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[[Portal:United States Military Records|Portal:United States Military Records]]>[[Colorado|Colorado]]  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Colorado|Colorado]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Colorado_Military_Records|Military Records]]''
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[[Image:The-Battle-of-Glorieta-Pass.jpg|thumb|right|310x220px]] __TOC__
  
 
The [[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]] page provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.  
 
The [[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]] page provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.  
  
Many military records are found at the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] and other federal and state archives. Some of the records of military service, pensions amd other reecords related to those who served the Armed Forces of the United States have been microfilmed and are also available through the Family History Library in Salt Lake City and its family history centers.  
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Many military records are found at the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] and the state archives. Service records, pensions and other records related to those who served in the Armed Forces of the United States have been microfilmed and are available through the Family History Library in Salt Lake City and local family history centers.  
  
The main page for the [[United States|United States]] provides more information on federal records. For Colorado the following sources are also very helpful.  
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The main page for the [[United States|United States]] provides more information on federal records. The following sources are also helpful for Colorado military research.  
  
 
=== Forts<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1208283656546_343" />  ===
 
=== Forts<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1208283656546_343" />  ===
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There were a number of [http://www.northamericanforts.com/West/co2.html#uncom fortifications] built in Colorado for various reasons. Some were official military installations. Many were trading posts and were not part of the U.S. Army's posts. Some were simply small, unofficial fortifications built for protection.  
 
There were a number of [http://www.northamericanforts.com/West/co2.html#uncom fortifications] built in Colorado for various reasons. Some were official military installations. Many were trading posts and were not part of the U.S. Army's posts. Some were simply small, unofficial fortifications built for protection.  
  
[http://www.santafetrailresearch.com/spacepix/bents-new-fort-colorado.html Bent's New Fort ]1849 - Also know as Fort Williams.
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*[http://www.santafetrailresearch.com/spacepix/bents-new-fort-colorado.html Bent's New Fort ]1849 - Also know as Fort Williams.
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Collins,_Colorado Fort Collins] -- 1864-1867
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*[http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/blm/co/10/chap5.htm Fort Crawford] -- Textual records of this fort, 1868-1890, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). The remains of soldiers buried at Fort Crawford were relocated to [http://www.cem.va.gov/CEMs/nchp/ftmcpherson.asp Fort McPherson National Cemetery] on December 4, 1891.
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*[http://historytogo.utah.gov/utah_chapters/trappers,_traders,_and_explorers/fortdavycrockett.html Fort Davey Crokett ]-- was near Greenview Colorado.
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*[http://fortwiki.com/Fort_Fred_Steele Fort Fred Steele]
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*[http://www.sangres.com/colorado/costilla/fortgarland.htm Fort Garland] -- Established in 1858 in the San Luis Valley, about 25 miles east of Alamosa. Its purpose was to protect settlers against the Ute Indians. It was abandoned in 1883. The site today consists of a museum, the parade grounds and some of the original buildings. Textual records of this fort, 1860-1883, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Lewis_College Fort Lewis] -- Textual records of this fort, 1878-1891, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).The remains of soldiers buried at Fort Lewis were relocated to [http://www.cem.va.gov/CEMs/nchp/ftmcpherson.asp Fort McPherson National Cemetery] on December 10, 1891.
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Lyon Fort Lyon] -- Originally called Fort Wise, it is located in Bent County, Colorado, seven miles east of Las Animas. The fort was abandoned in 1917 and the remains of soldiers interred there were moved to the Fort McPherson National Cemetery in Nebraska. Fort Lyon later became a Naval Hospital and then a Veteran's Hospital. A [http://www.cem.va.gov/CEM/cems/nchp/ftlyon.asp National Cemetery] exists there, established from the Naval Hospital cemetery commencing in 1907. Textual records of this fort, 1868-1889, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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*Fort Massachusetts 1852-1858&nbsp; near Fort Garland<br>A Federal post built on Ute Creek for protection of the settlers against Utes and Apaches. Replaced by Fort Garland located six miles south due to unhealthful conditions
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pueblo,_Colorado Fort Pueblo]
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*[http://www.over-land.com/ftsedgwick.html Fort Sedgwick] -- Established as a military outpost in 1864 and abandoned in 1871. Textual records of this fort, 1865-1871, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).The remains of soldiers buried at Fort Sedgwick were relocated to [http://www.cem.va.gov/CEMs/nchp/ftmcpherson.asp Fort McPherson National Cemetery] in 1891.
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*[http://www.delta-fort.org/ Fort Uncompahgre near Delta Colorado]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Vasquez Fort Vasquez] -- A fur-trading fort established in 1835 by Louis Vasquez and Andrew Sublette, located 35 miles northeast of Denver. It was restored in 1930s and now has a [http://www.coloradohistory.org/hist_sites/ft_vasquez/ft_vasquez.htm museum] of the fur-trading days. It was not an official military post.
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*Camp White River -- The remains of soldiers buried at Camp White River military post were relocated to [http://www.cem.va.gov/CEMs/nchp/ftmcpherson.asp Fort McPherson National Cemetery] on January 8, 1887.
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Fort_Wise Fort Wise] -- Original name of Fort Lyon.
  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Collins,_Colorado Fort Collins] -- 1864-1867
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=== Mexican War (1846-1848)  ===
  
[http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/blm/co/10/chap5.htm Fort Crawford] -- Textual records of this fort, 1868-1890, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). The remains of soldiers buried at Fort Crawford were relocated to [http://www.cem.va.gov/CEMs/nchp/ftmcpherson.asp Fort McPherson National Cemetery] on December 4, 1891.  
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The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided. <br>
  
[http://historytogo.utah.gov/utah_chapters/trappers,_traders,_and_explorers/fortdavycrockett.html Fort Davey Crokett ]-- was near Greenview Colorado.  
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*''Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926''. (NARA T317). {{FHL|0537000|item|disp=FHL films 0537000–13}} Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:<br>
  
[http://fortwiki.com/Fort_Fred_Steele Fort Fred Steele]  
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:*{{RecordSearch|1979390|United States, Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Mexican War Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])<br>
  
[http://www.sangres.com/colorado/costilla/fortgarland.htm Fort Garland] -- Established in 1858 in the San Luis Valley, about 25 miles east of Alamosa. Its purpose was to protect settlers against the Ute Indians. It was abandoned in 1883. The site today consists of a museum, the parade grounds and some of the original buildings. Textual records of this fort, 1860-1883, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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*Robarts, William Hugh. ''Mexican War Veterans&nbsp;: A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848…'' Washington, D.C.&nbsp;: Brentano’s, 1887. {{FHL|1854496|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2rwh}} Digital version available at [http://archive.org/details/mexicanwarvetera00roba Internet Archive].<br>
  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Lewis_College Fort Lewis] -- Textual records of this fort, 1878-1891, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).The remains of soldiers buried at Fort Lewis were relocated to [http://www.cem.va.gov/CEMs/nchp/ftmcpherson.asp Fort McPherson National Cemetery] on December 10, 1891.  
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Click on these links to learn more about the [[Mexican War, 1846 to 1848|Mexican War]] and about [[US Mexican War Pension Records|Mexican War pension records]].  
  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Lyon Fort Lyon] -- Originally called Fort Wise, it is located in Bent County, Colorado, seven miles east of Las Animas. The fort was abandoned in 1917 and the remains of soldiers interred there were moved to the Fort McPherson National Cemetery in Nebraska. Fort Lyon later became a Naval Hospital and then a Veteran's Hospital. A [http://www.cem.va.gov/CEM/cems/nchp/ftlyon.asp National Cemetery] exists there, established from the Naval Hospital cemetery commencing in 1907. Textual records of this fort, 1868-1889, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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=== Civil War (1861-1865) ===
  
Fort Massachusetts 1852-1858&nbsp; near Fort Garland<br>A Federal post built on Ute Creek for protection of the settlers against Utes and Apaches. Replaced by Fort Garland located six miles south due to unhealthful conditions
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[[Image:{{William Gilpin, Governor}}]] See [[Colorado in the Civil War|Colorado in the Civil War]] for information about Colorado Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Colorado regiments involved in the Civil War.
  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pueblo,_Colorado Fort Pueblo]
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The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.  
  
