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County Kildare is a county in the midlands of Ireland, in the province of Leinster. It is named after the town of Kildare, which took its name from a small church built by St. Brigid under a large oak tree at the end of the 5th century. From this church came a large religious establishment called Cill-dara, the church of the oak. Both the town and the County were named after Cill-dara. The County’s greatest length is 42 miles from north to south and it is 26 miles in breadth from east to west. The area is 654.1 square miles (1,694.2 sq km).

The St. Brigid’s monastery survived several attacks by the Vikings during the 9th century and the religious community expanded in later centuries. In 1189, the Cistercian Abbey was formed and an Augustinian establishment was located in Naas in 1200. These settlements were centers of learning during the mediaeval times. Following the Norman invasion, the Fitzgerald’s were granted the county and they became a major force during the Middle Ages in Ireland; building the Maynooth Castle.

There were a number of rebellions and skirmishes in the 1640s. Kildare town was nearly destroyed by the Earl of Ormond and the English forces under his command in 1642. Following the rebellion of the Catholic confederacy of 1641, Cromwell confiscated the lands of many Norman families in 1654. Following the Williamite war of 1689-91, many landholders lost their lands again.

The Georgian period, 1714 – 1830, was a prosperous period for the county. Many manor houses were built including Castletown House by William Conolly of Donegal in the 1740s. The Curragh Race Track was built for horse racing and many military regiments practiced in its fields. The Industrial Revolution brought a cotton mill, a distillery, factories making farm equipment, the railroad and construction of the Grand Canal.

In 1821, the County’s population was 99,065 and increased to 114,488 in 1841. During the Great Famine of 1845-1849, the population decreased until it was 95,723 in 1851. The population continued to decrease to 58,028 in 1926, but has increased to 94,190 in 2006. County Kildare is predominately Roman Catholic. In 1891, the percentage of Roman Catholic, Church of Ireland, Presbyterian and Methodist was 84.1%, 13.0%, 1.9% and 0.8%. Overtime, the Roman Catholics have increased to 88.2% in 2006, while the Church of Ireland, Presbyterians and Methodists decreased to 2.9%, 0.5% and 0.3%, respectively, with other or no religions increasing to about 6.8%.


Contents

General Information about this county

  • The county of Kildare is an inland county of the province of Leinster and is bounded by Dublin, Meath, Offally, Laois, Carlow and Wicklow.
  • The county is partly in the diocese of Dublin but mostly in the diocese of Kildare. The county is divided into the baronies of Carberry, Clane, Connell, Ikeathy and Oughterany, Kilcullen, Kilkea and Moone, East Narragh and Rheban, West Narragh and Rheban, East Ohphaly, West Ophaly, North Naas, South Naas, North Salt and South Salt. The county contains the incorporated assize and market towns of Naas and Athy; the ancient disfranchised borough and market town of Kildare; the post and market town of Kilcock, Maynooth, Celbridge, Monastereven, Timoline, Rathangan, Leixlip, Killcullen-Bridge, and Newbridge.
  • Agriculture includes wheat, potatoes, turnips, and vegetables.

Information provided by the 1847 edition of Samuel Lewis' "Topographical Dictionary of Ireland."

General County Research Information

Further information about County Kildare is available at the GenUKI site.

Archives and Libraries

Cill Dara Historical Society
Contact: Joe Connelly
Tullywest, Kildare, County Kildare
Telephone: 086-1686236

Local Studies, Genealogy & Archives
County Kildare Library and Arts Centre
Riverbank
Mainstreet
Newbridge, County Kildare
Telephone: 353 (0)45 433602
Email: genealogy@kildarecoco.ie or kildaregenealogy@iol.ie
Also, localhistory@kildarecoco.ie.

Civil Jurisdictions and Parish Research Information

A map of the Civil Parishes of County Kildare is available at Irish Times site.

