County Laois Genealogy

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[[Ireland]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] County Laois
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[[Image:County Leix Map Ireland.jpg|thumb|right|County Leix Map Ireland.jpg]]
  
[[Image:County Leix Map Ireland.jpg|thumb]] '''County Laois''' (Irish: ''Contae Laoise''), formerly known also as '''Laoighis''' or '''Leix''', or '''Queen's County''', is a county in the midlands of [[Ireland]], in the province of '''Leinster'''. The county town is '''Portlaoise''' (previously Maryborough). Laois was part of the Kingdom of Ossory. As Christianity came to Ireland, religious communities were established in the county including St Canice, who founded Aghaboe Abbey and St. Mochua between 550 and 600 AD.  
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'''County Laois''' (Irish: '''Contae Laoise''') is a county in the Midlands of [[Ireland]], in the province of '''Leinster'''. The county town is '''Portlaoise''' (previously ''Maryborough'').  
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At various points in its history, the county was known as '''Laoighis'''; '''Leix''' or '''Queen's County'''.
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=== History  ===
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Laois was part of the Kingdom of Ossory. As Christianity came to Ireland, religious communities were established in the county including St Canice, who founded Aghaboe Abbey and St. Mochua between 550 and 600 AD.  
  
 
After 1150, the Roman Catholic Church began to assert authority over the independent Christian churches as the Normans seized control. From 1175 to 1325, the Normans controlled the best land in the county and the Gaelic people retreated to the bogs, forests and the Slieve Bloom Mountains. In the early 14th century, the Irish chieftains forced the Normans to leave. English warriors confiscated the lands of the O’Mores in 1548 and built “Campa,” known as the Fort of Leix, which is now Portlaoise. In 1556, it was known as Maryborough and the County was named Queen’s County after the English queen, Mary Tudor.  
 
After 1150, the Roman Catholic Church began to assert authority over the independent Christian churches as the Normans seized control. From 1175 to 1325, the Normans controlled the best land in the county and the Gaelic people retreated to the bogs, forests and the Slieve Bloom Mountains. In the early 14th century, the Irish chieftains forced the Normans to leave. English warriors confiscated the lands of the O’Mores in 1548 and built “Campa,” known as the Fort of Leix, which is now Portlaoise. In 1556, it was known as Maryborough and the County was named Queen’s County after the English queen, Mary Tudor.  
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County Laois is predominately Roman Catholic. In 1891, the percentage of Roman Catholic, Church of Ireland, Presbyterian and Methodist was 87.7%, 10.7%, 0.5% and 0.8%. Overtime, the Roman Catholics have decreased slightly to 89.4% in 2006, while the Church of Ireland, Presbyterians and Methodists decreased to 4.4%, 0.2% and 0.3%, respectively, with other or no religions increasing to about 4.4%.  
 
County Laois is predominately Roman Catholic. In 1891, the percentage of Roman Catholic, Church of Ireland, Presbyterian and Methodist was 87.7%, 10.7%, 0.5% and 0.8%. Overtime, the Roman Catholics have decreased slightly to 89.4% in 2006, while the Church of Ireland, Presbyterians and Methodists decreased to 4.4%, 0.2% and 0.3%, respectively, with other or no religions increasing to about 4.4%.  
  
== General County Research Information  ==
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=== General County Research Information  ===
  
 
Further information about County Laois is available at the [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/irl/LEX/index.html GenUKI] site.  
 
Further information about County Laois is available at the [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/irl/LEX/index.html GenUKI] site.  
  
== '''Civil Jurisdictions''' and Parish Research Information  ==
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=== Civil Jurisdictions and Parish Research Information  ===
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*List of [[County Laois Parishes]]
  
A map of the Civil Parishes of County Laois is available at the&nbsp;[http://www.irishtimes.com/ancestor/fuses/civilparish/index.cfm?fuseaction=GetMap&CityCounty=Laois&UserID= Irish Times] site.
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=== Genealogy  ===
 
