Cherokee Indian Agency (Oklahoma)

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== Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency  ==
 
== Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency  ==
  
[[Cherokee_Indians|Cherokee]], [[Delaware_Indians|Delaware]], [[Shawnee_Indians|Shawnee]].  
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[[Cherokee Indians|Cherokee]], [[Delaware Indians|Delaware]], [[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]].  
  
 
== History  ==
 
== History  ==
  
The Cherokee Agency in the west was established in 1813 and was located in Arkansas until 1830. At that time, the Cherokee Agency in Arkansas moved to Fort Gibson in Indian Territory. For a short time (1834-1837), it became a subagency and was made responsible for the [[Seneca_Indians|Seneca]] and the Mixed Band of Seneca and Shawnee. It was again made a full agency in 1837.  
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The Cherokee Agency in the west was established in 1813 and was located in Arkansas until 1830. At that time, the Cherokee Agency in Arkansas moved to Fort Gibson in Indian Territory. For a short time (1834-1837), it became a subagency and was made responsible for the [[Seneca Indians|Seneca]] and the Mixed Band of Seneca and Shawnee. It was again made a full agency in 1837.  
  
 
This agency was also made responsible for the Cherokee from east of the Mississippi who were removed to the west, mostly in 1838. In 1851, the agency headquarters was moved from Fort Gibson to a location near Tahlequah. This agency was forced to leave Tahlequah during the Civil War, during which time the agency buildings there were destroyed. After the war, the agent remained at Fort Gibson until the agency was rebuilt and re-established at Tahlequah.  
 
This agency was also made responsible for the Cherokee from east of the Mississippi who were removed to the west, mostly in 1838. In 1851, the agency headquarters was moved from Fort Gibson to a location near Tahlequah. This agency was forced to leave Tahlequah during the Civil War, during which time the agency buildings there were destroyed. After the war, the agent remained at Fort Gibson until the agency was rebuilt and re-established at Tahlequah.  
  
In 1874, the [[Creek_Indian_Agency_(Oklahoma)|Creek Agency]], the [[Choctaw_Indian_Agency_(Oklahoma)|Choctaw Agency]], and the [[Seminole_Indian_Agency_(Oklahoma)|Seminole Agency]] were consolidated with the Cherokee Agency, and, later that year, the new agency as named the [[Union Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Union Agency]].<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 32-35.</ref><ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 153.</ref>  
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In 1874, the [[Creek Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Creek Agency]], the [[Choctaw Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Choctaw Agency]], and the [[Seminole Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Seminole Agency]] were consolidated with the Cherokee Agency, and, later that year, the new agency as named the [[Union Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Union Agency]].<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 32-35.</ref><ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 153.</ref>  
  
 
== Records  ==
 
== Records  ==
  
[[Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880|''Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs'']] from the Cherokee Agency, 1836-1880, have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 80-118. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their {{FHL|403528|title-id|disp=microfilm roll numbers 1660810-1660848}}).<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 234, p. 8.</ref><ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 32-35.</ref>  
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[[Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880|''Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs'']] from the Cherokee Agency, 1836-1880, have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 80-118. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their {{FHL|403528|title-id|disp=microfilm roll numbers 1660801-1660848}}).<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 234, p. 8.</ref><ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 32-35.</ref>  
  
 
[[Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900|''Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900'']] have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The report for Cherokee Agency, 1876 only, is on roll 3 of that Microcopy set<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1070, p. 48.</ref>. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their {{FHL|403511|title-id|disp=microfilm roll number 1617676}}).  
 
[[Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900|''Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900'']] have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The report for Cherokee Agency, 1876 only, is on roll 3 of that Microcopy set<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1070, p. 48.</ref>. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their {{FHL|403511|title-id|disp=microfilm roll number 1617676}}).  
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />
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<references />  
  
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.<br>
+
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.<br>  
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.<br>
+
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.<br>  
 
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.  
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.  
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.  

Revision as of 18:44, 7 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png Cherokee Indian Agency (Oklahoma)


Contents

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Cherokee, Delaware, Shawnee.

History

The Cherokee Agency in the west was established in 1813 and was located in Arkansas until 1830. At that time, the Cherokee Agency in Arkansas moved to Fort Gibson in Indian Territory. For a short time (1834-1837), it became a subagency and was made responsible for the Seneca and the Mixed Band of Seneca and Shawnee. It was again made a full agency in 1837.

This agency was also made responsible for the Cherokee from east of the Mississippi who were removed to the west, mostly in 1838. In 1851, the agency headquarters was moved from Fort Gibson to a location near Tahlequah. This agency was forced to leave Tahlequah during the Civil War, during which time the agency buildings there were destroyed. After the war, the agent remained at Fort Gibson until the agency was rebuilt and re-established at Tahlequah.

In 1874, the Creek Agency, the Choctaw Agency, and the Seminole Agency were consolidated with the Cherokee Agency, and, later that year, the new agency as named the Union Agency.[1][2]

Records

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Cherokee Agency, 1836-1880, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 80-118. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll numbers 1660801-1660848).[3][4]

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The report for Cherokee Agency, 1876 only, is on roll 3 of that Microcopy set[5]. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617676).

Agency Records 1800-1835.   FHL films: 1024418-1024431

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 32-35.
  2. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 153.
  3. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 234, p. 8.
  4. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 32-35.
  5. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1070, p. 48.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online