Croston, Lancashire

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(bmi)
(12 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire Parishes]]  
 
[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire Parishes]]  
 +
 +
Guide to '''Croston, Lancashire family history and genealogy:''' parish register transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.
  
 
See a [[List of Chapelries in Croston Parish]]  
 
See a [[List of Chapelries in Croston Parish]]  
  
[[Image:Croston Parish Church St Michael.jpg|thumb|right]]  
+
[[Image:Croston Parish Church St Michael.jpg|thumb|right|Croston Parish Church St Michael.jpg]]  
  
 
== Parish History  ==
 
== Parish History  ==
  
Croston is a village and civil parish in Lancashire, England between Chorley and Southport and is next to the River Yarrow. St. Michael's and All Angels' Church is at the centre of the village.<br>
+
CROSTON (St. Michael and All Angels), a '''parish''', and formerly a market-town, in the unions of Chorley and Wigan, hundred of Leyland, N. division of the county of Lancaster; containing, the townships of Bispham,Bretherton, Mawdesley, and Ulnes-Walton. <ref>Lewis, Samuel A., [http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50907#s22 ''A Topographical Dictionary of England]'' (1848), pp. 733-737. Date accessed: 23 September 2013.</ref>
 
+
Croston St Michael and All Angels is an Ancient Parish in the county of Lancashire.Other places in the parish include: Ulnes Walton. <br>
+
  
 
Croston began in the 7th century when St. Aidan arrived at the riverside settlements. In the absence of a church, a cross erected as a place of worship. Croston gets its name from 'cross' derived from the Irish and the Scandinavian word 'tun' which means town (cross-town). It is unique as there are no other Crostons in the UK.  
 
Croston began in the 7th century when St. Aidan arrived at the riverside settlements. In the absence of a church, a cross erected as a place of worship. Croston gets its name from 'cross' derived from the Irish and the Scandinavian word 'tun' which means town (cross-town). It is unique as there are no other Crostons in the UK.  
  
 
Centuries ago the parish of Croston was far larger than it is today[citation needed]. It included Chorley, Much Hoole, Rufford, Bretherton, Mawdesley, Tarleton, Hesketh Bank, Bispham, Walmer Bridge and Ulnes Walton. A charter granted by Edward I in 1283 permitted an annual medieval fair and market to be held on the village green. Ancient maps also depict a castle which is believed to have been of a wooden construction because there is no evidence of a stone structure.  
 
Centuries ago the parish of Croston was far larger than it is today[citation needed]. It included Chorley, Much Hoole, Rufford, Bretherton, Mawdesley, Tarleton, Hesketh Bank, Bispham, Walmer Bridge and Ulnes Walton. A charter granted by Edward I in 1283 permitted an annual medieval fair and market to be held on the village green. Ancient maps also depict a castle which is believed to have been of a wooden construction because there is no evidence of a stone structure.  
 
The Diocese of Blackburn is a Church of England diocese, covering much of Lancashire, created in 1926 from part of the Diocese of Manchester. The Diocese includes the towns of Blackburn, Blackpool, Burnley, and the cities of Lancaster, and Preston, as well as a large part of the Ribble Valley.
 
 
"CROSTON St Michael, '''a parish''', and formerly a market-town, in the unions of Chorley and Wigan, hundred of Leyland, N. division of the county of Lancaster; comprising&nbsp;the '''townships of Bispham, Bretherton, Mawdesley''', and '''Ulnes-Walton''', 6½ miles west&nbsp;from Chorley. Croston anciently formed one of the most extensive...[parishes]&nbsp;in the county.&nbsp;At various periods...it has been divided&nbsp;into six independent parishes, viz.: '''Croston; Hoole''', separated in 1642; '''Chorley''', and '''Rufford''', detached in 1793; and '''Tarleton,''' and '''Hesketh with Becconsall''', detached in 1821.&nbsp;At '''Bretherton and Mawdesley are''' [also]'''separate chapels'''."<ref>''[[A Topographical Dictionary of England]]'' by Samuel Lewis (1848), pp. 733-737. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50907 Adapted. Date accessed: 29 June 2010.</ref>
 
  
 
== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
Line 25: Line 21:
 
Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is [http://freebmd.org.uk/ FreeBMD].  
 
Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is [http://freebmd.org.uk/ FreeBMD].  
  
