Cumberland County, Virginia

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]'' '''Cumberland County'''
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<br>'''Cumberland County, Virginia''' genealogy and family history research page. Guide to '''Cumberland County''' (established 1748) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.
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{{VADC}}
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{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
| county = Cumberland County
 
| county = Cumberland County
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| founded date =  
 
| founded date =  
 
| seat wl = Cumberland
 
| seat wl = Cumberland
}} ''[[United States|United States&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] &nbsp;[[Virginia|Virginia&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] &nbsp;[[Cumberland_County,_Virginia|Cumberland County]]''
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}}  
  
 
== County Courthouse  ==
 
== County Courthouse  ==
 
[[Image:{{VACumberlandcourthouse}}]]'''&nbsp;Cumberland County Courthouse'''<br>P.O. Box 8<br>1 Courthouse Circle<br>Cumberland, VA 23040-0008
 
 
{{RAOGKcourthouse}}&nbsp;
 
 
Clerk Circuit Court has marriage div, probate and court records from 1749.<ref name="Handybook" />
 
  
 
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for {{PAGENAME}} Government Records'''</center>
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for {{PAGENAME}} Government Records'''</center>
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Census|Census]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Census|Census]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land|Land]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate|Probate]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1853
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1853
| align="center" width="16.6%" |
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1749
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1853
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1853
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1810
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1810
| align="center" width="16.6%" |
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1749
| align="center" width="16.6%" |  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1749
 
|}
 
|}
  
== History  ==
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[[Image:{{VACumberlandcourthouse}}]]'''&nbsp;<br>'''[http://www.cumberlandcounty.virginia.gov/ Cumberland County Courthouse]<br>P.O. Box 8<br>1 Courthouse Circle<br>Cumberland, VA 23040-0008<br>Phone: 804-492-4442
  
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Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, probate<br>and court records from 1749, birth and death records<br>1853-1870<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cumberland County, Virginia. Page 712 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>
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{{RAOGKcourthouse}}
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== History  ==
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<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
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== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
 
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[[Image:Vacumberland.jpg|thumb|right|400px]]
 
==== Research Guides  ====
 
==== Research Guides  ====
  
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*Freedmen's Bureau {{RecordSearch|1596147|Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872}}  
 
*Freedmen's Bureau {{RecordSearch|1596147|Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872}}  
 
*Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/cumberland.htm "Cumberland County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1816,"] ''Free African Americans.com'', available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
 
*Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/cumberland.htm "Cumberland County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1816,"] ''Free African Americans.com'', available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
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==== Bible Records  ====
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{{VABible}}
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
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*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
 
*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
  
==== Church  ====
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==== Church Records ====
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===== Baptist  =====
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{{VAbap}}
  
 
===== Church of England  =====
 
===== Church of England  =====
  
 
[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[King William Parish, Virginia|King William Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Littleton Parish, Virginia|Littleton Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[St. James Southam Parish, Virginia|St. James Southam Parish]]  
 
[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[King William Parish, Virginia|King William Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Littleton Parish, Virginia|Littleton Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[St. James Southam Parish, Virginia|St. James Southam Parish]]  
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===== Quaker  =====
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Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):
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*'''Fine Creek Monthly Meeting''' (1756-1775)<ref name="jay">Jay Worrall, ''The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers'' (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. {{FHL|702792|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 K2wj}}.</ref>
  
 
==== Court  ====
 
==== Court  ====
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*'''[Harrison]''' Descendant of Benjamin Harrison, b. c1715, d. 1761 Cumberland County, Virginia. Y-DNA 26 Marker Test, FTDNA (labelled H-106, Lineage 2). Genetic signature available [http://www.worldfamilies.net/surnames/harrison/results online], courtesy: The Harrison DNA Project, [http://www.worldfamilies.net World Families Network].
 
*'''[Harrison]''' Descendant of Benjamin Harrison, b. c1715, d. 1761 Cumberland County, Virginia. Y-DNA 26 Marker Test, FTDNA (labelled H-106, Lineage 2). Genetic signature available [http://www.worldfamilies.net/surnames/harrison/results online], courtesy: The Harrison DNA Project, [http://www.worldfamilies.net World Families Network].
  
