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Guide to Deaf Smith County Texas genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Deaf Smith County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Deaf Smith County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded August 21, 1876
County Seat Hereford
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County Courthouse

Deaf Smith County Courthouse
235 E. 3rd St., Room 203
Hereford, TX 79045-5515
Phone 806-363-7077 - 806-364-1746

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1903,
marriage, probate and court records from 1891,
land records from 1882 and military discharge records
from 1919; District Clerk has divorce records and doctor
records from 1903[1]

The County Clerk's Office is the record keeper of the county. The county records include birth certificates, death certificates, marriage licenses, military discharges, land records, real estate records, property records, probate and civil filings.

The Deaf Smith County Clerk has court records, land records, probate records and marriage records from 1890, as well as birth and death records from 1903.


Deaf Smith County was named for Erastus "Deaf" Smith, a famous scout of the Texas Revolution.

Parent County

Deaf Smith County was created 21 August 1876 from Bexar District, but was not organized until 1 December 1890. County seats: LaPlata, 1890-1898; Hereford, 1898-present [2] [3]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Ayr | Bippus | Bootleg | Dawn | Ford | Glenrio | Hereford | Kelso | LaPlata | Milo Center | Simms | Westway | Wyche

Cities, Towns and Communities - Deaf Smith Co, TXGenWeb

Neighboring Counties





USGenWeb Census Project - Deaf Smith County, TX




After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Deaf Smith County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

  • Deaf Smith County History - TXGenWeb
  • The land and its people, 1876-1981: Deaf Smith County, Texas, 1982 by the Deaf Smith County Historical Society, a history book featuring local history, photographs, illustrations, and biographies. Digital book online from The Portal to Texas History.
  • A History of Deaf Smith County, 1964, by Bessie Patterson.  Digital book on line from the Portal to Texas History.
  • Hereford, Deaf Smith County, Hustlin' Heritage 75, 1973 by the Hereford Jubilee Book Committee, a brief history of the town of Hereford with pages devoted to individuals, organizations, and businesses. Digital book online from the Portal to Texas History.
  • Hereford, Deaf Smith County, Texas, 1970 by the Hereford Chamber of Commerce, a brief sketch of the city of Hereford, Texas with photographs. Digital book online from the Portal to Texas History.
  • Hereford Tornado, 1971, by Mike Waltrip, a brief description of the damages caused by the tornado that hit Hereford, Texas on April 19, 1971, followed by photographs of the damage that occurred throughout the town. Digital book online from the Portal to Texas History.
  • Deaf Smith County History from the Handbook of Texas Online
  • Texas Museums  ~  List of all museums in Texas  ~  Hidden Ancestors



  • Military Files for Deaf Smith Co, TXGenWeb
    • Civil War Links, USGenWeb Archives
    • Draft Registration, USGenWeb Archives
    • World War II Missing and Dead; Deaf Smith Co, TXGenWeb
    • Korean War Fatal Casualties; Deaf Smith Co, TXGenWeb
    • Vietnam War Fatal Casualties; Deaf Smith Co, TXGenWeb
  • Military Resources ~ Links to research Civil War to Operation Enduring Freedom ~ Hidden Ancestors
  • Fallen Heroes  ~  Partial Index of casualties from Civil War to Operation Enduring Freedom ~ Hidden Ancestors
  • Honoring Our Veterans ~ Partial index of veterans from Civil War to Operation Enduring Freedom ~ Hidden Ancestors


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Deaf Smith County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:




Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

The Deaf Smith County Clerk probate records. They are located at 235 E. 3rd St., Room 203, Hereford, TX 79045-5515; Telephone: 806-363-7077 .


Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

Texas County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910 lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

Societies and Libraries

Deaf Smith County Library
211 E 4th St
Hereford, TX 79045
Phone: (806)364-1206

Society Hill  ~  Links and addresses to Texas genealogical and historical societies

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Deaf Smith County, Texas. Page 662 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Handbook of Texas Online: Deaf Smith County


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