Ecuador

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== '''Historia'''  ==
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Antes de la conquista española, Ecuador formó parte del Imperio Incaico que lo había vencido alrededor del año 1480.<br>La conquista española del Ecuador comenzó un poco antes que Pizarro llegara al Perú. Sebastián de Benalcazar fundó la ciudad de Quito en 1534 sobre las ruinas de un fuerte indiano. Guayaquil se fundó el año siguiente. Llegado 1600, una media docena de pueblos se habían establecidos con Quito como el centro religioso, administrativo, económico, y cultural del área.<br>En 1545 el Obispado de Quito fue establecido y en 1563 Quito llegó a ser cabecera de una real audiencia que dominaba desde Paita a Moyobamba al sur a Buenaventura y Buga al norte. A causa de su posición entre Cartagena y Lima, Quito llegó a ser muy importante.<br>En 1717 la Audiencia de Quito formó parte del Virreinato de Nueva Granada, habiendo pertenecido antes a Lima. En 1723 volvió a formar parte de Nueva Granada. <br>En 24 de Mayo de 1822 Ecuador como el "departamento del sur" de la Gran Colombia proclamó su independencia de España. En 1830 salió de la confederación para formar una república independiente.<br>La República del Ecuador está dividida en 19 provincias, cada una se subdivide en cantones, los cuales a su vez se subdivide en cantones, los cuales a su vez se subdividen en parroquias civiles. En 1941 el Perú invadió al Ecuador y después de una campaña corta, tomó parte de la Provincia de Oriente. Desde esa fecha Ecuador lleva fronteras fijas. <br>Hay muchos buenos registros genealógicos en Ecuador. Los registros parroquiales daran desde los primeros años coloniales. Los registros notariales se han conservado en su mayoría y se encuentran en los archivos históricos, judiciales, y notariales por todo el país. Hay registros de Tierras en el Archivo Municipal de Quito, el Archivo Nacional de Historia en Quito, el Archivo Nacional de Historia en Bogotá, etc. Existen algunos padrones antiguos pero los censos nacionales son de origen reciente.<br>El registro civil comienza en 1901 y lleva además de los registros de reconocimiento de hijos, legitimaciones, y adopciones.<br>&nbsp;
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== Getting started with Ecuador research  ==
  
== Getting started with Ecuador research ==
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''See the tutorials in FamilySearch.org pertaining to [https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Latin%20America%22 Latin American research].''<br>
  
(Your text or images here)
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== Si usted entiende español  ==
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Le invitamos a buscar información en español en la página de Ecuador en el wiki de FamilySearch español. También le invitamos a compartir información útil allí. Véase el enlace en la parte inferior de la página.
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== History  ==
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Being a Spanish colony since 1532, Ecuador became&nbsp;independent in 1822 as part of the federation of Gran Colombia. It seceded in 1830.<br>
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=== Territory and Population  ===
  
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Ecuador is bouned on the north by Colombia, on the east and south by Peru, and on the west by the&nbsp;Pacific ocean. The frontier&nbsp;with Peru&nbsp;has long been a source of&nbsp;dispute. The latest delimitation of it was in the treaty of Rio, 29 January 1942, when, after being invaded by Peru, Ecuador lost over half her&nbsp;Amazonian territories. Ecuador unilaterally denounced this treaty in Sept. 1961. Fighting between Peru and Ecuador began again in Jan. 1981 over this border issue but a ceasefire was agreed in early Feb. following a confrontation&nbsp;of soldiers in Aug. 1991 the foreign ministers of both countries signed&nbsp;a pact creating a security zone, and took their cases to the UN in&nbsp;Oct. 1991. Armed clashes with Peruvian forces broke out again in Jan. 1995. On 26 Jan. further armed clashes broke out with Peruvian forces in the undermarcated mutual border area ('Condor Cortillera). On Feb. 2 talkes were held under, the auspices of the guarantor nations of the 1942 protocol of Rio de Janeiro (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and the USA) but fighting continued. Ceasefires were agreed on 17 Feb., which was broken, and on&nbsp;28 Feb. On 25 July 1995 an agreement between Ecuador and Peru established a demilitarized zone along their joint frontier. The frontier was&nbsp;reopened on 4 Sept. 1995. On 23 Feb. 1996 Ecuador&nbsp;and Peru signed 3 further agreements to regulate the dispute.&nbsp;
  
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No definite figure of the area of the country can yet be given, as this&nbsp;part of the frontier has not been delimited (2, 289 sq. km).&nbsp;One&nbsp;estimate of the area of Ecuador is 275,830.0 sq. km, excluding the litigation zone between&nbsp;Peru and Ecuador, which is 190, 807 sq. km, but including the Galapagos Archipelago (8,010 sq.&nbsp;km), situated in the pacific ocean about 960 km west of Ecuador and comprising 13 islands and 19 islets. These were discovered in 1535 by&nbsp;Fray Tomas de Berlanga and had a population of 10,207 in 1996. They are a national park, and had about 80,000 visitors in 1995.&nbsp;
  
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== Si usted entiende español ==
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== Jurisdictions ==
  
Le invitamos a buscar información en español en la página de Ecuador en el wiki de FamilySearch español. También le invitamos a compartir información útil allí: https://wiki.familysearch.org/es/Ecuador
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(Your text or images here)
  
== Jurisdictions ==
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== Featured Content ==
  
 
(Your text or images here)  
 
(Your text or images here)  
  
== Research Tools  ==
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== &nbsp;Research Tools  ==
  
*(helpful tools and resources, gazetteers)
 
*(language dictionary, handwriting guide or tutorial, etc.)
 
