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Additional Information may be found on the [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Portal:United_States_Census United States Census Portal] page.  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[District of Columbia|District of Columbia]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[District_of_Columbia_Census|Census]]''
  
== Availability  ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
Federal census records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The United States Research Outline provides more detailed information about these records.
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<br>
  
&nbsp;'''1790--''' Residents living east of the Potomac in what is now the District of Columbia were in Prince George and&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Montgomery counties of Maryland. The census for Maryland is indexed. The area west of the Potomac was included in the Virginia census, which is missing.  
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[District of Columbia Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''1800--'''The Eastern Portion exists.<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1216410819489_836"></span>
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|}
  
'''1810--'''Lost or Destroyed.
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=== Online District of Columbia indexes and images  ===
  
'''1820-1930--'''The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses of the District of Columbia.&nbsp;
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{{Census Online District of Columbia}}
  
'''1890--''' The enumerations of a few streets in 1890 are on FHL film 926498 and all the names have been indexed&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; (FHL book 973 X2na 1890; films 543341-<span id="1216410293840S" style="display: none">&nbsp;</span>42).
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
== Historical Background ==
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
During the War of 1812, The British captured Washington and burned most of the public buildings and records. In 1871 Congress changed the city's status to that of a federal territory.&nbsp;
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*
  
== Indexes  ==
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
'''1890--'''The veterans schedule for 1890 (FHL film 0338277) and an index (FHL book 975.3 X22j 1890) are also at the&nbsp;Family History Library.
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of District of Columbia, [[District of Columbia Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
== Special Censuses ==
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=== Federal non-population schedules ===
  
==== Mortality Schedules ====
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==== Online indexes and images ====
  
&nbsp;1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 are on FHL films 1549978-9. All have been indexed.  
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{| align="center" width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for the&nbsp;District&nbsp;of&nbsp;Columbia'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries '''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''
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| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Slave owner
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B8457527%3B-1%3B8%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=4479091&hitcount=5479 Link]<ref name="HQSlave">HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.</ref>
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Slave owner
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B12159696%3B-1%3B7%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=8194799&hitcount=4245 Link]<ref name="HQSlave" />
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
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| align="center" | -  
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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|}
  
==== District Censuses ====
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
'''1803, 1807, 1818--'''District censuses were taken,but have little information.  
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*'''1890 D.C. veterans schedules for military forts, prisons, posts, etc.''' This does '''not''' include veterans living off their post among the civilians of D.C. whose schedules were destroyed. The veterans military posts schedule for 1890 (FHL {{FHL|230777|title-id|disp=film 0338277}}).
  
'''1867-1878--'''District censuses&nbsp;are quite detailed. They provide name, age, sex, marital status, color, length&nbsp;of&nbsp;residence, occupation, and nativity of parents. These are at the '''Maryland State Archives'''.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
==== '''Police Censuses'''  ====
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of District of Columbia, [[District of Columbia Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
Police censuses&nbsp;exist for the following&nbsp;years:&nbsp;
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=== Federal district and colonial censuses ===
  
'''1885,1894,1897,1905-1909,1912,1915,1917,1919'''
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The District of Columbia often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.
  
'''1925 --'''The 1925 census is missing.  
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*'''1919''' police census<ref name="GFRNA">"351.5 Records of the Metropolitan [D.C.] Police 1851-1970" in ''Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States'' (web version based on a paper version with the same title compiled by Robert B. Matchette ''et. al.'' in 1995) at http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/351.html#351.5 (accessed 12 January 2010).</ref><ref name="GenToday">"Colonial, Territorial, and State Census Records" in ''Genealogy Today" at http://www.genealogytoday.com/genealogy/enoch/census.html (accessed 12 January 2010).</ref><ref name="CBoyd">"State Censuses" in ''Clan Boyd Society International'' at http://clanboyd.info/research/stcensus/ (accessed 12 January 2010), says this census is available at the Maryland State Archives.</ref>
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*'''1915''' police census<ref name="GFRNA" /><ref name="GenToday" /><ref name="CBoyd" />
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*'''1913''' police census<ref name="GFRNA" /><ref name="GenToday" /><ref name="CBoyd" />
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*'''1912''' police census<ref name="GenToday" /><ref name="CBoyd" />
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*'''1905-1909''' police census<ref name="GenToday" /><ref name="CBoyd" />
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*'''1897''' police census<ref name="GenToday" /><ref name="CBoyd" />
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*'''1888''' police census<ref name="GenToday" /><ref name="CBoyd" />
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*'''1885''' police census<ref name="GenToday" /><ref name="CBoyd" />
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*'''1878''' District census<ref name="GenToday" /><ref name="CBoyd" />
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*'''1867''' District census<ref name="GenToday" /><ref name="CBoyd" />
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*'''1818''' District census<ref name="GenToday" /><ref name="CBoyd" />
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*'''1807''' District census<ref name="GenToday" /><ref name="CBoyd" />
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*'''1803''' District census<ref name="GenToday" /><ref name="CBoyd" />
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*'''1798''' District census<ref name="GenToday" />
  
These are similar in content to the 1820 federal census and were published in the Annual Reports of the Commissioner of the District of Columbia, which are available at the National Archives.
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=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
== State Censuses ==
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For a list of available and missing District of Columbia censuses, [[District of Columbia Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
No state censuses exist for the District of Columbia.<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1216411935739_140"></span>
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=== Why use a census?  ===
  
== Web Sites  ==
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]  
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/DC/ http://www.census-online.com/links/DC/]  
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/dc/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/dc/census.html]
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp;[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/washdc.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/washdc.htm]
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{{reflist}}
  
== Bibliographic Citations  ==
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{{District of Columbia|District of Columbia}}{{USCensus}}
  
''District of Columbia Research Outline''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., 1988, 1997. ==
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[[Category:District_of_Columbia|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]
 
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[[Category:District_of_Columbia]]
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Latest revision as of 06:16, 20 March 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  District of Columbia  go to  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online District of Columbia indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of District of Columbia 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex Link Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1890 indexes - - - Link - Link Link Link - -
images - - - Link - Link Link Link - -
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1800 indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1790 MD indexes Link - Tran-
script

Link
Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1778 MD State indexes - - Link - - - - - - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1776 MD State indexes - - Link - - Link

Link

Link - -
images - - - - - Tran-
script
Tran-
script
Tran-
script
- -
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of District of Columbia, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for the District of Columbia

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Slave owner - - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link Link - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner Link - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

  • 1890 D.C. veterans schedules for military forts, prisons, posts, etc. This does not include veterans living off their post among the civilians of D.C. whose schedules were destroyed. The veterans military posts schedule for 1890 (FHL film 0338277).

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of District of Columbia, click here.

Federal district and colonial censuses

The District of Columbia often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing District of Columbia censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "351.5 Records of the Metropolitan [D.C.] Police 1851-1970" in Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States (web version based on a paper version with the same title compiled by Robert B. Matchette et. al. in 1995) at http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/351.html#351.5 (accessed 12 January 2010).
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 "Colonial, Territorial, and State Census Records" in Genealogy Today" at http://www.genealogytoday.com/genealogy/enoch/census.html (accessed 12 January 2010).
  11. 11.00 11.01 11.02 11.03 11.04 11.05 11.06 11.07 11.08 11.09 11.10 11.11 11.12 "State Censuses" in Clan Boyd Society International at http://clanboyd.info/research/stcensus/ (accessed 12 January 2010), says this census is available at the Maryland State Archives.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 20 March 2012, at 06:16.
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