Colorado, State Census, 1885 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(How to use)
(47 intermediate revisions by 16 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{FamilySearch_Collection|CID=CID1807096 |Title=Colorado State Census, 1885|scheduled=}}  
+
{{FamilySearch_Collection|CID=CID1807096
 +
|title=Colorado State Census, 1885
 +
|location=United States}}<br>
  
We are welcoming contributors for FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. These articles are a part of [[WikiProject: FamilySearch Historical Records]]. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.
+
== Record Description  ==
  
==== Style Guide  ====
+
The collection consists of a name index and images of population schedules listing the inhabitants of the state of Colorado. The 1885 census was taken with the assistance of the United States Government. The records are handwritten on pre-printed pages with rows and columns. Not all counties are available.<br>
  
For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: <br>[[FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages|FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages]]
+
==== Counties Included in This Census  ====
  
== <br>Collection Time Period  ==
+
Araphoe, Archuleta, Bent Boulder, Chaffee, Clear Creek, Conejos, Costilla, Custer, Delta, Dolores, Eagle, Elbert, El Paso, Gilpin, Grand, Gunnison, Hinsdale, Huerfano, Jefferson, Lake, La Plata, Larimer, Las Amimas, Mesa, Montrose, Ouray, Park, Pitkin, Pueblo, Rio Grande, Routt, Saguache, San Juan, San Miguel, Summit, Weld.
  
These records cover the inhabitants of Colorado in 1885.  
+
For a list of records by date or locality currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1807096/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.  
  
== Record History ==
+
=== Citation for This Collection ===
  
On June 1, 1885 a special federal census of Colorado was taken. The 1885 census included four general schedules: population, agriculture, manufactures, and mortality. These schedules are organized alphabetically by county and thereunder by the number assigned to each type of schedule. Within each type of schedule the records are arranged by enumeration district.  
+
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
  
<br>'''Population Schedule'''
+
{{Collection citation| text = National Archives and Records Administration. Central Plains Region. Colorado State Census 1885. National Archives and Records Administration, Central Plains Region, Kansas City. }}
  
The 1885 population schedule resembles a typical census schedule and can provide valuable information that can be used to fill the gap caused by the loss of the 1890 federal census in the 1921 Department of Commerce fire.  
+
[[Colorado 1885 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
<br>
+
== Record Content  ==
  
'''Mortality Schedule'''
+
The following information is listed in the population schedule:
 
+
The 1885 mortality schedule enumerated all individuals who died between June 1, 1884, and May 31, 1885. This schedule was to include individuals who died within the district, even if they had no family in the district, and individuals who died outside the district but had family within the district.
+
 
+
<br>'''The following counties are included in this census:'''
+
 
+
Araphoe, Archuleta, Bent Boulder, Chaffee, Clear Creek, Conejos, Costilla, Custer, Delta, Dolores, Eagle, Elbert, El Paso, Gilpin, Grand, Gunnison, Hinsdale, Huerfano, Jefferson, Lake, La Plata, Larimer, Las Amimas, Mesa, Montrose, Ouray, Park, Pitkin, Pueblo, Rio Grande, Routt, Saguache, San Juan, San Miguel, Summit, Weld
+
 
+
=== Why This Record Was Created  ===
+
 
+
The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population of the state to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.
+
 
+
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
 
+
The information is generally reliable. However use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
+
 
+
== Record Description  ==
+
 
+
The records are handwritten on pre-printed pages with rows and columns.
+
 
+
 
+
=== Record Content  ===
+
  
 
[[Image:Colorado 1885 Census DGS AR-M355N 20100310 125623-2.jpg|thumb|right]]  
 
[[Image:Colorado 1885 Census DGS AR-M355N 20100310 125623-2.jpg|thumb|right]]  
  
'''The following information is listed in the population schedule:&nbsp;'''
+
*Street name
 
+
*House number  
*Street&nbsp;address&nbsp;
+
*Full name of each member of household  
*House number
+
*Full name of each member of household
+
 
*Race  
 
*Race  
 
*Gender  
 
*Gender  
Line 56: Line 35:
 
