Chester County, South Carolina

From FamilySearch Wiki

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==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
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Birth, marriage, and death records were not recorded by South Carolina until the 1900s, thus leaving a lack of vital records. Substitute records, when available, are used to obtain this information. These substitute records including newspapers, court records have been added to this section, when applicable.<br>
  
 
===== Birth  =====
 
===== Birth  =====
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Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information.&nbsp; See [[South Carolina Newspapers|South Carolina Newspapers<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1298405881726_699" />]].  
 
Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information.&nbsp; See [[South Carolina Newspapers|South Carolina Newspapers<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1298405881726_699" />]].  
  
''Marriage - Indexes and Records''  
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''Marriage and Marriage Substitutes- Indexes and Records''  
  
*'''1778-1879''' - ''Chester County Marriages, 1778-1879, Implied in Chester County, S.C. Probate and Equity Records'' by Barbara R. Langdon <ref>Langdon, Barbara R., Chester County Marriages, 1778-1879, Implied in Chester County, S.C. Probate and Equity Records, Columbia, SC: Langdon &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp; Langdon, c1985.</ref> {{FHL|344297|item}} [http://www.worldcat.org/title/chester-county-marriages-1778-1879-implied-in-chester-county-sc-probate-and-equity-records/oclc/13497686 WorldCat] - index <br>  
+
*'''1778-1879''' - ''Chester County Marriages, 1778-1879, Implied in Chester County, S.C. Probate and Equity Records'' by Barbara R. Langdon <ref>Langdon, Barbara R., Chester County Marriages, 1778-1879, Implied in Chester County, S.C. Probate and Equity Records, Columbia, SC: Langdon &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp; Langdon, c1985.</ref> {{FHL|344297|item}} [http://www.worldcat.org/title/chester-county-marriages-1778-1879-implied-in-chester-county-sc-probate-and-equity-records/oclc/13497686 WorldCat] - index <br>  
 
*'''Pre-1911-1937''' - ''Marriage Register (Chester County, South Carolina), Prior to 1911-1937 <ref>South Carolina, Probate Court (Chester County), Marriage Register (Chester County, South Carolina), Prior to 1911-1937, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2000.</ref>''&nbsp; {{FHL|1305718|item}} - index and images<br>  
 
*'''Pre-1911-1937''' - ''Marriage Register (Chester County, South Carolina), Prior to 1911-1937 <ref>South Carolina, Probate Court (Chester County), Marriage Register (Chester County, South Carolina), Prior to 1911-1937, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2000.</ref>''&nbsp; {{FHL|1305718|item}} - index and images<br>  
 
*'''1911-1953 '''- ''Cross Index Marriage Register, Chester County, South Carolina, 1911-1953&nbsp;<ref>Cross Index Marriage Register, Chester County, South Carolina, 1911-1953, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2000.</ref>'' {{FHL|989465|item}} - index<br>  
 
*'''1911-1953 '''- ''Cross Index Marriage Register, Chester County, South Carolina, 1911-1953&nbsp;<ref>Cross Index Marriage Register, Chester County, South Carolina, 1911-1953, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2000.</ref>'' {{FHL|989465|item}} - index<br>  

Revision as of 18:18, 5 April 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png Chester County


Chester County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Chester County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1798
County Seat Chester
Courthouse

Contents

Quick Dates

Chester County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1915  1911    1915   1800 1785  1787 

County Courthouse

Chester County Courthouse.jpg

Chester County Courthouse
140 Main Street
Chester, SC 29706
Phone: 803-385-2605

Chester County Probate Court
1476 J.A. Cochran Bypass
P.O. Box 580
Chester, SC 29706
Phone: 803-385-2604
Marriage and probate records

Clerk of Court
140 Main Street
P.O. Box 580
Chester, SC 29706
Phone: 803-385-2605
Deeds and court records

Hours:
8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. Monday-Friday

History

The county was named after the town of Chester, Pennsylvania.[1] Many Scots-Irish families settled in Chester County during the eighteenth century.

