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To get started in [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]]  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[North Carolina Genealogy|North Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Oklahoma Genealogy|Oklahoma]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians of North Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians of Oklahoma]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Cherokee_Indians|Cherokee Indians]]''
  
''[[Indians of North Carolina|Indians of North Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Cherokee Indians''<br>''[[Indians of Oklahoma|Indians of Oklahoma]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Cherokee Indians''
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{{AIDC}}This is an American Indian genealogy guide to records and research strategies for finding an ancestor from the Cherokee Tribe. To get started finding American Indian ancestors see also [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]].  
  
 
{{infobox ethnic group
 
{{infobox ethnic group
|group = Cherokee
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|group = <center>Cherokee</center>
 
|image = [[Image:Cherokees Indians in London.jpg|232x231px]]
 
|image = [[Image:Cherokees Indians in London.jpg|232x231px]]
|poptime =
 
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<small></small>
 
 
|popplace = '''Ancestral Homelands''': Alabama to Virginia, northern Georgia, western North Carolina, and southern Tennessee<br>  
 
|popplace = '''Ancestral Homelands''': Alabama to Virginia, northern Georgia, western North Carolina, and southern Tennessee<br>  
 
'''Descendants''':<br>
 
'''Descendants''':<br>
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|cultural = Southern Appalachian Mountains  
 
|cultural = Southern Appalachian Mountains  
 
|related-c = One of what is often called the [[Five Civilized Tribes|"Five Civilized Tribes" and]]  
 
|related-c = One of what is often called the [[Five Civilized Tribes|"Five Civilized Tribes" and]]  
}}<br>
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}}  
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Cherokee Tribe is one of the [[Five Civilized Tribes|Five Civilized Tribes]]: Cherokee, [[Choctaw Indians|Choctaw]], [[Chickasaw Indians|Chickasaw]], [[Creek Indians|Creek]] and [[Seminole Indians|Seminole]] Indians
  
 
'''Leaders: '''Sequoyah, Elias Boudinot, [http://nancywardcherokee.blogspot.com Nancy Ward]  
 
'''Leaders: '''Sequoyah, Elias Boudinot, [http://nancywardcherokee.blogspot.com Nancy Ward]  
  
Cherokee clans: Wolf, Deer, Bird, Paint, and Ani-Saha ni, Ani Ga Tagewi, and Ani Gi la hi
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[http://bonnieramsey.hubpages.com/hub/The-Seven-Clans-of-the-Cherokee '''Clans:'''] Wolf (Aniwahya), Wild Potato (Anigatogewi) , Deer (Anikawi), Bird (Ani Tsiskwa), Paint (Aniwodi), Blue (Anisahoni), and Long Hair (Anigilohi)
  
=== '''Tribal Headquarters''' ===
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'''Bands:'''  
  
Cherokee Nation Tribal<br>P.O. Box 948<br>Tahlequah, OK 74465<br>Phone: 1-918-453-5000  
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*[[Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina|Eastern Band Cherokee]]
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*[[United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma|United Keetoowah]]: many are descendants of the "Old Settlers", Cherokee who migrated to Arkansas and Oklahoma about 1817.
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*[http://echotacherokeetribe.homestead.com/ Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama]
 +
*Oconaluftee Cherokee
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_Cherokees Texas Band of Cherokee Indians]
 +
*[http://www.canadianok.com/Kiamichi.html Western Band Of Cherokee]
 +
 
 +
=== Tribal Headquarters  ===
 +
 
 +
'''Cherokee Nation Tribal''' '''Headquarters'''<br>P.O. Box 948<br>Tahlequah, OK 74465<br>Phone: 1-918-453-5000  
  
 
*Official Web Site of the [http://www.cherokee.org/ Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma]
 
*Official Web Site of the [http://www.cherokee.org/ Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma]
 +
 +
'''Cherokee Heritage Center - Cherokee National Historical Society'''<br> 21192 S. Keller Drive<br>Park Hill, OK 74451 <br>Phone: 1-918-456-6007<br>
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 +
Mailing Address:
 +
 +
PO Box 515 Tahlequah,OK 74465-0515
  
 
=== History  ===
 
=== History  ===
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The Cherokee were slave owners, and resided in areas encompassed by southern influence many of them enlisted in the Confederate Army. A Treaty signed in 1866 remitted them to the United States. They were required to release their slaves. Others had joined the Union Army.  
 
The Cherokee were slave owners, and resided in areas encompassed by southern influence many of them enlisted in the Confederate Army. A Treaty signed in 1866 remitted them to the United States. They were required to release their slaves. Others had joined the Union Army.  
  
In 1870 some [[Delaware Indians|Delaware]] and [[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]] from Kansas were admitted to the tribe.  
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In 1870 some [[Delaware Indians|Delaware]] and [[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]] from [[Indians of Kansas|Kansas]] were admitted to the tribe.  
  
There are three band of Cherokee recognized by the Federal government; Cherokee Nation, Eastern Band of Cherokee, and [[United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma|United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee]]  
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There are three band of Cherokee recognized by the Federal government; Cherokee Nation, [[Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina|Eastern Band of Cherokee]], and [[United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma|United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee]]  
  
 
=== Brief Timeline  ===
 
=== Brief Timeline  ===
  
*'''1689-1763:''' French and Indian War, the Cherokee supported the English  
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*'''1689-1763:''' [[French and Indian War, 1754-1763|French and Indian War]], the Cherokee supported the English  
*'''1721''': The Govenor of the Carolinas signed the Cherokee Treaty. This was one of the first concession of land.  
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*1710-1715 The Cherokee and Chickasaw were allies with the British and fought the Shawnee who were alies with the French
 +
*'''1721''': The Governor of the Carolinas signed the Cherokee Treaty. This was one of the first concession of land.  
 
*'''1736:''' Jesuit Mission was founded  
 
*'''1736:''' Jesuit Mission was founded  
 
*'''1738-1750:''' Smallpox epidemics  
 
*'''1738-1750:''' Smallpox epidemics  
 
*'''1775-83:''' During Revolutionary War supported the British  
 
*'''1775-83:''' During Revolutionary War supported the British  
*'''1800: '''"Moravians," Protestant missionaries of German origin, established the first mission at Spring Place.  
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*'''1800: '''"Moravian," Protestant missionaries of German origin, established the first mission at Spring Place.  
*'''1801-1823:''' An Indian agent, Return J. Meigs, lived among the Cherokee.  
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*'''1801-1823:''' An Indian agent, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Return_J._Meigs,_Sr. Return J. Meigs], lived among the Cherokee.
*'''1816:''' Lovely's Purchase. Osage agreed to cede land in Arkansas to the United States for the Cherokee people.  
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*'''1805-1833:''' The State of Georgia holds eight lotteries to distribute land seized from the Cherokee and Creeks
*'''1817:''' "Turkey Town Treaty" finalized the exchange for land in Arkansas.&nbsp; the "Old Settlers" begin their migration.  
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*'''1806:''' a Federal road from Savannah, Georgia to Knoxville, Tennessee was built through Cherokee land.  
*'''1819-1821:''' Sequoyah (George Gist) created the Cherokee alphabet.  
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*'''1816:''' [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/I/IN018.html Lovely's Purchase]. [[Osage Indians|Osage]] agreed to cede land in Arkansas to the United States for the Cherokee people.  
 +
*'''1817:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Turkeytown "Turkey Town Treaty"] finalized the exchange for land in [[Indians of Arkansas|Arkansas]]. The "Old Settlers" begin their migration.  
 +
*'''1819-1821:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequoyah Sequoyah] (George Gist) created the Cherokee alphabet.  
 
*'''1827: '''Tribal leaders recorded their constitution  
 
*'''1827: '''Tribal leaders recorded their constitution  
*'''1828:''' Georgia held a lottery for Cherokee lands.  
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*'''1828:''' [[Indians of Georgia|Georgia]] held a lottery for Cherokee lands.  
 