==== Genealogy&nbsp; ====
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==== Genealogy  ====
  
More than 100 genealogies have been published about Cumberland County families. To view a list, visit [[Cumberland County, Virginia Genealogy|Cumberland County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
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More than 125 genealogies have been published about Cumberland County families. To view a list, visit [[Cumberland County, Virginia Genealogy|Cumberland County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
  
 
==== Immigration  ====
 
==== Immigration  ====
  
*Ljungstedt, Milnor. "Items from Southern Records" [Showing Family and Trade Connections with Northern Colonies and the Home Countries], ''The American Genealogist'', Vol. 15 (1938):95-104. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=283 New England Ancestors]&nbsp;($). [Cumberland Co., VA surname: Thompson.]  
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*Ljungstedt, Milnor. "Items from Southern Records" [Showing Family and Trade Connections with Northern Colonies and the Home Countries], ''The American Genealogist'', Vol. 15 (1938):95-104. Available at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=283 New England Ancestors]&nbsp;($). [Cumberland Co., VA surname: Thompson.]
*[http://www.immigrantservants.com/search/advancedResults.php?*surname=&givenName=&varientSurnameSpellings=&gender=&dateOfBirthDay=&dateOfBirthMonth=&dateOfBirthQuantifier=&dateOfBirthYear=&placeOfBirthParish=&placeOfBirthTown=&placeOfBirthCity=&placeOfBirthCounty=&placeOfBirthColony=&placeOfBirthNation=&occupations=&religions=&orphan=&familyPosition=&immigrationYearQualifier=&immigrationYear=&portOfDepartureTown=&portOfDepartureCity=&portOfDepartureCounty=&portOfDepartureNation=&placeOfArrivalTown=&placeOfArrivalCounty=&placeOfArrivalColony=&shipName=&convict=&yearOfIndentureQualifier=&yearOfIndenture=&lengthOfIndentureYears=&lengthOfIndentureMonths=&yearOfFreedomQualifier=&yearOfFreedom=&placeOfIndentureTown=&placeOfIndentureCity=&placeOfIndentureCounty=Cumberland&placeOfIndentureColony=Virginia&agentSurname=&agentGivenName=&agentTitle=&masterSurname=&masterGivenName=&masterTitle=&residenceParish=&residenceTown=&residenceCity=&residenceCounty=&residenceColony=&residenceNation=&landowner=&literate=&spouseSurname=&spouseGivenName=&spouseMarriageDateDay=&spouseMarriageDateMonth=&spouseMarriageDateQualifier=&spouseMarriageDateYear=&spouseMarriageLocationParish=&spouseMarriageLocationCounty=&spouseMarriageLocationColony=&spouseMarriageLocationNation=&deathDateDay=&deathDateMonth=&deathDateQualifier=&deathDateYear=&deathLocality=&deathCounty=&deathColony=&deathState=&testate=&proofServantStatus=&proofConvictStatus=&headright=&preServitudeSources=&postServitudeSources=&comments=&family=&sourceCitations=&interestedResearchers= List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe] who served labor terms in Colonial Cumberland County, Virginia (work in progress), courtesy: [http://www.immigrantservants.com Immigrant Servants Database].
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{{ImmigrantServants|Cumberland}}
  
 
During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 3 British aliens, some of&nbsp;whom had families,&nbsp;living in Cartersville and Cumberland County.<ref name="null">Kenneth Scott, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/title/british-aliens-in-the-united-states-during-the-war-of-1812/oclc/5711802 British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812]'' (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. {{FHL|78653|item|disp=FHL Book 973 W4s}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49091 Ancestry] ($).</ref>  
 
During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 3 British aliens, some of&nbsp;whom had families,&nbsp;living in Cartersville and Cumberland County.<ref name="null">Kenneth Scott, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/title/british-aliens-in-the-united-states-during-the-war-of-1812/oclc/5711802 British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812]'' (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. {{FHL|78653|item|disp=FHL Book 973 W4s}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49091 Ancestry] ($).</ref>  
  
==== Land  ====
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==== Land and Property ====
  
 
'''''Grants and Patents'''''  
 
'''''Grants and Patents'''''  
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{{vapatent}}
  
 
*Bannister. [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/pool.htm 405 patents dated 1714-1835 in what is now Cumberland County, Virginia placed on a map]. DeedMapper, 2004.&nbsp;[Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/ DeedMapper]&nbsp;product.]
 