Online index of Lancashire Births, Marriages and Deaths [[Lancashire BMD]]<br>
+
Online index of Lancashire Births, Marriages and Deaths [[Lancashire BMD]]<br>  
  
 
==== Lancashire Online Parish Clerks  ====
 
==== Lancashire Online Parish Clerks  ====
  
An extremely useful resource for research in Lancashire Parishes http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/<br>
+
An extremely useful resource for research in Lancashire Parishes http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/<br>  
  
<br>
+
<br>  
  
 
==== Church records  ====
 
==== Church records  ====
Line 39: Line 35:
 
Croston Parish registers and those chapelry registers of its 4 chapels of ease&nbsp;have mostly been transcribed and posted online at the following web sites:  
 
Croston Parish registers and those chapelry registers of its 4 chapels of ease&nbsp;have mostly been transcribed and posted online at the following web sites:  
  
{| width="275" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="3"
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | '''<sub>FS =&nbsp;</sub>'''[http://familysearch.org <sub><font color="#800080">FamilySearch.org</font></sub>]
 
| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | '''<sub>FS =&nbsp;</sub>'''[http://familysearch.org <sub><font color="#800080">FamilySearch.org</font></sub>]
Line 46: Line 42:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | <sub>'''FMP'''&nbsp;=&nbsp;</sub>[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/content/sog/misc-series <sub><font color="#0066cc">FindMyPast.co.uk</font></sub>]
 
| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | <sub>'''FMP'''&nbsp;=&nbsp;</sub>[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/content/sog/misc-series <sub><font color="#0066cc">FindMyPast.co.uk</font></sub>]
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | <sup><sub>'''JOIN''' =</sub></sup>[http://joinermarriageindex.co.uk/ <sup><sub>Joiner's Marriage Index</sub></sup>]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | <sub>'''LBMD''' =&nbsp;</sub>[http://www.lancashirebmd.org.uk <sub><font color="#800080">LancashireBMD.org.uk</font></sub>]
 
| bgcolor="#ffffff" align="left" colspan="6" | <sub>'''LBMD''' =&nbsp;</sub>[http://www.lancashirebmd.org.uk <sub><font color="#800080">LancashireBMD.org.uk</font></sub>]
Line 60: Line 58:
 
Prior to the year 1821&nbsp;Hesketh with Becconsall served as a chapelry only (a small subdivision of the parish of Croston). It became a full-fledged parish by act of Parliament in 1821.&nbsp;''Searches for ancestry prior to this year, must include searches&nbsp;in the Hesketh with Becconsall Chapelry registers which began in 1745, <u>'''and'''</u> Croston parish registers and those of its attached chapelries''.&nbsp;The baptisms,&nbsp;marriages and burials for&nbsp;Croston&nbsp;Parish and its smaller chapelries are online for the following range of years:&nbsp;  
 
Prior to the year 1821&nbsp;Hesketh with Becconsall served as a chapelry only (a small subdivision of the parish of Croston). It became a full-fledged parish by act of Parliament in 1821.&nbsp;''Searches for ancestry prior to this year, must include searches&nbsp;in the Hesketh with Becconsall Chapelry registers which began in 1745, <u>'''and'''</u> Croston parish registers and those of its attached chapelries''.&nbsp;The baptisms,&nbsp;marriages and burials for&nbsp;Croston&nbsp;Parish and its smaller chapelries are online for the following range of years:&nbsp;  
  
{| width="500" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="3" align="center"
+
{| width="500" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" colspan="6" | '''CROSTON&nbsp;ST&nbsp;MICHAEL&nbsp;&amp;&nbsp;ALL&nbsp;ANGELS PARISH&nbsp;(1538) Indexes'''
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" colspan="6" | '''CROSTON&nbsp;ST&nbsp;MICHAEL&nbsp;&amp;&nbsp;ALL&nbsp;ANGELS PARISH&nbsp;(1538) Indexes'''
Line 89: Line 87:
 
| bgcolor="#ffccff" | <br>
 
| bgcolor="#ffccff" | <br>
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" colspan="4" | '''<span id="1341596409777E" style="display: none">&nbsp;</span>BRETHERTON&nbsp;ST&nbsp;JOHN&nbsp;THE&nbsp;BAPTIST&nbsp;Chapelry&nbsp;(1819) Indexes'''
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''JOIN'''
 +
| bgcolor="#66ffcc" | <br>
 +
| bgcolor="#ccffff" | [http://joinermarriageindex.co.uk/ '''1813-1837''']
 +
| bgcolor="#ffccff" | <br>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" colspan="4" | '''<span style="display: none" id="1341596409777E">&nbsp;</span>BRETHERTON&nbsp;ST&nbsp;JOHN&nbsp;THE&nbsp;BAPTIST&nbsp;Chapelry&nbsp;(1819) Indexes'''
 
|-
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |  
 
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |  
Line 163: Line 166:
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>
+
===== Catholic  =====
 +
 
