Chorley St George, Lancashire

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[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire Parishes]]  
 
[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire Parishes]]  
  
== Parish History  ==
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Guide to '''Chorley St George, Lancashire family history and genealogy:''' chapelry register transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.
  
CHORLEY (St. Lawrence), a market-town and parish [as of 1793], and the head of a union, in the hundred of Leyland, N. division of the county of Lancaster, 32 miles (S. by E.) from Lancaster, and 208 (N. W. by N.) from London; containing 13,139 inhabitants. The name of this place is derived from its situation on the river Chor, about a mile from its confluence with the Yarrow, and from the Saxon word Ley, a field; or from the family of Chorley, who were its ancient proprietors. The chief lordships of Chorley were subsequently held by the noble families of Ferrers and Lacy. A moiety of the manor was at a still later period possessed by the Sherburnes, and the other half by the Stanleys: the Sherburne portion afterwards passed to the Welds of Lulworth, who sold it about 1806 to Thomas Gillibrand, Esq. of Chorley Hall, whose ancestor, in the 17th century, had married into the Chorley family. On his death in 1829, the manor came in moieties to his widow and son. In 1644 Prince Rupert passed through the town at the head of a large army, on his march to York; and in 1648 Cromwell, after the battle of Ribblesdale, slept at Astley Hall, in the parish: by this route, also, General Carpenter, in 1715, advanced to Preston, nine miles distant, to meet the Scottish rebels, whom he defeated at that place.
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[[Image:Chorley-St George church.JPG|thumb|right]]<br>
The town is pleasantly situated on the summit of a hill, on the road from Bolton to Preston; and though in Leland's time it is described as having "a wonderful poore, or rather no market," it is now a large and thriving place, being indebted to the excellent coal-mines and stone-quarries in the neighbourhood, and more recently to its extended cotton manufacture, and the enterprising spirit of its inhabitants, for a rapid rise into importance. It was at first lighted with gas by Mr. Timothy Lightoller, from his private works, but is now lighted by a public company; and is amply supplied with water, for which purpose works were erected in 1823, and a new company was incorporated in 1846, having a capital of £15,000. The appearance of the town has of late been very much improved; among other recent changes, the unsightly thatched buildings which stood in the most central part of one of the main thoroughfares, have been taken down, and are succeeded by handsome and commodious shops. The environs abound with diversified scenery, and the views, which are extensive, embrace Rivington Pike, &c. The principal branch of manufacture is that of cotton, of which the chief articles made are muslins and calicoes. There are at present eight mills, whereof two, belonging to Messrs. James Wallwork and Company, and one, the property of John Wilkinson, Esq., employ 800 persons; two, the property of Messrs. Richard Smethurst and Company, employ 560; two, belonging to Messrs. Lightoller, 480; and one, belonging to Richard Anyon, Esq., 150. There are also several printing and bleaching works, a logwood-mill, a cornmill, and four iron-foundries; together with four collieries in operation. The Lancaster and the Leeds and Liverpool canals unite to the south-west of Whittle-leWoods, and pass within a mile of the town; and there is a station on the North-Union railway, which was opened in June, 1843. A grant of a market and fairs was obtained in the reign of Edward IV.: the market is on Tuesday; and fairs are held on March 26th, May 5th, and August 20th, principally for cattle; and on Sept. 4th, 5th, and 6th, for woollen-cloth, hardware, and pedlery. The county magistrates hold a petty-session every Tuesday; and the lord of the manor a court leet once a year: the powers of the county debt-court of Chorley, established in 1847, extend over the registration-district of Chorley. The town-hall, a stone building, under which the butter-market is held, was erected in 1802, at the expense of the late John Hollinshead, Esq.; and adjoining it is a small prison for the confinement of offenders prior to their committal to the county gaol.