[http://www.over-land.com/ftsedgwick.html Fort Sedgwick] -- Established as a military outpost in 1864 and abandoned in 1871. Textual records of this fort, 1865-1871, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).The remains of soldiers buried at Fort Sedgwick were relocated to [http://www.cem.va.gov/CEMs/nchp/ftmcpherson.asp Fort McPherson National Cemetery] in 1891.  
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The [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors&nbsp;System] allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.  
  
[http://www.delta-fort.org/ Fort Uncompahgre near Delta Colorado]
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=== Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)  ===
  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Vasquez Fort Vasquez] -- A fur-trading fort established in 1835 by Louis Vasquez and Andrew Sublette, located 35 miles northeast of Denver. It was restored in 1930s and now has a [http://www.coloradohistory.org/hist_sites/ft_vasquez/ft_vasquez.htm museum] of the fur-trading days. It was not an official military post.  
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The names of soldiers who served at military posts on the frontier are in ''Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army at the National Archives''. The Family History Library has copies of the registers from 1798 to 1914 (beginning on Family History Library {{FHL|43696|title-id|disp=film 350307}}). The registers give the soldier's name, rank, company, regiment, company and commanders, physical description, age, occupation, and birthplace. They are arranged by year and by the first letter of the surname.  
  
Camp White River -- The remains of soldiers buried at Camp White River military post were relocated to [http://www.cem.va.gov/CEMs/nchp/ftmcpherson.asp Fort McPherson National Cemetery] on January 8, 1887.  
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The [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/graves Colorado Veterans’ Grave Registrations 1862 - 1949] from the Colorado State Archives lists soldiers buried in Colorado that served in the Civil War, World War I, World War II and possibly other wars of that time period. The online index does not mention which war the soldier served in, however, more information can be obtained from the archives.  
  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Fort_Wise Fort Wise] -- Original name of Fort Lyon.
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=== Spanish-American War (1898)<br>  ===
  
=== Civil War (1861-1865)  ===
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The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.
  
See [[Colorado in the Civil War|Colorado in the Civil War]] for information about Colorado Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Colorado regiments involved in the Civil War.
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'''Indexes'''
  
The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.  
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*{{RecordSearch|1919699|United States, General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934}} (NARA T288). (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. The index covers veterans of the Civil War, '''Spanish‑American War,''' Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. ([[United States, General Index to Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
  
The [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors&nbsp;System] allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor. <br>
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*{{RecordSearch|1919583|United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
  
=== Indian Wars (1798-1914) ===
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The [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/span_am_war/ Colorado State Archives] has put an Index to the Muster Rolls for the Spanish American War on-line.&nbsp; It is an extraction from the Muster Rolls of the Colorado Volunteers.&nbsp; [[Colorado Volunteers in the Spanish American War (1898)|Read more]].
  
The names of soldiers who served at military posts on the frontier are in ''Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army at the National Archives''. The Family History Library has copies of the registers from 1798 to 1914 (beginning on Family History Library {{FHL|43696|title-id|disp=film 350307}}). The registers give the soldier's name, rank, company, regiment, company and commanders, physical description, age, occupation, and birthplace. They are arranged by year and by the first letter of the surname.  
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The [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/graves Colorado Veterans’ Grave Registrations 1862 - 1949] from the Colorado State Archives lists soldiers buried in Colorado that served in the Civil War, World War I, World War II and possibly other wars of that time period. The online index does not mention which war the soldier served in, however, more information can be obtained from the archives.  
 
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<br>
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=== Spanish American War (1898)  ===
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The [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/span_am_war/ Colorado State Archives] has put an Index To the Muster Rolls for the Spanish American War on-line.&nbsp; It is an extraction from the Muster Rolls of the Colorado Volunteers.&nbsp; [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Colorado_Volunteers_in_the_Spanish_American_War_%281898%29 Read more].  
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Click on the link to learn more about the [[Spanish-American War, 1898|Spanish American War]].  
  
 
=== World War I (1917-1918)  ===
 
=== World War I (1917-1918)  ===
  
World War I draft registration cards for men age 18 to 45 may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. For registration cards for Colorado, see:
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World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.  
  