*'''1828:''' ''Cherokee Phoenix,'' a bilingual newspaper, contained columns in both English and Cherokee. Editor -- Elias Boudinot  
 
*'''1828:''' ''Cherokee Phoenix,'' a bilingual newspaper, contained columns in both English and Cherokee. Editor -- Elias Boudinot  
*'''December 1835:''' Treaty of New Echota, traded Cherokee lands in the southeast for land in Indian Territory (Oklahoma)&nbsp;
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*'''December 1835:''' Treaty of New Echota, traded Cherokee lands in the southeast for land in Indian Territory (Oklahoma)  
*'''1838: '''First Group; Start of Trail of Tears, 800-mile journey; 1838-39 - Second group; 4,000 Cherokees died  
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*'''1838: '''First Group; Start of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trail_of_Tears Trail of Tears], 800-mile journey; 1838-39 - Second group; 4,000 Cherokees died  
*'''1861:''' Beginning of the Civil War. A treaty was signed between the Cherokee Nation and the Confederate government.  
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*Cherokee Nation created and divided into the following '''districts''' or counties: Canadian, Cooweescoowee, Delaware, Going Snake, Flint, Illinois, Saline, Sequoyah and Tahlequah
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*'''1851''' Drennen Roll, Is a roll of the Cherokee Emigrants who were forced to remove from the Cherokee Nation and the Old Settlers who moved voluntarily before the forced removal.&nbsp;
 +
*'''1861:''' Beginning of the [[American Indians in the Civil War|Civil War]]. A treaty was signed between the Cherokee Nation and the Confederate government.  
 +
*'''1861-1865:''' Civil War Some Cherokee fought with the Confederate and others with the Union
 
*'''1865:<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1271186596656_863" /> '''Eastern Band lost many to a smallpox epidemic  
 
*'''1865:<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1271186596656_863" /> '''Eastern Band lost many to a smallpox epidemic  
*'''1866:''' July 19, Treaty provided for the cession of the Cherokee "neutral lands" in Kansas. Indians living on the land could receive a patent to 320 acres but stipulated that they would no longer be members of the Cherokee nation.  
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*'''1866:''' July 19, Treaty provided for the cession of the Cherokee "neutral lands" in [[Indians of Kansas|Kansas]]. Indians living on the land could receive a patent to 320 acres but stipulated that they would no longer be members of the Cherokee nation.The treaty also gave emancipation to all the Cherokee slaves. and citizenship to the Cherokee freedmen. <br>
*'''1887:''' General Allotment Act passed.&nbsp; This act required individual ownership of lands once held in common by the Cherokee people.  
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*'''1880:''' Cherokee Nation Census FHL film 989204
*'''1889:'''&nbsp; Unassigned lands in Indian Territory were opened to white settlers. (Oklahoma Land Rush)  
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*'''1887:''' General [[American Indian Allotment Records|Allotment Act]] passed. This act required individual ownership of lands once held in common by the Cherokee people.  
*'''1893:''' Cherokee outlet was opened for white settlers.  
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*'''1889:''' Unassigned lands in Indian Territory were opened to white settlers. ([[Oklahoma Land and Property|Oklahoma Land Rush]])  
*'''1906:''' A final agreement was reached between the federal government and the Cherokee people.&nbsp; The Dawes Commission (all Five Civilized Tribes: Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cree and Seminole&nbsp; ) created the enrollment records.  
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*'''1893:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherokee_Outlet Cherokee Outlet] was opened for white settlers.
*'''1909:''' Guion Miller Rolls, Cherokee only, who applied for a share of the money fom a law suit settlement against the United States
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*'''1898:''' The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curtis_Act_of_1898 Curtis Act] dismantled tribal governments.  
 +
*'''1906:''' A final agreement was reached between the federal government and the Cherokee people.The [[Dawes Commission Enrollment Records for Five U.S. Indian Tribes|Dawes Commission]] (all [[Five Civilized Tribes]]: Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cree and Seminole) created the enrollment records.  
 +
*'''1907:''' Oklahoma became the 46th State.
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*Cherokee Nation divided into '''ten counties''': Adair, Cherokee, Craig, Delaware, Maynes, Nowata, Rogers, Sequoyah, Tulsa, and Washington
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*'''1909:''' [[The U.S. Eastern Cherokee or Guion Miller Roll|Guion Miller Rolls]], Cherokee only, who applied for a share of the money from a law suit settlement against the United States  
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*'''1953:''' U.S. Congress began a new policy of [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/t/te014.html termination] for the Indian tribes. The policy ended the protected trust status of all Indian-owned lands. The BIA began a voluntary urban [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/t/te014.html relocation ]program. American Indians could move from their rural tribes to a metropolitan area. Many Indians relocated to Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Jose, St. Louis, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Dallas and Seattle.It is estimated that 750,000 Native American migrated to the cities between 1950-1980. <br>
 +
*'''1968:''' [http://www.tribal-institute.org/lists/icra1968.htm Indian Civil Rights Act] restored the right to hold popular elections.
  
 
'''Additional References to the History of the Tribe and/or Bands'''  
 
'''Additional References to the History of the Tribe and/or Bands'''  
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=== Jurisdictions  ===
 
=== Jurisdictions  ===
  
The Cherokee Tribe was under the following jurisdictions:  
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==== The Cherokee Tribe was under the following jurisdictions: ====
  
=== Agencies  ===
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===== Agencies  =====
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The '''majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies'''. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:<br>
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 +
*[[American Indian Allotment Records|Allotment records]]
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*[[American Indian Annuity Rolls|Annuity rolls]]
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*[[American Indian Census Rolls|Census records]]
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*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Correspondence]]
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*[[American Indian Health Records|Health records]]
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*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Reports]]
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*[[American Indian School Records|School census and records]]
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*[[American Indian Vital Records Supplements in Census Rolls|Vital records]]
  
 
*[[Cherokee Indian Agency (North Carolina)|Cherokee Agency]] (North Carolina and [[Cherokee Indian Agency (Arkansas)|Arkansas]])  
 
*[[Cherokee Indian Agency (North Carolina)|Cherokee Agency]] (North Carolina and [[Cherokee Indian Agency (Arkansas)|Arkansas]])  
 
*[[Union Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Union Agency]]
 
*[[Union Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Union Agency]]
  
=== Reservations  ===
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=====  Reservations  =====
  
 
*'''Qualla Reservation '''for Eastern Cherokees, in Swain and Jackson counties, North Carolina  
 
*'''Qualla Reservation '''for Eastern Cherokees, in Swain and Jackson counties, North Carolina  
 
*'''Cheowah Reservation '''in Graham county, North Carolina
 
*'''Cheowah Reservation '''in Graham county, North Carolina
  
=== Superintendencies ===
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===== Superintendency  =====
  
 
*[[Arkansas Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Arkansas Superintendency]]  
 
*[[Arkansas Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Arkansas Superintendency]]  
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*[[Central Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Central Superintendency]]
 
*[[Central Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Central Superintendency]]
  
=== '''Records''' ===
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=== Records  ===
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Cherokee Nation. Oklahoma Historical Society. Indian Archives (Vital, Land and Property, Court, Probate, and School records) {{FHL|529945|item|disp=FHL film 1666294}} first of 129 films
  
 
*Genealogy; Cherokee Notes by James Manford Carselowey. 1980. {{FHL| 768983|item|disp= FHL Book: 970.3 C424jmc}}  
 
*Genealogy; Cherokee Notes by James Manford Carselowey. 1980. {{FHL| 768983|item|disp= FHL Book: 970.3 C424jmc}}  
*Forgotten Oklahoma Records ( Allotment) by Fredrea Marilyn Hermann Cook. 1981. {{FHL|105053|item|disp= Film: 1035512}} item 4 or FHL Book: 970.3 C424co
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*Records of the Cherokee Indian Agency in Tennessee, 1801-1835. {{FHL|285733|item|disp=FHL film 1024418}}  
*Township Plats, Cherokee Nation. Tahlequah, Oklahoma. {{FHL|118773|item|disp= FHLFilm: 989209}}
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*Cherokee Emigration Rolls, 1817-1835. by Jack D. Baker. {{FHL|58571|item|disp= FHL Book: 970.3 C424be}}  
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*Cherokee Almanac, 1860. by Benjamin Greenleaf {{FHL|276475|item|disp=FHL Film 989199 Item 3}}  
 
*Cherokee Almanac, 1860. by Benjamin Greenleaf {{FHL|276475|item|disp=FHL Film 989199 Item 3}}  
 
*Cherokee Almanac, 1861. By Benjamin Greenleaf {{FHL|737764|item|disp=FHL Fiche 6333956}}
 
*Cherokee Almanac, 1861. By Benjamin Greenleaf {{FHL|737764|item|disp=FHL Fiche 6333956}}
  
=== '''Census Records''' ===
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====  Agency Records  ====
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Agency Records 1898-1950 (East) Cherokee Agency. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. {{FHL|144388|item|disp=FHL film 1249974}} first film of 7
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Cherokee Indian Agency in Tennessee, 1801-1835. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. (M0208) {{FHL|285733|item|disp= FHL 1024418}} first of 14 films
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 +
==== - Allotment Records  ====
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*Five Civilized Indian Tribes Land Allotment Records, 1899-1907, (NARA RG 75) Oklahoma, Indian Territory, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. On Line. {{FHL |1390101|item|disp=FHL film 4124879}} first film
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 +
*Forgotten Oklahoma Records ( Allotment) by Fredrea Marilyn Hermann Cook. 1981. {{FHL|105053|item|disp= Film: 1035512}} item 4 or FHL Book: 970.3 C424co
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*Township Plats, Cherokee Nation. Tahlequah, Oklahoma. {{FHL|118773|item|disp= FHL Film: 989209}}
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==== Annuity Records  ====
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Annuity Records, 1905-1910 {{FHL|29521|item|disp=FHL film 1030883}}
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 +
====  Census Records  ====
  
 
*'''1835''' [http://hometown.aol.com Cherokee Nation]  
 
*'''1835''' [http://hometown.aol.com Cherokee Nation]  
 +
*1835 Henderson Roll (Eastern Cherokee) (most detailed census) enumerated 16,000 Cherokees residing in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee.
 