*Relationship to the head of household  
 
*Relationship to the head of household  
 
*Marital Status  
 
*Marital Status  
*Occupation or number of months unemployed in the previous year&nbsp;
+
*Profession or occupation
 
*Disabilities  
 
*Disabilities  
 
*If attended school within the past year  
 
*If attended school within the past year  
*If they can read, write, and speak English  
+
*If person can read, write, and speak English  
*Place of birth  
+
*Person's place of birth  
 
*Father's birth place  
 
*Father's birth place  
 
*Mother's birth place
 
*Mother's birth place
  
== How to Use the Record ==
+
== How to Use the Records ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
+
To begin your search you need to know the name and other identifying information such as their age or the names of other members of the household.  
  
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
+
==== Search the Collection  ====
  
• Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
+
'''To search this collection using the index:'''
  
• Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.  
+
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
  
• Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.  
+
Be aware there may be inaccuracies such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
  
• Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
+
'''To browse this collection you will need to follow this series of links:'''<br> ⇒Select the ''"Browse"'' link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the ''"County"''<br> ⇒Select the ''"Town or Enumeration District Number''"<br>⇒Select the ''"Schedule"'' which takes you to the images
  
• If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.  
+
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
  
• Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.
+
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].  
  
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
+
==== Using the Information  ====
  
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.  
+
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
  
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:  
+
For example:  
  
• Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
+
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
 +
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  
• You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
  
You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.  
+
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
 +
*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
 +
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 +
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
 +
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 +
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
 +
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
 +
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
 +
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 +
*You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
  
• Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
+
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
  
You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.<br>
+
*Check for variant spellings of the names.
 +
*Look for a different index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
 +
*Search the records of nearby localities.
  
=== How Has This Article Helped You? ===
+
==== General Information About This Census ====
  
[[FamilySearch Collection Feedback|Send us your story]]&nbsp;
+
On June 1, 1885 a special federal census of Colorado was taken. The 1885 census included four general schedules: population, agriculture, manufactures, and mortality. These schedules are organized alphabetically by county and there under by the number assigned to each type of schedule. Within each type of schedule the records are arranged by enumeration district.
  
== Related Websites&nbsp;  ==
+
The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population of the state to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.
  
&nbsp;
+
The information is generally reliable. However use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
  
'''This section of the article in incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to realted web sties here.''' &nbsp;
+
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: [[United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
==== Population Schedule ====
  
[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/Colorado_Census Colorado Census]
+
The 1885 population schedule resembles a typical census schedule and can provide valuable information that can be used to fill the gap caused by the loss of the 1890 federal census in the 1921 Department of Commerce fire.  
  
&nbsp;
+
==== Mortality Schedule  ====
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
The 1885 mortality schedule enumerated all individuals who died between June 1, 1884, and May 31, 1885. This schedule was to include individuals who died within the district, even if they had no family in the district, and individuals who died outside the district but had family within the district.
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
== Related Websites  ==
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
*[http://history.denverlibrary.org/research/census_arapahoe/census_arapahoe.pdf 1885 Colorado State Census:&nbsp;Arapahoe County]
 +
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~codelta/database/census.htm?cj=1&o_xid=0002530104&o_lid=0002530104 1885 Delta County Colorado Census Index]
 +
*[http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/census.html Colorado and Indian Census Records at the Colorado State Archives]  
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6837 Colorado State Census, 1885]
  
'''Examples of citations:<br>'''
+
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
• United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71 <br>• Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023
+
*[[Colorado|Colorado]]
 +
*[[Colorado Census|Colorado Census]]
 +
*[[Colorado Censuses Existing and Lost|Colorado Censuses Existing and Lost]]
  
=== <br>How Has This Article Helped You? ===
+
== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
[[FamilySearch Collection Feedback|Send us your story]]
+
{{Contributor invite}}
  
==== Style Guide  ====
+
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
+
For guidelines to use in creating wiki articles that describe collections of images and indexes produced by FamilySearch, see: <br>[[FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages|FamilySearch Wiki:Guidelines for FamilySearch Collections pages]]
+
 