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A map of the Catholic Parishes of County Laois is availiable at the [http://www.irishtimes.com/ancestor/browse/counties/rcmaps/laoisrc.htm Irish Times] site.&nbsp;
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" border="1" align="center" class="wikitable sortable"
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|-
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! width="25%" |
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[[C genealogical glossary terms#Civil_parish.2C_Ireland|Civil Parish - Church of Ireland]]<br>
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! width="15%" | [[B genealogical glossary terms|Barony]]<br>
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! width="20%" | [[P genealogical glossary terms|Poor Law Union]]<br>
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! width="25%" | [[C genealogical glossary terms#Catholic_parish.2C_Ireland|Catholic Parish]]<ref name="Ryan">Ryan, James G. Irish Records: sources for family and local history. USA: Ancestry.com, 1997. FHL 941.5 D23r</ref><br>
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! width="15%" | [[C genealogical glossary terms#Catholic_diocese.2C_Ireland|Catholic Diocese]]<ref name="Ryan">Ryan, James G. Irish Records: sources for family and local history. USA: Ancestry.com, 1997. FHL 941.5 D23r</ref><br>
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|-
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| [[Abbeyleix Civil Parish, County Laois|Abbeyleix]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| rowspan="3" | Abbeyleix; part Ballyraggert
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| rowspan="3" | Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Abbeyleix Civil Parish, County Laois|Abbeyleix]]
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| Cullenagh
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| Abbeyleix
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|-
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| [[Abbeyleix Civil Parish, County Laois|Abbeyleix]]
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| Maryborough West
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| Abbeyleix
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|-
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| [[Aghaboe Civil Parish, County Laois|Aghaboe]]
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| Clandonagh
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| Donaghmore
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| rowspan="3" | Aghaboe
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| rowspan="3" | Ossory
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|-
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| [[Aghaboe Civil Parish, County Laois|Aghaboe]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Abbeyleix
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|-
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| [[Aghaboe Civil Parish, County Laois|Aghaboe]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Donaghmore
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|-
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| [[Aghmacart Civil Parish, County Laois|Aghmacart]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| Durrow
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| Ossory
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|-
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| [[Aharney Civil Parish, County Laois|Aharney]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| Lisdowney
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| Ossory
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|-
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| [[Ardea Civil Parish, County Laois|Ardea]]
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| Portnahinch
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| Mountmellick
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| Rosenallis; Mountemellick
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| Kildare
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|-
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| [[Attanagh Civil Parish, County Laois|Attanagh]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| Ballyraggert
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| Kildare
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|-
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| [[Ballyadams Civil Parish, County Laois|Ballyadams]]
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| Ballyadams
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| Athy
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| rowspan="2" | Ballyadams<br>
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| rowspan="2" | Leighlin<br>
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|-
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| [[Ballyadams Civil Parish, County Laois|Ballyadams]]
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| Stradbally
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| Athy
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|-
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| [[Ballyroan Civil Parish, County Laois|Ballyroan]]
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| Cullenagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| part Ballinakill; part Abbeyleix
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| Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Bordwell Civil Parish, County Laois|Bordwell]]
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| Clandonagh
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| Donaghmore
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| rowspan="3" | <br>Aghaboe<br>
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| rowspan="3" | <br>Ossory<br>
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|-
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| [[Bordwell Civil Parish, County Laois|Bordwell]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Abbeyleix
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|-
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| [[Bordwell Civil Parish, County Laois|Bordwell]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Donaghmore
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|-
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| [[Borris Civil Parish, County Laois|Borris]]
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| Maryborough East
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| Mountmellick
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| Portaloise
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| Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Castlebrack Civil Parish, County Laois|Castlebrack]]
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| Tinnahinch
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| Mountmellick
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| Rosenallis and Mountmellick
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| Kildare
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|-
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| [[Clonenagh and Clonagheen Civil Parish, County Laois|Clonenagh and Clonagheen]]
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| Cullenagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| rowspan="8" | Ballyfin; Mountrath and Raheen
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| rowspan="8" | Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Clonenagh and Clonagheen Civil Parish, County Laois|Clonenagh and Clonagheen]]
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| Maryborough East
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| Mountmellick
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|-
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| [[Clonenagh and Clonagheen Civil Parish, County Laois|Clonenagh and Clonagheen]]
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| Maryborough West
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| Abbeyleix
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|-
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| [[Clonenagh and Clonagheen Civil Parish, County Laois|Clonenagh and Clonagheen]]
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| Maryborough West
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| Mountmellick
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|-
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| [[Clonenagh and Clonagheen Civil Parish, County Laois|Clonenagh and Clonagheen]]
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| Cullenagh
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| Abbeyleix
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|-
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| [[Clonenagh and Clonagheen Civil Parish, County Laois|Clonenagh and Clonagheen]]
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| Maryborough East
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| Mountmellick
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|-
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| [[Clonenagh and Clonagheen Civil Parish, County Laois|Clonenagh and Clonagheen]]
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| Maryborough West
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| Abbeyleix
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|-
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| [[Clonenagh and Clonagheen Civil Parish, County Laois|Clonenagh and Clonagheen]]
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| Maryborough West
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| Mountmellick
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|-
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| [[Cloydagh Civil Parish, County Laois|Cloydagh]]
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| Slievemargy
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| Carlow
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| Leighlinbridge
