  
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| align="center" width="16.6%" | [[Charleston County, South Carolina#Land|'''Land''']]  
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Charleston County, South Carolina#Probate|Probate]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1915   
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==== Populated Places  ====
 
==== Populated Places  ====
  
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The following Charleston church records have been indexed on the [http://www.familysearch.org International Genealogical Index]:<ref>Hugh Wallis, [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hughwallis/IGIBatchNumbersNA/SPSouth_Carolina.htm ''IGI Batch Numbers for South Carolina, USA,''] accessed 14 September 2010.</ref>  
 
The following Charleston church records have been indexed on the [http://www.familysearch.org International Genealogical Index]:<ref>Hugh Wallis, [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hughwallis/IGIBatchNumbersNA/SPSouth_Carolina.htm ''IGI Batch Numbers for South Carolina, USA,''] accessed 14 September 2010.</ref>  
  
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
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{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
  
 
[[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]]
 
[[Category:Charleston_County,_South_Carolina]]

Revision as of 19:07, 29 April 2011

Charleston County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Charleston County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1769
County Seat Charleston
Courthouse

United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png Charleston County

Contents

Quick Dates

Charleston County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1915  1911  1915   1790 1719  1671 

County Courthouse

800px-Charleston County Courthouse HABS 1940.jpg
 

Charleston County Courthouse
4050 Bridgeview Drive
North Charleston, SC 29405
Phone: 843-740-0801

Charleston County Probate Court
100 Broad St., Suite 381
Charleston, SC 29401-5030
Phone: 843-958-4030

Charleston County Register Mesne Conveyance
101 Meeting St.
Charleston, SC 29401-2249
Phone: 843-958-4800


Charleston County Clerk of Court
100 Broad St., Suite 106
Charleston, SC 29401-2258
Phone: 843-958-5000

History

King Charles II of England (1630-1685)
Founded in 1769 as a Judicial District, Charleston County is the home to the city of Charleston (originally Charles Town) which was first settled in 1670. Charleston was originally named in honor of King Charles II of England (1630-1685).[1]

Learn more about the history of Charleston County from the South Carolina State Library or from Carolana.com.

Parent County/Boundary Changes

  • 1769 - Charleston District created as one of seven original districts.
  • 1785 - Charleston divided into Berkeley, Bartholomews, Charleston, Colleton, Marion, and Washington Counties, which never became functional.
  • 1800 - Non-functional counties of Berkeley, Barhtolomews, Charleston, Colleton, Marion, and Washington were abolished and Charleston returned to its status as a district. Colleton District created from Charleston (covering different boundaries than the non-functional Colleton County).
  • 1868 - Charleston and all other districts became counties.
  • 1882 - Berkeley created from Charleston County.
  • 1893 - Charleston gained from Berkeley County.
  • 1911 - Charleston gained from Colleton County.
  • 1921 - Charleston gained from Berkeley and Dorchester Counties.
  • 1975 - Colleton gained from Charleston County.
  • 1987 - Colleton gained from Charleston County.

For more information as well as maps of Charleston County through time, see the South Carolina State Archives or South Carolina County Maps and Atlases.

County Seat

The county seat of Charleston County is Charleston (originally Charles Town) which was founded in 1670 and is the oldest settlement in South Carolina.[2]

County Pronunciation

Hear it spoken.[3]

Variant Spellings

  • Charles Town

Record Loss

Official negligence in the 1830s destroyed a large quantity of loose records of the court of general sessions. Northern "tourists," many of whom were members of Rev. Henry Ward Beecher's congregation from Brooklyn, New York, looted other material from both public and private repositories in Charleston  in April 1865. Loose probate papers were apparently destroyed in Columbia in February 1865.

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Adams Run Folly Beach Miller Hill Saint Andrews
Ashley Heights Folly Island Moores Corner Sandy
Ashley Junction Fort Bull Mount Pleasant Scanlonville
Avondale Fort Moultrie Myers Seabrook Island
Awendaw Freedman North Charleston Seaside
Baptist Hill Gannon (hist.) Oakgrove Secessionville
Barrelville Germantown Oakland Sherwood Forest
Bears Bluff Gibson Oceanview Snowden
Bennett Goshen Osborn South Santee
Berry Hill Hickory Hill Otranto South Windermire
Brentwood Hobcaw Point Oyster Point Stone Park
Buck Hall Hollywood Palmetto Fort Stono
Camp Saint Christopher Humbert Woods Parkers Ferry Stono Station
Capwells Crossroads Hunley Park Parrot Point Sullivan's Island
Cedar Springs Isle of Palms Pepperhill Sylvia Lane
Centerville James Island Philip Ten Mile
Chandler Jericho Pierpont The Groves
Charleston Johns Island Pinecrest Three Trees
Charleston Heights Joshua Pineland Tibwin
Cohen Hill Kiawah Island Point Pleasant (hist.) Wadmalaw Island
Collins Creek Lambs Ponpon Wando Woods
Deer Park Laurel Hill Plantation Porcher Bluff Warren Crossroads
Delemar Crossroads Legareville Rantowles Waylyn
Deweys Hill Limehouse Station Ravenel Whipper-Barnoy
Dorchester Lincolnville Red Top Whitehall Terrace
Drayton Little Edisto Riverland Willtown Bluff
Dupont Station Maryville Riverland Terrace Woodstock
Edgewater Park McClellanville Rockland Woodville
Edisto Island Meggett Rockville Yonges Island
Fenwick Crossroads Melrose Runnymede
Fenwick Hills Midland Park

For further information (and links) on these populated places, please go to Populated Places, Charleston County, South Carolina


Neighboring Counties

Berkeley | Colleton | Dorchester | Georgetown

Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png South Carolina African Americans

Slavery

Charleston District maintained records of bill of sales of negro slaves from 1799 up through the Civil War. These records have been microfilmed: FHL Films 23439-23451.

State Free Negro Capitation Tax Books for the City of Charleston are kept at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Many years between 1811 and 1860 have been microfilmed: FHL Films 2259616-2259617.