*Bannister. [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/pool.htm 405 patents dated 1714-1835 in what is now Cumberland County, Virginia placed on a map]. DeedMapper, 2004.&nbsp;[Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/ DeedMapper]&nbsp;product.]
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==== Military  ====
 
==== Military  ====
  
===== '''''French and Indian War''''' =====
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===== French and Indian War  =====
  
 
*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at {{FHL|47143|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Identifies some Cumberland County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]  
 
*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at {{FHL|47143|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Identifies some Cumberland County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]  
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*Crozier, William Armstrong. ''Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776''. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at {{FHL|72797|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital book at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4596&o_xid=8910&o_lid=8910 Ancestry] ($). [Identifies some Cumberland County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
 
*Crozier, William Armstrong. ''Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776''. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at {{FHL|72797|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital book at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4596&o_xid=8910&o_lid=8910 Ancestry] ($). [Identifies some Cumberland County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
  
===== '''''Revolutionary War''''' =====
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===== Revolutionary War  =====
  
 
'''''Regiments.''''' Service men in Cumberland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Cumberland County supplied soldiers for the:  
 
'''''Regiments.''''' Service men in Cumberland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Cumberland County supplied soldiers for the:  
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[http://www.archive.org/stream/virginiamilitiai00mcal#page/29/mode/1up Cumberland residents recommended for military commissions during the Revolutionary War].<ref>J.T. McAllister, ''Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data'' (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 29-30. Digitized by [http://www.archive.org/details/virginiamilitiai00mcal Internet Archive].</ref>  
 
[http://www.archive.org/stream/virginiamilitiai00mcal#page/29/mode/1up Cumberland residents recommended for military commissions during the Revolutionary War].<ref>J.T. McAllister, ''Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data'' (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 29-30. Digitized by [http://www.archive.org/details/virginiamilitiai00mcal Internet Archive].</ref>  
  
*McIlwaine, H.R. ''Proceedings of the Committees of Safety of Cumberland and Isle of Wight Counties, Virginia, 1775-1776''. Richmond: D. Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1919. Available at {{FHL|478579|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital versions at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=25620 Ancestry] ($),&nbsp;[http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/u?/FH27,9996 Family History Archives], and [http://books.google.com/books?id=zCYTAAAAYAAJ Google Books].  
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*McIlwaine, H.R. ''Proceedings of the Committees of Safety of Cumberland and Isle of Wight Counties, Virginia, 1775-1776''. Richmond: D. Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1919. Available at {{FHL|478579|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital versions at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=25620 Ancestry] ($),&nbsp;{{FSbook|86507}}, and [http://books.google.com/books?id=zCYTAAAAYAAJ Google Books].  
 
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]''. 1841. Digital versions at [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf U.S. Census Bureau] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books] ''et. al''. 1967 reprint: {{FHL|282860|item}} 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Cumberland County on page 130.]  
 
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]''. 1841. Digital versions at [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf U.S. Census Bureau] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books] ''et. al''. 1967 reprint: {{FHL|282860|item}} 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Cumberland County on page 130.]  
 
*''Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions''. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include&nbsp;"an Added Index to States." {{FHL|287870|item}} 973 M24ur; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48141 Ancestry] ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
 
*''Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions''. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include&nbsp;"an Added Index to States." {{FHL|287870|item}} 973 M24ur; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48141 Ancestry] ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
  
===== '''''War of 1812''''' =====
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===== War of 1812  =====
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Cumberland County men served in the 17th Regiment.<ref>Stuart Lee Butler, ''A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812'' (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 73. {{FHL|669440|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2bs}}.</ref>
  
 
*Douthat, James L. ''Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia.'' Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. '''Free online surname index''' and purchase details at [http://www.mountainpress.com/books/va/details/va-0697w.html Mountain Press] website. {{FHL|1453042|item}} 975.5 M2djL. [Includes Cumberland County.]  
 
*Douthat, James L. ''Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia.'' Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. '''Free online surname index''' and purchase details at [http://www.mountainpress.com/books/va/details/va-0697w.html Mountain Press] website. {{FHL|1453042|item}} 975.5 M2djL. [Includes Cumberland County.]  
 
*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. {{FHL|286899|item}} 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive]. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Cumberland County, p. 69.]
 
*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. {{FHL|286899|item}} 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive]. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Cumberland County, p. 69.]
  
===== Civil War =====
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===== Civil War =====
  
*Virginia, Civil War Service {{RecordSearch|1932382|Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865}}
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====== Civil War Battle  ======
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The following Civil War battles were fought in Cumberland County.
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*April 7, 1865 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va094.htm Cumberland Church], also known as Farmville<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va094.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 16 August, 2012)</ref>
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*April 6-7, 1865 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va095.htm High Bridge]<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va095.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 17 August, 2012)</ref>
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:Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va186162.htm 1861], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va186162.htm 1862], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1863.htm 1863], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1864.htm 1864], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1865.htm 1865]
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<br> {{VAciv}}
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:- [[3rd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|3rd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company G (Cumberland Light Dragoons).<ref>Thomas P. Nanzig, ''3rd Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). {{FHL|540335|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 61}}.</ref>
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:- [[18th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|18th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company E (Black Eagle Rifles) and Company F (Farmville Guard).<ref>James I. Robertson, ''18th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1984). {{FHL|488660|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 12}}.</ref>
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:- [[21st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|21st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company D (Cumberland Greys).<ref>Susan A. Riggs, ''21st Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1991). {{FHL|413420|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 72}}.</ref>
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:- [[44th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|44th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company G (Randolph Guard).<ref>Kevin C. Ruffner, ''44th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). {{FHL|610175|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 39}}.</ref>
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Records and histories are available, including:
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*Virginia, Civil War Service {{RecordSearch|1932382|Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865}}  
 