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The parish comprises 3571 acres, of which the soil is, for the most part, a stiff loam. The surface rises into hills in the eastern part, where the land is sterile; but westward it is simply undulated, and productive: about one-fourth is arable, and the remainder pasture and wood. Among the seats is Gillibrand Hall, a fortresslike edifice, built in 1807 by Thomas Gillibrand, Esq., and the seat of his son, Henry Hawarden Fazakerley, Esq., now lord of the manor, who assumed the latter name some years since. Astley Hall, a venerable mansion built in 1600, is seated in a park on the north-west margin of the Chor. Baganley Hall is a fine old house, built in 1633; and Burgh Hall, a brick edifice, built in 1740, partaking much of the modern style of architecture, with pleasure-grounds and gardens attached. About a mile from the town, and pleasantly situated on the banks of the Yarrow, is Yarrow House, the seat of Richard and George H. Lightoller, Esqrs.: South Cottage is occupied by Alexander Bannerman, Esq.; Willow House, by Thomas Cameron, Esq.; and Park Place is the residence of Richard Smethurst, Esq.
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== Chapelry History  ==
Chorley was originally a chapelry in the parish of Croston, from which it was separated in 1793, when that extensive district was divided into three distinct parishes. The living is a rectory, not in charge, with a net income of £1022; patron, the Rev. Streynsham Master, A.M.: the tithes of the parish have been commuted for £264. The church is an ancient structure, retaining several features of Saxon character, of which the south entrance is a fine specimen; it is castellated, pinnacled at the east and west ends, and has a large tower supported by buttresses. The edifice formerly contained some relics, said to have been the bones of its tutelar saint, which were brought from Normandy by Sir Rowland Stanley, Knt., and presented to the parish by his brother. St. George's church, standing in an open area, on the east side of the town, was completed in October, 1825, at an expense of £13,707, defrayed by the Parliamentary Commissioners and by subscription; it is a handsome and spacious structure in the later English style, with a square embattled tower, and consists of a nave, with north and south aisles, and a choir: attached is a large burial-ground. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the patronage of the Rector. There are places of worship for Independents, Wesleyans, Primitive Methodists, Baptists, Unitarians, and Roman Catholics. The Roman Catholic chapel, dedicated to St. Gregory, was built in 1774, rebuilt in 1816, and aisles were added in 1831; it stands on an eminence called Weldbank, about a mile south-west of the town, and is in the Romanesque style of architecture: adjoining is a house, with 16 acres of ground, belonging to the priest, the Rev. Henry Greenhalgh.
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The grammar school was originally established by the churchwardens, who, in 1634, built a school-house; it has an endowment of £11 per annum, arising from subsequent benefactions: a new school-house was built in 1824. A large national school, and a school for Roman Catholics, are supported by subscription; and there are also infants' and Sunday schools in connexion with the Established Church. An almshouse was built and endowed in 1682, by Hugh Cooper, for six aged persons: Henry Banister, of Hackney, Middlesex, left £600 in 1625, for charitable purposes; and there are several minor charities, and a dispensary instituted in 1828. The poor law union of Chorley comprises 26 parishes and townships, and contains a population of 38,836. At Yarrow Bridge is an alkaline spring, on the property of John Wilkinson, Esq.: its fame attracts numerous persons, and especially the poor, to drink the water, and many instances of the benefit derived from its use, have been authenticated; among others, a remarkable case of dropsy. The water has been recently analyzed by an eminent chemist in Leamington, who has confirmed a previous analysis of the medicinal virtues peculiar to it. Baths are open to the public at a moderate charge.
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Chorley (St George) was created a '''chapelry''' in 1835, taken from and lying within the parish of [[Chorley St Laurence, Lancashire]] in the Leyland deanery of the 1847 created Diocese of Manchester. There are places of worship for '''Independents''', '''Wesleyans''', '''Primitive''' '''Methodists''', '''Baptists''', '''Unitarians''', and '''Roman Catholics'''.<ref>Lewis, Samuel A.,[http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50876#s24 ''A Topographical Dictionary of England''] (1848), pp. 603-607.Date accessed 16 September 2013.</ref> 
  
