District of Columbia Census

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[District of Columbia|District of Columbia]]  >  [[District_of_Columbia_Census|Census]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[District of Columbia|District of Columbia]]  >  [[District_of_Columbia_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Available and Lost Census Schedules ==
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=== Existing and lost censuses ===
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" align="center" border="1"
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For a list of available and missing District of Columbia censuses, [[District of Columbia Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" colspan="90" | '''District of Columbia:&nbsp;Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M Kvasnicka, ed., ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/44420788 Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States, 3d ed.]'' (Washington, D.C.: NARA, 2000), 31-32 and 43. </ref><ref>William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993 Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 105. </ref><ref>William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325 The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999), 152-58. </ref>
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| align="center" width="80" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Exact Date'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Veterans/ Pensioners'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Slave Owners'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Mortality'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Agricultural'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Industrial/ Manufact- urers'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Defective'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" colspan="28" | '''Indian'''<ref>Only for Indian schedules taken along with Federal population schedules. </ref>
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1940''' Apr 1
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| align="center" | Public release in&nbsp;2012
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" colspan="28" | -
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1930''' Apr 1
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" colspan="28" | -
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|-
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1920''' Jan 1
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" colspan="28" | -
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1910''' Apr 15
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" colspan="28" | Exist
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1900''' Jun 1
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" colspan="28" | Exist
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|-
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1890''' Jun 2
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| align="center" width="20%" bgcolor="#ffff99" | Only&nbsp;a few&nbsp;streets in Washington exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''Lost'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" colspan="28" | -
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1880''' Jun 1
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" colspan="28" | -
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1870''' Jun 1
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" colspan="28" | -
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|-
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1860''' Jun 1
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" colspan="28" | -
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1850''' Jun 1
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" colspan="28" | -
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1840''' Jun 1
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" colspan="28" | -
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|-
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1830''' Jun 1
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" colspan="28" | -
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1820 '''Aug 7
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" colspan="28" | -
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1810''' Aug 6
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| align="center" | '''Lost'''&nbsp;
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | '''Lost'''
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" colspan="28" | -
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|-
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1800''' Aug 4
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| align="center" width="19%" bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for MD side; lost for VA side.  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" | -
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffff99" colspan="28" | -
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1790 '''Aug 2
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| align="center" | Exist for MD side; lost for VA side.
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" colspan="28" | -
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|}
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<br>
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==== Sources and Notes  ====
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{{reflist}}<br>
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== Location  ==
 
== Location  ==
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'''1820-1930--'''The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses of the District of Columbia.&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp;'''  
 
'''1820-1930--'''The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses of the District of Columbia.&nbsp;&nbsp;'''&nbsp;'''  
  
'''1890--''' The enumerations of a few streets in 1890 are on FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=231212&disp=Population+schedules+of+the+eleventh+cen++ film 926498] and all the names have been indexed (FHL[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=393337&disp=1890+U%2ES%2E+census%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 973 X2na 1890]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=227543&disp=Index+to+the+eleventh+census+of+the+Unit++ films 543341-<span id="1216410293840S" style="display: none">&nbsp;</span>42]).  
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'''1890--''' The enumerations of a few streets in 1890 are on FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=231212&disp=Population+schedules+of+the+eleventh+cen++ film 926498] and all the names have been indexed (FHL[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=393337&disp=1890+U%2ES%2E+census%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 973 X2na 1890]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=227543&disp=Index+to+the+eleventh+census+of+the+Unit++ films 543341-<span style="display: none;" id="1216410293840S">&nbsp;</span>42]).  
  
 
== Historical Background  ==
 
== Historical Background  ==

Revision as of 16:22, 14 November 2009

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  District of Columbia  >  Census

Contents

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing District of Columbia censuses, click here.

Location

United States Censuses 1850-1920—Free Internet census indexes and images to the 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (index only), 1900, and 1920 (partial index only) can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

Federal census records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The United States Research Outline provides more detailed information about these records.

1790-- Residents living east of the Potomac in what is now the District of Columbia were in Prince George and Montgomery Counties of Maryland. The census for Maryland is indexed. The area west of the Potomac was included in the Virginia census, which is missing.

1800--The Eastern Portion exists.

1810--Lost or Destroyed.

1820-1930--The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses of the District of Columbia.   

1890-- The enumerations of a few streets in 1890 are on FHL film 926498 and all the names have been indexed (FHLbook 973 X2na 1890; films 543341-42).

Historical Background

During the War of 1812, The British captured Washington and burned most of the public buildings and records. In 1871 Congress changed the city's status to that of a federal territory. 

Indexes

United States Census Indexes 1850-1920—Free Internet census indexes to the 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, and 1920 (partial index only) can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search.

1890--The veterans schedule for 1890 (FHL film 0338277) and an index (FHL book 975.3 X22j 1890) are also at the Family History Library.

Special Censuses

Mortality Schedules

1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 are on FHL films 1549978-9. All have been indexed.

Mortality Schedules 1850-1880

District Censuses

1803, 1807, 1818--District censuses were taken,but have little information.

1867-1878--District censuses are quite detailed. They provide name, age, sex, marital status, color, length of residence, occupation, and nativity of parents. These are at the Maryland State Archives.

Slave Holder Schedules

1850 United States Census Slave Schedules—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site listing each slave owner's name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.

Police Censuses

Police censuses exist for the following years: 

1885, 1894, 1897, 1905-1909, 1912, 1915, 1917, 1919

1925--The 1925 census is missing.

These are similar in content to the 1820 federal census and were published in the Annual Reports of the Commissioner of the District of Columbia, which are available at the National Archives.

State Censuses

No state censuses exist for the District of Columbia.

Web Sites

FamilySearch Record Search has free census indexes and images for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1900; but indexes only for 1880, and 1920.

Ancestry:  http://www.ancestry.com

Heritage Quest Online:  http://www.heritagequestonline.com

Census Online:  http://www.census-online.com/links/DC/

Genealogy Today:  http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/dc/census.html

Access Genealogy: http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/washdc.htm

Mortality Schedules:  http://mortalityschedules.com/

Sources