*1835,1837,1838 Cherokee Muster Rolls (Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee) {{FHL|908999|disp=Film: 908999}} Item 2  
 
*1835,1837,1838 Cherokee Muster Rolls (Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee) {{FHL|908999|disp=Film: 908999}} Item 2  
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*1848 [http://cherokeeregistry.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=387&Itemid=582 Mullay Roll] Census of Cherokees remaining in North Carolina.
 
*'''1851''' [http://www.tngennet.org/cherokee_by_blood/chapman.htm Chapman Roll]  
 
*'''1851''' [http://www.tngennet.org/cherokee_by_blood/chapman.htm Chapman Roll]  
*1851 Drennen Roll (Eastern Cherokees who came west after 1835) {{FHL|924606|disp=Film: 924606}} item 5  
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*'''1851''' [http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#1%7Ch0ytupYXi1A5w-A6DMsEURExX Drennen Roll] (Eastern Cherokees who came west after 1835) {{FHL|924606|disp=Film: 924606}} item 5  
 
*'''1851 '''[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/settlers.php Old Settler Roll] (A list of Cherokee still living in1851 who lived in Indian Territory before 1839)  
 
*'''1851 '''[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/settlers.php Old Settler Roll] (A list of Cherokee still living in1851 who lived in Indian Territory before 1839)  
 +
*1851 Siler Roll, list of Eastern Cherokees entitled to payments per the 1835
 
*'''1852 '''Siler Roll [http://members.aol.com http://members.aol.com] {{FHL|970.3 C424sd|disp=Book: 970.3 C424sd }}  
 
*'''1852 '''Siler Roll [http://members.aol.com http://members.aol.com] {{FHL|970.3 C424sd|disp=Book: 970.3 C424sd }}  
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*1852: [http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#1%7Ch0ytupYXi1A5w-A6DMsEURExX Chapman Roll,] supplement to the Siler Roll
 
*'''1854''' Roll Cherokee Indians prepared by Mallay [http://www.accessgenealogy.com www.accessgenealogy.com]  
 
*'''1854''' Roll Cherokee Indians prepared by Mallay [http://www.accessgenealogy.com www.accessgenealogy.com]  
 +
*1867 Powell Roll, census of North Carolina Cherokees entitled to annuity payments
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*1869 [http://cherokeeregistry.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=387&Itemid=582 Swetland Roll] updated the Mullay Roll made to facilitate removal payments
 
*'''1880''' Cherokee Census [http://www.accessgenealogy.com www.accessgenealogy.com] {{FHL|989204|disp=Film: 989204}}  
 
*'''1880''' Cherokee Census [http://www.accessgenealogy.com www.accessgenealogy.com] {{FHL|989204|disp=Film: 989204}}  
 +
*1884 [http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#1%7Ch0ytupYXi1A5w-A6DjleGcwGQ Hester Roll] census of the remaining Eastern Cherokees in 1883
 
*'''1890 '''[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wallace.php Wallace Roll - Cherokee Freedmen] (African Americans - Cherokee citizenship)  
 
*'''1890 '''[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wallace.php Wallace Roll - Cherokee Freedmen] (African Americans - Cherokee citizenship)  
 
*1890 Eastern Band of Cherokees {{FHL|1009060|disp=FHL film: 1009060}} item 5  
 
*1890 Eastern Band of Cherokees {{FHL|1009060|disp=FHL film: 1009060}} item 5  
 +
*1890 Census of the Cherokee Nation, Canadian District.{{FHL|779062|item|disp=FHL film 1666296}}
 
*1896 Tahlequah District {{FHL|989203|disp=Film: 989203}} item 2  
 
*1896 Tahlequah District {{FHL|989203|disp=Film: 989203}} item 2  
 
*'''1896-1897 '''Kern - Clifton Roll [http://www.accessgenealogy.com www.accessgenealogy.com] (contains 4523 individuals missed on the Wallace Roll.)  
 
*'''1896-1897 '''Kern - Clifton Roll [http://www.accessgenealogy.com www.accessgenealogy.com] (contains 4523 individuals missed on the Wallace Roll.)  
 +
*'''1898-1939''' Indian Census rolls, Cherokee {{FHL| 737657|item|disp= FHL film 573869}} first of five
 
*'''1924 '''Baker Roll [http://www.easternband.com www.easternband.com] also on {{FHL|847744|disp=Film: 847744}} and {{FHL|847745|disp=Film: 847745}}  
 
*'''1924 '''Baker Roll [http://www.easternband.com www.easternband.com] also on {{FHL|847744|disp=Film: 847744}} and {{FHL|847745|disp=Film: 847745}}  
 
*Maude Bliss Allen, Census Records and Cherokee Muster Rolls. Washington, 1935. {{FHL|970.1 Al|disp=FHL Book 970.1 Al}} #54  
 
*Maude Bliss Allen, Census Records and Cherokee Muster Rolls. Washington, 1935. {{FHL|970.1 Al|disp=FHL Book 970.1 Al}} #54  
 
*1896 Census of Citizens of Tahlequah District, Cherokee Nation {{FHL|989203|disp=FHL Film 989203}} item 2
 
*1896 Census of Citizens of Tahlequah District, Cherokee Nation {{FHL|989203|disp=FHL Film 989203}} item 2
  
'''Additional Records Available through the Family History Library'''
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The Bureau of Indian Affairs compiled annual Indian Census rolls on many of the reservations from 1885-1940. They list the names of individuals, their age, and other details about each person enumerated. For more information about these records [[American Indian Census Rolls|click here.]] <br>
  
*Mullary Roll 1848, Siler Roll 1851, 1852, Chapman Roll 1852, Swetland Roll 1869 and Hester Roll 1883 {{FHL|847743|disp=Film: 847743}} Item 2
+
<br>  
*Revised Roll 1924-1970 {{FHL|847746|disp=Films: 847746-847748}}
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*Historical Roll 1908, Churchill Roll 1908, Baker Roll 1924, Miller Roll 1909, Baker-revised Roll 1967 {{FHL|847749|disp=Film: 847749}}
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*''The Cherokee Phoenix'', 1828-1835. {{FHL|825726|disp=Film: 825726}}
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*''Cherokee Advocate'', October 1844-September 1846, {{FHL|989202|disp=Film: 989202}} item 7
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*''Cherokee One Feather'', 1969-1973. {{FHL|Film: 965784}} item 4 and {{FHL|979257|disp=Film 979257}} item 8
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*Probate Records 1892-1908, Northern District Cherokee Nation by Orpha Jewell Wever {{FHL|976.6 P2w|disp=Book: 976.6 P2w}}
+
 
+
==== '''Enrollment Records'''  ====
+
 
+
*[[Dawes Commission Enrollment Records for Five U.S. Indian Tribes|Dawes Commission Enrollment]] for Five Civilized Tribes
+
*Eastern Cherokee - [[The U.S. Eastern Cherokee or Guion Miller Roll|Guion Miller]]
+
 
+
Find out if you are a [http://www.cherokee-nc.com/genealogy-check2.php?page=108 Cherokee] by having your ancestor's name checked to the 1924 Baker Roll.
+
 
+
=== '''Removal'''  ===
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+
*"Indexes to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers who Served During the Cherokee Disturbances and Removal in Organizations From the State of Tennessee and the Field and Staff of the Army of the Cherokee Nation" (NARA M908) ({{FHL|1205384|disp=FHL film 1205384}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/17249016 Worldcat]) The compiled service records have not been microfilmed.
+
 