 
*Research Guide:&nbsp; [http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/LatinAmerica/Ecuador.pdf BYU Research Outline for Ecuador]  
 
*Research Guide:&nbsp; [http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/LatinAmerica/Ecuador.pdf BYU Research Outline for Ecuador]  
*[[Ecuador Vital Records Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ecuador Vital Records Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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*Listing of all [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&countryId=1927138 records collections for Ecuador] available on FamilySearch.org
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*[http://www.looking4kin.com/group/ecuador-genealogy Looking 4 Kin Genealogy & Family History Network - Ecuador]
  
== Help Wanted  ==
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'''Wiki articles describing these collections are found at:'''
  
<span style="font-family: arial" class="Apple-style-span" /><span style="font-family: arial" class="Apple-style-span">In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:</span>
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*E[[Ecuador Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|cuador Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
 
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*[[Ecuador Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ecuador Catholic Church Records ( FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
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*[[Ecuador Deaths (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
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*[[Ecuador Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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*[[Help:Editing a Page|Expand an articleor]]&nbsp;[[Special:Shortpages|short page]]  
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*Hot off the Press!
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<br>more...
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In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:
  
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*[[Help:Editing a Page|Expand an articleor]]&nbsp;[[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
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*[[How to Create an Article on FamilySearch Wiki|Create a new article]]
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{{H-langs|en=Ecuador|es=Ecuador}}
  
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__NOTOC__
  
 
[[Category:Ecuador]]
 
[[Category:Ecuador]]

Revision as of 02:06, 20 December 2012

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Getting started with Ecuador research

See the tutorials in FamilySearch.org pertaining to Latin American research.

Si usted entiende español

Le invitamos a buscar información en español en la página de Ecuador en el wiki de FamilySearch español. También le invitamos a compartir información útil allí. Véase el enlace en la parte inferior de la página.

History

Being a Spanish colony since 1532, Ecuador became independent in 1822 as part of the federation of Gran Colombia. It seceded in 1830.

Territory and Population

Ecuador is bouned on the north by Colombia, on the east and south by Peru, and on the west by the Pacific ocean. The frontier with Peru has long been a source of dispute. The latest delimitation of it was in the treaty of Rio, 29 January 1942, when, after being invaded by Peru, Ecuador lost over half her Amazonian territories. Ecuador unilaterally denounced this treaty in Sept. 1961. Fighting between Peru and Ecuador began again in Jan. 1981 over this border issue but a ceasefire was agreed in early Feb. following a confrontation of soldiers in Aug. 1991 the foreign ministers of both countries signed a pact creating a security zone, and took their cases to the UN in Oct. 1991. Armed clashes with Peruvian forces broke out again in Jan. 1995. On 26 Jan. further armed clashes broke out with Peruvian forces in the undermarcated mutual border area ('Condor Cortillera). On Feb. 2 talkes were held under, the auspices of the guarantor nations of the 1942 protocol of Rio de Janeiro (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and the USA) but fighting continued. Ceasefires were agreed on 17 Feb., which was broken, and on 28 Feb. On 25 July 1995 an agreement between Ecuador and Peru established a demilitarized zone along their joint frontier. The frontier was reopened on 4 Sept. 1995. On 23 Feb. 1996 Ecuador and Peru signed 3 further agreements to regulate the dispute. 

No definite figure of the area of the country can yet be given, as this part of the frontier has not been delimited (2, 289 sq. km). One estimate of the area of Ecuador is 275,830.0 sq. km, excluding the litigation zone between Peru and Ecuador, which is 190, 807 sq. km, but including the Galapagos Archipelago (8,010 sq. km), situated in the pacific ocean about 960 km west of Ecuador and comprising 13 islands and 19 islets. These were discovered in 1535 by Fray Tomas de Berlanga and had a population of 10,207 in 1996. They are a national park, and had about 80,000 visitors in 1995. 

Disponibilidad de la fuente principal por siglo

TIPO DE REGISTROS SIGLO 15 SIGLO 16 SIGLO 17 SIGLO 18 SIGLO 19 SIGLO 20
REGISTRO CIVIL
CENSOS
CEMENTERIOS
INSCRIPCIONES
CACICAZGOS
ESCOLARES
IMPUESTOS
ECLESIASTICOS MISC.
CORTES
TIERRAS
NOTARIALES
INQUISICION
MUNICIPALES
PARROQUIALES
NOBILIARIOS
INMIGRACION
COLECCIONES GENEALOGICAS

Jurisdictions

(Your text or images here)

Featured Content

(Your text or images here)

 Research Tools

Wiki articles describing these collections are found at:

Did you know?

(Your text or images here, or use the table below:)

  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)

Help Wanted

In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by: