Danish Word List

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The Danish Genealogical Word List shows Danish words and their English translations for many words that are found in documents used to research Danish ancestors. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Danish-English dictionary. (See the "Additional Resources" section below.)  
 
The Danish Genealogical Word List shows Danish words and their English translations for many words that are found in documents used to research Danish ancestors. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Danish-English dictionary. (See the "Additional Resources" section below.)  
  
Danish is a Germanic language like Swedish, Norwegian, and Icelandic. A major spelling and grammar reform was introduced in [[Denmark]] in 1953. Most differences between modern and old Danish are simply a matter of spelling. The spelling section in "Language Characteristics" below, along with the English to Danish Word list are designed to help you find the words you need. <br>
+
Danish is a Germanic language like Swedish, Norwegian, and Icelandic. A major spelling and grammar reform was introduced in [[Denmark]] in 1953. Most differences between modern and old Danish are simply a matter of spelling. The spelling section in "Language Characteristics" below, along with the English to Danish Word list are designed to help you find the words you need. The Danish to English word list is available in PDF see <br>  
  
 
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="20" border="1"
 
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="20" border="1"
 
|+ Links to Danish Genealogical Words ('''Danish to English''' by the first letter)  
 
|+ Links to Danish Genealogical Words ('''Danish to English''' by the first letter)  
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with A|A]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with A|A]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with B|B]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with B|B]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with C|C]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with C|C]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with D|D]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with D|D]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with E|E]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with E|E]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with F|F]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with F|F]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with G|G]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with G|G]]  
 
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with H|H]]
 
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with H|H]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with I|I]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with I|I]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with J|J]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with J|J]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with K|K]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with K|K]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with L|L]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with L|L]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with M|M]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with M|M]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with N|N]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with N|N]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with O|O]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with O|O]]  
 
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with P|P]]
 
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with P|P]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with Q|Q]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with Q|Q]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with R|R]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with R|R]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with S|S]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with S|S]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with T|T]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with T|T]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with U|U]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with U|U]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with V, W |V, W]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with V, W|V, W]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with X, Y, Z |X, Y, Z]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with X, Y, Z|X, Y, Z]]  
 
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with Æ|Æ]]
 
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with Æ|Æ]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with Ø|Ø]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with Ø|Ø]]  
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with Å|Å]]
+
| [[Danish Genealogical Words beginning with Å|Å]]  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
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|}
 
|}
  
<br>
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<br>  
  
 
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="20" border="1"
 
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="20" border="1"
 
|+ Links to '''English to Danish''' Genealogical Words (alphabetical by the first letter)  
 
|+ Links to '''English to Danish''' Genealogical Words (alphabetical by the first letter)  
 
|-
 
|-
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with A|A]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with A|A]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with B|B]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with B|B]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with C|C]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with C|C]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with D|D]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with D|D]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with E|E]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with E|E]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with F|F]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with F|F]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with G|G]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with G|G]]  
 
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with H|H]]
 
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with H|H]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with I|I]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with I|I]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with J|J]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with J|J]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with K|K]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with K|K]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with L|L]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with L|L]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with M|M]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with M|M]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with N|N]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with N|N]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with O|O]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with O|O]]  
 
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with P|P]]
 
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with P|P]]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with Q|Q]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with Q|Q]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with R|R]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with R|R]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with S|S]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with S|S]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with T|T]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with T|T]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with U|U]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with U|U]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with V, W |V, W]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with V, W|V, W]]  
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with X, Y, Z |X, Y, Z]]
+
| [[English to Danish Genealogical Words beginning with X, Y, Z|X, Y, Z]]  
 
| [[English to Danish Numbers in Word Form|Numbers]]
 
| [[English to Danish Numbers in Word Form|Numbers]]
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>
+
<br>  
  
 
== LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS  ==
 
== LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS  ==
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Mand= man  
 
Mand= man  
  
Kone= wife<br>
+
Kone= wife<br>  
  
 
Manden= the man  
 
Manden= the man  
  
Konen= the wife<br>
+
Konen= the wife<br>  
  
 
Mænd= men  
 
Mænd= men  
  
Koner= wives<br>
+
Koner= wives<br>  
  
 
Mænderne= the men  
 
Mænderne= the men  
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Konerne= the wives  
 
Konerne= the wives  
  
This word list gives the standard form of each word.
+
This word list gives the standard form of each word.  
  
 
==== Alphabetical Order  ====
 
==== Alphabetical Order  ====
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Spelling rules were not standardized in earlier centuries. The following spelling variations are common.  
 
Spelling rules were not standardized in earlier centuries. The following spelling variations are common.  
  
aa used for å
+
aa used for å  
+
 
b used for p<br>
+
b used for p<br>  
 
+
 
 
c used for k  
 
c used for k  
  
d used for t<br>
+
d used for t<br>  
 
+
 
 
fi used for v  
 
fi used for v  
  
 
g used for k<br>  
 
g used for k<br>  
+
 
 
i used for j  
 
i used for j  
  
x used for ks<br>
+
x used for ks<br>  
 +
 
 +
q used for k
  
q used for k
 
 
 
w used for v<br>  
 
w used for v<br>  
 
+
 
 
e used for æ  
 
e used for æ  
  
ö used for ø<br>
+
ö used for ø<br>  
 
+
 
 
u used for v  
 
u used for v  
  
ch used for k<br>
+
ch used for k<br>  
  
 
tj used for ki  
 
tj used for ki  
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Examples:  
 
Examples:  
  
skov spelled as schov<br>
+
skov spelled as schov<br>  
  
kvinde spelled as qvinde<br>
+
kvinde spelled as qvinde<br>  
  
Århus spelled as Aarhus
+
Århus spelled as Aarhus  
  
 
== ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  ==
 
== ADDITIONAL RESOURCES  ==
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Additional dictionaries are listed in the Subject section of the Family History Library Catalog under [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=subjecthitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&subject=Danish+Language+-+Dictionaries&presubject=Danish+Language+-+Dictionaries DANISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES] or in the Locality section under DENMARK - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES.  
 