Charleston, S.C. Slave Manifests (Inbound) (National Archives at Atlanta)

  • Birnie, C.W. "Education of the Negro in Charleston, South Carolina, Prior to the Civil War," The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Jan. 1927):13-21. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Durden, Robert F. "The Establishment of Calvary Protestant Episcopal Church for Negroes in Charleston," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 65, No. 2 (Apr. 1964):63-84. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Laurens, Henry. A South Carolina Protest Against Slavery: Being a Letter from Henry Laurens, Second President of the Continental Congress, to His Son, Colonel John Laurens; Dated Charleston, S. C., August 14th, 1776. Now Published from the Original. New York: G.P. Putnam, 1861. Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • Rumph, Thedoshia Juanita Harvey. Hattie Garrett, Born a Salve [i.e. Slave] in Charleston, S.C. Migrated to and Died Free in Edgefield, S.C. Pemberton, N.J.: T.J.H. Rumph, 1999. FHL Book 929.273 G192r
  • Morgan, Kenneth. "Slave Sales in Colonial Charleston," The English Historical Review, Vol. 113, No. 453 (Sep. 1998), pp. 905-927. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

For a white perspective on the religious education of slaves in Charleston during the final decades before the Civil War, see:

  • Proceedings of the Meeting in Charleston, S.C., May 13-15, 1845, on the Religious Instruction of the Negroes, Together with The Report of the Committee, and the Address to the Public. Charleston, S.C.: B. Jenkins, 1845. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Thornwell, J.H. The Rights and Duties of Masters. A Sermon Preached at the Dedication of a Church, Erected in Charleston, S.C., For the Benefit and Instruction of the Coloured Population. Charleston, S.C.: Steam-Power Press of Walker & James, 1850. Digital version at Google Books.
Free blacks
  • Cole, Jennifer, comp. Charleston, Charleston County, South Carolina Black Deaths 1871-89 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2002. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Fitchett, E. Horace. "The Origin and Growth of the Free Negro Population of Charleston, South Carolina," The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 26, No. 4 (Oct. 1941):421-437. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Fitchett, E. Horace. "The Status of the Free Negro in Charleston, South Carolina, and His Descendants in Modern Society: Statement of the Problem," The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 32, No. 4 (Oct. 1947):430-451. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Fitchett, E. Horace. "The Traditions of the Free Negro in Charleston, South Carolina," The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Apr., 1940):139-152.
  • Harris, Robert L. "Charleston's Free Afro-American Elite: The Brown Fellowship Society and the Humane Brotherhood," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 82, No. 4 (Oct. 1981):289-310. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Heinegg, Paul. Free African Americans of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware. Free online edition. [Includes information about the following pre-1820 Charleston County free black families: Anderson, Baldwin (intro), Bryan, Bunch, Cole, Collins, Cumbo, Deas, Demery, Driggers, Eady, Frost, Garden (see also intro), Gardner, Gibson, Hammond, Holman, Hunt, Jackson, Kersey, Matthews, Miller, Pendarvis, Raper, Rollison, Scott, Taborn, Tann, Webb, Wilson.] 
  • Heinegg, Paul. "'Other Free' Heads of Household in the 1790 South Carolina Census, by County," Free African Americans.com. [Includes free blacks in St. Bartholomew's Parish, St. George's Parish, St. James Santee Parish, St. John's Parish, St. Phillip's and Michael's Parish, and Charleston District.]
  • Kennedy-Haflett, Cynthia. "'Moral Marriage': A Mixed-Race Relationship in Nineteenth-Century Charleston, South Carolina," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 97, No. 3 (Jul. 1996):206-226. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

Biography

  • [Bentham] Simons, R. Bentham. "A Charleston Forty-Niner," [Life of Charles Mayrant Bentham] The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 57, No. 3 (Jul., 1956), pp. 156-178. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • [Boardman] Boardman, Timothy and Samuel Ward Boardman. Log-book of Timothy Boardman Kept on Board the Privateer Oliver Cromwell, During a Cruise from New London, Ct., to Charleston, S.C., and Return in 1778; also, a Biographical Sketch of the Author. Albany: J. Munsell's Sons, 1885. FHL Fiche 6019638; digital versions at Google Books; Internet Archive; Project Gutenberg.
  • [Egan] Walsh, Walter Richard. "Edmund Egan: Charleston's Rebel Brewer," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 56, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), pp. 200-204. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • [Freneau] Leary, Lewis. "Philip Freneau in Charleston," The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 42, No. 3 (Jul., 1941), pp. 89-98. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • [Manigault] Crouse, Maurice A. "Gabriel Manigault: Charleston Merchant," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 68, No. 4 (Oct., 1967), pp. 220-231. Digital version at JSTOR ($). Republished in Vol. 101, No. 2 (Apr. 2000):98-109. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • [Ramsay] Ramsay, David. Memoirs of Martha Laurens Ramsay, Who Died in Charleston, S.C. on the 10th of June, 1811, in the 52d Year of Her Age. With Extracts from Her Diary, Letters, and Other Private Papers, and Also, From Letters Written to Her, By Her Father, Henry Laurens, 1771, 1776. Glasgow: Andrew and John M. Duncan, 1818. Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • [Wells] Gould, Christopher. "Robert Wells, Colonial Charleston Printer," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 79, No. 1 (Jan., 1978), pp. 23-49. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

Cemeteries

There are more than 350 burial grounds in the county. To view a list, see Charleston County, South Carolina Cemeteries. 

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 66,985
1800 57,480 −14.2%
1810 63,179 9.9%
1820 80,212 27.0%
1830 86,338 7.6%
1840 82,661 −4.3%
1850 72,805 −11.9%
1860 70,100 −3.7%
1870 88,863 26.8%
1880 102,800 15.7%
1890 59,903 −41.7%
1900 88,006 46.9%
1910 88,594 0.7%
1920 108,450 22.4%
1930 101,050 −6.8%
1940 121,105 19.8%
1950 164,856 36.1%
1960 216,382 31.3%
1970 247,650 14.5%
1980 276,974 11.8%
1990 295,039 6.5%
2000 309,969 5.1%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Charleston County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Charleston County, SC census assignments, including links to transcribed files [The USGenWeb Census Project®]

1790
  • Hagy, James W. People and Professions of Charleston, South Carolina, 1782-1802. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1999. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
1800
  • Hagy, James W. People and Professions of Charleston, South Carolina, 1782-1802. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1999. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
1820 Manufactures

The original manufactures schedules for South Carolina are kept at the NARA, Washington, D.C. FHL copies: FHL Collection 1024517 - 1024518.

Published abstract:

  • National Archives. Indexes to Manufactures Census of 1820. 1920; reprint, Knightstown, Ind.: Bookmark, 1977. FHL Collection 973 X2m 1820; digital version at Lineages. [Includes this county.]
1840 Revolutionary War Pensioners
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1841. FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840; FHL Collection 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See South Carolina, City of Charleston on page 142.]
1848
  • Chapman, Anne W. "Inadequacies of the 1848 Charleston Census," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 81, No. 1 (Jan., 1980), pp. 24-34. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Dawson, J.L. and H.W. DeSaussure. Census of the City of Charleston, South Carolina, for the Year 1848, Exhibiting the Condition and Prospects of the City, Illustrated by Many Statistical Details, Prepared Under the Authority of the City Council. Charleston, S.C.: J.B. Nixon, Printer, 1849. Digital version at Google Books. [More of a statistical history rather than a list of names.]
1861
  • Ford, Frederick A. Census of the City of Charleston, South Carolina, for the Year 1861. Illustrated by Statistical Tables. Prepared Under the Authority of the City Council. Charleston, S.C.: Steam-Power Presses of Evans & Cogswell, 1861. Digital version at Google Books.
1890

Lost, but substitutes are available on Ancestry, see Directories.

