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English newspapers began in 1620. At first content was limited to foreign news. A tax on each printed sheet of paper limited the number of pages and the amount of information now useful to family historians. The first successful newspaper was the [http://www.gazettes-online.co.uk/home.aspx?geotype=London London Gazette], a biweekly government list of bankruptcies, naturalizations, official acts, and public notices. It began in 1665/6 and still continues today.  
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[England_Newspapers|Newspapers]]'' __NOTOC__
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[[Image:Birmingham Journal.jpg|thumb|right|231x316px|Birmingham Journal.jpg]]English newspapers began in 1620. At first content was limited to foreign news. A tax on each printed sheet of paper limited the number of pages and the amount of information now useful to family historians. The first successful newspaper was the [[The London Gazette|London Gazette]], a biweekly government list of bankruptcies, naturalizations, official acts, and public notices. It began in 1665/6 and still continues today.  
  
 
In 1690 the first local newspaper began in Worcester. The content was still very limited because of taxes, but useful items published from 1690 to 1800 include the following:  
 
In 1690 the first local newspaper began in Worcester. The content was still very limited because of taxes, but useful items published from 1690 to 1800 include the following:  
  
*Ads with physical descriptions of runaway apprentices, giving the apprentices’ names, addresses, occupations and the names of their fathers and masters  
+
*Ads with physical descriptions of runaway apprentices, giving the apprentices’ names, addresses, occupations and the names of their fathers and masters.
 
*Ads to locate runaway or kidnapped children, military deserters (with physical description, previous occupation, age, and place of birth), and missing heirs or family members.  
 
*Ads to locate runaway or kidnapped children, military deserters (with physical description, previous occupation, age, and place of birth), and missing heirs or family members.  
*Marriage, engagement, and death notices (since 1730)  [But do bear in mind only a very small percentage of Marriages and Deaths were reported due to the limited physical size of the newspaper]
+
*Marriage, engagement, and death notices (since 1730)  [But do bear in mind only a very small percentage of Marriages and Deaths were reported due to the limited physical size of the newspaper].
  
Local newspapers did not flourish until the paper tax was lowered in 1836. When the tax was abolished in 1855 hundreds of newspapers started. The [http://newspapers.bl.uk/blcs/dispBasicSearch.do?prodId=BLCS&userGroupName=blcsuser British Library in London] has made many county newspapers available online with an every name index. The history is recorded as it happened. You may think that only more prominent people would be mention in the newspapers. <br>
+
Local newspapers did not flourish until the paper tax was lowered in 1836. When the tax was abolished in 1855 hundreds of newspapers started.  
  
*&nbsp;births, deaths, and marriages was for the more prominent people in the area. Obituaries for those that lived near 100 years old
+
If a newspaper is not online then it is necessary to search newspapers on microfilm and determine if there are paper indexes. Microfilmed newspapers can be found in County Record Offices and the British Newspaper Library.<br>
*&nbsp;court cases that mentions witnesses and detailed account of the event
+
*Quarter Session reports on those that broke the law or were disorderly
+
*&nbsp;Quarter Session reports for business licenses, gun licenses, etc.  
+
*Sporting Events with names of those participating
+
*Coroner inquests; sudden death was a reason for an inquest, their more common than one might think; many go into detail about what led up to the death. Accidents recorded in detail
+
*Special events in a parish or area of a county
+
*National News and World News
+
*Accounts of battles during war time
+
  
Now with an [http://newspapers.bl.uk/blcs/dispBasicSearch.do?prodId=BLCS&userGroupName=blcsuser every name index] it is possible to determine whether your ancestor is recorded in the newspaper for any number of reasons. To use this valuable resource it must be determined if there is an indexed newspaper for the area and time period that is desired. Not every area is covered in this collection. <u>It covers papers from 1800 to 1900.</u><br>If a newspaper is not online then it is necessary search newspapers on microfilm and determine if there are paper indexes. Microfilmed newspapers can be found in County Record Offices and the British Newspaper Library.<br>  
+
The following works may help you decide if newspapers contain the information you need: <br>  
  
