Cumberland County, Tennessee GenealogyEdit This Page

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  Tennessee  Gotoarrow.png  Cumberland County

Border county between East and Middle Tennessee. Part of the Sequatchie Valley. Established 1855.

Location of Cumberland County, Tennessee
Cumberland County Boundary Map
The county is situated in the Sequatchie Valley


Quick Dates

Cumberland County's civil records start the following years:[1]

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1908 1905  1908 1860 1854  1904 

County Courthouse

Cumberland County Courthouse, Crossville, Tenn.
Cumberland County Courthouse
 2 North Main Street
 Crossville, Tennessee 38555
 Phone: 931-484-6442

Cumberland County Clerk
Marriage and Probate records
2 North Main Street, Suite 206
Crossville, TN 38555
Phone: 931-484-6442

Cumberland County Register of Deeds
Land records
2 North Main Street, Suite 204
Crossville, TN 38555
Phone: 931-484-5559

Cumberland County Circuit Court Clerk
Court records
2 North Main, Suite 302
Crossville, TN 38555
Phone: 931-484-6647

Monday - Friday 8 am - 5 pm

Sm-raogk.gif Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness has found volunteers available to do lookups at this courthouse. Request guidelines.


Cumberland Mountains, Cross Mountain, Tenn.

The county is named after the Cumberland Mountains.[2]

Parent County

1855--Cumberland County was created 16 November 1855 from White, Bledsoe, Rhea, Roane, Morgan, Putnam, and Van Buren Counties. 
County seat: Crossville[3]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1905 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

  • Lost census: 1890
  • Marriages recorded between 1855 and 1904 are lost
  • Probate records 1855 to 1904 are lost
  • All other records, except deeds, destroyed in 1905 fire [4]
For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Cities and Towns:

Alloway Elmore Meridian Rinnie
Baker Crossroads Erasmus Millstone Rogers
Big Lick Fairfield Glade Mount Vernon Tabor
Bowman Genesis New Era Thomas Springs
Browntown Grassy Cove Newton Todd Town
Burke Greivertown Oak Hill Vandever
Campbell Hale Mill Old Winesap Volunteer Heights
Claysville Halfway Otter Creek Junction Waldensia
Crab Orchard Hebbertsburg Ozone Watson
Creston Homestead Parker Ford West Mill
Crossville Howard Springs Peavine Westel
Daysville Jewett Plateau Woodlawn
Dayton Spur Lake Tansi Pleasant Hill Woody
Dogwood Lantana Pomona
Dorton Linary Pomona Road
Dykes Crossroads Mayland Ridgedale

Neighboring Counties


Research Guides

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.  Both should be used:


Tennessee cemetery records often identify birth, death, relationship, and military information, as well as religious affiliation.

The following websites may contain Cumberland County cemetery records:

  • Find A Grave can be searched by the name of a person or family to find where a person is buried. Usually gives birth and death dates often with a picture of the tombstone. May give obituaries, names of family members and links to their information in Find A Grave.


1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population censuses of Cumberland County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see Tennessee Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide online indexes.

See Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Cumberland County, TN census assignments, including links to transcribed files. [The USGenWeb Census Project®]



  • Kirkeminde, Patricia Barclay. 1870 Census of Cumberland County, Tennessee. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 1984. FHL US/CAN Book 976.875 X2k.


  • Sistler, Byron and Samuel D. Sistler. 1880 Census, Cumberland County, Tennessee. Nashville, Tenn.: Byron Sistler & Associates, 1992. FHL US/CAN Book 976.875 X2s.

1890 - Lost, but substitutes are available:

  • Reed, Sue S. Enumeration of Male Inhabitants of Twenty-one Years of Age and Upward, Citizens of Tennessee, January 1, 1891, as Provided for by an Act of General Assembly of Tennessee, Passed January 15, 1891, and Approved January 22, 1891. 8 vols. Houston, Texas: S.S. Reed, 1989. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2r v. 5 1891. [Cumberland County is included in Vol. 5.]
  • Sistler, Byron H. and Barbara Sistler. 1890 Civil War Veterans Census, Tennessee. Evanston, Ill.: Byron Sister and Associates, 1978. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2s 1890.


Hedgecoth, Carolyn Hamby Antioch Church Record Book 1850-1905 C.H. Hedgecoth, 1997 Free lookups available!



DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Cumberland County residents. Attempts have not been made to verify the lineages of those tested.