United States. Selective Service System. ''Colorado, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On Family History Library {{FHL|746969|title-id|disp=films beginning with 1544462}}.) These cards are digitized, indexed and online at [http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com] ($)
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'''Draft Registration Cards'''
  
To find an individual's draft card, it helps to know his name and residence at the time of registration. The cards are arranged alphabetically by county, within the county by draft board, and then alphabetically by surname within each draft board.  
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*United States. Selective Service System. ''Colorado, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On Family History Library {{FHL|746969|title-id|disp=films beginning with 1544462}}.) These cards have been digitized and are searchable online. See [[United States World War I Draft Records|WWI Draft Records]] for more information. Also available at:<br>
  
Most counties had only one board; large cities had several. A map showing the boundaries of individual draft boards is available for most large cities. Finding an ancestor's street address in a city directory will help you in using the draft board map. There is an alphabetical list of cities that are on the map. For a copy of this map see:  
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:*{{RecordSearch|1968530|United States, World War One Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918}} (FamilySearch) - free
  
United States. Selective Service System. ''List of World War One Draft Board Maps''. Washington, DC: National Archives. (Family History Library {{FHL|641275|title-id|disp=film 1498803}}.)
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[[United States World War I Draft Records|United States World War I Draft Records]] provides additional information.  
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'''Pension Records'''
  
 
The Family History Library and the National Archives have two indexes of pension records: ''Old War Pension Index (1815-1926)'' and ''Indian Wars (1892-1926)''. These are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under UNITED STATES - MILITARY RECORDS.  
 
The Family History Library and the National Archives have two indexes of pension records: ''Old War Pension Index (1815-1926)'' and ''Indian Wars (1892-1926)''. These are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under UNITED STATES - MILITARY RECORDS.  
  
Additional military records are at the Colorado Division of State Archives and Public Records, including militia muster roll books through World War I and [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/graves/index.html grave registrations of veterans]. [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Colorado_Veterans%27_Grave_Registrations%2C_1862-1949 Read more] on grave registrations of veterans.
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'''Cemetery Records'''
  
Colorado compiled&nbsp;questionaires after the end of WWI concerning the service by the home front during the War.&nbsp; The [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/wwi_questionnaires/ Colorado State Archives]&nbsp;has an Index for the period 1917-1922&nbsp;to those qestionaires.&nbsp; [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Colorado_WWI_Civilian_Service_Questionaires_Index%2C_1917-1922 Read more].  
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The [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/graves Colorado Veterans’ Grave Registrations 1862 - 1949] from the Colorado State Archives lists soldiers buried in Colorado that served in the Civil War, World War I, World War II and possibly other wars of that time period. The online index does not mention which war the soldier served in, however, more information can be obtained from the archives.  
  
=== Vietnam War  ===
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'''Other Records'''
  
The [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/Vietnam/Vietnamdeaths66-68.htm Colorado State Archives] has an Index to the Vietnam War Casualties for the periods June-December 1966 and January-December 1968.&nbsp; [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Colorado_Vietnam_War_Casualties_Index%2C_1966_%26_1968 Read more].  
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Additional military records are at the Colorado Division of State Archives and Public Records, including militia muster roll books through World War I and [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/graves/index.html grave registrations of veterans]. [[Colorado Veterans' Grave Registrations, 1862-1949|Read more]] on grave registrations of veterans.  
  
== '''Web Sites'''  ==
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Colorado compiled&nbsp;questionaires after the end of WWI concerning the service by the home front during the War.&nbsp; The [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/wwi_questionnaires/ Colorado State Archives]&nbsp;has an Index for the period 1917-1922&nbsp;to those qestionaires.&nbsp; [[Colorado WWI Civilian Service Questionaires Index, 1917-1922|Read more]].
  
http://www.archives.gov/
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=== World War II (1941-1945)  ===
  
http://www.germanroots.com/military.html
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On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.  
  
http://freepages.military.rootsweb.com/~xander/colorado-records.htm
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*{{RecordSearch|1339071|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 (Image Browse)}} (FamilySearch) - free
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*{{RecordSearch|1861144|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942}} (images with partial index) (FamilySearch) - free
  
[http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com] ($) <!--{12082836408900} -->
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:Also available at:
  
== References  ==
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1002 Ancestry] ($)
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*[http://www.fold3.com/title_765/wwii_old_mans_draft_registration_cards Fold3] ($).
  