The following works may help you decide if newspapers contain&nbsp; the information you need: <br>
+
*Nicholson, Cregoe D. P. ''The Genealogical Value of Early English Newspapers''. London, England: C.D.P. Nicholson, 1934. {{FHL|1468841}} item 7; {{FHL|6026113}}
  
*Nicholson, Cregoe D. P. ''The Genealogical Value of Early English Newspapers''. London, England: C.D.P. Nicholson, 1934. (Family History Library&nbsp;film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=56552&disp=The+genealogical+value+of+early+English+++ 1468841 item 7]; fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=56552&disp=The+genealogical+value+of+early+English+++ 6026113].)
+
From 1731 to 1864 ''[[Gentlemans Magazine|Gentleman’s Magazine]]'' published notices of births, deaths, marriages, key promotions, and appointments ({{FHL|942 B2g}}; {{FHL|844665}} – {{FHL|844710}}. These notices have been indexed in:  
  
From 1731 to 1864 ''Gentlemen’s Magazine'' published notices of births, deaths, marriages, key promotions, and appointments (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=942+B2g 942 B2g]; films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=46838&disp=The+Gentleman%27s+magazine+..++ 844665–710]). These notices have been indexed in:
+
*College of Arms, comp. ''Gentleman’s Magazine Index.'' Bound unpublished manuscript. N.p., 1958–60. {{FHL|942 B2g Index}}; {{FHL|599738}} –&nbsp;{{FHL|599761}}; {{FHL|6026701}}
  
*College of Arms, comp. ''Gentlemen’s Magazine Index.'' Bound unpublished manuscript. N.p., 1958–60. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=50365&disp=Gentleman%27s+magazine+index%20%20&columns=*,0,0 942 B2g] Index; films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=50365&disp=Gentleman%27s+magazine+index++ 599738–761]; fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=50365&disp=Gentleman%27s+magazine+index++ 6026701].)
+
Increasingly Digitalisation is opening up access to "trapped data" in newspapers for example:  
  
''The London Times'' published notices of deaths, marriages, and births of prominent families. Abstracts with semiannual indexes from 1785 to 1933 have been prepared in Abstracts of Birth, Marriage, and Death Announcements, a manuscript on film at the Family History Library, listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
+
*Thomson-Gale The Times Online for example adds significantly to Palmer's Index
 +
*British Library Burney Collection of 18th Newspapers
 +
*British Library&nbsp;Digitalisation of 19th Century Newspapers
 +
*The Scotsman, The Guardian etc are also available on a Pay per View Basis
  
<br>
+
=== Archives and Libraries  ===
  
''It's worth bearing in mind that Regional Newspapers may be a much better source for your ancestors than National Newspape''rs&nbsp;&nbsp;(the Gibson Guide listed below is an invaluable resource to track local holdings)  
+
Copies of British newspapers are at many repositories and libraries. The most complete collection is in the Newspaper Library section of the British Library (see [[England Archives and Libraries]] for the address).
  
<br>
+
The British Library has made many county newspapers available online with an [http://newspapers.bl.uk/blcs every name index]. The history is recorded as it happened. You may think that only more prominent people would be mentioned in the newspapers.
  
ENGLAND, LONDON - NEWSPAPERS - INDEXES
+
*Mention of births, deaths, and marriages was for the more prominent people in the area. Obituaries for those that lived near 100 years old.
 +
*Court cases that mention witnesses and detailed account of the event.
 +
*Quarter Session reports on those that broke the law or were disorderly.
 +
*Quarter Session reports for business licenses, gun licenses, etc.
 +
*Sporting Events with names of those participating.
 +
*Coroner inquests; sudden death was a reason for an inquest, they're more common than one might think; many go into detail about what led up to the death. Accidents recorded in detail.
 +
*Special events in a parish or area of a county.
 +
*National News and World News.
 +
*Accounts of battles during war time.
  
For an index to key topics, events, deaths notices, and obituaries appearing in ''The London Times'' from 1790 to 1901, see:
+
Now with an every name index it is possible to determine whether your ancestor is recorded in the newspaper for any number of reasons. To use this valuable resource it must be determined if there is an indexed newspaper for the area and time period that is desired. Not every area is covered in this collection. <u>It covers papers from 1800 to 1900.</u>
  
Palmer, S. ''Palmer’s Index to the Times Newspaper.'' Reprint. Nendeln, Liechtenstein: Kraus Reprint, 1965–1978. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=800558&disp=Palmer%27s+index+to+the+Times+newspaper+%20%20&columns=*,0,0 942.1/L1 B32pa].)
+
==== Newspaper Directories  ====
  
Increasingly Digitalisation is&nbsp;opening up access to "trapped data" in newspapers for example&nbsp;:  
+
The following work lists holdings by town of publication:  
  
Thomson-Gale The Times Online for example adds significantly to Palmer's Index
+
*''Catalogue of the British Newspaper Library''. Eight Volumes. London, England: British Museum Publications, 1975. {{FHL|942 A5cn}}
  
British Library Burney Collection of 18th Newspapers
+
Other lists of holdings of British newspapers include:
  
British Library&nbsp;Digitalisation of 19th Century Newspapers  
+
*''Bibliography of British Newspapers''. London, England: The Library Association, 1975–. {{FHL|942 B33b}} This bibliography is an ongoing series. It lists newspapers by county and gives background information on the papers.
 +
*Crane, R. S., and F. B. Kaye. ''A Census of British Newspapers and Periodicals, 1620–1800''. Second Edition. London, England: Holland Press, 1966. {{FHL|942 B3ce}} This lists holdings at major U.S. libraries.
 +
*Gibson, J. S. W. ''Local Newspapers, 1750–1920''. Revised Edition. Birmingham, England: Federation of Family History Societies Publications, Limited, 1987. {{FHL|942 B33g}} This book lists holdings in English repositories, arranged by county and city.
  
The Scotsman, The Guardian etc are also available on a Pay per View Basis
+
:''It's worth bearing in mind that Regional Newspapers may be a much better source for your ancestors than National Newspapers'' (the Gibson Guide listed above is an invaluable resource to track local holdings).
  
<br>
+
=== Digital Issues Online  ===
  
Copies of British newspapers are at many repositories and libraries. The most complete collection is in the Newspaper Library section of the British Library (see the "[[England Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]" section of this outline for the address).
+
{{wikipedia|Wikipedia:List of online newspaper archives|List of online newspaper archives}}
  
The following work lists holdings by town of publication:  
+
*The [http://newspapers.bl.uk/blcs British Library in London] ($) has made many county newspapers available online with an every name index.
 +
*[http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk British Newspapers Archive] ($)
 +
*On the [[Gentlemans Magazine|Gentleman's Magazine]] FamilySearch Wiki page, a list of digitized volumes free to read online is being compiled.
 +
*[http://archive.org/details/palmersindextot47unkngoog Palmer's Index]: online through the Internet Archive
  
''Catalogue of the British Newspaper Library''. Eight Volumes. London, England: British Museum Publications, 1975. (Family History Library book Q [[942 A5cn|942 A5cn]].)
+
=== Indexes  ===
  
Other lists of holdings of British newspapers include:  
+
''The London Times'' published notices of deaths, marriages, and births of prominent families. Abstracts with semiannual indexes from 1785 to 1933 have been prepared in Abstracts of Birth, Marriage, and Death Announcements, a manuscript on film at the Family History Library, listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
  
''Bibliography of British Newspapers''. London, England: The Library Association, 1975–. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=942+B33b 942 B33b].) This bibliography is an ongoing series. It lists newspapers by county and gives background information on the papers.
+
:ENGLAND, LONDON - NEWSPAPERS - INDEXES
 +
 