Additional dictionaries are listed in the Subject section of the Family History Library Catalog under [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=subjecthitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&subject=Danish+Language+-+Dictionaries&presubject=Danish+Language+-+Dictionaries DANISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES] or in the Locality section under DENMARK - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES.  
  
== Key Words ==
+
== Key Words ==
  
 
To find and use specific types of Danish records, you will need to know some key words in Danish. This section gives key genealogical terms in English and the Danish words with the same or similar meanings.  
 
To find and use specific types of Danish records, you will need to know some key words in Danish. This section gives key genealogical terms in English and the Danish words with the same or similar meanings.  
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For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriage. In the second column you will find Danish words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined, and other words used in Danish records to indicate marriage.  
 
For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriage. In the second column you will find Danish words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined, and other words used in Danish records to indicate marriage.  
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="1"
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" width="100%"
 
|-
 
|-
| English<br>
+
| English<br>  
 
| Danish<br>
 
| Danish<br>
 
|-
 
|-

Revision as of 23:40, 23 October 2010

Back to Denmark Portal Page

The Danish Genealogical Word List shows Danish words and their English translations for many words that are found in documents used to research Danish ancestors. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Danish-English dictionary. (See the "Additional Resources" section below.)

Danish is a Germanic language like Swedish, Norwegian, and Icelandic. A major spelling and grammar reform was introduced in Denmark in 1953. Most differences between modern and old Danish are simply a matter of spelling. The spelling section in "Language Characteristics" below, along with the English to Danish Word list are designed to help you find the words you need. The Danish to English word list is available in PDF see

Links to Danish Genealogical Words (Danish to English by the first letter)
A B C D E F G H
I J K L M N O P
Q R S T U V, W X, Y, Z Æ
Ø Å


Links to English to Danish Genealogical Words (alphabetical by the first letter)
A B C D E F G H
I J K L M N O P
Q R S T U V, W X, Y, Z Numbers


Contents

LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS

Variant Forms of Words

In Danish, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. Who—whose—whom or marry—marries—married are examples of words in English with variant forms. The endings of a word in a document may differ from those in this list, for example:

Mand= man

Kone= wife

Manden= the man

Konen= the wife

Mænd= men

Koner= wives

Mænderne= the men

Konerne= the wives

This word list gives the standard form of each word.

Alphabetical Order

Written Danish has three additional letters: Æ (æ), Ø (ø), and Å (å). These letters are filed after A-Z alphabetically. The letter Å (å) was officially introduced in 1953, so it never appears in older records. Prior to that time it was usually written as Aa (aa) and filed at the beginning of the alphabet. Danish dictionaries and indexes, this word list, and the Locality section of the Family History Library Catalog use the following alphabetical order:

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z æ ø å

Spelling

Spelling rules were not standardized in earlier centuries. The following spelling variations are common.

aa used for å

b used for p

c used for k

d used for t

fi used for v

g used for k

i used for j

x used for ks

q used for k

w used for v

e used for æ

ö used for ø

u used for v

ch used for k

tj used for ki

Examples:

skov spelled as schov

kvinde spelled as qvinde

Århus spelled as Aarhus

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

This word list includes only words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For further help, use a Danish-English dictionary. Several Danish-English dictionaries are available at the Family History Library. These are in the Scandinavian collection. Their call numbers begin with 439.81321.

The following dictionary is also available on microfilm for use in Family History Centers:

Magnussen, Johannes Julius. McKay's Modern English-Danish, Danish-English Dictionary. New York: David McKay, 1957. (FHL book 439.81321 M275m; film 1,440,033, item 1.)

Additional dictionaries are listed in the Subject section of the Family History Library Catalog under DANISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES or in the Locality section under DENMARK - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES.

Key Words

To find and use specific types of Danish records, you will need to know some key words in Danish. This section gives key genealogical terms in English and the Danish words with the same or similar meanings.

For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriage. In the second column you will find Danish words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined, and other words used in Danish records to indicate marriage.

English
Danish
banns trolovede, trolovelse, forlovelse
births fødte, født
burials begravede, begravelse, jordet
census folketælling
child barn
christenings døpte, døbt, daab
confirmations konfirmerede
deaths døde, død
father fader, far
female kvindekjøn (køn), pige
husband mand, husbonde, husfader
index register
male mandkjøn (køn), drenge
marriages copulerede, vielse, ægteviede, bryllup
military militær
mother moder, mor
moving in tilgangsliste, inflytning
moving out avgangsliste, udflytning
name, given navne
name, surname efternavne
parents forældre
parish sogn
vaccinations vaccinerede
wife hustru, husmoder, kone, kvinde
year år, anno