Effingham County, Illinois GenealogyEdit This Page

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Coordinates: 39.06°0′N 88.59°0′W / 39.06°N 88.59°W / 39.06; -88.59

Effingham County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Effingham County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: February 15, 1831
County Seat Effingham
Effingham County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Illinois State Archives
Address Effingham County Courthouse
101 N. 4th Street
Effingham, Illinois 62401
Effingham County Website

United States Gotoarrow.png IllinoisGotoarrow.png Effingham County


County Organization

Effingham County's civil records start the following years:

Beginning Dates for Effingham County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1878* 1833 1878* 1840 1833 1838

*Incomplete birth and death before 1916

County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Effingham County are kept, see the Effingham County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts

Named for Lord Effingham who is noted for resigning his commission as general in the British army in 1775 and refusing to serve in the war against the colonies.

Boundary Changes

  • 15 February 1831: Effingham County was created from Fayette and Crawford Counties. [1]; Effingham not fully organized, parts attached to Crawford and Fayette until "organized." (Ill. Laws 1830-1831, pp. 50-52)
  • 20 December 1832: Fully organized, detached from Crawford and Fayette. (Ill. Laws 1832-1833, pp. 22-23)
  • 26 February 1845: Legislature authorized Effingham to gain from Shelby the northern half of township 9 north, ranges 4 to 6 east, dependent on local referendum that failed [no change]. (Ill. Laws 1844-1845, p. 164) (source: Newberry Library)

Records and Resources


  • Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, also known as Effingham County, biographical ; pub. 1910 FHL Fiche 6072262 (12 fiche)
  • Portrait and biographical record of Effingham, Jasper and Richland counties, Illinois pub. 1893 [2]
  • Portrait and biographical record of Effingham, Jasper and Richland counties; pub. 1893 FHL Book 977.3 D3pn
  • Portrait and biographical record of Effingham County, Illinois; reprint 2004 of 1893 edition FHL Book 977.3796 D3L


Gotoarrow.png Illinois Cemeteries for more information.

Gotoarrow.png Find A Grave, list of cemeteries. Additional information can be found at local level (city, township, etc.)


For information and tips on using and accessing online census records, see Illinois Census.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
IL Counties 1900-1990



1840 Pensioners

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Effingham County on page 186.]; FHL Book973 X2pc 1840





  • Effingham County, Illinois 1880; pub. 1990 FHL Book 977.3796 X2e 1880 (2 vols)
    Vol. 1. Banner, Bishop, Douglas, Jackson, Liberty & Lucas townships
    Vol. 2. Mason, Moccasin, Mound, St. Francis, Summit, Teutopolis, Union, Watson & West townships.



Correctional Institutions

Register of prisoners, 1898-1933; also known as Effingham County (Illinois) County Jail FHL film 1689434


Effingham County, Illinois city and county directories, 1924 & 1925: each directory in alphabetical order, surname index in back; pub. 1990 FHL Book 977.3796/E2 E4ec

Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.


Mailing Lists

Message Boards


  • Crossroad trails FHL films
  • Effingham County Genealogical and Historical Society newsletter FHL See note.


Land and Property

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Land and Property for more information.

1833-present The original land and property records for Effingham County are held by the County Recorder. See the info box above for contact information. The following copies are available:



Civil War


  • Civil War service men from Effingham County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Effingham County.
- 35th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company K.
- 38th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company B.
- 54th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies D and I.
- 62nd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company G.
- 71st Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company I.
- 98th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies C and K.

Organized in Effingham County, Illinois] Effingham Co ILGenWeb


World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship



Newspaper clippings and obituaries from Clay and Effingham counties, Illinois and Yakima County, Washington FHL film 396345

Probate Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Probate Records for more information, including browsable images (not indexed).

  • Probate records, 1838-1920 FHL 12 films
    Probate index 1838-1964 - 1009561
    Probate records v. 1-2 1838-1854 - 1009562
    Probate records v. A-C 1850-1864 - 1009563
    Probate records v. D-E 1864-1871 - 1009564
    Probate records v. F 1871-1877 - 1009565
    Probate records v. G 1877-1883 - 1010155
    Probate records v. H-I 1883-1893 - 1010156
    Inventory record v. A 1890-1904 - 1010157
    Bonds & letters v. B 1877-1881 - 1010158
    Guardian records v. A-D 1871-1897 (no v. C) - 1010159
    Will record v. 1, A-C 1838-1895 - 1010160
    Will record v. D-F 1895-1920 - 1010161



Inventory of the county archives of Illinois, no. 25, Effingham County (Effingham), pub. 1940 FHL film 908556 Item 1, book 977.3796 A5h

  • County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Effingham County are kept, see the Effingham County Courthouse page.

  • Family History Center"""
  • Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)
  • Public Libraries


Effingham County school history, centennial 1918 FHL Book 977.3796 J2e

Social Groups Online


Pioneer certificates issued by Effingham County Genealogical Society FHL Book 977.3796 D2d (4 vols)


Vital Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Vital Records for more information.

Gotoarrow.png Effingham County Courthouse for information on obtaining records from the local offices.


1877–present  The original Effingham County birth records 1877- present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1877-1916 Birth Record - IRAD-EIU Search for Effingham County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1877-1915 Birth Record Index - IRAD-EIU Search for Effingham County records.
  • Birth records, 1877-1916, stillbirths are included. FHL films 1010043-1010045
    Index 1877-1915 - Film 1010043
    Vol. 1-2 1877-1901 - Film 1010043
    Vol. 3-4 1902-1914 - Film 1010044
    Vol. 5 1911-1916 - Film 1010045


1839–present The original Effingham County marriage records 1839-present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • Marriage records, 1839-1920 FHL films 1010047-1010049
    Vol. A-B 1839-1877 - Film 1010047
    Vol.1-2 1878-1908 - Film 1010048
    Vol. 3 19908-19220 - Film 1010049
  • Effingham County, Illinois marriages FHL 6104306-6104310, 6110728, 6067339, Books 977.3796 V2e 9 vols
    Vol. 1-2 1833-1877 - 6104306
    Vol. 3 1878-1882 - 6104307
    Vol. 4 1889-1894 - 6104308
    Vol. 5 1895-1900 - 6104309
    Vol. 6 1901-1905 - 6104310
    Vol. 7 1906-1910 - 6110728
    Vol. 8 1911-1915 - 6067339
    Vol. 9 1916-1920 - not available on fiche

The following abstracts are available:


1878–present  The original Effingham County death records 1878-present are housed in the office of the County Clerk. The following copies are available:

  • 1878–1915 Death Record - IRAD-EIU Search for Effingham County records. How to use IRAD
  • 1878–1915 Death Record Index - IRAD-EIU Search for Effingham County records.
  • 1878-1901 Death Record, Stillbirths - IRAD-EIU Search for Effingham County records.

The following abstracts are available:


Databases pertinent to Effingham County


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.; Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002 WorldCat 50140092, FHL Book 973 D27e 2002
  2. (Family History Archives http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/u?/FH34,63155); FHL Film 934983 Item 2 Note: Film 0825568 No circulation to family history centers.


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