 +
For an index to key topics, events, deaths notices, and obituaries appearing in ''The London Times'' from 1790 to 1901, see:  
  
Crane, R. S., and F. B. Kaye. ''A Census of British Newspapers and Periodicals, 1620–1800''. Second Edition. London, England: Holland Press, 1966. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=107727&disp=A+census+of+British+newspapers+and+perio%20%20&columns=*,0,0 942 B3ce].) This lists holdings at major U.S. libraries.
+
*Palmer, S. ''Palmer’s Index to the Times Newspaper.'' Reprint. Nendeln, Liechtenstein: Kraus Reprint, 1965–1978. {{FHL|942.1/L1 B32pa}}
  
Gibson, J. S. W. ''Local Newspapers, 1750–1920''. Revised Edition. Birmingham, England: Federation of Family History Societies Publications, Limited, 1987. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=942+B33g 942 B33g].) This book lists holdings in English repositories, arranged by county and city.
+
=== Family History Library ===
  
 
The Family History Library has a few English newspapers listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
 
The Family History Library has a few English newspapers listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
  
ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - NEWSPAPERS  
+
:ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - NEWSPAPERS
  
 
The Family History Library usually does not collect newspapers. However, the library does collect indexes and abstracts of genealogical information from newspapers. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
 
The Family History Library usually does not collect newspapers. However, the library does collect indexes and abstracts of genealogical information from newspapers. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
  
GREAT BRITAIN - NEWSPAPERS  
+
:GREAT BRITAIN - NEWSPAPERS  
 
+
:ENGLAND - NEWSPAPERS  
ENGLAND - NEWSPAPERS  
+
:ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - NEWSPAPERS
 
+
ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - NEWSPAPERS  
+
  
=== Websites  ===
+
=== Additional Websites  ===
  
*http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/#Newspapers  
+
*[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/#Newspapers Genuki-Newspapers Online]
*http://www.onlinenewspapers.com/englanda-k.htm  
+
*[http://www.onlinenewspapers.com/englanda-k.htm Online Newspapers]
*http://www.world-newspapers.com/uk.html
+
*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~dutillieul/ZOtherPapers/Index.html Richard Heaton's Newspaper Collection]
*http://www.start4all.com/newspapers/england.htm
+
*[http://www.world-newspapers.com/uk.html World-Newspapers]
*http://www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelprestype/news/newspdigproj/ndproject/index.html  
+
*http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~dutillieul/ZOtherPapers/Index.html
+
  
{{Place|England}}
+
{{Place|England}}  
  
[[Category:England|Newspapers]]
+
[[Category:England]] [[Category:England_Newspapers]]

Latest revision as of 21:56, 21 November 2012

England Gotoarrow.png Newspapers

Birmingham Journal.jpg
English newspapers began in 1620. At first content was limited to foreign news. A tax on each printed sheet of paper limited the number of pages and the amount of information now useful to family historians. The first successful newspaper was the London Gazette, a biweekly government list of bankruptcies, naturalizations, official acts, and public notices. It began in 1665/6 and still continues today.

In 1690 the first local newspaper began in Worcester. The content was still very limited because of taxes, but useful items published from 1690 to 1800 include the following:

  • Ads with physical descriptions of runaway apprentices, giving the apprentices’ names, addresses, occupations and the names of their fathers and masters.
  • Ads to locate runaway or kidnapped children, military deserters (with physical description, previous occupation, age, and place of birth), and missing heirs or family members.
  • Marriage, engagement, and death notices (since 1730)  [But do bear in mind only a very small percentage of Marriages and Deaths were reported due to the limited physical size of the newspaper].

Local newspapers did not flourish until the paper tax was lowered in 1836. When the tax was abolished in 1855 hundreds of newspapers started.

If a newspaper is not online then it is necessary to search newspapers on microfilm and determine if there are paper indexes. Microfilmed newspapers can be found in County Record Offices and the British Newspaper Library.