Church

Church records are an essential part of family history research. When there is a lack of vital records for a particular area, church records can be used as another source. Church records usually contain: baptism or christening records, marriage records, burial records, communion records and membership records. The quality of the records will depend on how well denominations record and maintain their records. Church records may be obtained from the church where your ancestor attended. However, older and defunct churches may have placed their records in denominational repositories.

The following Charleston church records have been indexed on the International Genealogical Index:[4]

Church Baptisms Batch Marriages Batch
Christ Church Parish 1694-1843 (gaps) C506621 1709-1862 (gaps) M506621
Independent Congregational (Circular) Church 1732-1815 (gaps) C506611 1733-1815 (gaps) M506611
St. Andrews Parish x x 1714-1774 M506601
St. James Santee 1758-1788 C506631 x x
St. John Lutheran 1752-1785 C507171 1752-1785 M507171
St. Philip 1718-1810 C506621 1720-1802 M505491

Records of specific religions include:

Catholic

Spanish expeditions clearly explored the region that would become Charleston and there are indications that priests accompanied these expeditions. However, prior to the American Revolution there were few Roman Catholics in Charleston. In 1786 an Italian priest celebrated Mass with a congregation of about twelve people. In 1789 a tract of land was purchased which contained an old Methodist meeting house. The old meeting house was refurbished for worship and named St. Mary's.[5]

  • England, John. Diurnal of the Right Rev. John England, D.D., First Bishop of Charleston, S.C. from 1820 to 1823. Philadelphia, Pa.: American Catholic Historical Society, 1895. Digital version at Google Books.
  • McElrone, Hugh P. The Works of the Right Rev. John England, Bishop of Charleston, S.C., With Memoir, Memorials, Notes and Full Index. 2 vols. New York: P.J. Kenedy, Publishers to the Holy Apostolic See, Excelsior Catholic Publishing House, 1900. Digital versions of Volume 1 and Volume 2 at Google Books.
Church of England (Anglican, Protestant Episcopal)

St. Philip's was the first church. Made of wood, it was located at the southeast corner of Broad and Meeting streets. This structure was replaced by a more permanent edifice in 1723 and opened on Easter. St. Philips was the earliest Church of England in the Carolinas and was the first Protestant foundation south of Virginia. FHL book 975.7915 D3l or FHL film 1598278 item 2[5]

Gotoarrow.png See also Christ Church Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also St. Andrew's Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also St. James Santee Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also St. John's Colleton Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also St. Michael's Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also St. Paul's Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also St. Philip's Parish

Sketches of several of Charleston's old parish churches are reproduced in:

  • Smith, Alice R. Huger, ed. A Charleston Sketch Book, 1796-1806. Forty watercolor drawings of the city and the surrounding country, including plantations and parish churches, by Charles Fraser. Charleston, S.C.: Carolina Art Association.

A biography of one of the ministers has been published:

  • Elliott, James H. In Memoriam. Tributes to the Memory of the Rev. C.P. Gadsden, Late Rector of St. Luke's Church, Charleston, S.C. Charleston, S.C.: Fogartie's Book Depository, 1872. Digital version at Google Books.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

Early LDS Church records located at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.

  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Charleston Branch (South Carolina). Record of Members 1935-1943. Salt Lake City: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1954. FHL Collection film 1986 item 6.
  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Charleston Ward(South Carolina). Annual Report 1947-1948. Salt Lake City: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1951?. FHL Collection film 23337. Charleston Ward was organized from a branch in October 1947.
Circular Church
Huguenot

The Huguenots had their beginnings in Charleston in 1681. In 1687 a second church was built along the Cooper River. Both of these structures fell victim to fire, but they were rebuilt. By 1686 Huguenot settlements existed in Charleston, Santee River, St. John's Berkeley and Cooper River. Rev. Elias Prioleau was the first recoginzed and regular pastor of the French church.FHL book 975.7915 D3l or FHL film 1598278 item 2[5]

  • The Liturgy, or Forms of Divine Service, of The French Protestant Church, of Charleston, S.C. Charleston, S.C.: James S. Burges, 1836. Digital version of 1836 edition at Google Books; digital version of 1853 edition at Google Books; digital version of 1869 edition at Google Books.
Jews

Almost all of the early Jews in Charles Town came from English possessions located in the western hemisphere. These places included New York, Georgia, Barbados, and the British West Indies.Beth Elohim met for worship in a wooden house from 1750 to 1757.

  • Breibart, Solomon. "The Synagogues of Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim, Charleston," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 80, No. 3 (Jul., 1979), pp. 215-235. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Cohen, J. Barrett. Judaism and the Typical Jew. An Address Delivered Before the Jews of Charleston, S.C., on the Celebration of the Centennial Anniversary of the Birthday of Sir Moses Montefiore at the Hasel Street Synagogue, October 26th, 1884, by J. Barrett Cohen. Charleston, S.C.: The News and Courier Book Presses, 1884. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Elzas, Barnett A. Jewish Marriage Notices from the Newspaper Press of Charleston, S.C. (1775-1906). New York: Bloch Publishing Company, 1917. FHL 975.791 F2e; digital version at Google Books.
  • Elzas, Barnett Abraham. The Old Jewish Cemeteries at Charleston, S.C.: A Transcript of the Inscriptions on Their Tombstones, 1762-1903. Charleston, S.C.: Daggett Print., 1903. FHL 975.791/C1 V2e; digital versions at Ancestry ($); Family History Archives; Google Books; Internet Archive; and World Vital Records ($).
  • Elzas, Barnett A. The Reformed Society of Israelites of Charleston, S.C. New York: Bloch Publishing Company, 1916. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Elzas, Barnett A. The Sabbath Service and Miscellaneous Prayers Adopted by the Reformed Society of Israelites Founded in Charleston, S.C. November 21, 1825. Reprint, New York: Bloch Publishing Company, 1916. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Hagy, James W. "The Death Records of Charleston," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 91, No. 1 (Jan., 1990), pp. 32-44. Digital version at JSTOR ($). [Local study on Jewish deaths in Charleston during the nineteenth century.]
Methodist Episcopal

The visit of John Wesley in about 1736 was the beginning of Methodism in Charleston. The organized beginning of the church was in 1785 with the assistance of Bishop Francis Asbury. By the end of the year Charleston had a membership of thirty-five white and twenty-three African-Americans. In 1786 the first Methodist Church was erected on Cumberland Street in Charleston.[5]


  • Mood, F.A. Methodism in Charleston: A Narrative of the Chief Events Relating to the Rise and Progress of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, S.C., With Brief Notices of the Early Ministers Who Labored in that City. Nashville, Tenn.: E. Stevenson & J.E. Evans, 1856. Digital version at Google Books.
Presbyterian

