Delaware History

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''[[United States|United States]] > [[Portal:Delaware|Delaware]] > Delaware History''
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''[[United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Delaware]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Delaware_History|History]]'' {{Adoption DEGenWeb}}
==Brief History==
+
The following important events in the history of [[Portal:Delaware|Delaware]] affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.
+
  
*'''1631:'''  [[New Netherland|New Netherland]] Dutch build fort at Zwaanendael (Lewes, Sussex, Delaware).
+
=== Timeline  ===
  
*'''1638: ''' [[New Sweden|New Sweden]] Swedes and Finns begins settling in the Fort Christina (Wilmington, New Castle, Delaware) area.  
+
The following important events in the history of [[Delaware|Delaware]] affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.  
  
*'''1655:'''  [[New Sweden|New Sweden]] was conquered by [[New Netherland|New Netherland]].  
+
*'''1627:''' First settlement by the Swedes.
 +
*'''1631:''' [[New Netherland|New Netherland]] Dutch build fort at Zwaanendael (Lewes, Sussex, Delaware).
 +
*'''1638:''' [[New Sweden|New Sweden]] Swedes and Finns begins settling in the Fort Christina (Wilmington, New Castle, Delaware) area.
 +
*'''1651:''' The Dutch build a fort near Newcastle.
 +
*'''1655:''' [[New Sweden|New Sweden]] was conquered by [[New Netherland|New Netherland]].
 +
*'''1664:''' [[New Netherland|New Netherland]] including Delaware became a British colony as part of an Anglo-Dutch war.
 +
*'''1682-1776:''' [[Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]]'s governor assumes control of Delaware over the objections of [[Maryland|Maryland]]'s claims as far north as Philadelphia. Delaware had its own provincial assembly after 1703.
 +
*'''1684-1736:''' The colonial government of Maryland laid claim to southern and western Delaware.
 +
*'''1694:''' The Government is restored to William Penn.
 +
*'''1701:''' Delaware is formally separated from Pennsylvania.
 +
*'''1703:''' First separate assembly convened. The same governor with Pennsylvania.
 +
*'''1710:''' Settlers from Scotland to Appoquinimy, Kent County, known as Drawyer's Settlement.
 +
*'''1758:''' Men are raised for an expdition to Canada in the French and Indian War.
 +
*'''1775:''' Richard Penn resigns his jurisdiction. A constitution formed by the people.
 +
*'''1776:''' Delaware declared its independence from Britain and established a government separate from that of Pennsylvania.
 +
*'''7 December 1787:''' Delaware became the first state.
 +
*'''1861-1865:''' During the Civil War, Delaware was a Union state.
  
*'''1664:'''  [[New Netherland|New Netherland]] including Delaware became a British colony as part of an Anglo-Dutch war.
+
=== Local Histories  ===
  
*'''1682-1776: ''' [[Portal:Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]]'s governor assumes control of Delaware over the objections of [[Portal:Maryland|Maryland]]'s claims as far north as Philadelphia. Delaware had its own provincial assembly after 1703.  
+
Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies.<br>
  
*'''1684-1736:&nbsp;''' The colonial government of Maryland laid claim to southern and western Delaware.  
+
*''A Bibliography of American County Histories'' <ref>Filby, P. William. ''A Bibliography of American County Histories''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985. ({{FHL|A Bibliography of American County Histories|title|disp=FHL book 973 H23bi}})</ref> <ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12356760&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref>
 +
*''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress'' <ref>Kaminkow, Marion J. ''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress''. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. ({{FHL|252458|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 A3ka}}.) </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=United+States+Local+Histories+in+the+Library+of+Congress&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;qt=results_page Worldcat] </ref>&gt;
  
*'''1776:&nbsp;''' Delaware declared its independence from Britain and established a government separate from that of Pennsylvania.
+
=== State Histories Useful to Genealogists  ===
  
*'''1787:&nbsp;''' (December 7,) Delaware became the first state.  
+
Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. One of the best sources for studying Delaware history is:
  
*'''1861-1865:&nbsp;''' During the Civil War, Delaware was a Union state.  
+
*''History of Delaware, 1609-1888''. <ref>Scharf, John Thomas. ''History of Delaware, 1609-1888''. Two volumes. Tucson, Arizona: W. C. Cox, 1974. (Family History Library {{FHL|219567|title-id|disp=film 1000154}}.) </ref>An excellent, detailed history with names, dates, and places.
== Historical Content ==
+
  
Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:  
+
Scharf's book is indexed in: ''Index to History of Delaware, 1609-1888'' <ref>Coghlan, Gladys M. ''Index to History of Delaware, 1609-1888''. Wilmington, Delaware: Historical Society of Delaware, 1976. (Family History Library {{FHL|219575|title-id|disp=book 975.1 H2s index; fiche 6088424-26}}.) </ref>
{| width="80%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| valign="top" |
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*Parents' names
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*Maiden names of women
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*Place of birth, death, or marriage
+
| valign="top" |
+
*Occupation
+
*Migration
+
*Military service
+
| valign="top" |
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*Descendants
+
|}
+
==Local Histories==
+
Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies.  
+
  
*''A Bibliography of American County Histories'' <ref> Filby, P. William. A Bibliography of American County Histories. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&title=A+Bibliography+of+American+County+Histories&pretitle=A+Bibliography+of+American+County+Histories FHL book 973 H23bi])</ref>
+
=== United States History  ===
*''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress'' <ref> Kaminkow, Marion J. United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=252458&disp=United+States+local+histories+in+the+Lib%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 973 A3ka].) </ref>
+
  
==State Histories Useful to Genealogists==
+
The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:  
Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful.
+
But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the lauditory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. Some examples for the State of Delaware are:
+
One of the best sources for studying Delaware history is:  
+
  
*''History of Delaware, 1609-1888''. <ref> Scharf, John Thomas. ''History of Delaware, 1609-1888''. Two volumes. Tucson, Arizona: W. C. Cox, 1974. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=219567&disp=History+of+Delaware%2C+1609-1888++ film 1000154].) </ref> An excellent, detailed history with names, dates, and places.  
+
*''The Almanac of American History'', <ref>Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. ''The Almanac of American History.'' Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983. ({{FHL|The Almanac of American History.|title|disp=FHL book 973 H2alm}}) </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9392978&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref>This provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  
Scharf's book is indexed in:
+
*''Dictionary of American History, Revised ed'' <ref>'' Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols''. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976. ({{FHL|76529|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 H2ad}}.)</ref> <ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2507380&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref>This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. A snippet view is available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=Lz9WC9EyF08C&q=9780684138565&dq=9780684138565&ei=F4GxSbisHpDMlQSW3Z36BQ&pgis=1 Google books].
*''Index to History of Delaware, 1609-1888'' <ref> Coghlan, Gladys M. ''Index to History of Delaware, 1609-1888''. Wilmington, Delaware: Historical Society of Delaware, 1976. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=219575&disp=Index+to+history+of+Delaware%2C+1609%2D1%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 975.1 H2s index; fiche 6088424-26].) </ref>
+
  
==United States History==
+
*''Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium'' <ref>'' Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium''. Springfield, Mass.: G&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;C Merriam, 1971. ({{FHL|Webster%27s Guide to American History%3A A Chronological%2C Geographical%2C and Biographical Survey and Compendium|title|disp=FHL book 973 H2v}}) </ref><ref>Limited view at [http://books.google.com/books?id=MVU6DS6Re8gC&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;dq=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History:+A+Chronological,+Geographical,+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium%27&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ei=Vn-xSeS6FJDUlQSby81v#PPP13,M1 Google Books] </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;qt=owc_search Worldcat] </ref>This includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.
  
The following are only a few of the many sources that are available at most large libraries:
+
*''Writings on American History'' <ref>''Writings on American History'' By American Historical Association, Library of Congress, United States National Historical Publications Commission, Published by KTO Press, 1921 {{FHL|244514|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 H23w}} </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Writings+on+American+History&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;qt=owc_search Worldcat] </ref>Has the full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=mgEPAAAAYAAJ&dq=United+States+Local+Histories+in+the+Library+of+Congress&ei=N3yxSd6pI4K0kATC-qRu Google Books]
  
*''The Almanac of American History'', <ref> Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. ''The Almanac of American History.'' Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&title=The+Almanac+of+American+History.&pretitle=The+Almanac+of+American+History. FHL book 973 H2alm]) </ref>This provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
+
To find more books and articles about Delaware 's history use the Internet [http://www.google.com/ Google] search for phases like "Delaware history." [[Family History Library Catalog Surname Search|Family History Library Catalog Surname Search]] lists many more histories under topics like:
  
*''Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium'' <ref>'' Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium''. Springfield, Mass.: G&C Merriam, 1971. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&title=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History%3A+A+Chronological%2C+Geographical%2C+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium&pretitle=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History%3A+A+Chronological%2C+Geographical%2C+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium FHL book 973 H2v]) </ref>  This includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.
+
::DELAWARE - HISTORY  
 
+
::DELAWARE. [COUNTY] - HISTORY  
*''Dictionary of American History, Revised ed'' <ref>'' Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols''. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=76529&disp=Dictionary+of+American+history%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 973 H2ad].)</ref> This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations.
+
 
