Cole County, Missouri Genealogy

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*{{FamilySearch Centers Intro}}
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*[[Jefferson City Family History Center]] 4618 Henwick Ln, Jefferson, City MO 65109-0108 United States [!q=4618+Henwick+Ln%2C+Jefferson%2C+City+MO+65109-0108+&data=!4m15!2m14!1m13!1s0x87db584dba2a4e75%3A0x973b12336f55aed1!3m8!1m3!1d3685!2d-92.2627557!3d37.1616577!3m2!1i1127!2i890!4f13.1!4m2!3d38.592604!4d-92.274593 Location Map]
*[[Jefferson City Family History Center]] 4618 Henwick Ln, Jefferson, City MO 65109-0108 United States [!q=4618+Henwick+Ln%2C+Jefferson%2C+City+MO+65109-0108+&data=!4m15!2m14!1m13!1s0x87db584dba2a4e75%3A0x973b12336f55aed1!3m8!1m3!1d3685!2d-92.2627557!3d37.1616577!3m2!1i1127!2i890!4f13.1!4m2!3d38.592604!4d-92.274593 Location Map]
{{WA Websites Intro}}  
{{WA Websites Intro}}  

Revision as of 15:45, 7 May 2014

United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png Cole County

Guide to genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Missouri
Online Records

Cole County,
Map of the U.S. highlighting
Location of in the U.S.
Founded November 16, 1820
County Seat Jefferson City
Address Cole County Courthouse
01 E High Street
Jefferson City, MO 65101
Phone: 573.634.9106
Cole County Website


County Courthouse

Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and court records from 1821;
Probate Judge has probate records from 1821; Recorder Deeds
has marriage and land records from 1821[1]


Parent County

1820--Cole County was created 16 November 1820 from Cooper County. County seat: Jefferson City [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the website.

Neighboring Counties

Moniteau County • Miller County • Maries County • Osage County • Callaway County • Boon County

Cole CountyOsage CountyGasconade CountyAudrain CountyMontgomery CountyCallaway CountyBoone CountyRandolph CountyHoward CountyMoniteau CountyCooper CountySaline CountyChariton CountyMiller CountyCamden CountyMorgan CountyBenton CountyPettis CountyPhelps CountyCrawford CountyMaries CountyLaclede CountyPulaski CountyDent CountyDallas CountyHickory CountyPolk CountyMOCole.jpg

Record Loss

Jefferson City, MO Cole County Courthouse Fire

Jefferson City, Mo., March 14. -- The Cole County courthouse was destroyed by fire this afternoon. The records which were in fireproof vaults were not damaged. The building was insured for $70,000. The cost of replacing the structure, it was stated today would be $100,000, though the original cost was $59,000.

Dallas Morning News, Dallas, TX 15 Mar 1918

For a list of record loss in Missouri counties see: Missouri Counties with Burned Courthouses


Template:Cole County,
To see a list of places in Cole County, click on [Show], in the bar above.

The State Historical Society of has information on historical place names for all Counties.




  • The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs has burial records for Jefferson City and other Cemeteries around the country.


For tips on accessing Cole County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Census.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.


  • St. Paul Lutheran Church, Lohman, records in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at .com ($).



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Cole County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.





Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Cole County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like: ($) has historical newspapers available on-line. Their database has Jefferson City newspapers from the early 1900's that covered local news on Cole County residents as well as residents from surrounding counties.
Chronicling America a list of 1836 to 1922 Cole County newspapers with their descriptions and where they are held
The State Historical Society of Missouri digitized newspapers from Cole County - you must sort by Cole County


Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

  • 1865-1874 - Cole County 1865-1874. Batch C514812 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1883 - Cole County 1883. Batch C514814 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1883-1906 - Cole County 1883-1906. Batch C514817 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1885 - Cole County 1885. Batch C514815 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1821-1865 - Cole County A and B Index 1821-1865. Batch M514811 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1865-1881 - Cole County C and D Index 1865-1881. Batch M514812 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1881-1885 - Cole County 1 and 2 Index 1881-1885. Batch M514813 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • State provides on-line access to Death Certificates more than 50 yrs old starting in 1910.
  • 1883-1906 - Cole County Death Index 1883-1906. Batch B514817 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

Genealogy Societies, Archives and Libraries

Cole County Historical Society
Jefferson City, MO 65101

Family History Centers

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Centers for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.


Sites with online indexes or images of records
Missouri Digital Heritage Free digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
MOGenWeb Free Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb Archives Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Sites that search for links pertaining to Cole County, Missouri Genealogy
RootsWeb resources Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Linkpendium Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
StateofUS Free family history resources and government records
Major catalogs for hard copy collections of Cole County, Missouri Genealogy
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
FamilySearch catalog Select topics. To select towns, add a comma to the search box.
WorldCat To find nearby libraries that have specific items, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
Allen County Public Library located in Indiana They are heavily involved in digitizing.
Missouri State Archives Library catalog; from this page you must search "Cole County"
See also local libraries and Missouri Archives and Libraries


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, : Everton Pub., 2002), Cole County, . Page 399 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, :Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Genealogical Society of , Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at