Presbyterianism was established in South Carolina by the Congregational Presbyterians in 1682. In about 1865 individuals from Scotland and New England formed the Presbyterian Meeting. In about 1680 Lord Cardross attempted to organize a Presbyterian colony at Port Royal. The colony was attacked by the Spanish and abandoned in 1688. Many remained in Carolina and were organized into congregations.[5]

  • Centennial Celebration of the Dedication of the First Presbyterian Church, Charleston, S.C., Organized Seventeen Hundred and Thirty-two: Dedication, December Twenty-ninth, Eighteen Hundred and Fourteen: Celebration, December Twenty-sixth to December Twenty-ninth, Nineteen Hundred and Fourteen. Charleston, S.C.: Walker, Evans & Cogswell Co., 1915. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Smith, Thomas. Manual, for the Use of the Members of the Second Presbyterian Church, Charleston, S.C. Charleston, S.C.: Jenkins & Hussey, 1838. Digital version at Google Books.
Unitarian
  • The Old and the New, or, Discourses and Proceedings at the Dedication of the Re-modelled Unitarian Church in Charleston, S.C., on Sunday, April 2, 1954: Preceded by the Farewell Discourse Delivered in the Old Church, on Sunday, April 4, 1852. Charleston: S.G. Courtenay, 1854. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Court

  • Hall, John A. "'Nefarious Wretches, Insidious Villains, and Evil-Minded Persons': Urban Crime Reported in Charleston's City Gazette, in 1788," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 88, No. 3 (Jul. 1987):151-168. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

Directories

  • [1782, 1785, 1790, 1794, 1796, 1801, 1802] Hagy, James W. People and Professions of Charleston, South Carolina, 1782-1802. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1999. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • [1803, 1806, 1807, 1813] Hagy, James W. City Directories for Charleston, South Carolina for the Years 1803, 1806, 1807, 1809, and 1813. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2000. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • [1816, 1819, 1822, 1825, 1829] Hagy, James W. Charleston, South Carolina City Directories for the Years 1816, 1819, 1822, 1825, and 1829. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2002. Digital versions at Ancestry ($) and World Vital Records ($).
  • [1830-1841] Hagy, James W. Charleston, South Carolina City Directories for the Years 1830-1841. 1997. Digital version at World Vital Records ($).
  • [1849, 1852, 1855] Hagy, James W. Directories for the City of Charleston, South Carolina for the Years 1849, 1852, and 1855. 1998. Digital version at World Vital Records ($).
  • [1859-1860] Hagy, James W. On the Eve of the Civil War: the Charleston, SC Directories for the Years 1859 and 1860. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2000. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • [1888] Charleston City Directory, 1888. Charleston, SC: Southern Directory and Publishing Co., 1888. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • [1889] Charleston City Directory, 1889. Charleston, SC: Southern Directory and Publishing Co., 1889. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • [1890] Charleston City Directory, 1890. Charleston, SC: Southern Directory and Publishing Co., 1890. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Charleston County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.

Genealogy

More than 50 genealogies have been published about Charleston County families. To view a list, visit Charleston County, South Carolina Genealogy.

Historic Residences

  • Simons, Harriet P. and Albert Simons. "The William Burrows House of Charleston," Winterthur Portfolio, Vol. 3, (1967), pp. 172-203. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Smith, Alice R. Huger. The Dwelling Houses of Charleston, South Carolina. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1917. Digital versions at Ancestry ($) and Google Books.
  • Stoney, Samuel Gaillard. This is Charleston: A Survey of the Architectural Heritage of a Unique American City. Charleston, S.C.: Carolina Art Association for the Charleston Civic Services Committee, 1944. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Young, Rogers W. "Castle Pinckney, Silent Sentinel of Charleston Harbor," The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 39, No. 1 (Jan., 1938), pp. 1-14. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

Immigration

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Correspondence with the American Colonies 1739-1782," The Genealogist, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Spring 1998):108-128; Vol. 12, No. 2 (Fall 1998):189-205. [Overseas correspondence of residents of Charleston with the following surnames: Bull, Gaiden (?), Izard, and Laurens.] Available at FHL.
  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America 1777-1811," The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring 2001):53-74. [Overseas correspondence of residents of Charleston with the following surname: Davies and Geyer.] Available at FHL.
  • Holcomb, Brent H. Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Charleston, 1820-1829. 1994. Digital versions at Ancestry ($) and World Vital Records ($).
  • Li, Jian. "A History of the Chinese in Charleston," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 99, No. 1 (Jan., 1998), pp. 34-65. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Charleston County, South Carolina (work in progress), Courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database.
  • Jones, Patricia K. Across the Ocean of Promise: The Irish of Charleston, South Carolina. Oakwood, Ga.: P.K. Jones, 2006. FHL 975.7915 F2j
  • Ott, Joseph K. "Rhode Islanders in Charleston: Social Notes," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 75, No. 3 (Jul., 1974), pp. 180-183. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Ravenel, Daniel. Liste des François et Suisses: From an Old Manuscript of French and Swiss Protestants Settled in Charleston, on the Santee and at the Orange Quarter in Carolina, Who Desired Naturalization, Prepared Probably about 1695-6. 1822; reprint, New York: Knickerbocker Press, 1888. FHL 975.7 W2rL; digital version at World Vital Records ($).
  • Riley, Helene M. "Michael Kalteisen and the Founding of the German Friendly Society in Charleston," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 100, No. 1 (Jan. 1999):29-48. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Scott, Kenneth. British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979. FHL 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Identifies many British immigrants living in Charleston during the War of 1812.]

Early migration routes to and from Charleston County for European settlers included:[6]

Overland migration routes in and around early South Carolina.

Land

Land Record Books

The original Charleston City and County land record books are kept at the county courthouse. Records dated 1719 to 1873 have been microfilmed: FHL Collection 23503 ff.

Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868

This series consists of recorded copies of plats for state land grants for the Charleston and the Columbia Series with their certificates of admeasurement or certification.  All personal names and geographic features on these plats are included in the repository's On-line Index to Plats for State Land Grants

The South Carolina Constitution of 1790 required the surveyor general to maintain offices in both the new capital at Columbia and in Charleston. The surveyor general began to use separate volumes for recording plats in his Columbia office in 1796. Before that, all plats were recorded in the set of volumes begun in Charleston in 1784. After 1796, most plats for land grants in the Upper Division of the state were recorded and filed in Columbia. The surveyor general chose to make the Columbia volumes a continuation of the state plat volumes begun in Charleston and gave the initial Columbia volume the number thirty-six to correspond with the number of the volume that had then been reached in the Charleston series. As a result, there are volumes numbered thirty-six through forty-three from each office, but the records in them are not duplicative.

Also included are the Plan Books containing Plats and Plans.