*Information about burials at Fort McPherson in Kansas was taken from an old flyer published by the Department of Veteran's Affairs. A list is available at http://www.geocities.com/aolsen_2000/MaxwellFtMcPherson.htm?200814
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[[World War II United States Military Records, 1941 to 1945|World War II United States Military Records]] provides additional information.  
*''[[Colorado]] Research Outline''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
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:NOTE: All of the information from the original research outline has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated as time permits.
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=== Korean War (1950–1953)  ===
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The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the [[United States Korean War 1950 to 1953|Korean War ]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.
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=== Vietnam War (1964–1972)  ===
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The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the [[United States Vietnam War 1964 to 1972|Vietnam War]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.
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The [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/Vietnam/Vietnamdeaths66-68.htm Colorado State Archives] has an Index to the Vietnam War Casualties for the periods June-December 1966 and January-December 1968.&nbsp; [[Colorado Vietnam War Casualties Index, 1966 & 1968|Read more]].
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=== Other Records  ===
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The [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/graves Colorado Veterans’ Grave Registrations 1862 - 1949] from the Colorado State Archives lists soldiers buried in Colorado that served in the Civil War, World War I, World War II and possibly other wars of that time period. The online index does not mention which war the soldier served in, however, more information can be obtained from the archives.
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=== Web Sites  ===
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*[http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives Colorado State Archives]
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*[http://www.archives.gov National Archives]
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*http://www.germanroots.com/military.html
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*http://freepages.military.rootsweb.com/~xander/colorado-records.htm
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/Places/US/Colorado/Default.aspx www.ancestry.com] ($) <!--{12082836408900} -->
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=== References  ===
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*Information about burials at Fort McPherson in Kansas was taken from an old flyer published by the Department of Veteran's Affairs. A list is available at http://www.geocities.com/aolsen_2000/MaxwellFtMcPherson.htm?200814
  
{{Colorado|Colorado}}  
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{{Colorado|Colorado}} {{State Military Records}}  
  
 
[[Category:Colorado|Military]]
 
[[Category:Colorado|Military]]

Latest revision as of 17:14, 2 November 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png Colorado Gotoarrow.png Military Records

The-Battle-of-Glorieta-Pass.jpg

Contents


The United States Military Records page provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.

Many military records are found at the National Archives and the state archives. Service records, pensions and other records related to those who served in the Armed Forces of the United States have been microfilmed and are available through the Family History Library in Salt Lake City and local family history centers.

The main page for the United States provides more information on federal records. The following sources are also helpful for Colorado military research.

Forts

There were a number of fortifications built in Colorado for various reasons. Some were official military installations. Many were trading posts and were not part of the U.S. Army's posts. Some were simply small, unofficial fortifications built for protection.

  • Bent's New Fort 1849 - Also know as Fort Williams.
  • Fort Collins -- 1864-1867
  • Fort Crawford -- Textual records of this fort, 1868-1890, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). The remains of soldiers buried at Fort Crawford were relocated to Fort McPherson National Cemetery on December 4, 1891.
  • Fort Davey Crokett -- was near Greenview Colorado.
  • Fort Fred Steele
  • Fort Garland -- Established in 1858 in the San Luis Valley, about 25 miles east of Alamosa. Its purpose was to protect settlers against the Ute Indians. It was abandoned in 1883. The site today consists of a museum, the parade grounds and some of the original buildings. Textual records of this fort, 1860-1883, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
  • Fort Lewis -- Textual records of this fort, 1878-1891, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).The remains of soldiers buried at Fort Lewis were relocated to Fort McPherson National Cemetery on December 10, 1891.
  • Fort Lyon -- Originally called Fort Wise, it is located in Bent County, Colorado, seven miles east of Las Animas. The fort was abandoned in 1917 and the remains of soldiers interred there were moved to the Fort McPherson National Cemetery in Nebraska. Fort Lyon later became a Naval Hospital and then a Veteran's Hospital. A National Cemetery exists there, established from the Naval Hospital cemetery commencing in 1907. Textual records of this fort, 1868-1889, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
  • Fort Massachusetts 1852-1858  near Fort Garland
    A Federal post built on Ute Creek for protection of the settlers against Utes and Apaches. Replaced by Fort Garland located six miles south due to unhealthful conditions
  • Fort Pueblo
  • Fort Sedgwick -- Established as a military outpost in 1864 and abandoned in 1871. Textual records of this fort, 1865-1871, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).The remains of soldiers buried at Fort Sedgwick were relocated to Fort McPherson National Cemetery in 1891.
  • Fort Uncompahgre near Delta Colorado
  • Fort Vasquez -- A fur-trading fort established in 1835 by Louis Vasquez and Andrew Sublette, located 35 miles northeast of Denver. It was restored in 1930s and now has a museum of the fur-trading days. It was not an official military post.
  • Camp White River -- The remains of soldiers buried at Camp White River military post were relocated to Fort McPherson National Cemetery on January 8, 1887.
  • Fort Wise -- Original name of Fort Lyon.

