Colorado Military Records

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=== Civil War (1861-1865)  ===
 
=== Civil War (1861-1865)  ===
  
The Family History Library and the National Archives have an ''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers'' (Family History Library {{FHL|317046|title-id|disp=films 821998-822000}}) and an index to pension applications. The actual service and pension records have not been microfilmed and are only at the National Archives.  
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See [[Colorado in the Civil War|Colorado in the Civil War]] for information about Colorado Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Colorado regiments involved in the Civil War.  
  
A roster of Colorado soldiers is in William Clarke Whitford, ''Colorado Volunteers in the Civil War: The New Mexico Campaign in 1862'', (Denver: S.p., State Historical and Natural History Society, 1906; Family History Library {{FHL|283726|title-id|disp=film 1000145 item 3}}).&nbsp; The [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/trans/civwar2.htm Colorado State Archives] has put an Index to this record on-line.&nbsp; [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Colorado_Volunteers_From_The_New_Mexico_Campaign%2C_1862 Read more].&nbsp; There is also a book entitled ''Colorado Volunteers in New Mexico, 1862'', by Ovando J. Hollister&nbsp;; edited by Richard Harwell, Family History Library book call {{FHL|656469|title-id|disp=no. 978.9 M2h}} which is a History of the First Regiment of Colorado Volunteers.<br>
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The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.  
  
The [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/ciwardea.html Colorado State Archives] has put&nbsp;a Colorado Civil War Casualties Index on-line.&nbsp;The information&nbsp;was compiled from the Civil War Service Record Index Cards on file at the Colorado State Archives.&nbsp;&nbsp;[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Colorado_Civil_War_Casualties_Index Read more].
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The [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors&nbsp;System] allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor. <br>
 
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The [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/military/trans/index.html Colorado State Archives] has also put a Colorado Volunteers Transcript of Records Index on-line. This Index is a compiled list of Volunteers from 1861-1865.&nbsp; [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Colorado_Volunteers_Transcript_of_Records_Index_1861-1865 Read more].
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<br>'''Civil War Pension Index Cards''' - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1471019 FamilySearch Record Search]. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.
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=== Indian Wars (1798-1914)  ===
 
=== Indian Wars (1798-1914)  ===

Revision as of 23:46, 4 July 2011

Portal:United States Military Records>Colorado

The United States Military Records page provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.

Many military records are found at the National Archives and other federal and state archives. Some of the records of military service, pensions amd other reecords related to those who served the Armed Forces of the United States have been microfilmed and are also available through the Family History Library in Salt Lake City and its family history centers.

The main page for the United States provides more information on federal records. For Colorado the following sources are also very helpful.

Contents

Forts

There were a number of fortifications built in Colorado for various reasons. Some were official military installations. Many were trading posts and were not part of the U.S. Army's posts. Some were simply small, unofficial fortifications built for protection.

Bent's New Fort 1849 - Also know as Fort Williams.

Fort Collins -- 1864-1867

Fort Crawford -- Textual records of this fort, 1868-1890, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). The remains of soldiers buried at Fort Crawford were relocated to Fort McPherson National Cemetery on December 4, 1891.

Fort Davey Crokett -- was near Greenview Colorado.

Fort Fred Steele

Fort Garland -- Established in 1858 in the San Luis Valley, about 25 miles east of Alamosa. Its purpose was to protect settlers against the Ute Indians. It was abandoned in 1883. The site today consists of a museum, the parade grounds and some of the original buildings. Textual records of this fort, 1860-1883, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).

Fort Lewis -- Textual records of this fort, 1878-1891, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).The remains of soldiers buried at Fort Lewis were relocated to Fort McPherson National Cemetery on December 10, 1891.

Fort Lyon -- Originally called Fort Wise, it is located in Bent County, Colorado, seven miles east of Las Animas. The fort was abandoned in 1917 and the remains of soldiers interred there were moved to the Fort McPherson National Cemetery in Nebraska. Fort Lyon later became a Naval Hospital and then a Veteran's Hospital. A National Cemetery exists there, established from the Naval Hospital cemetery commencing in 1907. Textual records of this fort, 1868-1889, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).

Fort Massachusetts 1852-1858  near Fort Garland
A Federal post built on Ute Creek for protection of the settlers against Utes and Apaches. Replaced by Fort Garland located six miles south due to unhealthful conditions

Fort Pueblo

Fort Sedgwick -- Established as a military outpost in 1864 and abandoned in 1871. Textual records of this fort, 1865-1871, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).The remains of soldiers buried at Fort Sedgwick were relocated to Fort McPherson National Cemetery in 1891.

Fort Uncompahgre near Delta Colorado

Fort Vasquez -- A fur-trading fort established in 1835 by Louis Vasquez and Andrew Sublette, located 35 miles northeast of Denver. It was restored in 1930s and now has a museum of the fur-trading days. It was not an official military post.

Camp White River -- The remains of soldiers buried at Camp White River military post were relocated to Fort McPherson National Cemetery on January 8, 1887.

Fort Wise -- Original name of Fort Lyon.

Civil War (1861-1865)

See Colorado in the Civil War for information about Colorado Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Colorado regiments involved in the Civil War.

The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

Indian Wars (1798-1914)

The names of soldiers who served at military posts on the frontier are in Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army at the National Archives. The Family History Library has copies of the registers from 1798 to 1914 (beginning on Family History Library film 350307). The registers give the soldier's name, rank, company, regiment, company and commanders, physical description, age, occupation, and birthplace. They are arranged by year and by the first letter of the surname.


Spanish American War (1898)

The Colorado State Archives has put an Index To the Muster Rolls for the Spanish American War on-line.  It is an extraction from the Muster Rolls of the Colorado Volunteers.  Read more.

World War I (1917-1918)

World War I draft registration cards for men age 18 to 45 may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. For registration cards for Colorado, see:

United States. Selective Service System. Colorado, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On Family History Library films beginning with 1544462.) These cards are digitized, indexed and online at www.ancestry.com ($)

To find an individual's draft card, it helps to know his name and residence at the time of registration. The cards are arranged alphabetically by county, within the county by draft board, and then alphabetically by surname within each draft board.

Most counties had only one board; large cities had several. A map showing the boundaries of individual draft boards is available for most large cities. Finding an ancestor's street address in a city directory will help you in using the draft board map. There is an alphabetical list of cities that are on the map. For a copy of this map see:

United States. Selective Service System. List of World War One Draft Board Maps. Washington, DC: National Archives. (Family History Library film 1498803.)

The Family History Library and the National Archives have two indexes of pension records: Old War Pension Index (1815-1926) and Indian Wars (1892-1926). These are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under UNITED STATES - MILITARY RECORDS.

Additional military records are at the Colorado Division of State Archives and Public Records, including militia muster roll books through World War I and grave registrations of veterans. Read more on grave registrations of veterans.

Colorado compiled questionaires after the end of WWI concerning the service by the home front during the War.  The Colorado State Archives has an Index for the period 1917-1922 to those qestionaires.  Read more.

Vietnam War

The Colorado State Archives has an Index to the Vietnam War Casualties for the periods June-December 1966 and January-December 1968.  Read more.

Web Sites

http://www.archives.gov/

http://www.germanroots.com/military.html

http://freepages.military.rootsweb.com/~xander/colorado-records.htm

www.ancestry.com ($)

References

NOTE: All of the information from the original research outline has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated as time permits.