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| Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Coolbanagher Civil Parish, County Laois|Coolbanagher]]
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| Portnahinch
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| Mountmellick
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| part Portarlington; part Mountmellick
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| Kildare
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|-
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| [[Coolkerry Civil Parish, County Laois|Coolkerry]]
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| Clandonagh
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| Donaghmore
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| rowspan="3" | part Aghaboe; part Rathdowney
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| rowspan="3" | Ossory
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|-
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| [[Coolkerry Civil Parish, County Laois|Coolkerry]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Abbeyleix
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|-
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| [[Coolkerry Civil Parish, County Laois|Coolkerry]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Donaghmore
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|-
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| [[Curraclone Civil Parish, County Laois|Curraclone]]
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| Stradbally
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| Athy
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| Stradbally
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| Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Donaghmore Civil Parish, County Laois|Donaghmore]]
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| Clandonagh
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| Donaghmore
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| Rathdowney
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| Ossory
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|-
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| [[Durrow Civil Parish, County Laois|Durrow]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| Durrow
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| Ossory
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|-
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| [[Dysartenos Civil Parish, County Laois|Dysartenos]]
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| Maryborough East
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| Mountmellick
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| rowspan="3" | Portalaoise<br><br>
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| rowspan="3" | <br>Leighlin<br>
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|-
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| [[Dysartenos Civil Parish, County Laois|Dysartenos]]
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| Maryborough West
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| Mountmellick
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|-
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| [[Dysartenos Civil Parish, County Laois|Dysartenos]]
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| Stradbally
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| Athy
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|-
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| [[Dysartgallen Civil Parish, County Laois|Dysartgallen]]
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| Cullenagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| Ballinakill
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| Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Erke Civil Parish, County Laois|Erke]]
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| Clandonagh
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| Donaghmore
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| rowspan="2" | Erke<br>
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| rowspan="2" | Ossory<br>
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|-
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| [[Erke Civil Parish, County Laois|Erke]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Donaghmore
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|-
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| [[Fossy or Timahoe Civil Parish, County Laois|Fossy or Timahoe]]
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| Cullenagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| rowspan="3" | <br>part Ballyadams; part Stradbally<br>
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| rowspan="3" | <br>Leighlin<br>
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|-
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| [[Fossy or Timahoe Civil Parish, County Laois|Fossy or Timahoe]]
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| Maryborough East
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| Abbeyleix
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|-
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| [[Fossy or Timahoe Civil Parish, County Laois|Fossy or Timahoe]]
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| Stradbally
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| Athy
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|-
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| [[Glashare Civil Parish, County Laois|Glashare]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| Johnstown
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| Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Kilcolmanbane Civil Parish, County Laois|Kilcolmanbane]]
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| Cullenagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| rowspan="2" | Portaloise
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| rowspan="2" | Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Kilcolmanbane Civil Parish, County Laois|Kilcolmanbane]]
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| Maryborough East
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| Mountmellick
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|-
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| [[Kilcolmanbrack Civil Parish, County Laois|Kilcolmanbrack]]
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| Cullenagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| Stradbally
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| Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Kildellig Civil Parish, County Laois|Kildellig]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Donaghmore
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| Aghaboe
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| Ossory
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|-
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| [[Killabban Civil Parish, County Laois|Killabban]]
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| Ballyadams
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| Athy
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| rowspan="3" | Arles; part Ballyadams; part Doonane
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| rowspan="3" | Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Killabban Civil Parish, County Laois|Killabban]]
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| Ballyadams
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| Carlow
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|-
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| [[Killabban Civil Parish, County Laois|Killabban]]
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| Slievemargy
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| Carlow
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|-
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| [[Killenny Civil Parish, County Laois|Killenny]]
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| Stradbally
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| Mountmellick
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| Portaloise
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| Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Killermogh Civil Parish, County Laois|Killermogh]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| Aghaboe
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| Ossory
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|-
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| [[Killeshin Civil Parish, County Laois|Killeshin]]
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| Slievemargy
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| Carlow
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| Graigue and Killeshin
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| Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Kilmanman Civil Parish, County Laois|Kilmanman]]
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| Tinnahinch
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| Mountmellick
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| Clonaslee
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| Kildare
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|-
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| [[Kilteale Civil Parish, County Laois|Kilteale]]
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| Maryborough East
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| Mountmellick
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| rowspan="3" | Portaloise<br>
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| rowspan="3" | Leighlin<br>
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|-
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| [[Kilteale Civil Parish, County Laois|Kilteale]]
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| Stradbally
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| Athy
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|-