+
:The above collection is also available online:
+
:*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1267 U.S. Army Indian Campaign Service Records Index] (Ancestry) ($) - browsable only.
+
 
+
*The [http://www.okhistory.org/research/removal?full Oklahoma Historical Society ]site and research center has excellent information on Indian Removal,Census, Freedman Resources, Tribes in Oklahoma, Timelines for the removal of the Cherokee tribe and more.
+
 
+
*1835 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/trail_of_tears.htm Trail of Tears]
+
*Journal of Rev. Daniel S. Butrick by Trail of Tears Association
+
*Library and Archives of Thomsas Gilcrease - Institute of American History
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
==== Newspapers and Obituaries<br> ====
+
 
+
''Annotated Obituaries from the Cherokee Advance'', ''Canton, Georgia, 1880-1938'' by John Carver<br>2003.&nbsp; Over 600 pages.<br>
+
 
+
==== School Records  ====
+
 
+
*Saline District, Cherokee Nation, School Records 1900 {{FHL|989202|disp=Film: 989202}} item 6
+
*Delaware District, Cherokee Nation. Beatties Prairie School {{FHL|989203|disp=Film: 989203}} item 1
+
*Cherokee National Seminary, Male and Female Seminary Records, 1881-1882. {{FHL|1025299|disp=Film: 1025299}} item 1
+
*Cherokee National Female Seminary 1876-1909. {{FHL|989203|disp=Film: 989203}} items 3, 6
+
*Cherokee National Male Seminary 1876-1909. {{FHL|989202|disp=Film: 989202}} item 5 and {{FHL|Film: 989203}} item 5
+
*Arcadia School Records, 190. Saline District, Cherokee Nation {{FHL|989202|disp=FHL Film: 989202}} item 6
+
*T. L. Ballenger. Early History of Northeastern State College {{FHL|989203|disp=FHL Film 989203}}
+
*Beatties Prairie School, Registers of Pupils, 1876-1881. Delaware Cherokee Nation {{FHL|989203|disp=FHL Film 989203}}
+
 
+
The Bureau of Indian Affairs compiled annual Indian Census rolls on many of the reservations from 1885-1940. They list the names of individuals, their age, and other details about each person enumerated. For more information about these records [[American Indian Census Rolls|click here.]]
+
  
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
Line 223: Line 227:
 
| Atlanta  
 
| Atlanta  
 
| Roll 22  
 
| Roll 22  
| FHL Films: 573868-573872
+
| FHL Films: 573,868-573,872
 
|-
 
|-
| 1898-1914
 
 
| -  
 
| -  
 +
| 1898-1914
 
| -  
 
| -  
 
| -  
 
| -  
| {{FHL|Film:573868}}
+
| FHL Film:573,868
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
'''Additional Census Records Available through the Family History Library'''
 +
 +
*Mullary Roll 1848, Siler Roll 1851, 1852, Chapman Roll 1852, Swetland Roll 1869 and Hester Roll 1883 {{FHL|847743|disp=Film: 847743}} Item 2
 +
*Revised Roll 1924-1970 {{FHL|847746|disp=Films: 847746-847748}}
 +
*Historical Roll 1908, Churchill Roll 1908, Baker Roll 1924, Miller Roll 1909, Baker-revised Roll 1967 {{FHL|847749|disp=Film: 847749}}
 +
*''The Cherokee Phoenix'', 1828-1835. {{FHL|825726|disp=Film: 825726}}
 +
*''Cherokee Advocate'', October 1844-September 1846, {{FHL|989202|disp=Film: 989202}} item 7
 +
*''Cherokee One Feather'', 1969-1973. {{FHL|Film: 965784}} item 4 and {{FHL|979257|disp=Film 979257}} item 8
 +
*Probate Records 1892-1908, Northern District Cherokee Nation by Orpha Jewell Wever {{FHL|976.6 P2w|disp=Book: 976.6 P2w}} <br>
 +
 +
==== - Citizenship  ====
 +
 +
Cherokee citizenship documents, 1880. Oklahoma Historical Society Indian Archives Division. {{FHL|785232|disp= FHL film 1666350}} item 3
 +
 +
===  Enrollment Records  ===
 +
 +
*[[Dawes Commission Enrollment Records for Five U.S. Indian Tribes|Dawes Commission Enrollment]] for [[Five Civilized Tribes]]
 +
*Eastern Cherokee - [[The U.S. Eastern Cherokee or Guion Miller Roll|Guion Miller]]
 +
 +
Find out if you are a [http://www.cherokee-nc.com/genealogy-check2.php?page=108 Cherokee] by having your ancestor's name checked to the 1924 Baker Roll.
 +
 +
''Only the Names Remain''. by Sandi Garrett {{FHL|684750|item|disp=FHL book 970.3 C424gs Vol 1-6 }}
 +
 +
=== Removal  ===
 +
 +
The [http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Indian.html Indian Removal Act] was signed May 26, 1830 by President Andrew Jackson. The Act initiated a policy of removal of American Indians tribes living east of the Mississippi River to land west of the river.
 +
 +
*Cherokee Emigration Rolls, 1817-1835. by Jack D. Baker. {{FHL|58571|item|disp= FHL Book: 970.3 C424be}}
 +
*Lists of North Carolina Cherokee who removed to the Cherokee Nation West, Cherokee (Tahlequah). Oklahoma Historical Society. Indian Archives Division {{FHL|77891|item|disp= FHL film 1666295 item 3 }}
 +
*Garrett,Sandi. ''AKA Also Known As''. Cherokee and Pioneer names they were known by before and after the forced removal {{FHL|669764|item|disp=FHL book 9703 424ak}} '''These books link the Drennen Roll (1851) and the Guion Miller (1906-1910) Applications together to help establish family connections.'''&nbsp;
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
{| width="249" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
! scope="col" | Nation
 +
! scope="col" |
 +
Removal
 +
 +
Treaty
 +
 +
! scope="col" | Years of Emigration
 +
! scope="col" |
 +
Population
 +
 +
Before Removal
 +
 +
! scope="col" |
 +
Number
 +
 +
Emigrated
 +
 +
! scope="col" | Deaths
 +
! scope="col" |
 +
Number
 +
 +
stayed in Southeast
 +
 +
! scope="col" | Information of Interest
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
'''Cherokee'''
 +
 +
Georgia [http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/government-politics/george-r-gilmer-1790-1859 Governor: Gilmer],
 +
 +
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winfield_Scott Gen. Winfield Scott]
 +
 +
Gen. Nat Smith
 +
 +
Benjamin F. Currey,
 +
 +
Gen. John Ellis Wool,<br>
 +
 +
B.B. Cannon,
 +
 +
Lt.
 +
 +
R.H.K . Whiteley,
 +
 +
Lt. Deas,<br>
 +
 +
George Hicks,
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
|
 +
1816
 +
 +
Treaty 1828
 +
 +
March 30,1830 Removal Bill
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/vol2/treaties/che0439.htm New Echota] December 29,1835
 +
 +
'''Indian Leaders:'''
 +
 +
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Jolly Chief John Jolly],
 +
 +
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Ridge John Ridge], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goingsnake Going Snake], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Ross_%28Cherokee_chief%29 Chief John Ross],
 +
 +
Nocowee, John Martin,[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8078912 William Shorey Coodey],
 +
 +
John Walker Jr., James Starr,
 +
 +
Edward Adair,
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
|
 +
1830 - 500 James Rogers and mixed blood members of tribe
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
1831 - 626 tribal members emigrated <br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br> 1836-1838
 +
 +
|
 +
<br> 21,500 + 2,000 Black Slaves
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
|
 +
20,000 + 2,000 Slaves<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
|
 +
2,000-4,000
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
|
 +
1,000
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
|
 +
829 miles
 +
 +
Agent George Vashon
 +
 +
Cherokee vs. United States - Supreme court; Chief Justice Marshall
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
Jeremiah Evarts (Missionary)
 +
 +
Rev. Jesse Bushyhead, Rev. Evan Jones,
 +
 +
[http://www.cherokee.org/AboutTheNation/History/TrailofTears/CherokeeNationvStateofGeorgia.aspx ''Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 1831'']
 +
 +
<br>[http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/government-politics/worcester-v-georgia-1832 ''Worchester v. Georgia, 1832'']
 +
 +
|}
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
*"Indexes to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers who Served During the Cherokee Disturbances and Removal in Organizations From the State of Tennessee and the Field and Staff of the Army of the Cherokee Nation" (NARA M908) ({{FHL|1205384|disp=FHL film 1205384}}) ([http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/17249016 Worldcat]) The compiled service records have not been microfilmed.
 +
 +
:The above collection is also available online:
 +
:*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1267 U.S. Army Indian Campaign Service Records Index] (Ancestry) ($) - brows-able only.
 +
 +
*The [http://www.okhistory.org/research/removal?full Oklahoma Historical Society ]site and research center has excellent information on Indian Removal,Census, Freedman Resources, Tribes in Oklahoma, Timelines for the removal of the Cherokee tribe and more.
 +
 +
*1835 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/trail_of_tears.htm Trail of Tears]
 +
*Journal of Rev. Daniel S. Butrick by Trail of Tears Association
 +
*Library and Archives of Thomsas Gilcrease - Institute of American History
 +
 +
=== Newspapers  ===
 +
 +
[http://www.cherokeeobserver.org/ ''The Cherokee Observer''] The only independent Cherokee Newspaper. of the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma.
 +
 +
[https://www.facebook.com/pages/Cherokee-Phoenix/109012179336 ''The Cherokee Phoenix''] is a tribal media organization.
 +
 +
''Annotated Obituaries from the Cherokee Advance'', ''Canton, Georgia, 1880-1938'' by John Carver<br>2003.Over 600 pages.<br>
 +
 +
=== School Records  ===
 +
 +
*Saline District, Cherokee Nation, School Records 1900 {{FHL|989202|disp=Film: 989202}} item 6
 +
*Delaware District, Cherokee Nation. Beatties Prairie School {{FHL|989203|disp=Film: 989203}} item 1
 +
*Cherokee National Seminary, Male and Female Seminary Records, 1881-1882. {{FHL|1025299|disp=Film: 1025299}} item 1
 +
*Cherokee National Female Seminary 1876-1909. {{FHL|989203|disp=Film: 989203}} items 3, 6
 +
*Cherokee National Male Seminary 1876-1909. {{FHL|989202|disp=Film: 989202}} item 5 and {{FHL|Film: 989203}} item 5
 +
*Arcadia School Records, 190. Saline District, Cherokee Nation {{FHL|989202|disp=FHL Film: 989202}} item 6
 +
*T. L. Ballenger. Early History of Northeastern State College {{FHL|989203|disp=FHL Film 989203}}
 +
*Beatties Prairie School, Registers of Pupils, 1876-1881. Delaware Cherokee Nation {{FHL|989203|disp=FHL Film 989203}}
 +
*Cherokee Agency (East) U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs, School Records, 1907-1948 {{FHL|110544|item|disp=FHL film 1249958}} first of two films
 +
 +
=== Correspondence  ===
  