Family Histories

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]




Local Histories



War of 1812


  • Many Tennessee newspapers are filmed and available at the TSLA. Most of these newspapers may be accessed by interlibrary loan to libraries within Tennessee, although there are some newspapers which are not available in or outside of Tennessee. For further information regarding interlibrary loan policies and newspapers not available for interlibrary loan click here. For a list of newspapers available at the archives for Cumberland County click on the following city:



Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers who are new to their area would not likely discover. This type of material may be found in local, regional, or statewide genealogical society journals. The following periodicals cover this county:

Ansearchin' News
Genealogical articles with abstracts of records of Cumberland County, Tennessee have been published in Ansearchin' News, the quarterly magazine of the Tennessee Genealogical Society. To view a list of these articles, visit their county index. To read digitized versions of the first 36 years of articles (Vols. 1-36), browse their archive or conduct a surname search. The Family History Library has a complete collection of the Ansearchin' News quarterly FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 B2a.
East Tennessee Roots
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Cumberland County, Tennessee records have been published in East Tennessee Roots (10 vols.). A subject index to these articles is available online. Surname indexes to Volumes 9 and 10 are also available online. The Family History Library has collected most issues of East Tennessee Roots FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 D25e.
Overton County, Tennessee Kin
"This newsletter, although called “Overton County,” covers all the area in Overton, Fentress, and Pickett County, TN along with Monterey in Putnam County, and Clinton, Wayne and Cumberland County in Kentucky”—Vol. 7, no. 4, p. 2.
The Family History Library has vol. 1, issues 1-4; vol. 2, issues 1-4; vol. 3, issues 1-4; vol. 4, issues 1-4; vol. 5, issues 1-4; vol. 6, issue 1; vol. 7 issue 4, vol. 8, issue 2. FHL US/CAN 976.8684 B2n.
Indexed in the PERiodical Source Index (PERSI).


Early Cumberland County Will Books were destroyed. In 1969, the TSLA microfilmed surviving Will Books 1 to 3 (1904-1969). A copy of this film is also available at the Family History Library: FHL US/CAN Film 1012523.


The original Cumberland County Tax Books 1904-1968 are kept by the Trustee's Office at the County Courthouse. TSLA microfilmed these records.

The following Cumberland County tax records have been abstracted:[5]

  • [1857-1858] Unpaid Property Taxes, 1857 and 1858, Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association Bulletin. Cookeville TN: Summer 1986. Vol. 11 Iss. 3.
  • [1858] Taxpayers, 1858, Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association Bulletin. Cookeville TN: Winter 1986. Vol. 11 Iss. 1.
  • Delinquent Railroad Taxes, Upper Cumberland Genealogical Association Bulletin. Cookeville TN: Spring 1986. Vol. 11 Iss. 2.

Vital Records

  • Reed, Jan M. and Davis, Loreda W. Marriage records of Cumberland County, Tennessee : vol. 1, 1905-1962 Crossville, Tennessee : Cumberland Geneal. Research, 1991 (Crossville, Tennessee : Cumberland Business Suppliers) FHL US/CAN book 976.875 V2m Free lookups available!
  • Wiefering, Edna and Cleveland Public Library. Cumberland County, Tennessee, Vital Statistics, 1914 through 1925. Cleveland, Tenn.: Cleveland Public Library, 199-?. FHL US/CAN Book 976.875 V2w.

For deaths of Methodists in Cumberland County (or what later became Cumberland County) between the 1830s and the 1920s, try:

Societies and Libraries

Cumberland County Historical Society
Main Street
Crossville, TN 38557
Telephone 615 456-6532

East Tennessee Historical Society
601 S. Gay Street
P.O. Box 1629
Knoxville, Tennessee 37901-1629
Phone: 865-215-8824

Art Circle Public Library
154 East First Street
Crossville, TN 38555
Phone: 931-484-6790
Fax: 931-484-2350
Hours: Mon., Tues., Thurs., Fri., 8 am - 4 pm
Wednesday and Saturday 8 am - 4 pm

Family History Centers

Crossville Tennessee
1550 Genesis Rd
Crossville, Cumberland, Tennessee, United States
Phone: 931-484-2507
Hours: T, Sat 9am-12pm

This is not a mailing address. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.

Web Sites

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Cumberland County, Tennessee


  1. "Earliest County Records," Tennessee State Library and Archives.
  2. "List of counties in Tennessee," Wikipedia.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002), 639.
  4. Robert M. McBride, Tennessee County Data (Nashville, Tennessee: Tennessee State Library and Archives, 1966), 19.
  5. The Heritage Quest Online version of PERSI aided in the compilation of this list.


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