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| [[Kilteale Civil Parish, County Laois|Kilteale]]
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| Stradbally
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| Mountmellick
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|-
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| [[Kyle Civil Parish, County Laois|Kyle]]
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| Clandonagh
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| Donaghmore
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| rowspan="2" | Kyle and Knock<br>
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| rowspan="2" | Ossory<br>
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|-
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| [[Kyle Civil Parish, County Laois|Kyle]]
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| Clandonagh
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| Roscrea
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|-
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| [[Lea Civil Parish, County Laois|Lea]]
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| Portnahinch
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| Mountmellick
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| Portarlington
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| Kildare
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|-
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| [[Monksgrange Civil Parish, County Laois|Monksgrange]]
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| Ballyadams
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| Athy
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| Arles
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| Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Moyanna Civil Parish, County Laois|Moyanna]]
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| Stradbally
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| Athy
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| rowspan="2" | Stradbally<br>
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| rowspan="2" | Leighlin<br>
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|-
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| [[Moyanna Civil Parish, County Laois|Moyanna]]
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| Stradbally
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| Mountmellick
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|-
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| [[Offerlane Civil Parish, County Laois|Offerlane]]
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| Upperwoods
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| Abbeyleix
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| rowspan="3" | Castletown; Cormorass or Comeris<br>
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| rowspan="3" | Ossory<br>
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|-
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| [[Offerlane Civil Parish, County Laois|Offerlane]]
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| Upperwoods
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| Donaghmore
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|-
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| [[Offerlane Civil Parish, County Laois|Offerlane]]
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| Upperwoods
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| Mountmellick
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|-
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| [[Rathaspick Civil Parish, County Laois|Rathaspick]]
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| Ballyadams
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| Athy
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| rowspan="2" | Doonnane<br>
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| rowspan="2" | Leighlin<br>
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|-
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| [[Rathaspick Civil Parish, County Laois|Rathaspick]]
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| Slievemargy
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| Carlow
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|-
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| [[Rathdowney Civil Parish, County Laois|Rathdowney]]
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| Clandonagh
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| Donaghmore
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| rowspan="3" | Rathdowney<br>
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| rowspan="3" | Ossory<br>
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|-
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| [[Rathdowney Civil Parish, County Laois|Rathdowney]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Abbeyleix
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|-
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| [[Rathdowney Civil Parish, County Laois|Rathdowney]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Donaghmore
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|-
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| [[Rathsaran Civil Parish, County Laois|Rathsaran]]
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| Clandonagh
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| Donaghmore
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| Rathdowney
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| Ossory
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|-
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| [[Rearymore Civil Parish, County Laois|Rearymore]]
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| Tinnahinch
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| Mountmellick
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| part Clonaslee, part Rosenallis
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| Kildare
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|-
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| [[Rosconnell Civil Parish, County Laois|Rosconnell]]
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| Clarmallagh
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| Abbeyleix
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| rowspan="2" | Ballygarrett<br>
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| rowspan="2" | Leighlin<br>
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|-
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| [[Rosconnell Civil Parish, County Laois|Rosconnell]]
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| Cullenagh
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| Abbeyleix
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|-
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| [[Rosenallis Civil Parish, County Laois|Rosenallis]]
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| Tinnahinch
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| Mountmellick
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| Rosenallis; Mountmellick
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| Kildare
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|-
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| [[Shrule Civil Parish, County Laois|Shrule]]
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| Slievemargy
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| Carlow
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| Arles
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| Leighlin
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|-
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| [[Skirk Civil Parish, County Laois|Skirk]]
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| Clandonagh
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| Donaghmore
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| Rathdowney
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| Ossory
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|-
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| [[Sleaty Civil Parish, County Laois|Sleaty]]
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| Slievemargy
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| Carlow
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| Graigue and Killeshin
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| Leighlin
+
|-
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| [[St. John's Civil Parish, County Laois|St. John's]]
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| Ballyadams
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| Athy
+
| Athy
+
| Leighlin
+
|-
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| [[Straboe Civil Parish, County Laois|Straboe]]
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| Maryborough East
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| Mountmellick
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| Portaloise
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| Leighlin
+
|-
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| [[Stradbally Civil Parish, County Laois|Stradbally]]
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| Stradbally
+
| Athy
+
| Stradbally
+
| Leighlin
+
|-
+
| [[Tankardstown Civil Parish, County Laois|Tankardstown]]
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| Ballyadams
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| Athy
+
| Athy
+
| Leighlin
+
|-
+
| [[Tecolm Civil Parish, County Laois|Tecolm]]
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| Ballyadams
+
| Athy
+
| Ballyadams
+
| Leighlin
+
|-
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| [[Timogue Civil Parish, County Laois|Timogue]]
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| Stradbally
+
| Athy
+
| Stradbally
+
| Leighlin
+
|-
+
| [[Tullomoy Civil Parish, County Laois|Tullomoy]]
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| Ballyadams
+
| Athy
+
| rowspan="2" | Ballyadams<br>
+
| rowspan="2" | Leighlin<br>
+
|-
+
| [[Tullomoy Civil Parish, County Laois|Tullomoy]]
+
| Stradbally
+
| Athy
+
|}
+
 