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
Line 254: Line 625:
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Rolls 71-118  
 
| Rolls 71-118  
| -
+
| 1,660,801 - 848
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Cherokee  
 
| Cherokee  
| Union Agency, 1875-1914  
+
| [[Union Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Union Agency]], 1875-1914  
 
| Washington D.C. and Fort Worth  
 
| Washington D.C. and Fort Worth  
 
| Rolls 865-77  
 
| Rolls 865-77  
| -
+
| 1,661,595 - 607
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Cherokee  
 
| Cherokee  
| Five Civilized Tribes Agency Muskogee, 1914-60  
+
| [[Five Civilized Tribes Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Five Civilized Tribes Agency]] Muskogee, 1914-60  
 
| Fort Worth  
 
| Fort Worth  
 
| -  
 
| -  
Line 281: Line 652:
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== '''Treaties''' ===
+
=== Treaties  ===
  
 
The year link (year of the treaty) will connect to an online copy of the treaty.  
 
The year link (year of the treaty) will connect to an online copy of the treaty.  
Line 311: Line 682:
 
*March 1, 1836, supplementary  
 
*March 1, 1836, supplementary  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che0561.htm '''1846'''] August 6, at Washington, with Western Cherokee  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che0561.htm '''1846'''] August 6, at Washington, with Western Cherokee  
*September 13, 1865, at Fort Smith-un ratified
+
*September 13, 1865, at Fort Smith - unratified
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che0942.htm '''1866'''] July 19, at Washington  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che0942.htm '''1866'''] July 19, at Washington  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che0996.htm '''1868'''] April 27,Western Band Treaties  
 
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/che0996.htm '''1868'''] April 27,Western Band Treaties  
Line 317: Line 688:
 
*February 14, 1833,
 
*February 14, 1833,
  
=== '''Vital Records''' ===
+
=== Vital Records  ===
  
Prior to the Indian Reorganization Act, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, through their agencies, may have recorded some vital events. Some were recorded on health forms, such as the "[[American Indian Sanitary Record of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc.|Sanitary Record of]] Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc." Others were recorded as supplements to the "[[American Indian Census Rolls|Indian Census Rolls]]." Some were included in the un-indexed reports and other correspondence of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
+
Prior to the I[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Reorganization_Act ndian Reorganization Act], the Bureau of Indian Affairs, through their agencies, may have recorded some vital events. Some were recorded on health forms, such as the "[[American Indian Sanitary Record of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc.|Sanitary Record of]] Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc." Others were recorded as supplements to the "[[American Indian Census Rolls|Indian Census Rolls]]." Some were included in the unindexed reports and other correspondence of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
  
 
Some vital records for the Cherokee Indians include:  
 
Some vital records for the Cherokee Indians include:  
Line 325: Line 696:
 
*Cherokee Agency, M 595, births and deaths 1924-1932, {{FHL|Film: 573871 }}1926-1939, {{FHL|Film: 573872}}<br>
 
*Cherokee Agency, M 595, births and deaths 1924-1932, {{FHL|Film: 573871 }}1926-1939, {{FHL|Film: 573872}}<br>
  
=== '''Indian Pioneer Papers'''  ===
+
*Marriage Records for the Cherokee Indian in Delaware District, 1867-1898 Oklahoma Historical Society. Indian Archives Division. {{FHL|779081|item|disp= FHL film 1666325 item 1 }}first of four films
  
In 1936, the Oklahoma Historical Society and University of Oklahoma requested a writer's project grant from the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in which interviews would be conducted with early settlers in Oklahoma who had lived on Indian land. More than 100 writers conducted over 11,000 interviews and were asked to "call upon early settlers and (record) the story of the migration to Oklahoma and their early life here." <ref>Blackburn, Bob L. "Battle Cry for History: The First Century of the Oklahoma Historical Society." n.d. Oklahoma Historical Society. 5 Oct. 1998.</ref> The [http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/ University of Oklahoma Western History Collection] has digitized the Indian Pioneer Papers which consists of approximately 80,000 indexed entries arranged alphabetically by personal name, place name, or subject. <ref>The University of Oklahoma Western History Collections http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/</ref> An index to the Indian Pioneer Papers may also be found at [http://www.okgenweb.org/pioneer/ OkGenWeb Oklahoma Genealogy.] A separate index of Indians interviewed, including the Cherokee, may be viewed at: [http://goodoowah.50megs.com/indpio/ “Indians in the Indian Pioneer Papers”] Some of the surnames from the Cherokee tribe found in the collection are: Adair (Rider), Anderson, Beaver, Brewer, Bohanan, Burch (Choate), Campbell, Candy, Chambers (Ketcher), Coodey, Crutchfield (Lane), Daniels (Cummins), Daughtery (Morris), Drew, Dugan, Duncan, Harlan (James), Keys (Porter), Ketcher (Langley), Langley, Lynch, Marcham, McClure (Keith), Miller (Watts), Morris, Phillips (Keith), Rider (Howland), Ross, Rutherford (Rider), Starr, Vann, West (Spring).
+
*Marriage records for Cooweescoowee District, 1867-1898. Oklahoma Historical Society. Indian Archives Division {{FHL|779077|item|disp=FHL film 1666317}}
  
=== '''Websites'''  ===
+
*Marriages for Flint District, 1874-1895. Oklahoma Historical Society. Indian Archives Division. {{FHL|784662|item|disp=FHL film 1666331 item 3 and item 8}}
 +
 
 +
*Marriages for Going Snake District, 1880-1898 {{FHL|784476|item| disp= FHL film 1666332}}
 +
 
 +
*Marriage Records for Illinois District, 1868-1898 {{FHL|778910|item|disp= FHL film 1666334}}
 +
 
 +
*Marriage Records for the Saline District of the Cherokee Nation, 1868-1894. Oklahoma Historical Society. Indian Archives Division. {{FHL|784841|item|disp=FHL film 1666337 Item 1 and 2}}
 +
 
 +
*Marriage licenses and marks and brands for Sequoyah District in the Cherokee District, 1874-1898 {{FHL|784845|item|disp= FHL film 1666339}}
 +
 
 +
*Marriage records for Tahlelquah District in the Cherokee Nation, 1892-1897. Oklahoma Historical Society, Indian Archives Division. {{FHL|785224|item|dips= FHL film 1666341 item 12}}
 +
 
 +
=== Indian Pioneer Papers  ===
 +
 
 +
In 1936, the Oklahoma Historical Society and University of Oklahoma requested a writer's project grant from the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in which interviews would be conducted with early settlers in Oklahoma who had lived on Indian land. More than 100 writers conducted over 11,000 interviews and were asked to "call upon early settlers and (record) the story of the migration to Oklahoma and their early life here." <ref>Blackburn, Bob L. "Battle Cry for History: The First Century of the Oklahoma Historical Society." n.d. Oklahoma Historical Society. 5 Oct. 1998.</ref> The [http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/ University of Oklahoma Western History Collection] has digitized the Indian Pioneer Papers which consists of approximately 80,000 indexed entries arranged alphabetically by personal name, place name, or subject. <ref>The University of Oklahoma Western History Collections http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/</ref> An index to the Indian Pioneer Papers may also be found at [http://www.okgenweb.org/pioneer/ OkGenWeb Oklahoma Genealogy.] A separate index of Indians interviewed, including the Cherokee, may be viewed at: [http://goodoowah.50megs.com/indpio/ “Indians in the Indian Pioneer Papers”] Some of the surnames from the Cherokee tribe found in the collection are: Adair (Rider), Anderson, Beaver, Brewer, Bohanan, Burch (Choate), Campbell, Candy, Chambers (Ketcher), Coodey, Crutchfield (Lane), Daniels (Cummins), Daughtery (Morris), Drew, Dugan, Duncan, Harlan (James), Keys (Porter), Ketcher (Langley), Langley, Lynch, Marcham, McClure (Keith), Miller (Watts), Morris, Phillips (Keith), Rider (Howland), Ross, Rutherford (Rider), Starr, Vann, West (Spring). Family History Library microfiche number: 6,016,865 (first fiche number)<br>
 +
 
 +
=== Family History Library  ===
 +
 
 +
The FamilySearch Catalog has over 1670 records of interest to the [https://familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=Cherokee&prekeyword=Cherokee Cherokee Indians]
 +
 
 +
The following is a Family History Library book which is a ebooks and may be downloaded.
 +
 
 +
Title: ''Martha Jane (Thornton) Williams (1842-1918), Indian History and Genealogy''.<br> Author: Williams, Donna Jeanne Mefferd&lt;br&gt;
 +
 
 +
<br> Description: Robert Williams (1819-1892), the son of Jack Williams, married Martha Jane Thornton (1842-1918), who was 3/4ths Cherokee. Their son, Lee Williams (3/8th Cherokee), married Maude L. Adair (5/64th Cherokee). Her grandparents came over the Trail of Tears to Indian Territory. She was a direct descendant in the sixth generation of James Adair (b.1709), who immigrated from Scotland to the English colonies, and was a trader among the Cherokee and Chickasaw tribes for forty years. Includes other ancestors and relatives before the Trail of Tears, as well as descendants and relatives in Oklahoma and elsewhere.<br> Language: English;English;English<br> Provenance: Owning Institution:Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org/<br> Patron Usage Instructions: https://www.familysearch.org/terms; Public<br> Title Number: 365633
 +
 
 +
https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE934297<br><br>
 +
 
 +
=== Websites ===
  
 
{{Wikipedia|Cherokee}}  
 
{{Wikipedia|Cherokee}}  
Line 338: Line 737:
 
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/cherokee/cherohist.htm Cherokee]  
 
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/cherokee/cherohist.htm Cherokee]  
 
*Cherokee Native Americans [http://cherokeenativeamericans.blogspot.com http://cherokeenativeamericans.blogspot.com]  
 
*Cherokee Native Americans [http://cherokeenativeamericans.blogspot.com http://cherokeenativeamericans.blogspot.com]  
*Native American Research [http://nativeamericanresearch.blogspot.com http://nativeamericanresearch.blogspot.com]
+
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~itcherok/genealogy/rolls-census.htm Cherokee Nation Indian Territory Research]
  
=== '''Bibliography''' ===
+
=== Bibliography  ===
  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
Line 380: Line 779:
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
 
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; {{FHL|1465222|title-id|disp=Family History Library book 970.1 W146e 2006}}.
 
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; {{FHL|1465222|title-id|disp=Family History Library book 970.1 W146e 2006}}.
 +
 +
'''See also:'''
 +
 +
*[[Eastern Cherokee or Guion Miller Roll]]
 +
*[[The U.S. Eastern Cherokee or Guion Miller Roll]]
 +
*[[Dawes Commission Enrollment Records]]
 +
*[[Dawes Commission Enrollment Records for Five U.S. Indian Tribes]]
 +
*[[American Indian Enrollment Records]]
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
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{{reflist}}  
 
{{reflist}}  
  
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States|Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:FamilySearch_Research_Classes_Online]]
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{{American Indian}}
  
<br>
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[[Category:Tennessee_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:South_Carolina_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:North_Carolina_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Oklahoma_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States|Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:FamilySearch_Research_Classes_Online]] [[Category:Georgia_Indian_Tribes]]

Latest revision as of 17:08, 1 June 2015

United States Gotoarrow.png North Carolina Gotoarrow.png Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of North Carolina Gotoarrow.png Indians of Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png Cherokee Indians

link=http://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/American Indian_Online_Genealogy_Records American Indian
Online Records

This is an American Indian genealogy guide to records and research strategies for finding an ancestor from the Cherokee Tribe. To get started finding American Indian ancestors see also American Indian Research.

Cherokee

Cherokees Indians in London.jpg
Regions with significant populations
Ancestral Homelands: Alabama to Virginia, northern Georgia, western North Carolina, and southern Tennessee

Descendants:
A large portion of the tribe was removed to Indian Territory in the 1830s. Some remained in North Carolina.

Status

Federally recognized

Linguistic Group

Iroquoian

Cultural Group

Southern Appalachian Mountains

Other Related Ethnic Groups

One of what is often called the "Five Civilized Tribes" and

Cherokee Tribe is one of the Five Civilized Tribes: Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole Indians

Leaders: Sequoyah, Elias Boudinot, Nancy Ward

Clans: Wolf (Aniwahya), Wild Potato (Anigatogewi) , Deer (Anikawi), Bird (Ani Tsiskwa), Paint (Aniwodi), Blue (Anisahoni), and Long Hair (Anigilohi)

Bands:

Contents

[edit] Tribal Headquarters

Cherokee Nation Tribal Headquarters
P.O. Box 948
Tahlequah, OK 74465
Phone: 1-918-453-5000

Cherokee Heritage Center - Cherokee National Historical Society
21192 S. Keller Drive
Park Hill, OK 74451
Phone: 1-918-456-6007

Mailing Address:

PO Box 515 Tahlequah,OK 74465-0515

[edit] History

The Spanish explorer De Soto was the first to encounter the Cherokee in the1540's.

During the French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War the tribe supported the British.

By 1820 a group that had tired of the encroachment by settler migrated to Indian Territory which is now Arkansas.

Sequoya (George Grist) a mixed blood, developed the Cherokee alphabet, helping to make the tribe a literate people.

In the 1830's gold was discovered in their Nation, this became a catalyst for removal. With the signing of the Treaty of New Echota, December 29, 1835 the tribe sold their remaining land and agreed to move west of the Mississippi.

The removal to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) occurred in the winter of 1838-1839, with a 800 mile journey, this became known as the "Trail of Tears", with a loss of one-fourth of their tribe. They joined an earlier group known as "old settlers" who had been in Arkansas. Another group that had been in Mexico (Texas) was forced by government troops to move, they went to the mountains of North Carolina where in 1842, they obtained permission to stay. The Texas group are now a part of the Eastern Band of Cherokee.

The Cherokee were slave owners, and resided in areas encompassed by southern influence many of them enlisted in the Confederate Army. A Treaty signed in 1866 remitted them to the United States. They were required to release their slaves. Others had joined the Union Army.

In 1870 some Delaware and Shawnee from Kansas were admitted to the tribe.

