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''[[Portal:United States Census|Portal:United States Census]] > [[Delaware|Delaware]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Delaware|Delaware]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Delaware_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Availability  ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
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*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
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*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
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*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
'''1790 Census --''' The 1790 census for Delaware is missing. A substitute for the 1790 census created from tax lists is:
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{{Adoption DEGenWeb}}
  
*Devalinger, Leon, Jr. ''Reconstructed 1790 Census of Delaware''. Washington, DC: National Genealogical Society, 1962. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=45637&disp=Reconstructed+1790+census+of+Delaware++ book 975.1 X2d 1790; film 1000156; fiche 6019928].)
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Delaware Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''1800-1930 --''' The federal censuses are available at the Family History Library and online at: [http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com]
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|}
  
'''1800-1810''' -- Portions of the census are missing.
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=== Online Delaware indexes and images  ===
  
'''United States Censuses 1850-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes and images to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880 (index only)], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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{{Census Online Delaware}}
  
'''1890 Census --''' The 1890 census was destroyed.<br>
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
== Historical Background ==
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
'''1776--'''Delaware declared its independence from Britain and created a government separate from Pennsylvania.&nbsp;  
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''  
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| {{FHL|647824|title-id|disp=1910}}&nbsp;
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| {{FHL|698890|title-id|disp=1870}}&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| {{FHL|745483|title-id|disp=1800-1840}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|889425|subject-id|disp=1930}}
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| {{FHL|647875|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|704564|title-id|disp=1860}}
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|
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|-
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| {{FHL|567627|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|670378|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|744473|title-id|disp=1850}}
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|
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|-
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| &nbsp;
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|
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| &nbsp;  
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|
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|}
  
'''1787--'''Delaware become the first state.
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<br>
  
== Indexes  ==
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#delaware 1910 T624]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html 1870 M593]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810 M252]
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|-
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T626]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#delaware 1900 T623]&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-02.html#delaware Soundex T1037]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#delaware 1860 M653]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1800 1800 M32]
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-07.html#delaware 1920 T625]&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-02.html#delaware Soundex M1554]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#delaware 1880 T9]&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#delaware Soundex T741]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#delaware 1850 M432]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1790 1790 M637]
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|-
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| &nbsp;
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|
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| &nbsp;
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|
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|
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| &nbsp;
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|}
  
'''Statewide indexes''' are available in two forms:<br>
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<br>  
  
'''United States Census Indexes 1850-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''Ancestry--'''All of the Delaware federal census records are indexed on [[Www.ancestry.com|Ancestry]].
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Delaware, [[Delaware Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]  
  
#Book indexes are available for the 1790 substitute census and censuses taken 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1870.
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
#Soundex indexes are available for the 1880, 1900, 1920, and 1930 censuses. <br>
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'''1850 Book Index-'''-One of the indexes for the 1850 census is:
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
*Olmstead, Virginia L. ''Index to the 1850 Census of Delaware''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1977. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=130410&disp=Index+to+the+1850+census+of+Delaware%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 975.1 X22o 1850].) Indexes for the three counties are listed separately. An every-person index is given for each of the counties, with age, birthplace, and the original census sheet number. The New Castle County 1850 census is on two rolls of microfilm with some duplication of page numbers. <br>
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{| align="center" width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Delaware'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries '''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''
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| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Slave owner
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B8457527%3B-1%3B8%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=4479091&hitcount=5479 Link]<ref name="HQSlave">HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.</ref>
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Slave owner
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B12159696%3B-1%3B7%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=8194799&hitcount=4245 Link]<ref name="HQSlave" />
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]  
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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|}
  
== Special Censuses ==
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
==== Colonial Census ====
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[[Family History Library|'''Family History Library''']]'''&nbsp;Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Delaware'''
  
'''1693--'''A special census was taken of Swedes who were associated with the Swedish Lutheran Church and who were living in Pennsylvania, Delaware, west New Jersey, and Cecil County, Maryland. The following book contains both the census and an index to it:
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*1890 and 1900 African Americans and Agriculture census. NARA, Prechtel-Kluskens, Claire, and U.S. Bureau of the Census ''List of selected African Americans from the 1890 and 1900 Federal population censuses of Delaware and related census publications; agriculture in the state of Delaware (1901) and Negroes in the United States (1904)''{{FHL|1211469|item}}
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*1860 slave owners. Family History Library {{FHL|704564|item}}
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*1850 slave owners. Family History Library {{FHL|744473|item}}
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*1850-1880 Mortality census. {{FHL|451397|item}}
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*1790 Reconstructed census. DeValinger, Leon ''Reconstructed 1790 census of Delaware'' {{FHL|45637|item}}
  
*Craig, Peter Stebbins. ''The 1693 Census of the Swedes on the Delaware''. Winter Park, Florida: SAG Publications, 1993. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=633634&disp=The+1693+census+of+the+Swedes+on+the+Del%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 973 X4c].) <br>
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[[National Archives and Records Administration|'''National Archives''']]'''Federal Census '''[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/nonpopulation/delaware.html '''Non-Population Schedule''']'''Microfilms for Delaware'''
  
==== Mortality Schedules<br> ====
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*1935 Census of Business
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*1820 - 1880 Manufactures Census
  
'''1850-1880--'''Mortality schedules for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 are at the [http://archives.delaware.gov/ Delaware Public Archives], the [http://www.hsd.org/ Historical Society of Delaware], and on microfilm at the Family History Library.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.  
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Delaware, [[Delaware Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
The 1870 and 1880 schedules are indexed in:
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
  
*Jackson Ronald Vern. ''Delaware 1870 Mortality Schedule''. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1981. Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=548484&disp=Delaware+1870+mortality+schedule%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 975.1 X2j 1870].
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Delaware took several censuses before the first federal census was done. The dates are listed below. These census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.  
  