 +
*'''1628''' - {{FSbook|983467|disp=1628 List of Recusants in Croston}} (p. 173)<ref name="ear">J.P. Earwaker, ''Three Lancashire Subsidy Rolls, viz., for the Hundred of Salford, 1541, the Hundred of Salford, 1622 and the Hundred of Leyland, 1628, Together with a Recusant Roll for the Hundred of Leyland, in 1628'' (London: Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 1885). Digital version at {{FSbook|983467}} - free.</ref>
 +
*'''1628''' - {{FSbook|983467|disp=1628 List of Recusants in Vlvrswalton (Ulneswalton)}} (p. 175)<ref name="ear">J.P. Earwaker, ''Three Lancashire Subsidy Rolls, viz., for the Hundred of Salford, 1541, the Hundred of Salford, 1622 and the Hundred of Leyland, 1628, Together with a Recusant Roll for the Hundred of Leyland, in 1628'' (London: Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 1885). Digital version at {{FSbook|983467}} - free.</ref>
  
 
==== Census records  ====
 
==== Census records  ====
Line 169: Line 175:
 
{{British Census|306911}}  
 
{{British Census|306911}}  
  
 
+
<br>
  
 
==== Poor Law Unions  ====
 
==== Poor Law Unions  ====
Line 175: Line 181:
 
[[Chorley Poor Law Union, Lancashire]]  
 
[[Chorley Poor Law Union, Lancashire]]  
  
==== <br><br> ====
+
==== Probate records ====
 
+
==== Probate records<br> ====
+
  
 
Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to [[Lancashire Probate Records|Lancashire Probate Records]] to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.  
 
Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to [[Lancashire Probate Records|Lancashire Probate Records]] to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.  
  
== Maps and Gazetteers<br> ==
+
==== Taxation  ====
  
Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.<br>
+
*'''1628''' - {{FSbook|983467|disp=1628 Subsidy of Croston}} (p. 165)<ref name="ear">J.P. Earwaker, ''Three Lancashire Subsidy Rolls, viz., for the Hundred of Salford, 1541, the Hundred of Salford, 1622 and the Hundred of Leyland, 1628, Together with a Recusant Roll for the Hundred of Leyland, in 1628'' (London: Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 1885). Digital version at {{FSbook|983467}} - free.</ref>
 +
 
 +
*'''1628''' - {{FSbook|983467|disp=1628 Subsidy of Vlvswalton (Ulneswalton)}} (p. 166)<ref name="ear" />
 +
 
 +
*'''1665''' - Lancashire Hearth Tax: Leyland Hundred, Croston. [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/e179/default.asp E 179/132/351], The National Archives. Microfilm: {{FHL|988765|item|disp=FHL Film 2228692}}.
 +
 
 +
*'''1665''' - Lancashire Hearth Tax: Leyland Hundred, Cuerden. [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/e179/default.asp E 179/132/351], The National Archives. Microfilm: {{FHL|988765|item|disp=FHL Film 2228692}}.
 +
 
 +
*'''1665''' - Lancashire Hearth Tax: Leyland Hundred, Ulnes Walton. [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/e179/default.asp E 179/132/351], The National Archives. Microfilm: {{FHL|988765|item|disp=FHL Film 2228692}}.
 +
 
 +
== Maps and Gazetteers<br>  ==
 +
 
 +
Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.<br>  
  
 
*[http://maps.familysearch.org/ England Jurisdictions 1851]  
 
*[http://maps.familysearch.org/ England Jurisdictions 1851]  
Line 189: Line 205:
  
 
== Web sites  ==
 
== Web sites  ==
 +
 
{{expand section|any relevant sites that aren’t mentioned above.}}  
 
{{expand section|any relevant sites that aren’t mentioned above.}}  
  
== References ==
+
== References ==
 +
 
 +
{{Reflist}}
  
{{Reflist}}
+
&nbsp;{{Lancashire}}  
  
 
[[Category:Lancashire]]
 
[[Category:Lancashire]]

Revision as of 16:59, 26 September 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Lancashire Gotoarrow.png Lancashire Parishes

Guide to Croston, Lancashire family history and genealogy: parish register transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.

