Colorado Census

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[[Portal:United States Census|Portal:United States Census ]]>[[Colorado|Colorado]]  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Colorado|Colorado]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Colorado_Census|Census]]''
  
== Availability  ==
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
'''''1880 United States Census'''''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site]. This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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<br>
  
'''1860 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.''
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Colorado Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country. <br><br>'''1890--'''The federal&nbsp;census was destroyed.
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|}
  
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
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=== Online Colorado indexes and images ===
  
== Historical Background  ==
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{{Census Online Colorado}}
  
'''1876--'''Colorado became a state. Prior to statehood, Colorado was part of divided among the territories of Kansas, Nebraska, Utah, and New Mexico.
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
== Indexes ==
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==== Microfilm Images ====
  
==== Online Indexes  ====
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="745" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| {{FHL|648322|title-id|disp=1910}}
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| {{FHL|698887|title-id|disp=1870}}&nbsp;&nbsp;
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|-
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| {{FHL|1034481|title-id|disp=1930}}
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| {{FHL|647801|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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|
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|-
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| {{FHL|557226|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|670371|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
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|
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|}
  
Use available online indexes to locate your Colorado ancestors.&nbsp; Online indexes are available at:
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<br>
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]  
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="745" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#colorado 1910 T624]&nbsp;  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#colorado 1870 M593]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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|-
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T626]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#colorado 1900 T623]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-02.html#colorado Soundex T1035]
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|
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-07.html#colorado 1920 T625]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-02.html#colorado Soundex M1552]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#colorado 1880 T9] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#colorado Soundex T738]  
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|
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|}
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
==== Soundex (phonetic) Indexes&nbsp;  ====
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Colorado, [[Colorado Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
'''1880--'''partial [[Soundex|Soundex]] index exists
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
'''1900--'''Soundex index available
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
'''1910--'''Use the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=232848&disp=Cross+index+to+selected+city+streets+and%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Denver Street Index] (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=232848&disp=Cross+index+to+selected+city+streets+and++ fiche 6331481])&nbsp;to help locate individuals in the census.  
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{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="77%" align="center"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" align="center" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Colorado'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Free'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" align="center" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" width="10%" align="center" | '''Type'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1885'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8756 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8756 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8756 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]  
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|}
  
'''1920--'''Soundex index available
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
==== Special Indexes  ====
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'''[[Family History Library|Family History Library]] Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for&nbsp;Colorado'''
  
Colorado Historical Society has a card index to the 1860 census. Separate indexes for the Nebraska and New Mexico portions are included in the 1860 indexes for those territories. An index to Arapahoe County, Kansas (where most of Colorado's 1860 population lived) is found in search 7A on the AIS census index on microfiche. An 1870 Colorado Territory census and index are also at the Family History Library. &nbsp;  
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*Indian census rolls, Consolidated Ute, 1923-1939 {{FHL|575769}}
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*Indian census rolls, Fort Lewis, 1904-1908 {{FHL|576838}}
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*Federal mortality census schedules and related indexes: Colorado; 1870-1880 {{FHL|422411}}
  
== Special Censuses  ==
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<br>'''[[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]] Federal Census [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/nonpopulation/colorado.html Non-Population Schedule] Microfilms for Colorado'''
  
==== Mortality Schedule  ====
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*1935 Census of Business
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*1850 - 1880 Federal Mortality Schedules
  
Both the 1860 and 1870 censuses include mortality schedules.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
*[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Colorado, [[Colorado Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
== State Censuses ==
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses ===
  
'''1885--'''Colorado took a state census.&nbsp;  
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Colorado&nbsp;took several censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.
  
Family History Library Book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=232848&disp=Cross+index+to+selected+city+streets+and%20%20&columns=*,0,0 978.852 X2c]  
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*'''1885''' [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1807096 Colorado State Census, 1885] at FamilySearch Historical Records
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*'''1885''' Garfield county missing.<ref>William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993 Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 55, says Fremont and Garfield counties missing (from National Archives copy); Colorado State Archives copy includes Fremont, but lacks Garfield and 18 other counties.</ref> Arapahoe County available [http://history.denverlibrary.org/research/census_arapahoe/census_arapahoe.pdf online].
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*'''1866''' Logan, Morgan, Sedgwick, Weld and northern parts of Washington and Yuma counties only<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 27-28, lists an index, Arliss Shaffer Monk, ''Index to a Weld County Census, Colorado Territory, 1866'' (1978).</ref>
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*'''1860''' The Kansas Territory federal census includes parts of Colorado. Kansas has a state copy of that federal census. That state copy and it's index including names from Colorado are available at the Kansas State Historical Society.<ref>Lainhart, 45.</ref>
  
