Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy

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==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
  
*[[Butler County, Missouri|Butler County, Missouri]]  
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[[Butler County, Missouri|Butler County, Missouri]]{{•}}
*[[Dunklin County, Missouri|Dunklin County, Missouri]]  
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[[Dunklin County, Missouri|Dunklin County, Missouri]]{{•}}
*[[Greene County, Arkansas|Greene]]  
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[[Greene County, Arkansas|Greene County, Arkansas]]{{•}}
*[[Randolph County, Arkansas|Randolph]]  
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[[Randolph County, Arkansas|Randolph County, Arkansas]]{{•}}
*[[Ripley County, Missouri|Ripley County, Missouri]]
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[[Ripley County, Missouri|Ripley County, Missouri]]{{•}}
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== Genealogy Resources  ==
 
== Genealogy Resources  ==

Revision as of 15:45, 19 February 2014

United States Gotoarrow.png Arkansas Gotoarrow.png Clay County

Guide to Clay County Arkansas genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Arkansas State with State Seal.png Arkansas
Online Records


Clay County, Arkansas
Map
Map of Arkansas highlighting Clay County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arkansas
Location of Arkansas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded March 24, 1873
County Seat Piggott
Courthouse
Address Clay County Courthouse
PO Box 306
Piggott, AR 72454
Phone: 870.598.2813 

Contents

County Courthouse

Clay County Courthouse
PO Box 306
Piggott, AR 72454
Phone: 870.598.2813 

Clerk Circuit Court has land, divorce and court records from 1893. County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1893.[1]

According to History and Traditions of Clay County , compiled by Robert T. Webb, edited and indexed by Frank Cochran, the people moved the county seat from Corning to Boydsville in 1877. Most of the people lived in the eastern part of the county and it was difficult to travel through the bottoms to Corning. Changing the county seat did not change the difficulty of crossing the bottoms, but only transferred it to the people in the Western part. In 1881 the county was divided into two districts with Boydsville the Eastern county seat and Corning the Western county seat. In 1888 the people voted to move the eastern county seat to Piggott.

Early History of Clay County Seats

Western District Courthouse History


Beginning years for Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy government records[2]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate
1914* 1893 1914* 1893 1893 1893
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

History

Parent County

  • 1873--Clay County was created 24 March 1873 from Randolph and Greene Counties. County seat: Piggott [3]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Clay County boundary changes at MapofUS.

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

  • The Eastern District courthouse burned on January 11, 1893 with total record loss.

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Butler County, Missouri • Dunklin County, Missouri • Greene County, Arkansas • Randolph County, Arkansas • Ripley County, Missouri •

Clay CountyGreene CountyRandolph CountyLawrence CountyCraighead CountyDunklin CountyPemiscot CountyNew Madrid CountyButler CountyRipley CountyStoddard CountyMississippi CountyLake CountyDyer CountyLauderdale CountyFulton CountyARClay.JPG

Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records

Cemeteries

Partial Listings - none are complete.  Some also contain directions to cemetery as well as photographs.

Allen
Allmandinger
Bethlehem
Black
Blooming Grove
Bond
Brown
Brownie
Cantwell
Corning
Crockett
Cummings
Gilchrist
Gravel Hill
Green
Hall
Hardin
Hill
Hillsboro
Hitt
Hosea
Johnson #1
Johnson #2
Leonard
Liberty Hill
Little Flock
Mary's Chapel
Masterson
Mitchell
Moark
Mound
Myer Hill
New Hope
Nimmons
Parks
Piggott
Purcell
Redenbo
Richwoods
Rock Springs
Rogers
Saint Bernard
Salem
Scatterville
Travillian
Underwood
Williams
Williams
Winston
Woodland Heights US Genweb
Woodland Heights BillionGraves

Census

Church Records

Hopewell Baptist Church, near Reyno

Court

(Western District)
Clay County Clerk's Office
Western District
800 W 2nd St
Corning AR 72422
870-857-3480

(Eastern District)
Office of the County Clerk
PO Box 306
Piggott AR 72454-0306
870-598-2813

Various Court Records of Clay County

Genealogy

Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for {{{1}}} County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief Timeline History of the county. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

See also Towns and Townships to find records listed at the town level in the FamilySearch Catalog.

History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were gleaned from Arkansas County - The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture [2]

  • Native American tribes dispersed in northeast Arkansas included the Quapaw as well as Osage who hunted in the area.
  • 1800s - early, European settlement in the Clay County area began with Pierre LeMieux, a Frenchman who settled east of the Black River.
  • 1800s - Veterans of the War of 1812 who were given land grants in Arkansas began to settle in the area.
  • 1849-1850 - Congress passed the Swamp Land Acts of 1849 and 1850. Public swampland was transferred to Arkansas, and then the land was sold cheaply.
  • 1873 - March 24, During Reconstruction, Clayton County was created by the Arkansas legislature taking portions of Greene and Randolph counties.
  • 1875 - Arkansas General Assembly of 1875 changed the name of Clayton County to Clay County.
  • 1883 - Railroads did more than provide a new avenue for export and import of raw and finished products. They also brought more settlers into the area.
  • 1900s - At the start of the twentieth century, the timber industry reached its zenith.

Maps

Military

Civil War
Civil War Battle

The following Civil War Battle was fought in Clay County.

Naturalization

Newspapers

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Occupations

Probate Records

  • Records 1881-1955 Part of: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979 FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
    • Includes Administration bonds and letters 1881-1955; Guardian bonds and letters 1893-1938; Inventories and appraisements 1881-1919; Minutes 1881-1918; Probate records 1893-1906; Sale bills 1881-1920; Wills 1884-1944.

Taxation

Vital Records

Birth
  • 1947-1958 - Clay County Birth Index 1947-1958. Batch C734491 at FamilySearch - free.[5]
Marriage
Death
  • 1947-1958 - Clay County Death Index 1947-1958. Batch B734489 at FamilySearch - free.[5]
Vital Record Substitutes

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Clay County Genealogical & Historical Society

Corning Library
613 Pine St
Corning AR 72422
870-857-3453

Piggott Library
316 W Main
Piggott AR 72454
870-598-3666

Rector Library
121 W 4th St
Rector AR 72461
870-595-2410

Family History Centers

Websites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 66.
  2. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/5c/Igiarkansasad.pdf.
  6. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.