Mexican War (1846-1848)

The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided.

  • Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926. (NARA T317). FHL films 0537000–13 Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:
  • Robarts, William Hugh. Mexican War Veterans : A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848… Washington, D.C. : Brentano’s, 1887. FHL book 973 M2rwh Digital version available at Internet Archive.

Click on these links to learn more about the Mexican War and about Mexican War pension records.

Civil War (1861-1865)

William Gilpin (1813-1894), 1st Colorado Governor (1861-1862)
See Colorado in the Civil War for information about Colorado Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Colorado regiments involved in the Civil War.

The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)

The names of soldiers who served at military posts on the frontier are in Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army at the National Archives. The Family History Library has copies of the registers from 1798 to 1914 (beginning on Family History Library film 350307). The registers give the soldier's name, rank, company, regiment, company and commanders, physical description, age, occupation, and birthplace. They are arranged by year and by the first letter of the surname.

The Colorado Veterans’ Grave Registrations 1862 - 1949 from the Colorado State Archives lists soldiers buried in Colorado that served in the Civil War, World War I, World War II and possibly other wars of that time period. The online index does not mention which war the soldier served in, however, more information can be obtained from the archives.

Spanish-American War (1898)

The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.

Indexes

The Colorado State Archives has put an Index to the Muster Rolls for the Spanish American War on-line.  It is an extraction from the Muster Rolls of the Colorado Volunteers.  Read more.

The Colorado Veterans’ Grave Registrations 1862 - 1949 from the Colorado State Archives lists soldiers buried in Colorado that served in the Civil War, World War I, World War II and possibly other wars of that time period. The online index does not mention which war the soldier served in, however, more information can be obtained from the archives.

Click on the link to learn more about the Spanish American War.

World War I (1917-1918)

World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.

Draft Registration Cards

  • United States. Selective Service System. Colorado, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On Family History Library films beginning with 1544462.) These cards have been digitized and are searchable online. See WWI Draft Records for more information. Also available at:

United States World War I Draft Records provides additional information.

Pension Records

The Family History Library and the National Archives have two indexes of pension records: Old War Pension Index (1815-1926) and Indian Wars (1892-1926). These are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under UNITED STATES - MILITARY RECORDS.

Cemetery Records

The Colorado Veterans’ Grave Registrations 1862 - 1949 from the Colorado State Archives lists soldiers buried in Colorado that served in the Civil War, World War I, World War II and possibly other wars of that time period. The online index does not mention which war the soldier served in, however, more information can be obtained from the archives.

Other Records

Additional military records are at the Colorado Division of State Archives and Public Records, including militia muster roll books through World War I and grave registrations of veterans. Read more on grave registrations of veterans.

Colorado compiled questionaires after the end of WWI concerning the service by the home front during the War.  The Colorado State Archives has an Index for the period 1917-1922 to those qestionaires.  Read more.

World War II (1941-1945)

On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.

Also available at:

World War II United States Military Records provides additional information.

Korean War (1950–1953)

The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the Korean War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Vietnam War (1964–1972)

The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the Vietnam War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

The Colorado State Archives has an Index to the Vietnam War Casualties for the periods June-December 1966 and January-December 1968.  Read more.

Other Records

The Colorado Veterans’ Grave Registrations 1862 - 1949 from the Colorado State Archives lists soldiers buried in Colorado that served in the Civil War, World War I, World War II and possibly other wars of that time period. The online index does not mention which war the soldier served in, however, more information can be obtained from the archives.

Web Sites

References


 

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  • This page was last modified on 2 November 2012, at 17:14.
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