Civil Parish Barony Poor Law Union
Ardkill Carbury Edenderry
Ardree Kilkea and Moone Athy
Ballaghmoon Kilkea and Moone Athy
Ballybought Naas South Naas
Ballybrackan Offaly West Athy
Ballymany Offaly East Naas
Ballymore Eustace Naas South Naas
Ballynadrumny Carbury Edenderry
Ballynafagh Clane Naas
Ballysax Offaly East Athy
Ballysax Offaly East Naas
Ballyshannon Offaly East Athy
Ballyshannon Offaly East Naas
Ballyshannon Offaly West Athy
Balraheen Ikeathy and Oughterany Celbridge
Belan Kilkea and Moone Athy
Bodenstown Naas North Naas
Brannockstown Naas South Naas
Brideschurch Clane Naas
Cadamstown Carbury Edenderry
Carbury Carbury Edenderry
Carn Offaly East Athy
Carn Offaly East Naas
Carnalway Naas South Naas
Carragh Clane Naas
Carrick Carbury Edenderry
Castledermot Kilkea and Moone Athy
Castledermot Kilkea and Moone Baltinglass
Castledermot Kilkea and Moone Carlow
Castledillon South Salt Celbridge
Churchtown Narragh and Reban West Athy
Clane Clane Naas
Clonaghlis South Salt Celbridge
Cloncurry Ikeathy and Oughterany Celbridge
Cloncurry Offaly East Edenderry
Cloncurry Offaly East Naas
Clonshanbo Ikeathy and Oughterany Celbridge
Coghlanstown Naas South Naas
Confey North Salt Celbridge
Davidstown Narragh and Reban East Athy
Donadea Ikeathy and Oughterany Celbridge
Donaghcumper North Salt Celbridge
Donaghcumper South Salt Celbridge
Donaghmore North Salt Celbridge
Downings Clane Naas
Duneany Offaly West Athy
Dunfierth Carbury Edenderry
Dunmanoge Kilkea and Moone Athy
Dunmurraghill Ikeathy and Oughterany Celbridge
Dunmurry Offaly East Naas
Feighcullen Connell Naas
Feighcullen Offaly East Edenderry
Fontstown Narragh and Reban East Athy
Fontstown Offaly West Athy
Forenaghts South Salt Naas
Gilltown Naas South Naas
Gowran Gowran Kilkenny
Graney Kilkea and Moone Athy
Graney Kilkea and Moone Baltinglass
Grangeclare Offaly East Edenderry
Grangeclare Offaly East Naas
Grangerosnolvan Kilkea and Moone Athy
Greatconnell Connell Naas
Harristown Offaly West Athy
Haynestown South Salt Naas
Jago Naas South Naas
Johnstown Naas North Naas
Kerdiffstown Naas North Naas
Kilberry Narragh and Reban West Athy
Kilcock Ikeathy and Oughterany Celbridge
Kilcullen Kilcullen Naas
Kildangan Offaly West Athy
Kildare Connell Naas
Kildare Offaly East Edenderry
Kildare Offaly East Naas
Kildrought North Salt Celbridge
Kilkea Kilkea and Moone Athy
Kill Naas South Naas
Kill South Salt Naas
Killadoon North Salt Celbridge
Killashee Naas North Naas
Killashee Naas South Naas
Killelan Kilkea and Moone Athy
Killelan Kilkea and Moone Baltinglass
Killybegs Clane Naas
Kilmacredock North Salt Celbridge
Kilmeage Connell Naas
Kilmeage Offaly East Naas
Kilmore Carbury Edenderry
Kilpatrick Carbury Edenderry
Kilrainy Carbury Edenderry
Kilrush Offaly West Athy
Kilteel South Salt Naas
Kineagh Kilkea and Moone Baltinglass
Knavinstown Offaly West Athy
Lackagh Offaly West Athy
Ladytown Connell Naas
Laraghbryan North Salt Celbridge
Leixlip North Salt Celbridge
Lullymore Offaly East Edenderry
Lyons South Salt Celbridge
Mainham Ikeathy and Oughterany Celbridge
Monasterevin Offaly West Athy
Moone Kilkea and Moone Athy
Moone Narragh and Reban East Athy
Moone Offaly East Naas
Morristownbiller Connell Naas
Mylerstown Carbury Edenderry
Naas Naas North Naas
Narraghmore Kilkea and Moone Athy
Narraghmore Narragh and Reban East Athy
Narraghmore Narragh and Reban East Baltinglass
Narraghmore Narragh and Reban West Athy
Nurney Carbury Edenderry
Nurney Offaly West Athy
Oldconnell Connell Naas
Oughterard South Salt Naas
Painestown Kilkea and Moone Athy
Pollardstown Offaly East Naas
Rathangan Offaly East Edenderry
Rathangan Offaly East Naas
Rathangan Offaly West Athy
Rathernan Connell Naas
Rathmore Naas North Naas
Scullogestown Ikeathy and Oughterany Celbridge
Sherlockstown Naas North Naas
St. John's Narragh and Reban West Athy
St. Michaels Kilkea and Moone Athy
St. Michaels Narragh and Reban West Athy
Stacumny South Salt Celbridge
Straffan North Salt Celbridge
Taghadoe North Salt Celbridge
Tankardstown Kilkea and Moone Athy
Tankardstown Narragh and Reban East Athy
Thomastown Offaly East Edenderry
Timahoe Clane Naas
Timolin Narragh and Reban East Baltinglass
Tipper Naas North Naas
Tipperkevin Naas South Naas
Tully Kilcullen Athy
Tully Kilcullen Naas
Tully Offaly East Athy
Tully Offaly East Naas
Usk Narragh and Reban East Naas
Walterstown Offaly West Athy
Whitechurch Naas North Naas


Genealogy

Article 'Pons to Punch'  by Punch, Terrence M.  Genealogy of Pons and Punch Families, in Co. Kildare, Co. Cork, Nova Scotia Canada, & Australia. From 1175 - 1968. Pages 2-18, found in The Irish Ancestor,Vol. 2, no. 1. 1970 at Family History Library 941.5 B2i

Article The Dexters of Dublin and Annfield Co. Kildare by Smith, Patrick Montague.  Genealogy of the Dexters of Dublin and Annfield, also the Dexters of Dexterville, Co. Tipperary covers years 1709-1940. Article found in The Irish Ancestor vol. 2 no. 1. 1970  pages 31-42. Family History Library 941.5 B2i. Additional information and corrections of original article found in The Irish Ancestor, vol.III, no.1.1971, pages 63-64, Family History Ref. 941.5 B2i

Occupations

De Breffny, Brian. Businessmen Who Issued Tokens in Ireland 1653-1679. Due to an acute shortage of small change after the death of Charles 1, tradesmen, innkeepers and some local authorities began minting their own substitutes in the form of private tokens. This list of 800 names, gives occupation and place. Article in the Irish Ancestor, vol.X. no.1. 1978, pages 51-60. Family History Library Ref. 941.5 B2i vol.10-11

Web Sites

To view a list of Kildare web sites, visit FHLFavorites.info for some great sites.



 

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