See a List of Chapelries in Croston Parish

Croston Parish Church St Michael.jpg

Contents

Parish History

CROSTON (St. Michael and All Angels), a parish, and formerly a market-town, in the unions of Chorley and Wigan, hundred of Leyland, N. division of the county of Lancaster; containing, the townships of Bispham,Bretherton, Mawdesley, and Ulnes-Walton. [1]

Croston began in the 7th century when St. Aidan arrived at the riverside settlements. In the absence of a church, a cross erected as a place of worship. Croston gets its name from 'cross' derived from the Irish and the Scandinavian word 'tun' which means town (cross-town). It is unique as there are no other Crostons in the UK.

Centuries ago the parish of Croston was far larger than it is today[citation needed]. It included Chorley, Much Hoole, Rufford, Bretherton, Mawdesley, Tarleton, Hesketh Bank, Bispham, Walmer Bridge and Ulnes Walton. A charter granted by Edward I in 1283 permitted an annual medieval fair and market to be held on the village green. Ancient maps also depict a castle which is believed to have been of a wooden construction because there is no evidence of a stone structure.

Resources

Civil Registration

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Online index of Lancashire Births, Marriages and Deaths Lancashire BMD

Lancashire Online Parish Clerks

An extremely useful resource for research in Lancashire Parishes http://www.lan-opc.org.uk/


Church records

Online Records

Croston Parish registers and those chapelry registers of its 4 chapels of ease have mostly been transcribed and posted online at the following web sites:

FS = FamilySearch.org
LOPC Lancashire Online Parish Clerk project
FMP = FindMyPast.co.uk
JOIN =Joiner's Marriage Index
LBMDLancashireBMD.org.uk
AC = Ancestry.co.uk
FREG = FreeReg


Other important considerations:

Prior to the year 1821 Hesketh with Becconsall served as a chapelry only (a small subdivision of the parish of Croston). It became a full-fledged parish by act of Parliament in 1821. Searches for ancestry prior to this year, must include searches in the Hesketh with Becconsall Chapelry registers which began in 1745, and Croston parish registers and those of its attached chapelries. The baptisms, marriages and burials for Croston Parish and its smaller chapelries are online for the following range of years: 

CROSTON ST MICHAEL & ALL ANGELS PARISH (1538) Indexes
Baptisms Marriages Burials
FS 1543-1900 1543-1900 None
LOPC 1543-1948 1538-1900 1538-1900
AC 1545-1685 1545-1685 1545-1685
FMP
1538-1837
JOIN
1813-1837
BRETHERTON ST JOHN THE BAPTIST Chapelry (1819) Indexes
Baptisms Marriages Burials
FS 1819-1883 1829-1883 1829-1850, 1871-1883
LOPC 1841-1850 1843-1922 1841-1850
LBMD None 1843-1975 None
HESKETH WITH BECCONSALL PARISH (1745) Indexes
Baptisms Marriages Burials
FS 1745-1837 1822-1900 None
LOPC 1745-1856 1822-1900 1745-1900
MAWDESLEY Chapelry (1840) Indexes
Baptisms Marriages Burials
FS 1841-1878 1843-1846; 1873-1878 None
LOPC 1840-1900 1843-1900 1841-1925
TARLETON HOLY TRINITY Chapelry (1719) Indexes
Baptisms Marriages Burials
FS 1745-1837 None None
LOPC 1719-1900 1720-1909 1720-1883 
Catholic

Census records

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library. The first film number is 306911.


Poor Law Unions

Chorley Poor Law Union, Lancashire

Probate records

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Lancashire Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Taxation

Maps and Gazetteers

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Web sites

References

  1. Lewis, Samuel A., A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 733-737. Date accessed: 23 September 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 J.P. Earwaker, Three Lancashire Subsidy Rolls, viz., for the Hundred of Salford, 1541, the Hundred of Salford, 1622 and the Hundred of Leyland, 1628, Together with a Recusant Roll for the Hundred of Leyland, in 1628 (London: Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 1885). Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free.