  • Smith, Henry A.M. "Charleston: The Original Plan and the Earliest Settlers," The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jan., 1908), pp. 12-27. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Smith, Henry A.M. "Charleston and Charleston Neck: The Original Grantees and the Settlements along the Ashley and Cooper Rivers," The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 19, No. 1 (Jan., 1918), pp. 3-76. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

Libraries, Archives, and Museums

  • Charleston Archives, Libraries and Museums Council CALM. This is a council of repositories, mostly in the Charleston area that represent a variety of disciplines. Purposes that promote family history include  preserving historic and contemporary materials and providing a supportive environment for the exchange of ideas and information. For more information about CALM, click here.
  • Charleston County Public Library Charleston County's main library is the home of the Charleston Archive and the South Carolina Room. The SC Room houses local history and genealogy materials and resources, focusing on the history and genealogy of SC, with special emphasis on Charleston and the Lowcountry.  Their collection also includes a microfilm copy of early birth (starting in 1877) and death (starting in 1821) registers for Charleston.  You can search these records onsite or a staff libarian will make a search of these records for you for the price of copy fees.  You can contact them through email or mail.  The main library is located at 68 Calhoun Street, Charleston, SC. For additional information about the library and its services click here.
  • College of Charleston: Special Collectionslocated on the third floor of the Marlene and Nathan Addlestone Library acquires, evaluates, and preserves rare printed and archival material. These include books, manuscripts, maps and artwork. One of its largest collections is the Spoleto Festival Archive, the Jewish Heritage Collection (which includes the William A. Rosenthall Judaica Collection and Papers), the L. Mendel Rivers Collection, and the Burnet R. Maybank Senatorial Papers. For more information about the collection Click Here.

Family History Centers

Charleston South Carolina
1519 Sam Rittenburg Blvd
Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Phone: 843-766-6017
Hours: T-Th 10am-9pm; F-Sat 10am-2pm
Closed: Jan 1, 2, 30, Apr 3, Jul 1,2,3, Oct 2,23, Nov 23-27, Dec 21-31

Local Histories

  • Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company. Short Sketch of Charleston, S.C., How It Fared in Two Wars and an Earthquake. 3rd ed. 1900. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Bailey, James Davis. History of Grindal Shoals and Some Early Adjacent Families (Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms International - Books on Demand, 1973), 85 pages. Historic incidents and folk-lore of Grindal Shoals. Book at FHL 975.7 A1 no. 25 and Other Libraries
  • Bridges, Anne B.   St. James Santee Plantation Parish [South Carolina] : History & Records, 1685-1925   ( Spartanburg, South Carolina : The Reprint Co., c1997 ), 541 pages. Includes church records for St. James Santee, 1758-1788 (Church of England); previously unpublished records, 1846-1921 (assumed to be Episcopalian).    Also includes cemetery records for the church and lists of French & Swiss refugees & inhabitants. Book found at FHL FHL 975.79 H2b and Other Libraries.
  • Cardozo, Jacob N. Reminiscences of Charleston. Charleston S.C.: J. Walker, Stationer and Printer, 1866. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Charleston Chamber of Commerce. Historic and Picturesque Charleston South Carolina. 1904. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Duffy, John. "Yellow Fever in Colonial Charleston," The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 52, No. 4 (Oct., 1951), pp. 189-197. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Hagy, James William.  This Happy Land : the Jews of Colonial and Antebellum Charleston (Tuscaloosa, Alabama : University of Alabama Press, c1993), 450 pages. A full study of Judaism and Jewish life in Charleston before the Civil War. Book at FHL 975.791 F2h  and Other Libraries
  • Jackson, Melvin H.. Privateers in Charleston, 1793-1796. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1969. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Lesesne, Thomas Petigru. History of Charleston County, South Carolina: Narrative and Biographical.Charleston, S.C.: A.H. Cawston, 1931. 369 pages. The purpose of the book was to tell the story of Charleston County in the language of others. Events range from 1663 to 1929. FHL 975.7915 D3L and Other Libraries
  • Lesesne, Thomas Petigru. Landmarks of Charleston: Including Description of an Incomparable Stroll. Richmond Va.: Garrett & Massie, 1932. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Mazyck, Arthur. Guide to Charleston Illustrated, Being a Sketch of the History of Charleston, S.C. Charleston, S.C.: Walker, Evans & Cogswell, 1875. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Prentiss, James Clayton. The Charleston City Guide: Containing a Full and Accurate Description of All Places of Interest in and Around the City, and Other Useful Matter. Charleston, S.C.: J.W. DeLano, Office of the Sunday Times, c1872. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Ravenel, Harriott Horry. Charleston: The Place and the People. New York: Macmillan Co., 1912, c1906. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Scott, Kenneth. "Sufferers in the Charleston Fire of 1740," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1963), pp. 203-211. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Simons, Katherine Drayton. Stories of Charleston Harbor. Columbia, S.C.: State Co., 1930. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Verner, Elizabeth O'Neill. Mellowed by Time: A Charleston Notebook. Columbia, S.C.: Bostick & Thornley, 1941. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Yearbook 1910: City of Charleston, So. Ca. Charleston, S.C.: The Daggett Printing Company, 1910. Digital version at Google Books.

Maps

  • Williams, George W. "Two Maps of Charleston in the Revolution," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 76, No. 2 (Apr., 1975), pp. 49-50. Digital version at JSTOR ($). [Article includes map descriptions, but does not reproduce the maps themselves.]