The following works may help you decide if newspapers contain the information you need:

  • Nicholson, Cregoe D. P. The Genealogical Value of Early English Newspapers. London, England: C.D.P. Nicholson, 1934. FHL 1468841 item 7; FHL 6026113

From 1731 to 1864 Gentleman’s Magazine published notices of births, deaths, marriages, key promotions, and appointments (FHL 942 B2g; FHL 844665FHL 844710. These notices have been indexed in:

Increasingly Digitalisation is opening up access to "trapped data" in newspapers for example:

  • Thomson-Gale The Times Online for example adds significantly to Palmer's Index
  • British Library Burney Collection of 18th Newspapers
  • British Library Digitalisation of 19th Century Newspapers
  • The Scotsman, The Guardian etc are also available on a Pay per View Basis

Archives and Libraries

Copies of British newspapers are at many repositories and libraries. The most complete collection is in the Newspaper Library section of the British Library (see England Archives and Libraries for the address).

The British Library has made many county newspapers available online with an every name index. The history is recorded as it happened. You may think that only more prominent people would be mentioned in the newspapers.

  • Mention of births, deaths, and marriages was for the more prominent people in the area. Obituaries for those that lived near 100 years old.
  • Court cases that mention witnesses and detailed account of the event.
  • Quarter Session reports on those that broke the law or were disorderly.
  • Quarter Session reports for business licenses, gun licenses, etc.
  • Sporting Events with names of those participating.
  • Coroner inquests; sudden death was a reason for an inquest, they're more common than one might think; many go into detail about what led up to the death. Accidents recorded in detail.
  • Special events in a parish or area of a county.
  • National News and World News.
  • Accounts of battles during war time.

Now with an every name index it is possible to determine whether your ancestor is recorded in the newspaper for any number of reasons. To use this valuable resource it must be determined if there is an indexed newspaper for the area and time period that is desired. Not every area is covered in this collection. It covers papers from 1800 to 1900.

Newspaper Directories

The following work lists holdings by town of publication:

  • Catalogue of the British Newspaper Library. Eight Volumes. London, England: British Museum Publications, 1975. FHL 942 A5cn

Other lists of holdings of British newspapers include:

  • Bibliography of British Newspapers. London, England: The Library Association, 1975–. FHL 942 B33b This bibliography is an ongoing series. It lists newspapers by county and gives background information on the papers.
  • Crane, R. S., and F. B. Kaye. A Census of British Newspapers and Periodicals, 1620–1800. Second Edition. London, England: Holland Press, 1966. FHL 942 B3ce This lists holdings at major U.S. libraries.
  • Gibson, J. S. W. Local Newspapers, 1750–1920. Revised Edition. Birmingham, England: Federation of Family History Societies Publications, Limited, 1987. FHL 942 B33g This book lists holdings in English repositories, arranged by county and city.
It's worth bearing in mind that Regional Newspapers may be a much better source for your ancestors than National Newspapers (the Gibson Guide listed above is an invaluable resource to track local holdings).

Digital Issues Online

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: List of online newspaper archives

Indexes

The London Times published notices of deaths, marriages, and births of prominent families. Abstracts with semiannual indexes from 1785 to 1933 have been prepared in Abstracts of Birth, Marriage, and Death Announcements, a manuscript on film at the Family History Library, listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

ENGLAND, LONDON - NEWSPAPERS - INDEXES

For an index to key topics, events, deaths notices, and obituaries appearing in The London Times from 1790 to 1901, see:

  • Palmer, S. Palmer’s Index to the Times Newspaper. Reprint. Nendeln, Liechtenstein: Kraus Reprint, 1965–1978. FHL 942.1/L1 B32pa

Family History Library

The Family History Library has a few English newspapers listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - NEWSPAPERS

The Family History Library usually does not collect newspapers. However, the library does collect indexes and abstracts of genealogical information from newspapers. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

GREAT BRITAIN - NEWSPAPERS
ENGLAND - NEWSPAPERS
ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - NEWSPAPERS

Additional Websites


 

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  • This page was last modified on 21 November 2012, at 21:56.
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