*Virginia, Civil War Service {{RecordSearch|1932427|Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865}}
 
*Virginia, Civil War Service {{RecordSearch|1932427|Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865}}
  
==== Naturalization ====
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==== Naturalization ====
  
 
*Virginia {{RecordSearch|1877093|Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929}}
 
*Virginia {{RecordSearch|1877093|Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929}}
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==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
  
Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.
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{{VAnews}}
  
==== Private Papers  ====
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Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.
 
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Virginia, {{RecordSearch|1932510|Historical Society Papers}}
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==== Probate  ====
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==== Probate Records ====
  
 
{{Vawill|1749-1810}}  
 
{{Vawill|1749-1810}}  
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==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
  
{{VAbmd}}
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{{VAbmd}}  
  
 
===== Marriage  =====
 
===== Marriage  =====
  
*Elliott, Katherine B.. ''Marriage Records, 1749-1840, Cumberland County, Virginia.'' South Hill, Va., 1969.
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*'''1660-1800''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3002 Virginia Marriages 1660-1800] (Ancestry) ($).  
 
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*'''1740-1850''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3723 Virginia Marriages 1740-1850] (Ancestry) ($).
::Reviewed in ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 14, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1970):36. Review available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($).
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*'''1749-1791''' - [http://pasttracker.com/family/index.php/cumberland-home/marriages Cumberland Marriages] (VAGenWeb)
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*'''1749-1840''' - Elliott, Katherine B.. ''Marriage Records, 1749-1840, Cumberland County, Virginia.'' South Hill, Va., 1969.
  
 
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
 
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
  
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{{Tip|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see [[{{PAGENAME}}#Bible Records|Bible Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Church Records|Church Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Newspapers|Newspapers]], and [[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate Records|Probate Records]].}}
  
 
== Societies and Libraries  ==
 
== Societies and Libraries  ==
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*[http://pasttracker.com/family/index.php/cumberland-home Cumberland Co., VAGenWeb]. Part of the [http://usgenweb.org/ USGenWeb Project]. Maps, name indexes, history.  
 
*[http://pasttracker.com/family/index.php/cumberland-home Cumberland Co., VAGenWeb]. Part of the [http://usgenweb.org/ USGenWeb Project]. Maps, name indexes, history.  
 
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Cumberland|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
 
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Cumberland|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/us/va/counties/cumberland/ Cyndi's List]  
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*[http://www.cyndislist.com/us/va/counties/cumberland/ Cyndi's List]
*Learning [https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Help:Contributor_Help How to Edit our Wiki Sites]
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{{Online course badge
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
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[[Category:Cumberland_County,_Virginia]]
 
[[Category:Cumberland_County,_Virginia]]

Revision as of 18:20, 31 January 2013

United States go to Virginia go to Cumberland County


Cumberland County, Virginia genealogy and family history research page. Guide to Cumberland County (established 1748) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Virginia
Online Records


Cumberland County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Cumberland County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1748
County Seat Cumberland
Courthouse

Contents

County Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Cumberland County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1749 1853 1810 1749 1749
Cumberland County Courthouse, Cumberland, Va.
 
Cumberland County Courthouse
P.O. Box 8
1 Courthouse Circle
Cumberland, VA 23040-0008
Phone: 804-492-4442


Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, probate
and court records from 1749, birth and death records
1853-1870[1]

 

History

Parent County

1748--Cumberland County was created in 1748 from Goochland County.
County seat: Cumberland [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost census: 1790, 1800, 1890

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Vacumberland.jpg

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Cumberland County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 8, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1964):122-124. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).

African American

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

Cemeteries

Tombstone Transcription Project Cumberland County - cemetery transcriptions - USGenWeb

Census

For tips on accessing Cumberland County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
17908,153
18009,83920.7%
18109,9921.6%
182011,02310.3%
183011,6906.1%
184010,399−11.0%
18509,751−6.2%
18609,9612.2%
18708,142−18.3%
188010,54029.5%
18909,482−10.0%
19008,996−5.1%
19109,1952.2%
19209,111−0.9%
19307,535−17.3%
19407,505−0.4%
19507,252−3.4%
19606,360−12.3%
19706,179−2.8%
19807,88127.5%
19907,825−0.7%
20009,01715.2%

1782 Enumeration

1784 Enumeration

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records

Baptist

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.