== Territorial Censuses ==
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=== Existing and lost censuses ===
  
An 1860 federal territorial census was taken in the four territories from which Colorado was created.&nbsp;
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For a list of available and missing Colorado censuses, [[Colorado Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
'''Northeastern Section-- '''enumerated with Nebraska 1860 census schedules designated "unorganized territory."
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=== Why use a census?  ===
  
'''Central Eastern section--'''&nbsp;enumerated with Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory.  
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
'''Southeast section--''' enumerated in parts of Taos and Mora Counties of New Mexico Territory.Since&nbsp;half of the state of Colorado,&nbsp;included in the Utah Territory was not settled, no census was taken in that area.<br>
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
== Web Sites  ==
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]  
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
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'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/CO/ http://www.census-online.com/links/CO/]  
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[[Colorado_1885_State_Census_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)|Colorado 1885 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/co/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/co/census.html]
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/colorado.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/colorado.htm]
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{{reflist}}
  
Census Finder:&nbsp; http://www.censusfinder.com/colorado.htm
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{{Place|Colorado}} {{USCensus}} {{Colorado|Colorado}}
  
RootsWeb:&nbsp; http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/tx/colorado/census/1930/
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[[Category:Colorado|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]
 
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RootsWeb:&nbsp; http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/tx/colorado/census/1870/&nbsp;use with:
+
 
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Colorado State Archives:&nbsp; http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/1870/index.htm
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Colorado Historical Society: http://www.coloradohistory.org/chs_library/research_coll_files/rc_genealogy.htm
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Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
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== References  ==
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&nbsp;''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Colorado.ASP Colorado Research Outline]''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
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[[Category:Colorado]]
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Revision as of 21:32, 8 June 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  Colorado  Gotoarrow.png  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Colorado indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Colorado
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes   Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1885 Federal indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Link Link  Link  - -
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images -
Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - Link  Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860[8] indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images -
NE Link KS Link NM Link - NELink KSLink NMLink NE Link KS Link NM Link NE Link KS Link NM Link NE Link KS Link NM Link NE Link KS Link NM Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm Images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 1870  
1930 1900 and Soundex
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624  1870 M593        
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1035
1920 T625 and Soundex M1552 1880 T9 and Soundex T738

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Colorado, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Colorado

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1885 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Colorado

  • Indian census rolls, Consolidated Ute, 1923-1939 FHL 575769
  • Indian census rolls, Fort Lewis, 1904-1908 FHL 576838
  • Federal mortality census schedules and related indexes: Colorado; 1870-1880 FHL 422411


National Archives Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Colorado

  • 1935 Census of Business
  • 1850 - 1880 Federal Mortality Schedules

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Colorado, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Colorado took several censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

  • 1885 Colorado State Census, 1885 at FamilySearch Historical Records
  • 1885 Garfield county missing.[9] Arapahoe County available online.
  • 1866 Logan, Morgan, Sedgwick, Weld and northern parts of Washington and Yuma counties only[10]
  • 1860 The Kansas Territory federal census includes parts of Colorado. Kansas has a state copy of that federal census. That state copy and it's index including names from Colorado are available at the Kansas State Historical Society.[11]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Colorado censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Colorado 1885 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. In 1860 people living in what is now Colorado were enumerated as part of: (1) Boulder, Altoona, and other towns in the unorganized area west of 101 degrees 30' in the Nebraska Territory census, (2) Arapahoe County, in the Kansas Territory census, or (3) Taos County, and perhaps, Mora County, in the New Mexico Territory census.
  9. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 55, says Fremont and Garfield counties missing (from National Archives copy); Colorado State Archives copy includes Fremont, but lacks Garfield and 18 other counties.
  10. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 27-28, lists an index, Arliss Shaffer Monk, Index to a Weld County Census, Colorado Territory, 1866 (1978).
  11. Lainhart, 45.