Dickens County, Texas Genealogy

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Revision as of 20:55, 30 March 2013

United States go to Texas go to Counties D go to Dickens County

Guide to Dickens County Texas genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Courthouse

Dickens County Courthouse
PO Box 179
Dickens, TX 79229
Phone: 806.623.5531

County Clerk has birth, marriage, death, burial, divorce, probate and land records form 1891[1]

History of Courthouse

Dickens County Courthouse
P.O. Box 120
Dickens, Texas 79229
Phone: 806-623-5531

County Clerk
P.O. Box 120
Dickens, Texas 79229
Phone: 806-623-5531

District Clerk
P.O. Box 120
Dickens, Texas 79229
Phone: 806-623-5531

Dickens County Jail


DICKENS is centrally located in DICKENS COUNTY, eight miles below the escarpment of the Llano Estacado (below the Caprock). It was a ranch supply point for an area where the first settlements were dugouts used as cowboy line camps for the Spur, Pitchfork, and Matador Ranches. In 1886 there was a camp near the present townsite and by 1889 Dickens was settled. The town became the county seat shortly after the county was organized and by 1893 had a post office, wagon yard, hotel, courthouse, saloon, blacksmith shop and a barber shop. The school was in a dugout on the courthouse square. Preaching was also held in the dugout.

In 1890 the county had a population of 195 and most of the people lived in and around Dickens. Soon after 1900, Dickens had a population of 600, the most it has ever had. There was a decline before World War II but when the boys came back home the town took a new growth with the building of new homes and businesses. This lasted for a few years with another downward surge following. In 1964 the town was voted wet and a new upward surge began with a population of 430. Highway 82 runs through the center of Dickens and has helped the town's businesses do well. As of 1997 the town shows another decline with population around 325.

Parent County

Dickens County was formed from Bexar, Young, Baylor and Crosby Territories. [2]
Created August 21, 1876 and organized February 9, 1891 from Crosby County.
Named in honor of J. Dickens, who died in the siege of the Alamo.

Espuela was the first County seat temporarily from April 2, 1891 to March 17, 1892.
Dickens became the County seat from March 17, 1892 to present.

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Afton| Dickens | McAdoo | Spur

Neighboring Counties





  • Bethel Baptist Church, 519 N. Williams, Spur
  • Church of Christ W. Hwy 70, Spur
  • Church of Christ E. Hwy 70, Spur
  • Community Bible Chapel  209 E. Third, Spur
  • Dickens Baptist Church, 1022 Fourth, Dickens
  • Dickens Bible Church of the Nazarene, Afton
  • First Assembly of God Church, third and Cowan, Spur
  • First Baptist Church 120 W. Second, Spur
  • First Christian Church, 610 N. Burlington, Spur
  • First United Methodist Church, 528 N. Burlington, Spur
  • Independent Christian Churches, 507 N. Willard, Spur
  • Lakeside Baptist Church, S. Parker, Spur
  • St. Mary's Catholic Church, E. Sixth, Spur



After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Local Histories

A History of Dickens County by Fred Arrington 1971

Dickens County, Its Land and People by Dickens County Historical Commission 1986

The Spurs, W.J. "Scotch Bill" Elliott published by The Spur Newspaper, 1939.  Stories of the ranch land of the Spur Headquarters Ranch and Espuela Land and Cattle Company.

Surnames of Dickens County



Civil War Veterans

Biographies of Civil War Veterans

Veterans of Dickens County

Those Who Made the Ultimate Sacrifice


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Dickens County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

from old Newspapers

Texas Spur


Burial list with Obituaries



Taxes Will and probate  (subscription)

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

  • Texas Death Index 1964 to 1998 [no images] Name index to Texas Statewide Death Certificates or four million people who have died since 1964.
  • Texas Death Records 1890 – 1976 [with images]
    Name index and images of statewide death certificates, 1890-1976. The name index has been created by FamilySearch and is tied to images of the Texas death certificates. Few certificates are available prior to 1903.

Societies and Libraries

Dickens County Public Library, 401 Burlington, Spur, Texas

Dickens County Historical Commission

Spur Chamber of Commerce

Family History Centers

Web Sites

USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Dickens County, Texas. Page 662 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).