Military

General
  • "Artillery companies moved to Charleston Harbor forts, Nov. 1832," Times, Spring 2006, Volume 21, Issue 2. Lee County Genealogical and Historical Society : Sanford, North Carolina.
  • "Castle Pinckney description, 1833," Times Spring 2006, Volume 21, Issue 2. Lee County Genealogical and Historical Society : Sanford, NC.
  • "Charleston's connection to Looe Key in Fl., name from HMS Loo, 1743," Carologue, Winter 2004, Volume 20, Issue 4. South Carolina Historical Society : Charleston, SC.
  • "Ja. Oglethorpe to Navy Commander, 1742," Georgia Historical Society Collections, 1873, Volume 3. Georgia Historical Society : Savannah, Georgia.
Revolutionary War
  • Andreano, Ralph Louis and Herbert D. Werner, "Charleston Loyalists: A Statistical Note," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 60, No. 3 (Jul., 1959), pp. 164-168. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Barnwell, Joseph W. "The Evacuation of Charleston by the British in 1782," The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Jan., 1910), pp. 1-26. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Hough, F.B. The Siege of Charleston: By the British Fleet and Army Under the Command of Admiral Arbuthnot and Sir Henry Clinton, which Terminated with the Surrender of that Place on the 12th of May, 1780. Albany: J. Munsell, 1867. Digital versions at Ancestry ($); Internet Archive; World Vital Records ($); another World Vital Records ($) version.
  • Kennett, Lee. "Charleston in 1778: A French Intelligence Report," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 66, No. 2 (Apr., 1965), pp. 109-111. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Oration, Delivered Before the '76 Association, and Society of the Cincinnati, at Hibernian Hall, Charleston, S.C. on the 5th of July, 1858 by Charles E.B. Flagg, of the Cincinnati. Charleston, S.C.: A.J. Burke, 1858. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Stoesen, Alexander R. "The British Occupation of Charleston, 1780-1782," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 63, No. 2 (Apr., 1962), pp. 71-82. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • "Pee Dee supplies for the siege of Charleston, 1780," Darlington Flag, Fall 2006, Volume 18, Issue 4. Old Darlington District Chapter, South Carolina Genealogical Society : Hartsville, SC.
  • "Colonel John Laurens, unsung hero of the American Revolution, 1755 - 1782," Laurens County Historical Society Quarterly Newsletter, August 2006, Issue 3. Laurens County Historical Society : Dublin, Georgia.
  • "Sectionalism, slavery and the threat of war in Josiah Quincy, Jr.'s Southern Journal, 1773," New England Quarterly, June 2006, Volume 79, Issue 2. New England Quarterly, Inc.:Boston, MA.
  • "Battle flags captured by Colonel Banastre Tarleton, 1779-1780," St. Lucie River Whig, Spring 2006, Volume 14, Issue 2. St. Lucie River Chapter : Lucie, FL.
  • "Battles for Charleston," SAR Magazine, Winter 2005, Volume 99, Issue 3. National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution : Louisville, Kentucky. FHL Collection Book 973 B2sa.
  • "Brief account of Marion's Brigade, 1780," Three Rivers Chronicle, Winter 2005, Volume 26, Issue 4. Three Rivers Historical Society : Hemingway, SC.
  • "Forces gather at Charleston Harbor, 1779 - 1780," Tennessee Rifleman, Winter 2005, Volume 46, Issue 1. Tennessee Society of the Sons of the American Revolution : Knoxville, TN.
  • "Battle of the Great Cane Brake on the Reedy River, 1775," Greenville County Historical Society Proceedings and Papers, 2005, Volume 12. Greenville County Historical Society : Greenville, SC
  • "John Macklin, Mary Port, and tragic consequences for remaining loyalists, 1770's," Escribano (El), 2004, Volume 41. St. Augustine Historical Society : St. Augustine, FL.
  • "Elizabeth Jackson, Waxham women aid Revolutionary soldiers, Charleston, 1781," Chester District Genealogical Society Bulletin, March 2003, Volume 27, Issue 1. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b
  • "Soldiers from 96 dist., Stono Ferry ba.," Quill, November 2002, Volume 18, Issue 6. Old Edgefield District Archives Chapter : Edgefield, SC.
  • "Battle of Sullivan Island, 1770," Lawrence County Heritage, Spring 200, Volume 5, Issue 3. Lawrence County Genealogical Society:Lawrenceburg, TN.
  • "Rebel prisoners from Charleston, 1780," Ancient City Genealogist, February 2002, Volume 13, Issue 1. St. Augustine Genealogical Society : St. Augustine, FL.
  • "Prisoners on prison ships, 1780," Marion County Genealogical Society Quarterly, September 1997, Volume 11, Issue 3. Marion County Genealogical Society:Jefferson, TX.
  • "Captain William Gaston's company," Broad River Notebook, December 1996, Volume 5, Issue 4. Broad River Basin Historical Society : Sharon, SC.
  • "Bratton's list of Tories, 1783," York County Genealogical and Historical Society Quarterly, September 1996, Volume 8, Issue 2. York County Genealogical and Historical Society:Rock Hill, SC.
  • "Charleston proposed surrender, 1779," South Carolina Historical Magazine, January 1995, Volume 96, Issue 1. South Carolina Historical Society : Charleston, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.7 B2s
  • "North Carolina militiamen paroled Charleston, SC 1780," North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, August 1987, Volume 13, Issue 3. North Carolina Genealogical Society : Raleigh, NC. FHL Collection Book 975.6 B2s.
  • "Siege of Charleston as experienced by Hessian officer, 1780," South Carolina Historical Magazine, April 1987, Volume 88, Issue 2. South Carolina Historical Society : Charleston, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.7 B2s Film 1697883
  • "Siege of Charleston-experienced by Hessian officer," South Carolina Historical Magazine, January 1987, Volume 88, Issue 1. South Carolina Historical Society:Charleston, SC. South Carolina Historical Society : Charleston, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.7 B2s Film 1697883
  • "Prisoners on parole, 1780, Charleston," Genealogical Reference Builders Newsletter, November 1974, Volume 8, Issue 4. Elaine Walker:Post Falls, Idaho. FHL Collection Book 973 B2grb.
  • "Revolutionary army prisoners, 1781," Genealogist's Post, March 1971, Volume 8, Issue 1. Richard T. Williams : Danboro, PA. FHL 20726}item Book 973 B2gp.
  • "Revolutionary records," Carolina Genealogist, Summer 1970, Issue 4. Heritage Papers : Danielsville, GA. FHL Collection Book 975 B2cg.
  • "Charles Drayton (Capt.), Volume Co., 1775," Military Collector and Historian, Summer 1965, Volume 17, Issue 2.  Company of Military Historians : Westbrook, CT.
  • "Council of Safety," Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, April 1964, Volume 98, Issue 4. Daughters of the American Revolution:Washington, D.C. FHL Collection Book 973 B2dar
  • "Waxhaws," Historical Magazine, June 1860, Volume 4, Issue 6. Henry B. Dawson:Morrisania, NY.
  • "Battle of Fort Moultrie," Historical Magazine, August 1859, Volume 3, Issue 8. Henry B. Dawson:Morrisania, NY 10456.
  • "Battle of Fort Moultrie, 1776," Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, June 1963, Volume 97, Issues 6-7. Daughters of the American Revolution : Washington, D.C. FHL Collection Book 973 B2dar
  • "General Green's general orders, June 1783," Georgia Historical Society Collections, 1957, Volume 12. Georgia Historical Society : Savannah, GA
  • "John Dart to John Pierce ltr., 1783," Georgia Historical Society Collections, 1957, Volume 12 Georgia Historical Society:Savannah, GA.
  • "Battle of Charleston," Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, December 1952, Volume 86, Issue 12.Daughters of the American Revolution : Washington, D.C. FHL Collection Book 973 B2dar.
  • "Dorchester its mystery fort," Americana April 1933, Volume 27, Issue 2. American Historical Society : Somerville, New Jersey. FHL Collection Book 973 B2a.
  • "Battle of Ft. Sullivan," Americana, August 1914, Volume 9, Issue 8.American Historical Society : Somerville, New Jersey. FHL Collection Book 973 B2a.
  • "First invasion of Charleston," Huguenot Society of South Carolina Transactions, 1907, Volume 2, Issue 14. Huguenot Society of North Carolina : Charleston, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.7 C4h.
  • "Battle at Fort Moultrie," American Monthly Magazine, December 1904, Volume 25, Issue 6. Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine : Washington, D.C. FHL Collection Book 973 B2dar.
  • Clinton, Henry and William T. Bulger. "Sir Henry Clinton's 'Journal of the Siege of Charleston, 1780,'" The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 66, No. 3 (Jul. 1965):147-174. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Haw, James. "A Broken Compact: Insecurity, Union, and the Proposed Surrender of Charleston, 1779," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 96, No. 1 (Jan. 1995):30-53. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Jones, George Fenwick. "The 1780 Siege of Charleston as Experienced by a Hessian Officer," 2 parts, The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 88, No. 1 (Jan. 1987):23-33; Vol. 88, No. 2 (Apr. 1987):63-75. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Kepner, Frances Reece. "A British View of the Siege of Charleston, 1776," The Journal of Southern History, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Feb. 1945):93-103. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Kyte, George W. "General Greene's Plans for the Capture of Charleston, 1781-1782," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 62, No. 2 (Apr. 1961):96-106. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Murdoch, Richard K. "A French Account of the Siege of Charleston, 1780," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 67, No. 3 (Jul. 1966):138-154. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Murdoch, Richard K. "A Note on 'A French Account of the Siege of Charleston, 1780,'" The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 69, No. 1 (Jan. 1968):57-58. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Rogers, George C. "Aedanus Burke, Nathanael Greene, Anthony Wayne, and the British Merchants of Charleston," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 67, No. 2 (Apr. 1966):75-83. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • "Southern Loyalists emigration," Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings, 1886, Volume 3, Issue 2. Massachusetts Historical Society:Boston, Massachusetts.
  • "Samuel Baldwin, NJ; Charleston, SC, 1780," New Jersey Historical Society Proceedings, 1847, Volume 2, Issue 2. New Jersey Historical Society : Newark, NJ.
  • Taliaferro, Benjamin and Lee A. Wallace. The Orderly Book of Captain Benjamin Taliaferro: 2d Virginia Detachment, Charleston, South Carolina, 1780. Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1980. FHL Collection 975.5 M2o
  • Wilson, John and Joseph Ioor Waring. "Lieutenant John Wilson's 'Journal of the Siege of Charleston,'" The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 66, No. 3 (Jul. 1965):175-182. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, South Carolina, Charleston County, pp. 182-183. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Civil War service men from Charleston County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies and regiments that were specifically formed of men from Charleston County.

