Clarendon County, South Carolina GenealogyEdit This Page

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Coordinates: 33.66°0′N 80.22°0′W / 33.66°N 80.22°W / 33.66; -80.22

Clarendon County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Clarendon County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1855
County Seat Manning
Courthouse

United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png Clarendon County

Contents

Quick Dates

Clarendon County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
 1915 1911    1915 1860   1861 1856 

County Courthouse

ClarendonSC.jpg


Clarendon County Courthouse
3 West Keitt Street
Manning, SC 29102

Clarendon County Probate Court
P.O. Box 307
Manning, SC 29102
Phone: 803-435-8774
Marriage and probate records

Clarendon County Clerk of Court
P.O. Box 136
Manning, SC 29102
Phone: 803-435-4443
Court and land records
Office does not provide research of any kind.

History

Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon (1609-1674)
The county is named after one of the original Lord Proprietors of South Carolina (and High Chancellor of England) Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon (1609-1674).[1] Clarendon has existed in two different incarnations (see below). Learn more about the history of Clarendon County from the South Carolina State Library or from Carolana.com.

Parent County/Boundary Changes

  • 1785 - Thirty-three counties were created within existing South Carolina Districts. Clarendon was created within Camden District.
  • 1792 - Salem created from Clarendon and Claremont Counties.
  • 1800 - Clarendon, Claremont, and Salem Counties combined to form Sumter District. Clarendon did not exist again until 1855.[2]
  • 1855 - Clarendon District created from Sumter District, pending.
  • 1857 - Clarendon confirmed. Clarendon gained from Sumter.
  • 1868 - Clarendon and all other districts became counties.
  • 1888 - Florence created from Clarendon, Darlington, Marion, and Williamsburg Counties.
  • 1914 - Williamsburg gained from Clarendon.
  • 1921 - Sumter gained from Clarendon.
  • 1922 - Clarendon gained from Sumter.

For more information as well as maps of Clarendon County through time, see the South Carolina State Archives or South Carolina County Maps and Atlases.

County Seat

The county seat of Clarendon County is Manning, which was named for Richard Irvine Manning, governor of South Carolina from 1824-1826.[3]

County Pronunciation

Hear it spoken.[4]

Record Loss

  • Although records were removed before General Edward H. Potter's Union cavalry destroyed Manning in April 1865, Clarendon's loose probate papers were destroyed later, at an undetermined date; they begin in 1875.
  • Sumter suffered a major loss of probate records and deeds, on 27 November 1801, when fire destroyed the residence of Sumter District Clerk of Court John Horan, in Stateburg. This fire also consumed the records of Clarendon, Claremont, and Salem counties.

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Alcolu Davis Crossroads Jordan Sardinia
Baggette Crossroads Davis Station Manning Seloc
Barrineau Crossroads Durant New Zion Silver
Beards Crossroads Foreston Panola Summerton
Belser Crossroads Gable Paxville Turbeville
Bloomville Halleytown Rimini Union Crossroads
Bonanza (hist.) Harvin Rodgers Wilson
Brewington (hist.) James Crossroads Saint Paul
Central Crossroads

For further information (and links) on these populated places, please go to Populated Places, Clarendon County, South Carolina

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png South Carolina African Americans

  • Free Negro Tax Defaulters List, 1800-1801, Carolina Herald and Newsletter, Vol. 34, No. 3 (Jul. 2006).

Cemeteries

There are more than # burial grounds in the county. To view a list, see Clarendon County, South Carolina Cemeteries.

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 2,392
1860 13,095 447.4%
1870 14,038 7.2%
1880 19,190 36.7%
1890 23,233 21.1%
1900 28,184 21.3%
1910 32,188 14.2%
1920 34,878 8.4%
1930 30,036 −13.9%
1940 31,500 4.9%
1950 32,216 2.3%
1960 29,490 −8.5%
1970 25,604 −13.2%
1980 27,464 7.3%
1990 28,450 3.6%
2000 32,502 14.2%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Clarendon County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Clarendon County, SC census assignments, including links to transcribed files [The USGenWeb Census Project®]

1860
  • Teel, Dorothy Owens. 1860 Census, Clarendon District, South Carolina. Hemingway, S.C.: Three Rivers Historical Society (South Carolina), 1983. FHL Collection 975.781 X2t 1860
1870
  • Thomas, Irene Miles. Clarendon County, SC 1870 Federal Census Extract. Hemingway, S.C.: Three Rivers Historical Society, 2004. FHL Collection 975.781 X2ti 1870

Church

Court

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Clarendon County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.

Genealogy

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]

General

As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Clarendon, South Carolina at World Connect, results in nearly 2,500 entries.

Surname indexes to Leonardo Andrea's Files | Folders| Resources are available online, courtesy: The Andrea Files: South Carolina Genealogical Research. Gotoarrow.png Learn more.