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== Genealogy  ==
+
  
 
*De Breffny, Brian. ''The Family of Odell or O'Dell''. Article contains Genealogy of Odell family including pictures of thomas Bernard O'Dell with daughter Florence Barbara b.1885,&nbsp; Thomas Odell 1822-1891, Charles O'Dell 1864-1935, includes who went to India, U.S.A. West Indies &amp; Canada.&nbsp; also Odell of Ballyhahill &amp; Odellville, O'dell of Ogonelloe, Co. Clare, O'Dell of Moyanna, O'Dell of Listowel, Co. Kerry, O'Dell of Mahoonagh &amp; Mondelligy Co. Limerick.covers 1535-1934 pages 114-144. Article found in The Irish Ancestor, vol.1,no.2 year 1969, Family History Library 941.5 B2i vol.1
 
*De Breffny, Brian. ''The Family of Odell or O'Dell''. Article contains Genealogy of Odell family including pictures of thomas Bernard O'Dell with daughter Florence Barbara b.1885,&nbsp; Thomas Odell 1822-1891, Charles O'Dell 1864-1935, includes who went to India, U.S.A. West Indies &amp; Canada.&nbsp; also Odell of Ballyhahill &amp; Odellville, O'dell of Ogonelloe, Co. Clare, O'Dell of Moyanna, O'Dell of Listowel, Co. Kerry, O'Dell of Mahoonagh &amp; Mondelligy Co. Limerick.covers 1535-1934 pages 114-144. Article found in The Irish Ancestor, vol.1,no.2 year 1969, Family History Library 941.5 B2i vol.1
Line 500: Line 39:
 
*Begley, Donal. ''The Journal of an Irish Emigrant to Canada''. The journal of Thomas Alexander Langford from Co. Leix , to Canada via New York, on the ship "New World" to join his Uncle Isaac. 1853. Article in The Irish Ancestor vol. VI.no.1.1974,&nbsp; pages 43-47. Family History Library Ref. 941.5 B2i&nbsp;v5-6.&nbsp;
 
*Begley, Donal. ''The Journal of an Irish Emigrant to Canada''. The journal of Thomas Alexander Langford from Co. Leix , to Canada via New York, on the ship "New World" to join his Uncle Isaac. 1853. Article in The Irish Ancestor vol. VI.no.1.1974,&nbsp; pages 43-47. Family History Library Ref. 941.5 B2i&nbsp;v5-6.&nbsp;
  
