Clay County, Georgia GenealogyEdit This Page

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United States  Gotoarrow-kelly.png  Georgia  Gotoarrow-kelly.png  Clay County

Guide to Clay County Georgia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Georgia
Online Records

Clay County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Clay County
Location in the state of Georgia
Founded February 16, 1854
County Seat Fort Gaines
Address Clay County Courthouse
210 S Washington
PO Box 550
Fort Gaines, GA 31751-0550
Phone: 912.768.3238
Clay County Website


County Courthouse

Clay County Georgia Courthouse.jpg

Clay County Courthouse
210 S Washington
PO Box 550
Fort Gaines, GA 31751-0550
Phone: 912.768.3238

Clerk Superior Court has divorce and land records.[1]

Beginning Dates for Clay County, Georgia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate


Henry Clay.JPG

The county is named after U.S. Speaker of the House Henry Clay (1777-1852).[2]

Parent County

1854--Clay County was created 16 February 1854 from Early and Randolph Counties.
County seat: Fort Gaines [3]

Boundary Changes

Variant Spellings

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records



Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.



Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Clay County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.





Newspapers Extracts and Abstracts

Newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Clay County, Georgia Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate Records

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online..

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

  • 1854-1888 - Clay County Marriage Books A thru C Index 1854-1888. Batch M712511 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1889-1929 - Clay County Marriage Books D and E Index 1889-1929. Batch M712512 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1859-60, 1869-70, 1879-80 - Clay County, Georgia Genealogy Mortality Schedules at Ancestry ($).
Vital Record Substitutes

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Clay County, Georgia. Page 153 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. "Henry Clay," Wikipedia.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. 4.0 4.1 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at


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