*Jackson Ronald Vern. ''Delaware 1880 Mortality Schedule''. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1981. Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=548487&disp=Delaware+1880+mortality+schedule%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 975.1 X2j 1880].  
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*'''1782''' Population schedules for these [http://delgensoc.org/delhund.html "hundreds"] (townships): Branywine, Christiana, St. George's, Duck Creek, Little Creek, and Lewes Town.<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 29.</ref> The state census has been reconstructed for the rest of the state from tax lists.  
*[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
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*'''1693''' A special census was taken of Swedes who were associated with the Swedish Lutheran Church and who were living in Pennsylvania, Delaware, west New Jersey, and Cecil County, Maryland. The census and an index to it are in Craig, Peter Stebbins. ''The 1693 Census of the Swedes on the Delaware''. Winter Park, Florida: SAG Publications, 1993. (Family History Library {{FHL|633634|title-id|disp=book 973 X4c}}.) <br>
 +
*'''1671''' New Castle County, Delaware; Philadelphia and Delaware counties in Pennsylvania; and Burlington County, New Jersey.<ref>Peter Stebbins Craig, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43441025 1671 Census of the Delaware]'' (Philadelphia, Pa.: Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 1999)[FHL Book 974 X2c 1671].</ref>
  
==== Slave Schedules<br> ====
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=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
'''1850-1860--'''Slave schedules for 1850 and 1860 list the names of slave owners, but do not normally list the names of the slaves. The numbers of slaves, their gender, and their age ranges are given. The 1850 and 1860 slave schedules are indexed in:
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For a list of available and missing Delaware censuses, [[Delaware Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
*Jackson, Ronald Vern. ''Delaware 1850-1860 Slave Schedules''. Salt Lake City: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=429289&disp=Delaware+1850%2F1860+slave+schedules%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 975.1 X22j].)
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=== Why use a census?  ===
  
For census slave schedules see:
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.
  
*<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1216412920035_505" />1850 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=744473&disp=Delaware%2C+1850+federal+census+%3A+popu++ film 442884]
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{{Template:Pros-DE}}
*1860 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=704564&disp=Delaware%2C+1860+federal+census+%3A+popu++ film 803100] <br>
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'''1850 United States Census Slave Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1420440;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site] listing each '''slave owner's''' name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
== State Censuses  ==
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
'''1782 Delaware State Census--'''A 1782 state census exists for seven of the [http://delgensoc.org/delhund.html "hundreds"] (townships). The state census has been reconstructed for the rest of the state from tax lists.
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
== Web Sites ==
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=== Sources and footnotes ===
  
[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=allCollections;r=0 FamilySearch Record Search] has free census indexes and images for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1900; but indexes only for 1880, and 1920.
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{{reflist}}
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
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{{Delaware|Delaware}}
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
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{{USCensus}}
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/DE/ http://www.census-online.com/links/DE/]
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[[Category:Delaware|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]
 
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Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/de/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/de/census.html]  
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Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/delaware.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/delaware.htm]  
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Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1217363477818_395" />]
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== References<br> ==
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''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Delaware.ASP Delaware Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc.Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
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[[Category:Delaware]]
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Latest revision as of 16:59, 23 August 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  Delaware  go to  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.
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  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Delaware indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Delaware 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
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images Link - Link
Link
Link
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1930 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1820 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1810 indexes Link - - Link  Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1800 indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc. Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910  1870            1800-1840
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850
   


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 1870 M593         1840 M704 1810 M252
1930 T626 1900 T623  Soundex T1037 1860 M653 1830 M19 1800 M32
1920 T625  Soundex M1554 1880 T9  Soundex T741 1850 M432 1820 M33 1790 M637
     


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Delaware, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Delaware

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Slave owner - - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner Link - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Delaware

  • 1890 and 1900 African Americans and Agriculture census. NARA, Prechtel-Kluskens, Claire, and U.S. Bureau of the Census List of selected African Americans from the 1890 and 1900 Federal population censuses of Delaware and related census publications; agriculture in the state of Delaware (1901) and Negroes in the United States (1904)FHL Collection
  • 1860 slave owners. Family History Library FHL Collection
  • 1850 slave owners. Family History Library FHL Collection
  • 1850-1880 Mortality census. FHL Collection
  • 1790 Reconstructed census. DeValinger, Leon Reconstructed 1790 census of Delaware FHL Collection

National ArchivesFederal Census Non-Population ScheduleMicrofilms for Delaware

  • 1935 Census of Business
  • 1820 - 1880 Manufactures Census

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Delaware, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Delaware took several censuses before the first federal census was done. The dates are listed below. These census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

  • 1782 Population schedules for these "hundreds" (townships): Branywine, Christiana, St. George's, Duck Creek, Little Creek, and Lewes Town.[9] The state census has been reconstructed for the rest of the state from tax lists.
  • 1693 A special census was taken of Swedes who were associated with the Swedish Lutheran Church and who were living in Pennsylvania, Delaware, west New Jersey, and Cecil County, Maryland. The census and an index to it are in Craig, Peter Stebbins. The 1693 Census of the Swedes on the Delaware. Winter Park, Florida: SAG Publications, 1993. (Family History Library book 973 X4c.)
  • 1671 New Castle County, Delaware; Philadelphia and Delaware counties in Pennsylvania; and Burlington County, New Jersey.[10]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Delaware censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.


More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.
  9. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 29.
  10. Peter Stebbins Craig, 1671 Census of the Delaware (Philadelphia, Pa.: Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 1999)[FHL Book 974 X2c 1671].

 

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  • This page was last modified on 23 August 2012, at 16:59.
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