Parent County

1798--Chester County was created in 1798 from Camden District.
County seat: Chester [2]

County Pronunciation

  1. Hear it spoken[3]

Boundary Changes

"Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the My South Carolina Genealogy website. They rely on AniMap 3.0 software.

Record Loss

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Armenia Cornwell Lando Rodman
Bascomville Dinber Landsford Rossville
Baton Rouge Edgemoor Leeds Rowell
Beckhamville Eureka Hill Lewis Sandy River
Binghamtown (hist.) Evans Lewisville (hist.) Smith
Blackstock Fort Lawn Lowrys Tip Top
Caldwell Crossroad Fudges (hist.) McKeown Wilksburg
Calvin (hist.) Gayle Mill New Hope
Chester Great Falls Orrs
Clarkson (hist.) Knox Richburg

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png South Carolina African Americans

The white slaveowning Presley family kept a record of their slaves' births from 1826 to 1856. A copy is available at the Family History Library: FHL Film 1750738 Item 65

Cemeteries

There are more than # burial grounds in the county. To view a list, see Chester County, South Carolina Cemeteries.

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 6,866
1800 8,185 19.2%
1810 11,479 40.2%
1820 14,189 23.6%
1830 17,182 21.1%
1840 17,747 3.3%
1850 18,038 1.6%
1860 18,122 0.5%
1870 18,805 3.8%
1880 24,153 28.4%
1890 26,660 10.4%
1900 28,616 7.3%
1910 29,425 2.8%
1920 33,389 13.5%
1930 31,803 −4.8%
1940 32,579 2.4%
1950 32,597 0.1%
1960 30,888 −5.2%
1970 29,811 −3.5%
1980 30,148 1.1%
1990 32,170 6.7%
2000 34,068 5.9%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.


1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Chester County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Chester County, SC census assignments, including links to transcribed files [The USGenWeb Census Project®]

1820
  • Berry, Faye. 1820 Census, Chester District, South Carolina. 1985. FHL Collection 975.747 X2b 1820
1820 Manufactures

The original manufactures schedules for South Carolina are kept at the NARA, Washington, D.C. FHL copies: FHL Collection 1024517 - 1024518.

Published abstract:

  • National Archives. Indexes to Manufactures Census of 1820. 1920; reprint, Knightstown, Ind.: Bookmark, 1977. FHL Collection 973 X2m 1820; digital version at Lineages. [Includes this county.]
1840 Revolutionary War Pensioners
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1841. FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840; FHL Collection 2321; digital versions at Google Books. [See South Carolina, Chester District on page 144.]
1850
  • Myer, Lois C. Chester County, South Carolina Census 1850, 1870 and 1880. FHL Collection 599050 Item 1
1870
  • Myer, Lois C. Chester County, South Carolina Census 1850, 1870 and 1880. FHL Collection 599050 Item 1
1880
  • Myer, Lois C. Chester County, South Carolina Census 1850, 1870 and 1880. FHL Collection 599050 Item 1

Church

Court

County Court
  • Holcomb, Brent H. et al. Chester County, South Carolina Minutes of the County Court, 1785-1799. Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1979. FHL Book 975.747 P2s.

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Charleston County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.

Genealogy

More than 100 genealogies have been published about families in this county. For a list, see Chester County, South Carolina Genealogy.

Land

Deeds

The original Chester County deed books are kept at the county courthouse. They have been microfilmed for the years 1785 to 1867: FHL Collection 23320 ff. See also Cross Index, A-Z, 1776-1866: FHL Collection 364840. Deed Books A to F have been published:

  • [1785-1799] Holcomb, Brent H. Chester County, South Carolina, Deed Abstracts - Volume I: Deed Books A-F: 1785-1799 [1768-1799]. Columbia, S.C.: SCMAR, 2005. FHL Collection 975.747 R2h
  • [1786-1793] Thomas, Elizabeth Wood. Chester County, South Carolina Deed Book C, 1786-1793. Pass Christian, Miss.: Willo Institute of Genealogy, 1966. FHL Collection 975.747 R2t
Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868