From: ''A Topographical Dictionary of England'' by Samuel Lewis (1848), pp. 603-607. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50876  Date accessed: 25 June 2010.
 
 
== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
  
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Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is [http://freebmd.org.uk/ FreeBMD].  
 
Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is [http://freebmd.org.uk/ FreeBMD].  
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Online index of Lancashire Births, Marriages and Deaths [[Lancashire BMD]]<br>
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==== Lancashire Online Parish Clerks  ====
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 +
An extremely useful resource for research in Lancashire Parishes http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/<br>
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 +
<br>
  
 
==== Church records  ====
 
==== Church records  ====
  
Include here information for parish registers, Bishop’s Transcripts and other types of church records, such as parish chest records. Add the contact information for the office holding the original records. Add links to the Family History Library Catalog showing the film numbers in their collection
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===== '''Online Records'''  =====
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'''<u>Church of England</u>'''
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Chorley St. George chapelry's registers of christenings, marriages and burials, along with those of the ancient parish of [[Chorley St Laurence, Lancashire|Chorley St. Laurence]]&nbsp;to which it is attached, have been mostly transcribed and are displayed online at the following web sites and ranges of years:
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{| width="275" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | '''<sub>FS =&nbsp;</sub>'''[http://familysearch.org <sub><font color="#800080">FamilySearch.org</font></sub>]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | <sub>'''LOPC&nbsp;'''=&nbsp;</sub>[http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/indexp.html <sub><font color="#800080">Lancashire Online Parish&nbsp;Clerk project</font></sub>]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | <sub>'''FMP'''&nbsp;=&nbsp;</sub>[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/content/sog/misc-series <sub><font color="#0066cc">FindMyPast.co.uk</font></sub>]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | <sub>'''LBMD''' =&nbsp;</sub>[http://www.lancashirebmd.org.uk <sub><font color="#800080">LancashireBMD.org.uk</font></sub>]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | <sub>'''AC '''= </sub>[http://search.ancestry.co.uk <sub><font color="#800080">Ancestry.co.uk</font></sub>]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | '''<sub>FREG =&nbsp;</sub>'''[http://www.freereg.org.uk/cgi/Search.pl <sub><font color="#800080">FreeReg</font></sub>]
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|}
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<br>
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{| width="625" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" colspan="4" | '''CHORLEY ST GEORGE Chapelry&nbsp; (1836) Indexes'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | <u>'''Baptisms'''</u>
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | <u>'''Marriages'''</u>
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| bgcolor="#ffccff" | <u>'''Burials'''</u>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''FS'''
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | [http://familysearch.org '''1836-1900''']
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | '''[http://familysearch.org 1836-1900]'''
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| bgcolor="#ffccff" | '''[http://familysearch.org 1836-1860]'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''LOPC'''
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | [http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Chorley/stgeorge/index.html '''1836-1900''']
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | '''[http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Chorley/stgeorge/index.html 1836-1900]'''
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| bgcolor="#ffccff" | '''[http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Chorley/stgeorge/index.html 1836-1900]'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''LBMD'''
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | None
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [http://www.lancashirebmd.org.uk/cgi/marrind.cgi?county=lancashire '''1837-1975''']
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| bgcolor="#ffccff" | None
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" colspan="6" | '''[[Chorley St Laurence, Lancashire|CHORLEY ST LAURENCE]] PARISH&nbsp;(1548) Indexes '''''(ancient parish containing CHORLEY ST GEORGE Chapelry)''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | <u>'''Baptisms'''</u>
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | <u>'''Marriages'''</u>
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| bgcolor="#ffccff" | <u>'''Burials'''</u>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''FS'''
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | [http://familysearch.org '''1549-1895''']
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | '''[http://familysearch.org 1548-1900]'''
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| bgcolor="#ffccff" | '''[http://familysearch.org 1822-1899]''' (part.)
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''LOPC'''
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | [http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Chorley/stlaurence/index.html '''1548-1900''']
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | '''[http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Chorley/stlaurence/index.html 1548-1652, 1654-1904]'''
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| bgcolor="#ffccff" | '''[http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/Chorley/stlaurence/index.html 1548-1856]'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''LBMD'''
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | [http://www.lancashirebmd.org.uk/cgi/birthind.cgi?county=lancashire '''1837-1974''']
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | '''[http://www.lancashirebmd.org.uk/cgi/marrind.cgi?county=lancashire 1837-1975]'''
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| bgcolor="#ffccff" | [http://www.lancashirebmd.org.uk/cgi/deathind.cgi?county=lancashire '''1837-1974''']
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''FMP'''
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | None
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/content/sog/misc-series '''1548-1837''']
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| bgcolor="#ffccff" | None
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''AC'''
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| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | [http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=5895 '''1548-1653''']
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| bgcolor="#ccffff" | '''[http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=5895 1548-1653]'''
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| bgcolor="#ffccff" | '''[http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=5895 1548-1653]'''
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|}
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<br>
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For a full list of all those chapels surrounding Chorley St. George and comprising the whole ancient parish of Chorley St. Laurence to which it was attached, be certain to see "Church Records" on the [[Chorley St Laurence, Lancashire|CHORLEY ST LAURENCE PARISH]] page.
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<br>
  