== Maps  ==
+
=== Maps  ===
  
 
*[http://www.londonancestor.com/maps/bc-xqueens-th.htm 1885 County Map]: Courtesy of London Ancestor
 
*[http://www.londonancestor.com/maps/bc-xqueens-th.htm 1885 County Map]: Courtesy of London Ancestor
  
== Probates  ==
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=== Probates  ===
  
 
Abstracts of Wills. Collection of Abstracts of Wills gathered from many sources, covering years 1654-1837. It includes Edward JACOB of Vickerstown, 19 Jan. 1685, proved Prerogative Court 26 June 1688.&nbsp; Also Thomas Jacob late of Ironmills dated 8 Sept. 1721, proved at Leighlin 29 Aub. 1723.&nbsp; Article found in The Irish Ancestor, vol.II, no.2, 1970 pages 117-127, Family History Ref. 941.5 B2i  
 
Abstracts of Wills. Collection of Abstracts of Wills gathered from many sources, covering years 1654-1837. It includes Edward JACOB of Vickerstown, 19 Jan. 1685, proved Prerogative Court 26 June 1688.&nbsp; Also Thomas Jacob late of Ironmills dated 8 Sept. 1721, proved at Leighlin 29 Aub. 1723.&nbsp; Article found in The Irish Ancestor, vol.II, no.2, 1970 pages 117-127, Family History Ref. 941.5 B2i  
  
== Web Sites  ==
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=== Web Sites  ===
  
 
To view a list of Laois web sites, visit [http://www.fhlfavorites.info/Links/British/Ireland/queens_or_laois.htm FHLFavorites.info] for some great sites.  
 
To view a list of Laois web sites, visit [http://www.fhlfavorites.info/Links/British/Ireland/queens_or_laois.htm FHLFavorites.info] for some great sites.  
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*Laois (Queens) Resources and Help pages [http://www.rootschat.com/forum/index.php?board=66.0 RootsChat Laois (Queens) Resources and Help pages. (Free)].
  
 
*[http://www.looking4kin.com/group/queenslaoisgenealogy Looking 4 Kin Genealogy &amp; Family History Network - Laois (Queens)]
 
*[http://www.looking4kin.com/group/queenslaoisgenealogy Looking 4 Kin Genealogy &amp; Family History Network - Laois (Queens)]
  
{{Ireland counties}} {{DEFAULTSORT:Laois}}  
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===Links to articles, subcategories and images under the Category {{PAGENAME}}===
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*[[:Category:{{PAGENAME}}]]
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=== Help Wanted  ===
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{{Click|Image:Volunteers wanted sm.png|https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/FamilySearch_Wiki:Help_wanted_on_the_{{PAGENAME}}_pages|Wiki Volunteers Wanted}}<br>
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To add your knowledge and help expand the wiki see [[FamilySearch Wiki:Help wanted on the {{PAGENAME}} pages|Help wanted on the {{PAGENAME}} pages]]
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=== References  ===
  
 
<references />  
 
<references />  
  
[[Category:County_Laois|County_Laois]]
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[[Category:Counties of Ireland]]

Revision as of 14:10, 11 March 2014

Ireland Gotoarrow.png Counties of Ireland Gotoarrow.png County Laois Genealogy Template:County Laois Genealogy-sidebar

County Leix Map Ireland.jpg

County Laois (Irish: Contae Laoise) is a county in the Midlands of Ireland, in the province of Leinster. The county town is Portlaoise (previously Maryborough).

At various points in its history, the county was known as Laoighis; Leix or Queen's County.

Contents

History

Laois was part of the Kingdom of Ossory. As Christianity came to Ireland, religious communities were established in the county including St Canice, who founded Aghaboe Abbey and St. Mochua between 550 and 600 AD.

After 1150, the Roman Catholic Church began to assert authority over the independent Christian churches as the Normans seized control. From 1175 to 1325, the Normans controlled the best land in the county and the Gaelic people retreated to the bogs, forests and the Slieve Bloom Mountains. In the early 14th century, the Irish chieftains forced the Normans to leave. English warriors confiscated the lands of the O’Mores in 1548 and built “Campa,” known as the Fort of Leix, which is now Portlaoise. In 1556, it was known as Maryborough and the County was named Queen’s County after the English queen, Mary Tudor.