Church of England

Gotoarrow.png See also King William Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Littleton Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also St. James Southam Parish

Quaker

Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

  • Fine Creek Monthly Meeting (1756-1775)[3]

Court

Indexed images of Cumberland County, Virginia Chancery Records 1750-1912 are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.[4]

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png

DNA has been collected for purported descendants of the following Cumberland County, Virginia residents. Attempts have not been made to verify the lineages of those tested.

  • [Harrison] Descendant of Benjamin Harrison, b. c1715, d. 1761 Cumberland County, Virginia. Y-DNA 26 Marker Test, FTDNA (labelled H-106, Lineage 2). Genetic signature available online, courtesy: The Harrison DNA Project, World Families Network.

Genealogy

More than 125 genealogies have been published about Cumberland County families. To view a list, visit Cumberland County, Virginia Genealogy.

Immigration

  • Ljungstedt, Milnor. "Items from Southern Records" [Showing Family and Trade Connections with Northern Colonies and the Home Countries], The American Genealogist, Vol. 15 (1938):95-104. Available at New England Ancestors ($). [Cumberland Co., VA surname: Thompson.]

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 3 British aliens, some of whom had families, living in Cartersville and Cumberland County.[5]

Land and Property

Grants and Patents

Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

Local Histories

Maps

Migration

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1976):199-208; Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Cumberland County's 1788 Delinquent List appears on 20:34; 1789 Delinquent List appears on 21:168.]

Military

French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Cumberland County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Cumblernad County, see p. 70.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Cumberland County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Cumberland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Cumberland County supplied soldiers for the:

- 7th Virginia Regiment
- 10th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

Cumberland residents recommended for military commissions during the Revolutionary War.[6]

  • McIlwaine, H.R. Proceedings of the Committees of Safety of Cumberland and Isle of Wight Counties, Virginia, 1775-1776. Richmond: D. Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1919. Available at FHL; digital versions at Ancestry ($), FamilySearch Books Online, and Google Books.
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Cumberland County on page 130.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Cumberland County men served in the 17th Regiment.[7]

  • Douthat, James L. Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. FHL Collection 975.5 M2djL. [Includes Cumberland County.]
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Cumberland County, p. 69.]
Civil War
Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battles were fought in Cumberland County.

Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865


Regiments. Service men in Cumberland County, Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Cumberland County, Virginia:

- 3rd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company G (Cumberland Light Dragoons).[10]
- 18th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company E (Black Eagle Rifles) and Company F (Farmville Guard).[11]
- 21st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company D (Cumberland Greys).[12]
- 44th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company G (Randolph Guard).[13]

Records and histories are available, including:

Naturalization

Newspapers

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Cumberland County, Virginia newspapers.

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Probate Records

A free index to Cumberland County, Virginia wills and administrations (1749-1810) is available at the Library of Virginia website.

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1759] McCrary, Patti Sue. Cumberland County, Virginia Tithable Lists for 1759. Westminster, Maryland: Heritage Books, 2007. Available at FHL.
  • [1782-1816] Heinegg, Paul. "Cumberland County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1816," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Cumberland County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1788-1789] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1976):199-208; Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Cumberland County's 1788 Delinquent List appears on 20:34; 1789 Delinquent List appears on 21:168.]
  • [1791, 1800] Indexed images of the 1791 and 1800 Personal Property Tax Lists of Cumberland County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] "Cumberland County, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 17, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1973):197-200; Vol. 17, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1973):249-252. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [1804] Morton, W.S. Cumberland County Poll List [1804], excerpted from "Cumberland County Records," William and Mary College Quarterly, 2nd Series, Vol. 22 (1942):61-64. Available at FHL; reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at FHL; digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Cumberland County is included in Vol. 1.]

Vital Records

Indexes to Cumberland County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Marriage
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Websites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cumberland County, Virginia. Page 712 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  4. "Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index Availability," Library of Virginia (accessed 26 January 2010).
  5. Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  6. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 29-30. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  7. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 73. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  8. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  9. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 17 August, 2012)
  10. Thomas P. Nanzig, 3rd Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 61.
  11. James I. Robertson, 18th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1984). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 12.
  12. Susan A. Riggs, 21st Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1991). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 72.
  13. Kevin C. Ruffner, 44th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 39.