This series consists of recorded copies of plats for state land grants for the Charleston and the Columbia Series with their certificates of admeasurement or certification.  All personal names and geographic features on these plats are included in the repository's On-line Index to Plats for State Land Grants

The South Carolina Constitution of 1790 required the surveyor general to maintain offices in both the new capital at Columbia and in Charleston. The surveyor general began to use separate volumes for recording plats in his Columbia office in 1796. Before that, all plats were recorded in the set of volumes begun in Charleston in 1784. After 1796, most plats for land grants in the Upper Division of the state were recorded and filed in Columbia. The surveyor general chose to make the Columbia volumes a continuation of the state plat volumes begun in Charleston and gave the initial Columbia volume the number thirty-six to correspond with the number of the volume that had then been reached in the Charleston series. As a result, there are volumes numbered thirty-six through forty-three from each office, but the records in them are not duplicative.

Also included are the Plan Books containing Plats and Plans.

Local Histories

  • Collins, Anne Pickens. A Goodly Heritage : History of Chester County, South Carolina (Columbia, South Carolina : Collins Pub., c1986), 354 pages. History of Chester County from the earlist to about 1986. Book at FHL 975.747 H2c and Other Libraries
  • Editors: Collins, Ann Pickens & Louise Gill Knox.  Heritage History of Chester County, South Carolina   (Chester, South Carolina : [Chester County Heritage Committee], c1982-1995 ), v.1 499 pages; v. 2 288 pages. History of Chester County from early to 1982. Includes many family histories. Books at FHL 975.747 H2h v.1,975.747 H2h v. 2, and Other Libraries

Maps

Military

General
  • "Fishing Creek cemetery, soldiers of past wars," Chester District Genealogical Society Bulletin, June 2001, Volume 25, Issue. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b.
  • "Soldiers buried in Old Purity graveyard," Chester County Genealogical Society Bulletin, September 1979, Volume 2, Issue 3. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b.


Revolutionary War
  • "Sarah Jenkins Rev. War pension application, widow of John Jenkins, 1840," Chester District Genealogical Society Bulletin, December 2006, Volume 30, Issue 4. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b.
  • "John Craig recalls Revolutionary War in York and Chester, from 1839," Upper South Carolina Genealogy and History, May 2006, Volume 20, Issue 2. Piedmont Historical Society : Spartansburg, SC 29304.
  • "John Craig recalls partisan warfare, 1776-1781," Chester District Genealogical Society Bulletin, June 2005, Volume 29, Issue 2. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b.
  • "Battlefield at Fish Dam Ford, 1780," Old Newberry District Quarterly Winter 2005, Volume 14, Issue 4. Old Newberry District Chapter, South Carolina Genealogical Society : Newberry, SC.
  • "Jane Thomas in Revolutionary War history," Chester District Genealogical Society Bulletin, March 2004, Volume 28, Issue 1. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b.
  • "John Bishop, Revolutionary War vet, d. 1852," Upper South Carolina Genealogy and History, May 2003, Volume 17, Issue 2. Piedmont Historical Society : Spartansburg, SC.
  • "Battle of Beckhamville," Chester District Genealogical Society Bulletin, September 2002, Volume 26, Issue 3. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b.
  • "Battle of Williamson's plantation," York County Genealogical and Historical Society Quarterly, June 2002, Volume 14, Issue 1, March 2002, Volume 13, Issue 4 and December 2001, Volume 13, Issue 3. York County Genealogical and Historical Society : Rock Hill, SC.
  • "David Hopkins ltr., 1780," Chester District Genealogical Society Bulletin, June 2001, Volume 25, Issue 2. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. Chester County Genealogical Society:Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b.
  • "Fishing Creek cemetery, Revolutionary soldiers," Chester District Genealogical Society Bulletin, June 2001, Volume 25, Issue 2. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b.
  • "War Pensions," Branching Out From Saint Clair County, Illinois, May 2000, Volume 27, Issue 3. Marissa Historical and Genealogical Society : Marissa, Illinois.
  • "Revolutionary pensioners, 1818 and 1832," Chester County Genealogical Society Bulletin, June 1983, Volume 6, Issue 1. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b.
  • "Revolutionary War pensions," Georgia Genealogical Magazine, Fall 1979, Issue 74. Rev. Silas Emmett Lucas, Jr. :Greenville, NC. FHL Collection Book 975.8 B2go.
  • "Battle of Hucks defeat," Chester County Genealogical Society Bulletin, June 1979, Volume 2, Issue 2. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b.
  • "Revolutionary war pensions, 1840," Chester County Genealogical Society Bulletin, Spring 1978, Volume 1, Issue. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b.
  • Collins, Anne Pickens. A goodly heritage : history of Chester County, South Carolina. Columbia, South Carolina : Collins Pub., c 1986. FHL Collection Book 975.747 H2c Fiche 6010905
  • Strange, Mary Wylie and Old Catholic presbyterian Church (Chester County, South Carolina). The revolutionary soldiers of Catholic Presbyterian Church, Chester County, South Carolina. [S.I.: s.n.], 1978. FHL Collection Book 975.747 D2s Film 1036399 item 2.