There are three band of Cherokee recognized by the Federal government; Cherokee Nation, Eastern Band of Cherokee, and United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee

[edit] Brief Timeline

  • 1689-1763: French and Indian War, the Cherokee supported the English
  • 1710-1715 The Cherokee and Chickasaw were allies with the British and fought the Shawnee who were alies with the French
  • 1721: The Governor of the Carolinas signed the Cherokee Treaty. This was one of the first concession of land.
  • 1736: Jesuit Mission was founded
  • 1738-1750: Smallpox epidemics
  • 1775-83: During Revolutionary War supported the British
  • 1800: "Moravian," Protestant missionaries of German origin, established the first mission at Spring Place.
  • 1801-1823: An Indian agent, Return J. Meigs, lived among the Cherokee.
  • 1805-1833: The State of Georgia holds eight lotteries to distribute land seized from the Cherokee and Creeks
  • 1806: a Federal road from Savannah, Georgia to Knoxville, Tennessee was built through Cherokee land.
  • 1816: Lovely's Purchase. Osage agreed to cede land in Arkansas to the United States for the Cherokee people.
  • 1817: "Turkey Town Treaty" finalized the exchange for land in Arkansas. The "Old Settlers" begin their migration.
  • 1819-1821: Sequoyah (George Gist) created the Cherokee alphabet.
  • 1827: Tribal leaders recorded their constitution
  • 1828: Georgia held a lottery for Cherokee lands.
  • 1828: Cherokee Phoenix, a bilingual newspaper, contained columns in both English and Cherokee. Editor -- Elias Boudinot
  • December 1835: Treaty of New Echota, traded Cherokee lands in the southeast for land in Indian Territory (Oklahoma)
  • 1838: First Group; Start of Trail of Tears, 800-mile journey; 1838-39 - Second group; 4,000 Cherokees died
  • Cherokee Nation created and divided into the following districts or counties: Canadian, Cooweescoowee, Delaware, Going Snake, Flint, Illinois, Saline, Sequoyah and Tahlequah
  • 1851 Drennen Roll, Is a roll of the Cherokee Emigrants who were forced to remove from the Cherokee Nation and the Old Settlers who moved voluntarily before the forced removal. 
  • 1861: Beginning of the Civil War. A treaty was signed between the Cherokee Nation and the Confederate government.
  • 1861-1865: Civil War Some Cherokee fought with the Confederate and others with the Union
  • 1865: Eastern Band lost many to a smallpox epidemic
  • 1866: July 19, Treaty provided for the cession of the Cherokee "neutral lands" in Kansas. Indians living on the land could receive a patent to 320 acres but stipulated that they would no longer be members of the Cherokee nation.The treaty also gave emancipation to all the Cherokee slaves. and citizenship to the Cherokee freedmen.
  • 1880: Cherokee Nation Census FHL film 989204
  • 1887: General Allotment Act passed. This act required individual ownership of lands once held in common by the Cherokee people.
  • 1889: Unassigned lands in Indian Territory were opened to white settlers. (Oklahoma Land Rush)
  • 1893: Cherokee Outlet was opened for white settlers.
  • 1898: The Curtis Act dismantled tribal governments.
  • 1906: A final agreement was reached between the federal government and the Cherokee people.The Dawes Commission (all Five Civilized Tribes: Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cree and Seminole) created the enrollment records.
  • 1907: Oklahoma became the 46th State.
  • Cherokee Nation divided into ten counties: Adair, Cherokee, Craig, Delaware, Maynes, Nowata, Rogers, Sequoyah, Tulsa, and Washington
  • 1909: Guion Miller Rolls, Cherokee only, who applied for a share of the money from a law suit settlement against the United States
  • 1953: U.S. Congress began a new policy of termination for the Indian tribes. The policy ended the protected trust status of all Indian-owned lands. The BIA began a voluntary urban relocation program. American Indians could move from their rural tribes to a metropolitan area. Many Indians relocated to Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Jose, St. Louis, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Dallas and Seattle.It is estimated that 750,000 Native American migrated to the cities between 1950-1980.
  • 1968: Indian Civil Rights Act restored the right to hold popular elections.

Additional References to the History of the Tribe and/or Bands

  • Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Cherokee tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.
  • Benjamin Greenleaf. Cherokee Almanac. 1860. FHL Film 989199 item 3
  • Fredrea Marilyn Hermann Cook. Forgotten Oklahoma Records. Cullman, Alabama: Gregath Co., 1981. FHL Book 970.3 C424co

[edit] Jurisdictions

[edit] The Cherokee Tribe was under the following jurisdictions:

[edit] Agencies

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

[edit] Reservations
  • Qualla Reservation for Eastern Cherokees, in Swain and Jackson counties, North Carolina
  • Cheowah Reservation in Graham county, North Carolina
[edit] Superintendency

[edit] Records

Cherokee Nation. Oklahoma Historical Society. Indian Archives (Vital, Land and Property, Court, Probate, and School records) FHL film 1666294 first of 129 films

[edit] Agency Records

Agency Records 1898-1950 (East) Cherokee Agency. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. FHL film 1249974 first film of 7

Cherokee Indian Agency in Tennessee, 1801-1835. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. (M0208) FHL 1024418 first of 14 films

[edit] - Allotment Records

  • Five Civilized Indian Tribes Land Allotment Records, 1899-1907, (NARA RG 75) Oklahoma, Indian Territory, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. On Line. FHL film 4124879 first film
  • Forgotten Oklahoma Records ( Allotment) by Fredrea Marilyn Hermann Cook. 1981. Film: 1035512 item 4 or FHL Book: 970.3 C424co
  • Township Plats, Cherokee Nation. Tahlequah, Oklahoma. FHL Film: 989209

[edit] Annuity Records

Annuity Records, 1905-1910 FHL film 1030883

[edit] Census Records

The Bureau of Indian Affairs compiled annual Indian Census rolls on many of the reservations from 1885-1940. They list the names of individuals, their age, and other details about each person enumerated. For more information about these records click here.


Tribe Agency Location of Original records

Post - 1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Cherokee

North Carolina

Cherokee Indian Agency,

1886-1952

Atlanta Roll 22 FHL Films: 573,868-573,872
- 1898-1914 - - FHL Film:573,868


Additional Census Records Available through the Family History Library

  • Mullary Roll 1848, Siler Roll 1851, 1852, Chapman Roll 1852, Swetland Roll 1869 and Hester Roll 1883 Film: 847743 Item 2
  • Revised Roll 1924-1970 Films: 847746-847748
  • Historical Roll 1908, Churchill Roll 1908, Baker Roll 1924, Miller Roll 1909, Baker-revised Roll 1967 Film: 847749
  • The Cherokee Phoenix, 1828-1835. Film: 825726
  • Cherokee Advocate, October 1844-September 1846, Film: 989202 item 7
  • Cherokee One Feather, 1969-1973. FHL Film: 965784 item 4 and Film 979257 item 8
  • Probate Records 1892-1908, Northern District Cherokee Nation by Orpha Jewell Wever Book: 976.6 P2w

[edit] - Citizenship

Cherokee citizenship documents, 1880. Oklahoma Historical Society Indian Archives Division. FHL film 1666350 item 3

[edit] Enrollment Records

Find out if you are a Cherokee by having your ancestor's name checked to the 1924 Baker Roll.

Only the Names Remain. by Sandi Garrett FHL book 970.3 C424gs Vol 1-6

[edit] Removal

The Indian Removal Act was signed May 26, 1830 by President Andrew Jackson. The Act initiated a policy of removal of American Indians tribes living east of the Mississippi River to land west of the river.

  • Cherokee Emigration Rolls, 1817-1835. by Jack D. Baker. FHL Book: 970.3 C424be
  • Lists of North Carolina Cherokee who removed to the Cherokee Nation West, Cherokee (Tahlequah). Oklahoma Historical Society. Indian Archives Division FHL film 1666295 item 3
  • Garrett,Sandi. AKA Also Known As. Cherokee and Pioneer names they were known by before and after the forced removal FHL book 9703 424ak These books link the Drennen Roll (1851) and the Guion Miller (1906-1910) Applications together to help establish family connections. 


Nation

Removal

Treaty

Years of Emigration

Population

Before Removal

Number

Emigrated

Deaths

Number

stayed in Southeast

Information of Interest

Cherokee

Georgia Governor: Gilmer,

Gen. Winfield Scott

Gen. Nat Smith

Benjamin F. Currey,

Gen. John Ellis Wool,

B.B. Cannon,

Lt.