- 1st Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Charleston) (Gaillard's)
- Company A (also known as the Charleston Riflemen)
- Company B (also known as the Palmetto Guard or the Charleston Light Infantry)
- Company C (also known as the Irish Volunteers)
- Company D (also known as Sumter Guards)
- Company E (also known as the Calhoun Guards)
- Company F (also known as the German Fusiliers and Union Light Infantry Volunteers)
- 1st Regiment, Charleston Guard, South Carolina
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Artillery (Militia) - Company A, B and C
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Rifles (Militia) (Branch's), Charleston Zouave Cadets
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Militia (Charleston Reserves)
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Mounted Militia
- Christopher's Company (also known as Parish Mounted Rangers)
- G. C. Heyward's Company (also known as Charleston Mounted Guard)
- Jefford's Company (also known as South Carolina Rangers)
- Simon's Company (also known as Etiwan Rangers)
- 2nd Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry Reserves
- Ashley Dragoons or Ashley Rangers (also known as Captain Colcock's Company, South Carolina Cavalry)
- 2nd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry
- Company D (also known as McKewn's Cavalry, Wassamassaw Cavalry)
- 3rd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry
- Company G (also known as the German Hussars)
- Company H (also known as the Ashley Dragoons or Rangers)
- Company I (also known as the Rebel Troops) 
- 16th Regiment, South Carolina Militia
- Charleston Arsenal Battalion, South Carolina Local Defense Troops
- Charbonnier's Company, South Carolina Militia (Pickens Rifles)
- Dotterer's Company South Carolina Ordinance Guards
- Estill's Company, South Carolina Infantry Local Defense (Arsenal )
  • Harris, W.A. The Record of Fort Sumter, from Its Occupation by Major Anderson, To Its Reduction by South Carolina Troops During the Administration of Governor Pickens. Columbia, S.C.: South Carolinian Steam Job Printing Office, 1862. Digital version at Google Books.
  • "Our Women in the War," The Lives They Lived; the Deaths They Died, from The Weekly News and Courier, Charleston, S.C. Charleston, S.C.: The News and Courier Book Presses, 1885. Digital version at Google Books.
  • Manigault, Edward. Siege Train : The Journal of a Confederate Artilleryman in the Defense of Charleston  (Columbia, S.C. : Published for the Charleston Library Society by the University of South Carolina Press, ©1986), 364 pages. Book at WorldCat.
  • Wilcox, Arthur M and Warren Ripley.The Civil War at Charleston  (Charleston, S.C. : News and Courier : Evening Post, [1980] ©1966), 84 pages. Originally published between 1960 and 1965 in the News and courier and Evening post. "A Post-Courier booklet."  Book at WorldCat.
  • Porter, Anthony Toomer.   Led On! : step by step : scenes from clerical, military, educational, and plantation life in the South, 1828-1898 : an autobiography ( Charleston, S.C. : Home House Press, ©2010), 462 pages. Autobiography of Anthony Toomer Porter... He was an Episcopal minister in Charleston, South Carolina before, during and after the Civil War...he collected funds and opened a school for colored children, which became the Porter Academy. He also influenced the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina to allow the admission of colored parishes. Digital copies at FHL 1033568 and Google Books. Book found at other libraries.
  • South Carolina. Confederate Pension Board. Confederate Veterans and Widows Applications For Pensions, 1916-1959. ( Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959). Microfilm copy at FHL 201831
Civil War Battles

At least 9 battles were fought in Charleston County, especially in Charleston Harbor. For more information, see Battles in South Carolina.

Naturalization

Newspapers

  Eighteenth-century South Carolina newspapers contain a wealth of information about Charleston residents. The Early South Carolina Newspapers Database (ESCN Database) has created an every-name index to the three largest newspapers for the years 1732 to 1780. Using their free online Surname Database , researchers may order a list of specific newspaper references from the organization for a very reasonable rate.
Another online newspaper index is:

Historic

The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Charleston County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.

Current

History

  • Hagy, James W. and Bertrand Van Ruymbeke. "The French Refugee Newspapers of Charleston," [1790s-1810s] The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 97, No. 2 (Apr., 1996), pp. 139-148. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • King, William L. The Newspaper Press of Charleston, S.C.: A Chronological and Biographical History, Embracing a Period of One Hundred and Forty Years. Charleston, S.C.: E. Perry, 1872. Digital versions at Ancestry ($) and Google Books.

Occupations

See also Directories.

  • Calhoun, Jeanne A., Martha A. Zierden and Elizabeth A. Paysinger. "The Geographic Spread of Charleston's Mercantile Community, 1732-1767," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 86, No. 3 (Jul. 1985):182-220. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Hagy, James W. People and Professions of Charleston, South Carolina, 1782-1802. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1999. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Radford, John. "The Charleston Planters in 1860," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 77, No. 4 (Oct. 1976):227-235. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Stumpf, Stuart O. "Implications of King George's War for the Charleston Mercantile Community," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 77, No. 3 (Jul. 1976):161-188. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Walsh, Richard. "The Charleston Mechanics: A Brief Study, 1760-1776," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 60, No. 3 (Jul. 1959):123-144. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

Orphanages

  • Jones, Newton B. "The Charleston Orphan House, 1860-1876," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 62, No. 4 (Oct., 1961), pp. 203-214. Digital version at JSTOR ($). 
  • Murray, John E. "Fates of Orphans: Poor Children in Antebellum Charleston," Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 33, No. 4 (Spring 2003):519-545. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Wates, Wylma Anne. "Charleston Orphans, 1790-1795," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 78, No. 4 (Oct., 1977), pp. 321-339. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

Periodicals

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical and historical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, state, and nation) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this important city, see:

  • The American Genealogist
  • Carolina Genealogist
  • Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine
  • The English Historical Review
  • The Genealogist
  • Huguenot Society of South Carolina Transactions
  • The Journal of Negro History
  • The Journal of Southern History
  • National Genealogical Society Quarterly
  • Sons of the American Revolution Magazine
  • The South Carolina Historical Magazine
  • South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research
  • William and Mary Quarterly

Poor

  • Easterby, J.H. "Public Poor Relief in Colonial Charleston: A Report to the Common House of Assembly about the Year 1767," The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 42, No. 2 (Apr. 1941):83-86. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Fraser, Walter J. "The City Elite, 'Disorder,' and the Poor Children of Pre-Revolutionary Charleston," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 84, No. 3 (Jul. 1983):167-179. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Klebaner, Benjamin Joseph. "Public Poor Relief in Charleston, 1800-1860," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 55, No. 4 (Oct., 1954), pp. 210-220. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

Private Papers

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Correspondence with the American Colonies 1739-1782," The Genealogist, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Spring 1998):108-128; Vol. 12, No. 2 (Fall 1998):189-205. [Overseas correspondence of residents of Charleston with the following surnames: Bull, Gaiden (?), Izard, and Laurens.] Available at FHL.
  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America 1777-1811," The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring 2001):53-74. [Overseas correspondence of residents of Charleston with the following surname: Davies and Geyer.] Available at FHL.
  • Middleton, Alicia Hopton, Nathaniel Russell Middleton, and Annie E. Marston De Wolf. Life in Carolina and New England During the Nineteenth Century: As Illustrated by Reminiscences and Letters of the Middleton Family of Charleston, South Carolina, and of the De Wolf Family of Bristol, Rhode Island. Boston: D.B. Updike, The Merrymount Press, 1929. FHL Collection 1321276 Item 3

Probate

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[7] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in South Carolina.

Index to Wills of Charleston County, South Carolina, 1671-1868. Charleston, S.C.: n.p., 1950. FHL 975.791 S2L; digital versions at Ancestry ($) and World Vital Records ($).

  • Charleston, SC Estate Inventories, 1732-1872 and Bills of Sale, 1773-1872 (Restore the Ancestors Indexing Project: SC Estate Inventories), available online (in progress), courtesy: Footnote.
  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. FHL 942 P27c 2007 [Includes wills of residents of St. Andrew's Parish, St. Bartholomew's Parish, St. Philip's Parish, Wappoo Creek, Charleston, and Charleston County proved in London, see place-name index. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Societies - Genealogical, Historical, Lineage

  • Charleston Chapter SCGS
    P.O. Box 20266
    Charleston SC 29413-0266

  • Charleston Chapter of the South Carolina Genealogical Society. The society was organized in 1974. The society usually holds meetings at 2:30 pm on the 3rd Sunday of the month. There are no meetings in July or August. We have a new home at The Masonic Center, 1285 Orange Grove Rd., Charleston.  Members have undertaken several research projects including creating inventories of cemeteries in the county and collecting information about the county's churches.
  • South Carolina Historical Society The Society was established in 1855.
    LOCATION 100 Meeting Street, Charleston, SC.
    LIBRARY HOURS: Tues-Fri, 9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.; Sat, 9:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m.; closed Sundays & holidays. In addition, on Tuesday evenings by appointment from 4:00 p.m. until 7:30 p.m.
    PARKING: The South Carolina Historical Society does not have its own parking facility. Metered street parking is available  .
    ACCESS: Members may use the library free of charge. There is a $5.00 daily fee for non-members.

    The Society offers three types of research services for fee: (1) straightforward photocopy requests; (2) requests on historical matters related to South Carolina; and (3) inquiries related to genealogical research. Request forms and corresponding fees are on the Society's website (under Photocopy and Research Services). Keep in mind that the search is restricted to the holdings of the Society only and may not uncover the information sought. If an individual did not spend a significant amount of time in South Carolina, the Society may not have information pertaining to him or her. The average search takes six to eight weeks.

    The Society is a repository for private papers and manuscripts pertaining to the state of South Carolina, with large amounts of materials on families of the Midlands and the Lowcountry. It does not have the censuses of South Carolina in its holdings and only abstracts from newspapers. An on-line library catalog is available (under Search the SCHS Catalog).


Taxation

Gotoarrow.png See also African Americans

The original 1732 tax return is kept at the New York Public Library (South Carolina-Charleston Co.-Edisto Island; Rare Books and Manuscripts Division).[8]

Published abstracts
  • [1732] "1732 Tax Return for Edisto Island," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 18, No. 4 (Fall 1990):183-186. FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 18

Vital Records

Charleston did not begin registering birth, marriage, and death records until the 1800s; however, newspaper notices of marriages and deaths are known to date back to the 1700s. To learn more, visit Charleston County, South Carolina Vital Records.

Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Charleston County, South Carolina

References

  1. "List of counties in South Carolina," Wikipedia. [http://www.charleston-sc.com/history/%7C"Charleston and Charleston County History"
  2. South Carolina State Library, "Charleston County" (http://www.statelibrary.sc.gov/charleston-county : accessed 13 Apr 2011).
  3. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  4. Hugh Wallis, IGI Batch Numbers for South Carolina, USA, accessed 14 September 2010.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Thomas Petigru Lesesne. History of Charleston County, South Carolina.Charleston, S.C.: A.H. Cawston
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  7. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."
  8. This source is discussed in Philip D. Morgan, "A Profile of a Mid-Eighteenth Century South Carolina Parish: The Tax Return of Saint James', Goose Creek," The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 81, No. 1 (Jan. 1980):52. Digital version at JSTOR ($).