War of 1812
  • "Soldiers," Branching Out From Saint Clair County, Illinois, May 2000, Volume 27, Issue 3. Marissa Historical and Genealogical Society : Marissa, Illinois.
  • "War of 1812 soldiers," Chester County Genealogical Society Bulletin, March 1979, Volume 2, Issue 1.Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b
  • "Chester in War of 1812," Chester County Genealogical Society Bulletin, December 1978, Volume 1, Issue 4. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, SC. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, South Carolina, Chester County, p. 183. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]


Civil War

Civil War service men from Chester County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies and regiments that were formed with many men from Chester County.

- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry, Company D (also known as Chester Troop)
- 3rd Battalion, South Carolina Reserves, Company E
- 5th Regiment, South Carolina Reserves (90 days 1862-63), Company B
- 5th Regiment, South Carolina State Troops, Company A


  • Editors: Collins, Ann Pickens & Louise Gill Knox.  Heritage History of Chester County, South Carolina   (Chester, South Carolina : [Chester County Heritage Committee], c1982-1995 ), v.1 499 pages; v. 2 288 pages. History of Chester County from early to 1982. Includes many family histories. Civil War information is in volume 1, pages 486-495. Includes an alphabetical list of all confederate soldiers from chester county with their Regiment,or Battalin and Company. Books at FHL 975.747 H2h v.1, 975.747 H2h v. 2, and Other Libraries
  • Guevarra, Mark B., Christopher S. Prince. The Chester County Confederate Compendium : of Chester County, South Carolina  (Oviedo, Florida : Artworks Gallery and Studio, c2006), 361 pages. Includes bibliographical references and index. Contents: Enrollment book of confederate veterans 1861-1865 -- Honor roll of confederate veterans of Chester County 1861-1865 -- Pension lists for Chester County 1888-1965 -- Pension applications for confederate veterans and widows 1919-1926 -- Confederate Home inmate records 1909-1957 -- Applications for artificial limbs 1867-1908 -- Cross of Honor ledger 1907-1923, Chester chapter #232, United Daughters of the Confederacy -- Members, Chester chapter, United Daughters of the Confederacy -- Confederate veterans ledger 1904-1905, Walker-Gaston camp 821, United Confederate Veterans - Minutes 1904, Walker-Gaston camp, United Confederate Veterans. Book at FHL 975.747 M2g and Other Libraries.

Newspapers

Historic

The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Chester County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.

Current

Periodicals

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this county, see:

  • The Broad River Notebook
  • Upper South Carolina Genealogy and History
  • Chester County Genealogical Society Bulletin  (Family History Library book 975.74 D25b .)

Probate

The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has  microfilms or typescripts of wills, inventories, bills of sale, power of attorneys, bonds, notes, administrations, judgments, and sales records. They have placed Will Transcriptions for 1782 to 1855 online. Index searchable by name and the image is available.

The organization Strictly By Name provides free online indexes to early Chester County probate records. They offer a record retrieval service to photocopy and transcribe microfilm copies of the original documents for a small fee. Available indexes:

Taxation

Published abstracts
  • [1874] Delinquent Lands, 1874, Upper South Carolina Genealogy and History, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Nov. 2005).

Vital Records

Birth, marriage, and death records were not recorded by South Carolina until the 1900s, thus leaving a lack of vital records. Substitute records, when available, are used to obtain this information. These substitute records including newspapers, court records have been added to this section, when applicable.

Birth

State-wide birth registration began in 1915.  For a copy of a birth from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health.  The Chester County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Marriage

In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived. See South Carolina Vital Records for more information.

The Chester County probate court holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to June 1950 and after October 2009. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the South Carolina Division of Vital Records has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009.

Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information.  See South Carolina Newspapers.

Marriage and Marriage Substitutes- Indexes and Records

  • 1778-1879 - Chester County Marriages, 1778-1879, Implied in Chester County, S.C. Probate and Equity Records by Barbara R. Langdon [4] FHL Collection WorldCat - index
  • Pre-1911-1937 - Marriage Register (Chester County, South Carolina), Prior to 1911-1937 [5]  FHL Collection - index and images
  • 1911-1953 - Cross Index Marriage Register, Chester County, South Carolina, 1911-1953 [6] FHL Collection - index
  • 1911-1950 - Chester County, South Carolina Marriage Licenses, 1911-1950 [7] FHL Collection - images
  • There are several online marriage indexes containing miscellaneous marriage records found in  some counties of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.
Death

State-wide death registration began in 1915.  For a copy of the death certificates from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Chester County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Death - Indexes and Records

  • 1914-1960 - State-wide South Carolina Death Indexes. There are several online death indexes covering all of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Archives, Libraries, and Archives

Libraries

  • Chester County Library
    100 Center Street
    Chester, South Carolina 29706
    Telephone: 803-377-8145 
    FAX: 803-377-8146
    Hours of operation: Monday to Thursday 9:00 AM 7:00 PM,  FRI 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM, Saturday 9:00 AM to 3:00 PM, Sunday Closed

    The Chester County library systems includes the following libraries: Chester County Library, Great Falls Community Library, Lewisville Community Library and a multi-stop Bookmobile. The Chester County Library provides cultural informational, and educational materials and access.The Chester County Library belongs to a consortium of seven libraries that share resources. Those libraries are Chester, Dillon, Darlington, Georgetown, marion, Marlboro, and Sumpter.

    Their catalog system, Polaris, is shared by a number of libraries.

Museums

  • Chester County Historical Society Museum
    107 McAliley St.
    Chester, South Carolina 29706
    Telephone: (803) 385-2330
    Hours: Open Wednesday 11am-3pm, and by appt.

    In addition to collections of historical artifacts, the museum has an extensive collection of old photos and genealogical materials on many Chester County families.

Societies

Chester District Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 336
Richburg SC 29729
Source: Society Hill

Family History Centers

Family History Centers in South Carolina

Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Chester County, South Carolina

References

  1. "List of counties in South Carolina," Wikipedia.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  4. Langdon, Barbara R., Chester County Marriages, 1778-1879, Implied in Chester County, S.C. Probate and Equity Records, Columbia, SC: Langdon &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp; Langdon, c1985.
  5. South Carolina, Probate Court (Chester County), Marriage Register (Chester County, South Carolina), Prior to 1911-1937, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2000.
  6. Cross Index Marriage Register, Chester County, South Carolina, 1911-1953, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2000.
  7. Chester County (South Carolina), Probate Court, Chester County, South Carolina marriage licenses, 1911 - 1950, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2000.