+
To find more books and articles about Delaware 's history use the Internet [http://www.google.com/ Google] search for phases like "Delaware history."
+
[[Family History Library Catalog Surname Search|Family History Library Catalog Surname Search]] lists many more histories under topics like:
+
::DELAWARE - HISTORY
+
::DELAWARE. [COUNTY] - HISTORY
+
 
::DELAWARE, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY  
 
::DELAWARE, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY  
 
::DELAWARE, BIBLIOGRAPHY
 
::DELAWARE, BIBLIOGRAPHY
 +
 +
{{Template:Pros-DE}}
  
 
=== Web Sites  ===
 
=== Web Sites  ===
  
*[http://portal.delaware.gov/facts/history/delhist.shtml State of Delaware]
+
*[http://portal.delaware.gov/facts/history/delhist.shtml State of Delaware]  
*[http://www.hsd.org/ Delaware Historical Society]
+
*[http://www.hsd.org/ Delaware Historical Society]  
==Sources==
+
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Delaware Wikipedia]
<references/>
+
 
[[Category:Delaware]]
+
=== Sources ===
 +
 
 +
<references />  
 +
 
 +
{{Delaware|Delaware}}
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Delaware|History]] [[Category:Timeline]]

Revision as of 22:40, 2 January 2013

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Delaware  Gotoarrow.png  History
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Contents

Timeline

The following important events in the history of Delaware affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.

  • 1627: First settlement by the Swedes.
  • 1631: New Netherland Dutch build fort at Zwaanendael (Lewes, Sussex, Delaware).
  • 1638: New Sweden Swedes and Finns begins settling in the Fort Christina (Wilmington, New Castle, Delaware) area.
  • 1651: The Dutch build a fort near Newcastle.
  • 1655: New Sweden was conquered by New Netherland.
  • 1664: New Netherland including Delaware became a British colony as part of an Anglo-Dutch war.
  • 1682-1776: Pennsylvania's governor assumes control of Delaware over the objections of Maryland's claims as far north as Philadelphia. Delaware had its own provincial assembly after 1703.
  • 1684-1736: The colonial government of Maryland laid claim to southern and western Delaware.
  • 1694: The Government is restored to William Penn.
  • 1701: Delaware is formally separated from Pennsylvania.
  • 1703: First separate assembly convened. The same governor with Pennsylvania.
  • 1710: Settlers from Scotland to Appoquinimy, Kent County, known as Drawyer's Settlement.
  • 1758: Men are raised for an expdition to Canada in the French and Indian War.
  • 1775: Richard Penn resigns his jurisdiction. A constitution formed by the people.
  • 1776: Delaware declared its independence from Britain and established a government separate from that of Pennsylvania.
  • 7 December 1787: Delaware became the first state.
  • 1861-1865: During the Civil War, Delaware was a Union state.

Local Histories

Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the Family History Library, public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies.

  • A Bibliography of American County Histories [1] [2]
  • United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress [3][4]>

State Histories Useful to Genealogists

Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. One of the best sources for studying Delaware history is:

  • History of Delaware, 1609-1888. [5]An excellent, detailed history with names, dates, and places.

Scharf's book is indexed in: Index to History of Delaware, 1609-1888 [6]

United States History

The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:

  • The Almanac of American History, [7][8]This provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  • Dictionary of American History, Revised ed [9] [10]This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. A snippet view is available at Google books.
  • Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium [11][12][13]This includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.

To find more books and articles about Delaware 's history use the Internet Google search for phases like "Delaware history." Family History Library Catalog Surname Search lists many more histories under topics like:

DELAWARE - HISTORY
DELAWARE. [COUNTY] - HISTORY
DELAWARE, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY
DELAWARE, BIBLIOGRAPHY


Web Sites

Sources

  1. Filby, P. William. A Bibliography of American County Histories. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985. (FHL book 973 H23bi)
  2. Worldcat
  3. Kaminkow, Marion J. United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. (FHL book 973 A3ka.)
  4. Worldcat
  5. Scharf, John Thomas. History of Delaware, 1609-1888. Two volumes. Tucson, Arizona: W. C. Cox, 1974. (Family History Library film 1000154.)
  6. Coghlan, Gladys M. Index to History of Delaware, 1609-1888. Wilmington, Delaware: Historical Society of Delaware, 1976. (Family History Library book 975.1 H2s index; fiche 6088424-26.)
  7. Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Almanac of American History. Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983. (FHL book 973 H2alm)
  8. Worldcat
  9. Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976. (FHL book 973 H2ad.)
  10. Worldcat
  11. Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium. Springfield, Mass.: G&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;C Merriam, 1971. (FHL book 973 H2v)
  12. Limited view at Google Books
  13. Worldcat
  14. Writings on American History By American Historical Association, Library of Congress, United States National Historical Publications Commission, Published by KTO Press, 1921 FHL book 973 H23w
  15. Worldcat