 
==== Census records  ====
 
==== Census records  ====
  
Include an overview if there is any unique information, such as the census for X year was destroyed. Add a link to online sites for indexes and/or images. Also add a link to the Family History Library Catalog showing the film numbers in their collection.
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{{British Census|306911}}
  
==== Probate records<br> ====
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<br>
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==== Poor Law Unions<br>  ====
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[[Chorley Poor Law Union, Lancashire]]
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<br>
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==== Probate records<br> ====
  
 
Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to [[Lancashire Probate Records|Lancashire Probate Records]] to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.  
 
Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to [[Lancashire Probate Records|Lancashire Probate Records]] to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.  
  
== Maps and Gazetteers<br> ==
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== Maps and Gazetteers<br> ==
  
Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.<br>
+
Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.<br>  
  
 
*[http://maps.familysearch.org/ England Jurisdictions 1851]  
 
*[http://maps.familysearch.org/ England Jurisdictions 1851]  
 
*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
 
*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
  
== Web sites  ==
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== Web sites&nbsp;  ==
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== References ==
  
Add any relevant sites that aren’t mentioned above.
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{{Reflist}}
  
<br>
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<br> {{Lancashire}}
  
 
[[Category:Lancashire]]
 
[[Category:Lancashire]]

Revision as of 21:50, 27 September 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Lancashire Gotoarrow.png Lancashire Parishes

Guide to Chorley St George, Lancashire family history and genealogy: chapelry register transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.

Chorley-St George church.JPG

Contents

Chapelry History

Chorley (St George) was created a chapelry in 1835, taken from and lying within the parish of Chorley St Laurence, Lancashire in the Leyland deanery of the 1847 created Diocese of Manchester. There are places of worship for Independents, Wesleyans, Primitive Methodists, Baptists, Unitarians, and Roman Catholics.[1]

Resources

Civil Registration

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Online index of Lancashire Births, Marriages and Deaths Lancashire BMD

Lancashire Online Parish Clerks

An extremely useful resource for research in Lancashire Parishes http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/


Church records

Online Records

Church of England

Chorley St. George chapelry's registers of christenings, marriages and burials, along with those of the ancient parish of Chorley St. Laurence to which it is attached, have been mostly transcribed and are displayed online at the following web sites and ranges of years:

FS = FamilySearch.org
LOPC Lancashire Online Parish Clerk project
FMP = FindMyPast.co.uk
LBMDLancashireBMD.org.uk
AC = Ancestry.co.uk
FREG = FreeReg


CHORLEY ST GEORGE Chapelry  (1836) Indexes
Baptisms Marriages Burials
FS 1836-1900 1836-1900 1836-1860
LOPC 1836-1900 1836-1900 1836-1900
LBMD None 1837-1975 None
CHORLEY ST LAURENCE PARISH (1548) Indexes (ancient parish containing CHORLEY ST GEORGE Chapelry)
Baptisms Marriages Burials
FS 1549-1895 1548-1900 1822-1899 (part.)
LOPC 1548-1900 1548-1652, 1654-1904 1548-1856
LBMD 1837-1974 1837-1975 1837-1974
FMP None 1548-1837 None
AC 1548-1653 1548-1653 1548-1653


For a full list of all those chapels surrounding Chorley St. George and comprising the whole ancient parish of Chorley St. Laurence to which it was attached, be certain to see "Church Records" on the CHORLEY ST LAURENCE PARISH page.


Census records

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library. The first film number is 306911.


Poor Law Unions

Chorley Poor Law Union, Lancashire


Probate records

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Lancashire Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Maps and Gazetteers

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Web sites 

References

  1. Lewis, Samuel A.,A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 603-607.Date accessed 16 September 2013.