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Charlotte County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Charlotte County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Charlotte County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1764
County Seat Charlotte
Courthouse
United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Charlotte County

Contents

County Courthouse

  

Charlotte County Courthouse
125 David Bruce Avenue
P.O. Box 38
Charlotte Court House, VA 23923-0038

  • County Clerk has marriage, probate, court, and land records from 1765; divorce records.[1]
Beginning Dates for Charlotte County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1853 1810

History

Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom (1744-1818)

The county was named after Queen Charlotte (1744-1818), queen consort of King George III of the United Kingdom (1738-1820).

Parent County

1764--Charlotte County was created 26 May 1764 from Lunenburg County.
County seat: Charlotte [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

African American

Cemeteries

For a detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Charlotte County, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in Charlotte County:[2]

  • Ash Camp Memorial Cemetery
  • Cub Creek Cemetery
  • Evergreen Cemetery
  • Friendship Cemetery
  • Gillispie Cemetery
  • Henry Cemetery
  • Martin Cemetery
  • Mount Ellis Cemetery
  • Mount Lyle Cemetery
  • Salem Cemetery
  • Spring Hill Cemetery
  • Union Cemetery
  • Whites Chapel Cemetery
  • Tombstone Transcription Project Charlotte County - cemetery transcriptions - USGenWeb

Census

For tips on accessing Charlotte County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
179010,078
180011,91218.2%
181013,16110.5%
182013,2901.0%
183015,25214.8%
184014,595−4.3%
185013,955−4.4%
186014,4713.7%
187014,5130.3%
188016,65314.7%
189015,077−9.5%
190015,3431.8%
191015,7852.9%
192017,54011.1%
193016,061−8.4%
194015,861−1.2%
195014,057−11.4%
196013,368−4.9%
197011,551−13.6%
198012,2666.2%
199011,688−4.7%
200012,4726.7%

1782 Enumeration

1850

Census takers uncharacteristically recorded the birth town or county of residents this census year.[3]

1860

Census takers uncharacteristically recorded the birth town or county of residents this census year.[3]

1890 Union Veterans

Church

  • Hamner, Sharon B. "Baptisms and Burials, Church of Our Saviour Parish Register, Charlottesville, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 23, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):83-87; Vol. 23, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1979):175-177. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
Church of England

Gotoarrow.png See also Cornwall Parish

Court

Chancery Court Records

Genealogy

More than 75 genealogies have been published about Charlotte County families. To view a list, visit Charlotte County, Virginia Genealogy.

Historic Residences

  • Eggleston, J. D. Distinguished Descendants of Colonel Clement Read and Bushy Forest and Other Charlotte County Homes of the Early Reads: Two Addresses. unknown: unknown, 1932. Digital version available at Ancestry ($).

Immigration

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 1 British alien living in Charlotte County.[4]

Land

Grants and Patents

Local Histories

  • Carrington, John Cullen. Charlotte County, Virginia: Historical, Statistical, and Present Attractions. Hermitage Press, 1907. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books (full-view).

Maps

Detail View of Charlotte County

The Library of Congress, American Memory website contains two beautifully detailed maps of Charlotte County from the 1860's. Both show rivers, creeks, and some landowners names. Viewable online or downloadable in jpeg2000 format.

Migration

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1976):199-208; Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1977):113-118. FHL Collection; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Charlotte County's 1787-1788 Delinquent Lists appear on 20:31-34; the 1789 Delinquent List appears on 21:118.]
  • Elliott, Katherine B. Emigration to Other States from Southside Virginia. 2 vols. South Hill, Virginia: K.B. Elliott, 1966. Vol. 1 of original edition: FHL Collection; 1983 reprint: FHL Collection; 1990-1992 reprints: FHL Collection. [Includes individuals who migrated out of Charlotte County to other parts of the country.]

Military

French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Charlotte County veterans; see place name index.]
Colonial Militia
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Charlotte County militia officers 1767-1774; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Charlotte County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Charlotte County supplied soldiers for the:

- 4th Virginia Regiment
- 14th Virginia Regiment (10th Company)[5]

Additional resources:

Charlotte residents recommended for military commissions during the Revolutionary War.[6]

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Charlotte County on page 129.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812
  • Douthat, James L. Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. FHL Collection 975.5 M2djL. [Includes Charlotte County.]
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Charlotte County, p. 67.]
Civil War

Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865


Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865



Charlotte County men most often served in regiments (and companies) from their home county. At times, however, individuals and small groups can be found serving in regiment from neighboring counties. Later in the war, Confederate units often reorganized.

Men from Charlotte County can be found in the following regiments:

- 1st Regiment, Virginia Infantry Reserves (Confederate)
- 14th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)
- 18th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 22nd Battalion, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 23th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 44th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate) - Page 227 of  FHL book 975.565 H2a only casually mentions this regiment. Therefore, it is possible that only its commander was from Charlotte County. 
- 56th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- Staunton Hill, Virginia Artillery (Confederate), was formed, equipped and initially commanded by Captain Charles Bruce and later commanded by Captain A. B. Paris. This company is reported as having been composed of three sections, 1st, 2nd, 3rd with the 3rd section serving in North Carolina while the other two served in Savannah, Georgia. Further into the war, possibly became Co. B, 2nd Regiment, Virginia Artillery and much later possibly Company B, 22nd Battalion Virginia Infantry.

  • Information about the history of the companies from Charlotte County can be found in:


-Charlotte County, Rich Indeed, pp. 222-249 and muster rolls on pp. 476-484 FHL book 975.565 H2a
- Muster roll for Charlotte County on microfilm FHL film 1939964 item 1
-A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations 1861-1865, FHL book 975.5 M2vr v. 29
====

[[]]

NATURALIZATION

Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929

Newspapers

 

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Private Papers


Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007


[Williams] Southerland, Henry deLeon. "Williams Family Bible, Charlotte and Mecklenburg Counties, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 18, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1974):311-312. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).

Probate

A free index to Charlotte County, Virginia wills and administrations (1765-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia website.

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Charlotte County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 7, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1963):115-117. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1782-1813] Heinegg, Paul. "Charlotte County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1813," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Charlotte County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1787-1789] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1976):199-208; Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1977):113-118. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Charlotte County's 1787-1788 Delinquent Lists appear on 20:31-34; the 1789 Delinquent List appears on 21:118.]
  • [1790, 1800] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1800 Personal Property Tax Lists of Charlotte County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] "Charlotte County, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1971):110-116; Vol. 15, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1971):166-173. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Charlotte County is included in Vol. 2.]

Vital Records

Indexes to Charlotte County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth

Beth Fridley has published the following databases online through Ancestry:

  • Charlotte County, Virginia Births, 1860-74 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Charlotte County, Virginia Births, 1875-78 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Charlotte County, Virginia Births, 1879-82 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Charlotte County, Virginia Births, 1883-96 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
Marriage
  • Macdonald, Margaret T. "Beware of the Charlotte County, Virginia, Marriage Bonds: The Featherston Family," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 23, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1979):3-7. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
Vital Record Substitutes

Indexes to Charlotte County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records


The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Societies and Libraries

 

Family History Centers


Websites

Hands on keyboard.png Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos.


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. USGS Map, Topozone.com
  3. 3.0 3.1 Alycon Trubey Pierce, "In Praise of Errors Made by Census Enumerators," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 81, No. 1 (March 1993):51-55. FHL Book 973 B2ng
  4. Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  5. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 71. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.
  6. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 27. Digitized by Internet Archive.

 

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