R.H.K . Whiteley,

Lt. Deas,

George Hicks,




1816

Treaty 1828

March 30,1830 Removal Bill




New Echota December 29,1835

Indian Leaders:

Chief John Jolly,

John Ridge, Going Snake, Chief John Ross,

Nocowee, John Martin,William Shorey Coodey,

John Walker Jr., James Starr,

Edward Adair,






1830 - 500 James Rogers and mixed blood members of tribe


1831 - 626 tribal members emigrated



1836-1838


21,500 + 2,000 Black Slaves





















20,000 + 2,000 Slaves




















2,000-4,000






















1,000






















829 miles

Agent George Vashon

Cherokee vs. United States - Supreme court; Chief Justice Marshall


Jeremiah Evarts (Missionary)

Rev. Jesse Bushyhead, Rev. Evan Jones,

Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 1831


Worchester v. Georgia, 1832


  • "Indexes to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers who Served During the Cherokee Disturbances and Removal in Organizations From the State of Tennessee and the Field and Staff of the Army of the Cherokee Nation" (NARA M908) (FHL film 1205384) (Worldcat) The compiled service records have not been microfilmed.
The above collection is also available online:
  • The Oklahoma Historical Society site and research center has excellent information on Indian Removal,Census, Freedman Resources, Tribes in Oklahoma, Timelines for the removal of the Cherokee tribe and more.
  • 1835 Trail of Tears
  • Journal of Rev. Daniel S. Butrick by Trail of Tears Association
  • Library and Archives of Thomsas Gilcrease - Institute of American History

[edit] Newspapers

The Cherokee Observer The only independent Cherokee Newspaper. of the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma.

The Cherokee Phoenix is a tribal media organization.

Annotated Obituaries from the Cherokee Advance, Canton, Georgia, 1880-1938 by John Carver
2003.Over 600 pages.

[edit] School Records

  • Saline District, Cherokee Nation, School Records 1900 Film: 989202 item 6
  • Delaware District, Cherokee Nation. Beatties Prairie School Film: 989203 item 1
  • Cherokee National Seminary, Male and Female Seminary Records, 1881-1882. Film: 1025299 item 1
  • Cherokee National Female Seminary 1876-1909. Film: 989203 items 3, 6
  • Cherokee National Male Seminary 1876-1909. Film: 989202 item 5 and FHL Film: 989203 item 5
  • Arcadia School Records, 190. Saline District, Cherokee Nation FHL Film: 989202 item 6
  • T. L. Ballenger. Early History of Northeastern State College FHL Film 989203
  • Beatties Prairie School, Registers of Pupils, 1876-1881. Delaware Cherokee Nation FHL Film 989203
  • Cherokee Agency (East) U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs, School Records, 1907-1948 FHL film 1249958 first of two films

[edit] Correspondence

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence M234

RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number

FHL Film Number
Cherokee

Cherokee Agency,

1824-80

Washington D.C. Rolls 71-118 1,660,801 - 848
Cherokee Union Agency, 1875-1914 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 865-77 1,661,595 - 607
Cherokee Five Civilized Tribes Agency Muskogee, 1914-60 Fort Worth - -
Cherokee, North Carolina Cherokee Indian Agency, 1886-1952 Atlanta - -
Cherokee Eastern Cherokee Indian Agency, 1886-1952 Atlanta - -

[edit] Treaties

The year link (year of the treaty) will connect to an online copy of the treaty.

During the latter part of the 18th Century and most of the 19th Century, treaties were negotiated between the federal government and individual Indian tribes. The treaties provide helpful information about the history of the tribe, but usually only include the names of those persons who signed the treaty. For more information about treaties, click here.

Treaties to which the Cherokee Indians were a part were:

  • 1785 November 28, at Hopewell.
  • November 28, 1785, referred to
  • 1791July 2, on Holston River
  • 1794 June 26, at Philadelphia
  • 1798 October 2, at Tellico
  • 1804 October 24,at Tellico
  • 1805 October 25, at Tellico
  • 1805 October 27, at Tellico
  • 1806January 7, at Washington
  • September 11, 1807,
  • August 9, 1814, referred to
  • 1816 March 22, at Washington
  • 1816 September 14, at Chickasaw Council House
  • 1817 July 8, at Cherokee Agency
  • 1819 February 27, at Washington
  • 1828 May 6, at Washington, Western Cherokee
  • 1833 February 14, at Fort Gibson
  • 1835 March 14, unratified
  • 1835 August 24, at Camp Holmes
  • 1835 December 29, at New Echota
  • March 1, 1836, supplementary
  • 1846 August 6, at Washington, with Western Cherokee
  • September 13, 1865, at Fort Smith - unratified
  • 1866 July 19, at Washington
  • 1868 April 27,Western Band Treaties
  • May 6, 1828, at Washington
  • February 14, 1833,

[edit] Vital Records

Prior to the Indian Reorganization Act, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, through their agencies, may have recorded some vital events. Some were recorded on health forms, such as the "Sanitary Record of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc." Others were recorded as supplements to the "Indian Census Rolls." Some were included in the unindexed reports and other correspondence of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Some vital records for the Cherokee Indians include:

  • Marriage Records for the Cherokee Indian in Delaware District, 1867-1898 Oklahoma Historical Society. Indian Archives Division. FHL film 1666325 item 1first of four films
  • Marriage records for Cooweescoowee District, 1867-1898. Oklahoma Historical Society. Indian Archives Division FHL film 1666317
  • Marriage Records for the Saline District of the Cherokee Nation, 1868-1894. Oklahoma Historical Society. Indian Archives Division. FHL film 1666337 Item 1 and 2
  • Marriage licenses and marks and brands for Sequoyah District in the Cherokee District, 1874-1898 FHL film 1666339
  • Marriage records for Tahlelquah District in the Cherokee Nation, 1892-1897. Oklahoma Historical Society, Indian Archives Division. FHL Collection

[edit] Indian Pioneer Papers

In 1936, the Oklahoma Historical Society and University of Oklahoma requested a writer's project grant from the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in which interviews would be conducted with early settlers in Oklahoma who had lived on Indian land. More than 100 writers conducted over 11,000 interviews and were asked to "call upon early settlers and (record) the story of the migration to Oklahoma and their early life here." [1] The University of Oklahoma Western History Collection has digitized the Indian Pioneer Papers which consists of approximately 80,000 indexed entries arranged alphabetically by personal name, place name, or subject. [2] An index to the Indian Pioneer Papers may also be found at OkGenWeb Oklahoma Genealogy. A separate index of Indians interviewed, including the Cherokee, may be viewed at: “Indians in the Indian Pioneer Papers” Some of the surnames from the Cherokee tribe found in the collection are: Adair (Rider), Anderson, Beaver, Brewer, Bohanan, Burch (Choate), Campbell, Candy, Chambers (Ketcher), Coodey, Crutchfield (Lane), Daniels (Cummins), Daughtery (Morris), Drew, Dugan, Duncan, Harlan (James), Keys (Porter), Ketcher (Langley), Langley, Lynch, Marcham, McClure (Keith), Miller (Watts), Morris, Phillips (Keith), Rider (Howland), Ross, Rutherford (Rider), Starr, Vann, West (Spring). Family History Library microfiche number: 6,016,865 (first fiche number)

[edit] Family History Library

The FamilySearch Catalog has over 1670 records of interest to the Cherokee Indians

The following is a Family History Library book which is a ebooks and may be downloaded.

Title: Martha Jane (Thornton) Williams (1842-1918), Indian History and Genealogy.
Author: Williams, Donna Jeanne Mefferd<br>


Description: Robert Williams (1819-1892), the son of Jack Williams, married Martha Jane Thornton (1842-1918), who was 3/4ths Cherokee. Their son, Lee Williams (3/8th Cherokee), married Maude L. Adair (5/64th Cherokee). Her grandparents came over the Trail of Tears to Indian Territory. She was a direct descendant in the sixth generation of James Adair (b.1709), who immigrated from Scotland to the English colonies, and was a trader among the Cherokee and Chickasaw tribes for forty years. Includes other ancestors and relatives before the Trail of Tears, as well as descendants and relatives in Oklahoma and elsewhere.
Language: English;English;English
Provenance: Owning Institution:Genealogical Society of Utah d.b.a FamilySearch; http://www.familysearch.org/
Patron Usage Instructions: https://www.familysearch.org/terms; Public
Title Number: 365633

https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE934297

[edit] Websites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Cherokee

[edit] Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; Family History Library book 970.1 R259e.
  • Lennon, Rachal Mills. Tracing Ancestors Among the Five Civilized Tribes; Southeastern Indians Prior to Removal. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2002. FHL Book 970.1 L548t.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; Family History Library book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published

See also:

[edit] References

  1. Blackburn, Bob L. "Battle Cry for History: The First Century of the Oklahoma Historical Society." n.d. Oklahoma Historical Society. 5 Oct. 1998.
  2. The University of Oklahoma Western History Collections http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/

 

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