Dawson County, Nebraska GenealogyEdit This Page

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United States Gotoarrow.png Nebraska Gotoarrow.png Dawson County

Dawson County, Nebraska genealogy and family history research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Nebraska
Online Records
Coordinates: 39.99°0′N 91.19°0′W / 39.99°N 91.19°W / 39.99; -91.19
Dawson County, Nebraska
Map of Nebraska highlighting Dawson County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the U.S. highlighting Nebraska
Location of Nebraska in the U.S.
Founded January 11, 1860
County Seat Lexington
Photo courtesy [[]]
Address Dawson County Courthouse
P.O. Box 370
Lexington, Nebraska 68850
Phone: 308.324.2127


County Courthouse

Dawson County Courthouse
PO Box 370
Lexington, NE 68850
Phone: 308.324.2127

County Clerk has marriage records from 1873.
County Court has probate and court records.
Clerk District Court has divorce and naturalization records.
Register of Deeds has land records.
Veterans Service Off has military records. [1]


Parent County

1860--Dawson County was created 11 January 1860 from unorganized territory. County seat: Lexington [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




For tips on accessing Dawson County, Nebraska Genealogy census records online, see: Nebraska Census.




Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Nebraska Land and Property for additional information about early Nebraska land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories



Early migration routes to and from Dawson County, Nebraska Genealogy for European and African American settlers included:




In most counties in Nebraska, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Nebraska - Adams - Probate records.


Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Dawson County, Nebraska page 429, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Jim Tompkins, "The Oregon Trail 1841-1848 Map II" in Oregon Trail Landmarks at http://www.oregonpioneers.com/OTMap2.jpg (accessed 18 July 2011).
  4. "Oregon California Trails Association" at http://octatrails.micromaps.com/ (accessed 18 July 2011).
  5. "The Pioneer Story: The Mormon Pioneer Trail" in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at http://lds.org/gospellibrary/pioneer/pioneerstory.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).


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