+
== Sources of Information for This Collection ==
+
 
+
Colorado State Census, 1885, database, FamilySearch; (http://familysearch.org); from National Archives and Records Administration, District of Columbia. FHL microfilm, 8 rolls. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.
+
 
+
<br>
+
  
== Sources Cited  ==
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
  
Rebecca Crawford, "[http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2008/fall/1885-census.html The Forgotten Federal Census of 1885]."''The National Archive.''&amp;nbsp;Prologue MagazineFall 2008, Vol. 40, No. 3. Web. 28 July 2010. &lt;http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2008/fall/1885-census.html&gt;.  
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
"Colorado State Census, 1885." Ancestry Family History Library Edition. Ancestry.com. n.d. Web. 28 July 2010. &lt;http://search.Ance.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6837&gt;.
+
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
U.S. Government. ''Colorado State Census Schedule 1885''. Compiled G. Eileen Buckway. ''U.S. State and Special Census Register.''
+
"Colorado, State Census, 1885," images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-14766-13985-22?cc=1807096&amp;wc=7165528; accessed 15 May, 2012), Mesa &gt; 1 &gt; Population &gt; Image 7 of 16 images, George Lewis; citing State Census, Colorado Census Bureau, Colorado State Archives, Denver, Co.  
  
<br>
+
[[Category:Colorado|Census]]

Revision as of 20:53, 14 January 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Colorado State Census, 1885 .

Contents

Record Description

The collection consists of a name index and images of population schedules listing the inhabitants of the state of Colorado. The 1885 census was taken with the assistance of the United States Government. The records are handwritten on pre-printed pages with rows and columns. Not all counties are available.

Counties Included in This Census

Araphoe, Archuleta, Bent Boulder, Chaffee, Clear Creek, Conejos, Costilla, Custer, Delta, Dolores, Eagle, Elbert, El Paso, Gilpin, Grand, Gunnison, Hinsdale, Huerfano, Jefferson, Lake, La Plata, Larimer, Las Amimas, Mesa, Montrose, Ouray, Park, Pitkin, Pueblo, Rio Grande, Routt, Saguache, San Juan, San Miguel, Summit, Weld.

For a list of records by date or locality currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

National Archives and Records Administration. Central Plains Region. Colorado State Census 1885. National Archives and Records Administration, Central Plains Region, Kansas City.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

The following information is listed in the population schedule:

Colorado 1885 Census DGS AR-M355N 20100310 125623-2.jpg
  • Street name
  • House number
  • Full name of each member of household
  • Race
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Relationship to the head of household
  • Marital Status
  • Profession or occupation
  • Disabilities
  • If attended school within the past year
  • If person can read, write, and speak English
  • Person's place of birth
  • Father's birth place
  • Mother's birth place

How to Use the Records

To begin your search you need to know the name and other identifying information such as their age or the names of other members of the household.

Search the Collection

To search this collection using the index:

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Be aware there may be inaccuracies such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

To browse this collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "County"
⇒Select the "Town or Enumeration District Number"
⇒Select the "Schedule" which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
  • You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Check for variant spellings of the names.
  • Look for a different index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Search the records of nearby localities.

General Information About This Census

On June 1, 1885 a special federal census of Colorado was taken. The 1885 census included four general schedules: population, agriculture, manufactures, and mortality. These schedules are organized alphabetically by county and there under by the number assigned to each type of schedule. Within each type of schedule the records are arranged by enumeration district.

The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population of the state to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.

The information is generally reliable. However use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Population Schedule

The 1885 population schedule resembles a typical census schedule and can provide valuable information that can be used to fill the gap caused by the loss of the 1890 federal census in the 1921 Department of Commerce fire.

Mortality Schedule

The 1885 mortality schedule enumerated all individuals who died between June 1, 1884, and May 31, 1885. This schedule was to include individuals who died within the district, even if they had no family in the district, and individuals who died outside the district but had family within the district.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"Colorado, State Census, 1885," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-14766-13985-22?cc=1807096&wc=7165528; accessed 15 May, 2012), Mesa > 1 > Population > Image 7 of 16 images, George Lewis; citing State Census, Colorado Census Bureau, Colorado State Archives, Denver, Co.