Because of continued attacks on the fort, the English cleared the counties of natives and brought in English settlers in 1556, the first plantation in Ireland. This was fiercely resisted by the native tribes and was only partially successful. In the 17th century, Cromwell’s army fought in Laois and the county became a refuge of outcasts and political refugees after Cromwell’s death. A group of Quakers settled in Mountmellick in 1659, while a Huguenot group founded refuge in Porarlington in 1666. The county was relatively peaceful, thereafter.

The Great Famine of 1845-49 followed by the crop failures in the 1860s and 1870s was a time when many of the poorest emigrated or died and brought increasing debt and tensions between the landlords and their tenants. From this a confederation of activists, framers, shopkeepers and clerics formed the Land League, which opposed the landlord system and pressed for tenants’ rights. This led to a Land War in the county from 1880 to 1881. Evicted tenants and other destitute people filled the workhouses. In 1881, the tenants and landlords formed a truce, the Land Act of 1881. When the Republic of Ireland was formed in 1922, the Celts, Vikings, Gaelic lords, Norman knights, monks, Huguenots, landlords and land league had all left their marks. The County was also given back its old name and Queen’s County became County Laois again.

In 1821, the County’s population was 34,275 and increased to 153,930 in 1841. During the Great Famine of 1845-1847, the population decreased until it was 111,664 in 1851. From 1880 to 1881, framers, shopkeepers and clerics formed the Land League, which opposed the landlord system and pressed for tenants’ rights and led to a Land War in the county. Evicted tenants and other destitute people filled the workhouses. In 1881, the tenants and landlords formed a truce, the Land Act of 1881.

When the Republic of Ireland was formed in 1922, the Celts, Vikings, Gaelic lords, Norman knights, monks, Huguenots, landlords and land league had all left their marks. The County was also given back its old name and Queen’s County became County Laois again. The population had decreased to 51,540 in 1926 and was 34,409 in 2006 .

County Laois is predominately Roman Catholic. In 1891, the percentage of Roman Catholic, Church of Ireland, Presbyterian and Methodist was 87.7%, 10.7%, 0.5% and 0.8%. Overtime, the Roman Catholics have decreased slightly to 89.4% in 2006, while the Church of Ireland, Presbyterians and Methodists decreased to 4.4%, 0.2% and 0.3%, respectively, with other or no religions increasing to about 4.4%.

General County Research Information

Further information about County Laois is available at the GenUKI site.

Civil Jurisdictions and Parish Research Information

Genealogy

  • De Breffny, Brian. The Family of Odell or O'Dell. Article contains Genealogy of Odell family including pictures of thomas Bernard O'Dell with daughter Florence Barbara b.1885,  Thomas Odell 1822-1891, Charles O'Dell 1864-1935, includes who went to India, U.S.A. West Indies & Canada.  also Odell of Ballyhahill & Odellville, O'dell of Ogonelloe, Co. Clare, O'Dell of Moyanna, O'Dell of Listowel, Co. Kerry, O'Dell of Mahoonagh & Mondelligy Co. Limerick.covers 1535-1934 pages 114-144. Article found in The Irish Ancestor, vol.1,no.2 year 1969, Family History Library 941.5 B2i vol.1
  • Begley, Donal. The Journal of an Irish Emigrant to Canada. The journal of Thomas Alexander Langford from Co. Leix , to Canada via New York, on the ship "New World" to join his Uncle Isaac. 1853. Article in The Irish Ancestor vol. VI.no.1.1974,  pages 43-47. Family History Library Ref. 941.5 B2i v5-6. 

Maps

Probates

Abstracts of Wills. Collection of Abstracts of Wills gathered from many sources, covering years 1654-1837. It includes Edward JACOB of Vickerstown, 19 Jan. 1685, proved Prerogative Court 26 June 1688.  Also Thomas Jacob late of Ironmills dated 8 Sept. 1721, proved at Leighlin 29 Aub. 1723.  Article found in The Irish Ancestor, vol.II, no.2, 1970 pages 117-127, Family History Ref. 941.5 B2i

Web Sites

To view a list of Laois web sites, visit FHLFavorites.info for some great sites.

Links to articles, subcategories and images under the Category County Laois Genealogy

Help Wanted

Wiki Volunteers Wanted
To add your knowledge and help expand the wiki see Help wanted on the County Laois Genealogy pages

References