Message Boards

Bibliography

  • [Cobia] Selleneit, Minnie Lee Cobia. My Life Story. 1977. FHL Book 921.73 Se48sm; digital version at Family History Archives.
  • [Graham] Graham, Ernest and Frances Oralee Jones Graham. The Rembert Ernest Graham Family Book of Remembrance, ca. 1570-1962. MSS. Microfilmed 1986: FHL Film 1321307 Item 2.
  • [Humphrey] Marshall, Vera Lee Kearl. Proud to Remember: Genealogy and History of Four Ancestral Lines of Lula Barzilla Humphrey Kearl: Paternal -- Humphrey-Thames; Maternal -- Brunson-Marshall; Contains All the Data Procurable on the Generations from the First Known to the Present; Some Data on the Kirk and Gerald Families; Statements of Unsolved Problems and Questions. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1964. FHL Book 929.273 K211m.
  • [Nelson] Huggins, George Allen. The Nelson Family of Clarendon County, South Carolina. Typescript. FHL 929.273 A1 no. 43
  • [Sheriff] Sheriff, Pauline Callaway. Faith of the Prairies: A Sheriff - Burt - Spriggs History. Hollis, Okla.: P.C. Sheriff, 1977. FHL Book 929.273 Sh57sp.
  • [Williams] Womack, Andrina S. David Williams of Saint Marks Parish, South Carolina. Charlotte, N.C.: Catawba, 2007. FHL Book 929.273 W671wa.
  • [Williams] Womack, Andrina S. David Williams of Saint Marks Parish, South Carolina. 2 vols. n.p.: A.S. Womack, 2009. FHL Book 929.273 W671wa 2009 v. 1-v. 2.

Land

Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868

This series consists of recorded copies of plats for state land grants for the Charleston and the Columbia Series with their certificates of admeasurement or certification.  All personal names and geographic features on these plats are included in the repository's On-line Index to Plats for State Land Grants

The South Carolina Constitution of 1790 required the surveyor general to maintain offices in both the new capital at Columbia and in Charleston. The surveyor general began to use separate volumes for recording plats in his Columbia office in 1796. Before that, all plats were recorded in the set of volumes begun in Charleston in 1784. After 1796, most plats for land grants in the Upper Division of the state were recorded and filed in Columbia. The surveyor general chose to make the Columbia volumes a continuation of the state plat volumes begun in Charleston and gave the initial Columbia volume the number thirty-six to correspond with the number of the volume that had then been reached in the Charleston series. As a result, there are volumes numbered thirty-six through forty-three from each office, but the records in them are not duplicative.

Also included are the Plan Books containing Plats and Plans.

Local Histories

  • Clark, Sylvia H. Shadows of the Past : an Illustrated History of Clarendon County SC. (Virginia Beach, Virginia : Donning Company Publishers, c2005), 203 pages. History of Clerendon from about 1855 to 1960 & beyond. Book at FHL 975.781 H2c and Other Libraries

Maps

Military

War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, South Carolina, Clarendon County, p. 183-184. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Civil War service men from Clarendon County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were formed in Clarendon County or from many of its men.

- 5th Battalion, South Carolina Reserves (Brown's), Company F
  • Clark, Sylvia H. Shadows of the Past: an Illustrated History of Clarendon County SC. (Virginia Beach, Virginia: Donning Company Publishers, c2005), 203 pages. History of Clerendon from about 1855 to 1960 & beyond. Chapter 4, page 45 has Civil War information. Book at FHL 975.781 H2c and Other Libraries
  • Clarendon County Military Data - USGenWeb Project - Shows links for the history and rosters of the following units.  
  1. Company I 25th Regiment South Carolina Volunteers
  2. Company I 23rd Regiment South Carolina Volunteers
  3. Company C 9th Regiment South Carolina Volunteers
  4. Company H 5th Cavalry South Carolina Volunteers
  5. Company K 6th Infantry South Carolina Volunteers

Newspapers

Historic

The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Clarendon County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.

Current

Periodicals

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this county, see:

  • The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine

Probate

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[5] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in South Carolina.

Claredon County Estate Records, ca. 1899-1926. Microreproduction of original esate packages at the South Carolina Dept. of Archives and History, Columbia, South Carolina FHL Film 2313270

Taxation

See also African Americans

Vital Records

Birth, marriage, and death records were not recorded by South Carolina until the 1900s, thus leaving a lack of vital records. Substitute records, when available, are used to obtain this information. These substitute records including newspapers, court records have been added to this section, when applicable.

Birth

State-wide birth registration began in 1915.  For a copy of a birth from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health.  The Clarendon County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Marriage

In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived. See South Carolina Vital Records for more information.

The Clarendon County probate court holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to the present. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the South Carolina Division of Vital Records has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009. The Clarendon County, South Carolina Archives also has marriages from 1911 to 1950 on microfilm as well as the only known index to those marriage records.

Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information.  See South Carolina Newspapers.

Marriages and Marriage Substitutes - Indexes and Records

Death

State-wide death registration began in 1915.  For a copy of the death certificates from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Clarendon County, South Carolina Archives also has a death index for South Carolina from 1915-1957.  The Clarendon County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years.  For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Deaths and Death Substitutes - Indexes and Records

Archives, Libraries, and Museums

The Clarendon County Archives and History Center
211 N. Brooks Street
Manning, SC 29102
803-435-0328
clarendonarchives@clarendoncountygov.org

Societies - Genealogical, Historical, Lineage

Family History Centers

Family History Centers in South Carolina

Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Clarendon County, South Carolina

References

  1. Workers of the Writers' Program of the Works Projects Administration in the State of South Carolina, Palmetto Place Names (The Reprint Company: Spartanburg, S.C., 1975) 13.
  2. "Clarendon County, South Carolina (http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/clarendon_county_sc.html : accessed 21 April 2011).
  3. "Clarendon County, South Carolina (http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/clarendon_county_sc.html : accessed 21 April 2011).
  4. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  5. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."
  6. South Carolina, Probate Court (Clarendon County), Clarendon County, South Carolina Marriage Licenses, ca. 1911-1950, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2001.

 

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